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Prevalence of obesity in students aged 5 to 9 years old in for rural schools at Ñuble region

By
Francesca Aldea-Medina ,
Francesca Aldea-Medina

Carrera de Nutrición y Dietética. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Adventista de Chile

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Paz Gajardo-Lagos ,
Paz Gajardo-Lagos

Carrera de Nutrición y Dietética. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Adventista de Chile

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Miguel Ángel López-Espinoza ,
Miguel Ángel López-Espinoza

Carrera de Nutrición y Dietética. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Adventista de Chile

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Abstract

Introduction: obesity is a relevant public health problem due to its multiple consequences. This problem has been barely studied in schoolchildren from rural sectors;
Objective: determine the prevalence of obesity according to growth patterns with reference to the Ministry of Health (MINSAL), in schoolchildren aged 5-9 years who come from rural areas of the Ñuble region, Chile;
Methods: Observational, descriptive and transversal study, aimed at 100 schoolchildren from 5-9 years from four rural schools. Weight and height were measured to classify nutritional status according to the growth patterns provided by the Chilean Ministry of Health. The parents answered a questionnaire about the personal history of the student and the family. The data were processed with R, version 4.1.2;
Results: The sample was made up of 41% of children whose guardians reported an age between 30-39 years, 67% attended high school and 61% live in a household made up of 2-4 people. In relation to the nutritional status of children, 65% of the sample was classified with malnutrition due to excess, of which 30% were evaluated with obesity. 67% had normal height and 20% had abdominal obesity. More men were obese (35%) than women. The prevalence of obesity increases with the age studied or if there is a chronic disease;
Conclusions: a high prevalence of obesity is observed in schoolchildren from rural sectors and in some interest groups, which can serve as a guide to reorient prevention and promotion strategies of this disease in these groups

How to Cite

1.
Aldea-Medina F, Gajardo-Lagos P, López-Espinoza M. Prevalence of obesity in students aged 5 to 9 years old in for rural schools at Ñuble region. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología - Serie de Conferencias [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 19];3:731. Available from: https://conferencias.saludcyt.ar/index.php/sctconf/article/view/731

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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