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Early post-mastectomy upper limb kinesiotherapy plan

By
María Alexandra Vaca Sánchez ,
María Alexandra Vaca Sánchez

Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Facultad Ciencias de la Salud, Ambato, Ecuador

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Mayra Daniela Jurado Mogollón ,
Mayra Daniela Jurado Mogollón

Universidad Técnica de Ambato, Facultad Ciencias de la Salud, Ambato, Ecuador

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Belén Isabel Ramos Robalino ,
Belén Isabel Ramos Robalino

Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo, Facultad Ciencias de la Salud, Riobamba, Ecuador

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Raúl Alejandro Torres Moreno ,
Raúl Alejandro Torres Moreno

Universidad Nacional de Chimborazo, Facultad Ciencias de la Salud, Riobamba, Ecuador

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Marcela Alejandra Urquizo Paredes ,
Marcela Alejandra Urquizo Paredes

Investigador independiente

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Abstract

Introduction: Although breast cancer is the most common malignant neoplasm in women, thanks to technological advances and early detection, life expectancy in this population has increased considerably; Therefore, the incidence of musculoskeletal and functional problems in the upper limb has also increased. Early kinesiotherapy with active exercises is an adjuvant treatment alternative in addressing disorders associated with mastectomy. Therefore, based on a previous study, an early post-mastectomy upper limb kinesiotherapy plan is proposed.
Objective: Validate the content of the early post-mastectomy upper limb kinesiotherapy plan.
Methodology: The present study was analytical, documentary with a quantitative approach based on the results of the preliminary study carried out on 30 women mastectomized for breast cancer. It was structured based on the analysis and experience of the authors and the early kinesiotherapy exercise plan for the post-mastectomy upper limb was validated, through expert judgment and calculation of the Content Validity Coefficient – ​​CVC, proposed by Hernández-Nieto (2011).
Results: A 6-week plan was structured, with a frequency of 3 times a week on alternate days. With sessions of 45 to 60 minutes, based on breathing exercises, active mobility and stretching with a progression in repetitions. The plan was validated with an excellent level of agreement between experts with a CVC of 0.96 per item and overall.
Conclusion: The early post-mastectomy upper limb kinesiotherapy plan is an alternative for complementary physiotherapy intervention in the treatment of musculoskeletal dysfunctions associated with mastectomy, being especially useful two weeks after surgery, to improve joint range, muscle strength and global shoulder functionality compromised.

How to Cite

1.
Vaca Sánchez MA, Jurado Mogollón MD, Ramos Robalino BI, Torres Moreno RA, Urquizo Paredes MA. Early post-mastectomy upper limb kinesiotherapy plan. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología - Serie de Conferencias [Internet]. 2024 May 31 [cited 2024 Jun. 13];3:786. Available from: https://conferencias.saludcyt.ar/index.php/sctconf/article/view/786

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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