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IV Jornadas de Fundamentos y Aplicaciones de la Interdisciplina (JFAI2023)

Vol. 2 (2023)

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Authors in this issue:

Edgar Javier Carmona Suárez Andres Francisco Olivar Rojas, Edgar Orjuela Montoya, Federico José Jiménez Varón, Magnolia Rivera Cumbe A. Prakash Mayenny Linares Río, Manuel Quintero García, Dunesky Travieso Ramos, Darianna Cruz Marquez, Javier Joaquín Pérez Cardoso, Yoan Gilberto Del Llano Capote Ennis Ivonnet-Gutiérrez, Aliana Peña-Méndez, Felicia Silva-Vázquez, Leonides Zaldívar-Carmenate, Luisa Sucel Vargas-Labrada Emerita Muñoz Estrada, Miriam Muñoz Estrada, Delio Mora Pintiluis Carlos Alfredo Miló-Valdés, Alberto Lugo Hernández, Anthuanet Pino Falcón, Mayelín García García, Adrián Alejandro Vitón-Castillo, Odalys Orraca-Castillo Serafeim A. Triantafyllou, Yousef Farhaoui, Theodosios Sapounidis, Najia Khouibiri, Tarik Ahajjam, Ahmad El Allaoui Aimet Hernández López, Junior Vega Jiménez, Daniel Naranjo del Pino, Humberto Alexis López González, Lisneybi Gonzalez Gonzalez Yanara González Baños, Osiris Oscar Terrado Almarales, Maikel Santiago Salgado Izquierdo, Eunice Echevarria Cabrera, Yuday Morejón Rosales, Juan Carlos Curbelo Fajardo Aimet Hernández López, Junior Vega Jiménez, Daniel Naranjo del Pino, Humberto Alexis López González, Lisneybi Gonzalez Gonzalez Gleddys Gallardo Pons, Osvaldo Cabrera Torres, Juana Rivera Alonso, Belkis Menoya Martínez, Marcos Alejandro Cabrera Gallardo Osiris Oscar Terrado Almarales, Yanara González Baños, Gleddys Gallardo Pons, Marcos Alejandro Cabrera Gallardo, Eduardo Enrique Cecilia Paredes Doraimys Valido Valdes, Rayza Labrador Bernal, María Eugenia Amador Mesa, Guillermo Hernández Medina, Emma Gallardo Romero Anbil Mahesh Poyyamozhi, Prasanna Balaji D Deysi Licourt Otero, Mildays Orraca Castillo, Teddy Osmin Tamargo Barbeito, Laisi Sainz Padrón, Melissa Toledo Licourt María Del Carmen Emilia Ancaya-Martínez, Roxana Beatriz Gonzales-Huaytahuilca, Isabel Carire Soras, Freddy Antonio Ochoa-Tataje Delio Jacobo Mora Pontiluis, Emerita Sofia Muñoz Estrada, Edibeth Mora Atencio Suniel Pérez García, Tania Yakelyn Cala Peguero, Guillermo Luis Herrera Miranda, Marvelia Díaz Calzada Sahely Sixto Fuentes, Juan Lázaro Márquez Marrero, Leydelys Castillo Valdés Naara Medina-Altamirano, Nerio Enriquez-Gavilan, Monica Quispe-Solano, Aydeé Lopez-Curasma, Cynthia López-Gómez, Jose Rojas-Diaz Leydelys Castillo Valdés, Sahely Sixto Fuentes Jayendira P Sankar Yanely Sánchez Rodríguez, Emma Gallardo Romero, Sergio Alberto Díaz Cruz, Iris Quiñones García, Lazara García Breto Blas Nivaldo Porras Pérez, Guillermo Luis Herrera Miranda, Guillermo Alejandro Herrera Horta, Adrián Alejandro Vitón-Castillo J. Karthikeyan, R. Vasanthan, Khriereizhunuo Dzuvichu Telmo Raul Aveiro-Róbalo, Mayra Ayelen Llanes Leiva Rafael Romero-Carazas, Amarelys Román-Mireles, Yesenia Tania Loayza-Apaza, David Hugo Bernedo-Moreira Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera Ricardo Javier Albarracín Vanoy Sonia Quiroz Leal, Rolando Eslava Zapata Duniesky Morales Pérez, Alberto Darío García Gutiérrez, Idalia Zaragoza Serralde Serafeim A. Triantafyllou, Yousef Farhaoui, Tarik Ahajjam Jorge Félix Rodríguez Ramos, Guillermo Luís Herrera Miranda, Julio Cesar Rodríguez Boffill Jhonny Richard Rodriguez-Barboza, Karina Raquel Bartra-Rivero, Rebeca Pablo-Huamani, Elizabeth Sandoval-Lara, Carmen Gisela Ramos-Ventura Margoth Luliana Berrío-Quispe, Dina Emeteria Chávez-Bellido, Karim Aguilar-Mori Ana Yesenia Barrientos Ricra, Hubert Antony Amaya Antón, Henry Valentin Arapa-Apaza, Antony Paul Espiritu-Martinez, Rafael Romero-Carazas, Edith Diana Ramirez Charca Adamari Nayeli Colunche Idrogo, Leydi Mildred Mayta Tanta, Alberto Cristobal Flores Quispe, Fabrizio Del Carpio Delgado Telmo Raul Aveiro Róbalo, Leila Greco Hector Shibao Miyasato, Soledad Armijo-Rivera, Fresia Casas Bueno, Ana Maria Sandoval Barrantes, Ximena Delgado Guevara, Miguel Gutiérrez Díaz, Stefany Valdivia López, Roberto Villalobos Ulfe, Felipe Machuca-Contreras Cesar Edward Martínez Correa, Daniel Rodolfo Noriega Rodríguez, Jonathan Mauricio Quisilema Cadena, Jesua Emmanuel Avilez Alvarado, Lissette Cárdenas de Baños Erika Barja-Matos, Cristhian Ibañez-Sullca, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Segundo Rios-Rios Jenny Jara-Valverde, Gustavo Zarate-Ruiz, Brian Meneses-Claudio Yuselys de la Caridad Cordero-Cabrera, Sarah Álvarez Reinoso, Mailideleidys Serrano Pérez, Daymi Henriquez Trujillo, Karelia Pérez Madrazo Nancy Aleida Marzo Forbes, Modesta López Mejías, Wanda Marina Román Santana Marco Antonio Ariza Dau, Lilia Mendoza Vega, Danilo Torres Pimiento, Michelle Garcia García, Juan Carlos Miranda Passo David Hugo Bernedo-Moreira, Jorge Nicolás Alejandro Papanicolau Denegri, Yesenia Tania Loayza-Apaza, Héctor Fredy Pacompía Quispe, Jaime Natanael Gonzales López Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera Olga Gladys Fernández, Gladys Patricia Robledo, Carlos Jesús Canova-Barrios Lissette Cardenas-de Baños, Rossana Planas Labrada, Vilma Lorenzo Alvarez, María Teresa Dieguez Calderon, Sergio Gonzalez-García Blas Apaza-Huanca, Jhossmar Cristians Auza-Santivañez, José José Corini-Mamani, Amira Guisel Lopez-Quispe, Yenifer Zelaya-Espinoza, Olvis Scharbel Valdivia-Tola, María Valeria Canedo Sanchez Juan Elvis Hernandez Tocas, Paquita Jerany Mendoza Romero, Mario Pedro Rodríguez Vásquez, Wilfredo Gómez Quispe, Fabrizio Del Carpio Delgado Roberto Plasencia González, Max Ramiro Ochoa Ortega Matilde Bolaño-García, Sarakarina Solano Galindo Tahimi Arroix Jiménez, Verenice Sánchez Castillo, Ana Lucía Colala Troya, Alfredo Javier Pérez Gamboa Johanes Fernandes Andry, Hendy Tannady, Glisina Dwinoor Rembulan, Aurellia Edinata Nelson León Osorno Zapata, Gloria Clemencia Valencia González, Luz Elena Malagón Castro Gonzalo Araujo-Asencios, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Gustavo Zarate-Ruiz Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera Mariana Jadue, Pilar Munitiz, Luz-María Torres, Marcelo Blacutt, Soledad Armijo-Rivera, Edison-Pablo Reyes Olga Baldeón-Mestanza, Anali De La Cruz-Puga, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Gustavo Zarate-Ruiz Yuniel Abreu Hernández, Yoanka Cañizares Gorrín, Lisset Arnaud-López Leyllan Izquierdo Martínez, Gicela Díaz Pita, Iván Bustinzuriaga Marto, Aileen Leal Flores Jakeline Mora-Teves, Carlos Alberto Villafuerte-Alvarez, Yessenia Bernales-Guzmán, Korintia León-Quispe, Lidia Alonzo-Yaranga Carolina Henao, Jenny Paola Lis-Gutiérrez, Manuel Ignacio Balaguera Soledad Armijo Rivera, Cristian Labarca Solar, Cristian Pérez Villalobos, Claudia Behrens Pérez, Catalina Tamburrino Díaz, Javiera Castro Pérez, Andrés Díaz Guío José Fernández-Calderón, Francis Quispe-Berrú, Francis Quispe-Berrú, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Gustavo Zarate-Ruiz Damarys Cabrera Mejico, Yamaris Mercedes Mena Cabrera, Maria Isabel Acosta Martínez, Ana Margarita Valdés del Pino Yasmany Díaz del Castillo, Lázaro Policarpio Padrón Pereira, Yesenia Centeno de López T. Malathi, R. Valli Verónica Elisabeth Montenegro Valdiviezo, Carmita Marcela Carrillo Vargas, Narcisa de Jesús Mena Garzón, Diego Rafael Muñoz Atiaga Irene Huaman-Bazan, Lucero Juarez-Torres, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Gustavo Zarate-Ruiz Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Livia Piñas-Rivera Nayeli Monserrath Ochoa Ferreira, Nathalia Jazmín Cáceres Zaracho, Alicia Viviana Benítez Desvars, María Isabel López Ocampos, Telmo Raul Aveiro-Róbalo Jorge Félix Rodríguez Ramos, Guillermo Luís Herrera Miranda, Julio Cesar Rodríguez Boffill Matilde Bolaño-García Luisvar Erlin Barco Cordova, Jefferson Francisco López Guzmán, Mario Pedro Rodriguez Vásquez Milton Orlando Cangui Basantes, Tibisay Milene Lamus de Rodríguez, Jessica Alejandra Tiglla Iglecias, Gina Maricruz Cerda Solís, Jaime Danilo Casco Hinojosa Karen Manzur Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi Rafael Romero-Carazas, Marilyn Villanueva-Batallanos, Felipe Yony Gómez-Cáceres, Roque Juan Espinoza Casco, Julio Samuel Zarate-Suarez Osmar Herrera-Castro, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Segundo Rios-Rios Frank Denys Padrón Martínez, Suselys Boffill Carbó, Maryanelis Pereda Pileta, Juan José Godoy Suárez Serafeim A. Triantafyllou Norma Luz Velásquez-Dacosta, Mercedez Cury-Britto, Maritza Dávila-Panduro, Dalia Aching-Torres Yervi Valenzuela-Hurtado, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Edgar Carmen-Choquehuanca Jesus Huamani Santo, Mary Lisbeth Cala Fuentes, Antony Paul Espiritu-Martinez, María Guadalupe Luquiños-Sedeno, Marilí Ruth Mamani Laura, Henry Valentin Arapa Apaza Christian Hilario-Quispe, Juan Saberbein-Muñoz, Maria Salinas-Cruz Arijit Mishra, Pinku Chandra Dey Marisol Martínez Suárez, María Otilia Pulecio Bazurto, Leidy Carolina Sicachá Marín, Vannesa Alexandra Barragán Rodríguez, Laura Karina Sánchez Bustamante Abdelkarim Aboutaib, Imad Zeroual, Ahmad EL Allaoui Jesús Cuello Ávila, Sobeida Dreke Freire, Juan Miguel Benites García Carolina Henao, Jenny Paola Lis Gutiérrez, Cristian Daniel Castillo-Barbosa Daniel Roman-Acosta, Norma Caira-Tovar, Esteban Rodríguez-Torres, Alfredo Javier Pérez Gamboa Bernarda Salazar del Aguila, Miluska Odely Rodríguez-Saavedra, Ana Sofia Villanueva-Salas Katherine Milagros Gonzales López, Bernedo-Moreira, Jaime Natanael Gonzales López, Yesenia Tania Loayza-Apaza, Héctor Fredy Pacompía Quispe, Jorge Nicolás Alejandro Papanicolau Denegri Alexandra Thalía Castillo Rojas, Oscar Eduardo Rojas Benavides, Elki Saldaña Chunqui, Alberto Cristobal Flores Quispe, Alfredo Romero Kana, Elvia Sugey Del Carpio Alarcon Telmo Raul Aveiro Róbalo, Amanda Talia Cabrera Marecos, Liz Diana González Barreto Herlyn Alejandro Moreno Parada, Carolina Henao-Rodríguez Luis Aguilar-Herrera, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Edgar Carmen-Choquehuanca Ivet Bonifacio-Illanes, Sonia Salazar-Sanchez, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Gustavo Zarate-Ruiz Anileidys Muñoz Lazo, Juan Alberto Mena Lorenzo, Medardo Rodríguez López, Sahely Sixto Fuentes Rafael Romero-Carazas, Alfonso Del Carpio-Delgado, Antony Paul Espiritu-Martinez, María Guadalupe Luquiños-Sedeno, Marilí Ruth Mamani-, Henry Valentin Arapa-Apaza Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera Julieth Herminia Flórez Márquez, Ambar Stefany Agro Gómez, Rolando Eslava Zapata Ángel Roberto Martínez López, Alejandro Carías, Jhossmar Cristians Auza-Santivañez, Gustavo Perez-Aramayo, Laura Pamela Mamani-Manzaneda, Pablo Saul Mayta-Amador, Blas Apaza-Huanca Doraimys Valido Valdes, Iris María Hernández Villar, Yosniel Benítez Falero , Barbara Junco Sena, Yanely Sánchez Rodríguez Verónica Prieto Cordero, Matilde Bolaño-García Fabrizio Del Carpio Delgado, Bertha Silvana Vera Barrios, Arquimedes Vargas-Luque, William Franko Peña Renteria, Gerson Jonatan Donayre Loayza T. Malathi, R. Valli Melissa Lis-Gutiérrez, Jenny Paola Lis-Gutiérrez, Jonathan Jiménez-Parra, Carolina Henao-Rodríguez Edita Jimenez-Paredes, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Segundo Rios-Rios Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera Valentina Fuentes Lombardo, Javier Palominos Salas, María A. Pettersen Correa, Patricio Caro Guerra, Víctor Navia González, Arnold Hoppe, Soledad Armijo-Rivera, Felipe Machuca-Contreras Adilson Luiz Pinto, Saeid Shirshahi, Reza Varmazyar, Carlos Luis González-Valiente Lindon Vela Meléndez, Juan Diego Dávila , Julio C. César Valdés, José Wilder Herrera Vargas Jorge Lázaro Duque Robaina, Humberto Clemente Calderón Echevarría, Jennifer Mejía Ríos Rayza Labrador-Bernal, Doraimys Valido-Valdes, Mirta Caridad Campo Díaz, Adalberto Fortún Prieto, Eddy Ordaz-Peña Yasmina López Borges, Lizandra Betancourt Fuentes, Yoasmy Creagh Almiñan, Leyanis Nápoles Reyna, Wilser Granada Rodríguez, Midiala Vega Fiol Jhonny Javier Albitres Infantes, Lucy Estela Salinas Flores, Héctor Alexis Herrera Vega Carolina Henao, Jenny Paola Lis Gutiérrez Juan Saberbein-Muñoz, Christian Hilario-Quispe, Maria Salinas-Cruz Verónica Mir-Bezanilla, Antonia González-Bernstein, María Ignacia Lüer-Sepúlveda, Rosario López-Leiva, Joaquín Díaz-Schmidt, Soledad Armijo-Rivera, Cristhian Pérez-Villalobos Rolando Eslava Zapata, Charol Viviana Morales Zambrano, Leidy Lorena González Acevedo Yasniel Sánchez Suárez, Alfredo Javier Pérez Gamboa, Arialys Hernández Nariño, Lee Yang Díaz-Chieng, Maylín Marqués León, José Armando Pancorbo Sandoval, Esteban Rodríguez Torres Widney Cornelio-Ruiz, Jean Becerra-Quiquia, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Segundo Rios-Rios Camila Fuentes-Toribio, Ludwin Silvestres-Flores, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Edgar Carmen-Choquehuanca Lázaro Pablo Linares Cánovas, Yoelys Pereda Rodríguez, Guillermo Luís Herrera Miranda Virginia Asencio García, Gabriela Ortiz Pinchi, Rosa Isabel Aguilar Grandez, María Guadalupe Luquiños-Sedeno, Marilí Ruth Mamani-Laura, Antony Paul Espiritu-Martinez Yrene Uribe-Hernández, Christian Hilario-Quispe, Alex Pacheco-Pumaleque, David Navarro-Bonifacio, Roberto Manrique-Chipana, Hussein Palomino-Quispe Yilena Montero Reyes, Joanna Maricela Gallardo Solís, Gina Maricruz Cerda Solís, Jessica Alejandra Tiglla Iglecias Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Livia Piñas-Rivera Alisson Anahí Bareiro Recalde, María Paz Imas Sotto, Alicia Viviana Benítez Desvars, Telmo Raul Aveiro-Róbalo Elvis Jhordy Mamani Uscamayta, Mario Pedro Rodríguez Vásquez, Yesith Medalith Jarecca Cusacani, Bertha Silvana Vera Barrios, Elvia Sugey Del Carpio Delgado, Alfredo Romero Kana, Yenny Reaño Bayona, Carlos Eduardo Joo Libertad Valdés Izquierdo, Norberto Valcárcel Izquierdo, Alejandro Antuan Díaz Díaz, Ana Claribel Herrera Wainshtok Odalys Orraca-Castillo, Tatiana Margarita Blanco Valdés, Ana Beatriz Pérez Díaz, Beatriz Sierra Vázquez, Carlos Alfredo Miló-Valdés Matilde Bolaño-García, Keguin José González Castro Alex Javier Velásquez Beltrán, Lisseth Paulina Cajilema Tobar, Luis Patricio González Ruiz Carlos Jesús Canova-Barrios, Yamila Noelia Vizgarra, Delia Graciela Abarza, Carina Beatriz Cano, Patricia Graciela Méndez Arleen Abreu Cervantes, Juan Carlos Blanco Lores, Roberto Carlos Ontiveros Cepeda Libertad Valdés Izquierdo, Norberto Valcárcel Izquierdo, Alejandro Antuan Díaz Díaz, Ana Claribel Herrera Wainshtok Angie Matos-Paucar, Gabriel Inocente-Laurencio, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Edgar Carmen-Choquehuanca Mbarek LAHDOUD, Ahmed ASIMI Boris Alomia-Padilla, Cesar Alvarez-Guzman, Angely Alvarez-Guzman, Mardel Morales-García, Liset Z. Sairitupa-Sanchez, Sandra B. Morales-García, Víctor Álvarez-Manrique, Maribel Paredes-Saavedra, Wilter C. Morales-García Yilena Montero Reyes, Joanna Maricela Gallardo Solís, María Magdalena Toalombo Capuz, David Estuardo Moscoso Jurado Amarelys Román-Mireles Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Livia Piñas-Rivera Maira Sofia Roa Flores, Roció Magali Gómez López, Alicia Viviana Benítez Desvars, Nadine Fanego Pusineri, Telmo Raul Aveiro-Róbalo Elianis Rodríguez Ochoac, Graciela del Carmen Sánchez, Luis Napoleón Quintanilla López Fabrizzio Jara-Abanto, Luis Velasquez-Medina, Brian Meneses-Claudio Osiris Oscar Terrado Almarales, Yanara González Baños, Doraiky Díaz Hernández, Lloy Valdés Pin, Mirelis Alfaro Urquiola Carlos Jesús Canova-Barrios, Gladys Patricia Robledo, Agostina Brenda Segovia, Karen María Manzur David Hugo Bernedo-Moreira, Jorge Nicolás Alejandro Papanicolau Denegri, Yesenia Tania Loayza-Apaza, Héctor Fredy Pacompía , Jaime Natanael Gonzales López Alberto Cristobal Flores Quispe, Alfredo Romero Kana, Jhoselin Tatiana Rojas Llanos Telmo Raul Aveiro Róbalo, Johana Garay, Mirian Morán Carlos Jesús Canova-Barrios, Mariel Alejandra Mansilla, Silvia Elena Vouillat Vianca Cajahuanca-Hinostroza, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Edgar Carmen-Choquehuanca Martin Camacho-Cuya, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Gustavo Zarate-Ruiz Nitza Hernández Suárez, Belkis Ferro Gonzalez, Julio A. León Prieto, Ileana María Hernández Rodrìguez, Norma Cabrera Domínguez Yisel Ramírez Echavarría, Graciela Santos Martínez, Susan Fabiola Dejo Aguinaga Damarys García Gómez, Michel Soriano Torres, Lainet Santos Merencio, Teresa Collazo Mesa, Anduriña Barrios Martínez, Enny Morales Rodríguez, Odalis Molina Gamboa, Arlay Castelví López, Estela Morales Peralta, Araceli Lantigua Cruz, Alina García García, Luis Alberto Méndez Rosado Marileidis Viloria-Godoy, Ariel Pérez-Galavís, Misael Ron, Alis Pérez-Alcalá Verónica Adriana Ramírez, Eliana Ruetti Nelvis Delgado Zayas, Yovany Enrique Vázquez Martínez, Daniel Quintana Hernández, Maidalys Bravo Ramírez Enrique Stein María de los Angeles Bacigalupe Orlando González Salé, Laritza del Toro Bordado, Enny Morales Rodríguez Yomisleydis Bravo Álvarez, Anduriña Barrios Martínez, Enny Morales Rodríguez, Estela Morales-Peralta, Niurka González Domínguez, Luis Alberto Méndez-Rosado Anduriña Barrios Martínez, Michel Soriano Torres, Damarys García Gómez, Yudelkis Benitez Cordero, Niurka González Domínguez, Luis Alberto Méndez Rosado Maidalys Bravo Ramírez, Yovany Vázquez Martínez, María del Carmen Aguilar Callejas, Yanisbell Fajardo Peña, Nelvis Delgado Zayas Yanisbell Fajardo Peña, Daniel Quintana Hernández, Luis Alberto Méndez Rosado, Teddy Osmin Tamargo Barbeito Patricia Torriani Mendoza, Gretell Huerta Pérez, Luanda Maceira Rosales, Luis A. Méndez Rosado Andrea Patricia Pérez Ayme, Josseline María Caiza Suárez, Martin Mateo Paredes Ortega, Daniel Samuel Gualoto Gualoto, Juan Carlos Santillán Lima, Adriana Elizabeth Rivera Campoverde, Alfredo Augusto Rivera Ticona, Jonathan Steven Coello Vergara, Gerzon David Martínez Serrano Jamesón Jimenez, Edgar Javier Carmona Jonathan Pérez-Brito, Mileidys Sierra-Julio, Kerry Díaz Fuenmayor Cristina Laplagne Sarmiento Victoriano Rodríguez Otero, Catalina Fonseca Yanara González Baños, Osiris Oscar Terrado Almarales, Heidy Rego Avila Yanara González Baños, Osiris Oscar Terrado Almarales, Heidy Rego Avila Angie Natalia Rojas Restrepo, Jenny Paola Lis-Gutiérrez Matilde Bolaño-García, Keguin José González Castro Daniel Felipe Marin Bolívar, Javier González-Argote Carlos Canova-Barrios Massiel Belén Muñiz Pujol, Lietty Caridad García Vera, Jenifer de la Caridad Gorrita Álvarez David Tamayo Salazar, Myriam Gricelda Tayo Ugsha, Alexis Santiago Corrales Freire, Anthonny Vinicio Pazmiño Herrera Dailén Noa Guerra, Kenia González González Anibal Espinosa Aguilar, Michel Oria Saavedra, Gloria Concepción Rojas Ruíz, Carlos Oscar Lepez, Irene Amelia Simeoni, Romina Caballero, Zunilda Elizabeth Duré Benítez, Lucas Daniel Fleitas Sánchez Yeriny del Carmen Conopoima Moreno Juana Dolores Ramirez, Carlos Oscar Lepez Ricardo Javier Albarracín Vanoy Diego Andrés Díaz-Guio, Mauricio Rojas, Alejandra Ricardo-Zapata Ricardo Javier Albarracín Vanoy Yesenia Centeno de López, Claudia Zuriaga Bravo Jhossmar Cristians Auza-Santiváñez, Ruben Omar Colque-Mollo, Roberto Carlos Jiménez-Fernández, Rommer Alex Ortega Martinez, Antonio Viruez-Soto, Joel Gutiérrez-Beltrán Colunche Idrogo Adamari Nayeli, Leydi Mildred Mayta Tanta, Elvia Del Carpio Alarcon, Bertha Silvana Vera Barrios, Alberto Cristobal Flores Quispe Brescia Fernández-Baldeón, Deyvis Quino-Pulache, Brian Meneses-Claudio Zaddys Ahimara, Yanetsy García Acevedo, Zuly del Carmen Ontiveros Cepeda Romina Caballero, Irene Amelia Simeoni, Carlos Oscar Lepez Eduardo Paglioni Salama, Lucas Oliveira Gonçalves Pita, Livia de Souza Oliveira Durante Pita Carolina Julieta Fernández Michel Soriano Torres, Alejandro Esperón Álvarez, Anduriña Barrios Martínez, Luis A Méndez Rosado Estela Morales Peralta Pedro Afonso Santos Luna, Javier González-Argote Antonio Matheus Teixeira Leite, Javier González-Argote Luisvar Erlin Barco Cordova, Elvia Del Carpio , Arquimedes Vargas-Luque, William Franko Peña Renteria, Gerson Jonatan Donayre Loayza Jefferson Fernandez-Morin, Kevin Torrejon-Mundaca, Brian Meneses-Claudio César Ullón, Javier González-Argote José Morales-Camargo, Brian Meneses-Claudio Carlos Ortiz-Leon, Frank Yupanqui-Allcca, Brian Meneses-Claudio Florencia Monteforte, Javier González-Argote Norma Narcisa Garces Garces, Zila Isabel Esteves Fajardo, María Leonor Santander Villao, Digna Rocío Mejía Caguana, Arlette Camila Quito Esteves Gabrielly Araujo Barreto, Javier González-Argote Jhoselin Tatiana Rojas Llanos, Joselito Bazán Hernández, Mario Pedro Rodriguez Vasquez, Alberto Cristobal Flores Quispe, Fabrizio del Carpio Delgado Pedro Victor Rangel Portal, Javier González-Argote Daniel Guizado-Barrientos, Adrián Távara-Zerpa, Brian Meneses-Claudio Lisbel Garzón Cutiño, Maytee Olivera Vega, Sergio González García, Karen García Hernández, Lázaro Torres Campo Leticia Marín-Mundo, Telmo Raul Aveiro Róbalo Roberto Carlos Jimenez-Fernandez, Tita Fernández de Jimenez, Jhossmar Cristians Auza-Santivañez, Nayra Condori-Villca, Williams Reynaldo Siñani Díaz, Ariel Sosa Remón Osvaldo Andrés González Riveros, María Mercedes Medina Villate, Fabio Ariel Bogado, Jorge Eduardo Sisa Acosta, Telmo Raul Aveiro Róbalo Dianelys de la Caridad Gutiérrez Catañeda, Yisel Hechavarría Gutiérrez Geomar Molina-Bolívar, Iris Jiménez -Pitre Raúl Alberto Santos Valencia, Mayanin Asunción Sosa Alcaraz, Gustavo Adolfo Monforte Méndez, Shirley Leslie Couoh Huchin María Patiño López Jorge Jinchuña Huallpa, Luís Enrique Fernández Sosa, Javier Pedro Flores Arocutipa Flores Arocutipa Manuel Gámez Guadix Sislene Costa da Silva Celia Guevara, Leticia Castro, Yanina Porta Modesto Eloi Graterol Rivas Johnny Monasterio-Pérez, Idana Beroska Rincón Soto Camila Denise Weth Victor Furci, Alejandro Gambina, Josefina Rosales, María Victoria Alves de Castro, Eduardo Dunand Julian Steve Guzmán Rodríguez, Idana Beroska Rincón Soto, Nayibe Soraya Sanchez Leon Lilia Moncerrate Villacis Zambrano, Valeria Cecilia Bravo Gómez, Luis Daniel Zambrano Molina, Víctor Manuel Román Vélez Mariana Gonzalez Insua Leo Bloise Henry Villarreal Torres, William Marín Rodriguez, Julio Ángeles Morales, Jenny Cano Mejía, Carmen Mejía Murillo Idana Beroska Rincón Soto, Betty Janeth Soledispa-Cañarte, Pilar Asunción Soledispa-Cañarte, Tania Cecibel Cañarte-Rodríguez, Glenda Marcela Sarmiento-Tomalá Mariana Gonzalez Insua, Celeste Molpeceres, Gisela Kaczan, Victoria Cabral Malena Castilla Lilia Moncerrate Villacis Zambrano, Frank Lemoine Quitero, Maria Gabriela Montesdeoca Calderon, María Alejandra Barberán Moreira Cristina Romera Tébar, Celeste Molpeceres, Gabriela Calderón, María Laura Zulaica Rudy Espinoza Gallardo, Flor de María Lioo Jordan, Luis Alberto Baldeos Ardian, Santiago Ramos Y Yovera, José Ausejo Sanchez Daniela M. Anticona-Valderrama, Jose Jeremias Caballero-Cantu, Edith Delia Chavez-Ramirez, Ana Beatriz Rivas-Moreano, Lucila Rojas-Delgado Agustina Rodríguez Romero, Ana Plaza, Eugenia Tomasini, Fernando Guzmán, Gabriela Siracusano, Juan Ricardo Rey-Márquez, Lucila Iglesias, Marta Maier, Milagros Córdova, Vanina Scocchera, Victoria Rodríguez Do Campo Astrid Yulieth Cuero Montenegro Viviana Karina Hernandez Vergel, María Alexandra Amaya Mancilla, Denny Miley Cárdenas Sierra Javier Pedro Flores Arocutipa, Ruth Daysi Cohaila Quispe, Luis Delfín Bermejo Peralta, Carlos Marcelo Ponce Arpasi Jazmín Glustein, Andrey Bazylenko, Julieta Mordiero, Lara Jatar, Camila Ostertag, Sofía Larrandart, Horacio Sirolli, María de los Ángeles Falcón, Cecilia Carrillo Pinto, Camila Saveika, Carlos Ignacio Borón, Margarita Do Campo Carla Poth, Luciana Manildo, Giselle Querejeta Rafael Romero-Carazas, Juan Richar Villacorta Guzmán, Idana Beroska Rincón Soto Manuel José Linares Alvaro, Jorge Luis López Presmanes, Ligia Vanessa Sánchez Parrales, Marcos Tulio Zambrano Zambrano, Idana Beroska Rincón Soto Nicolás José Lavagnino, Anahi Sy, Luis Ernesto Acosta Catalina Tassin Wallace, Micaela Recio Barbara, Sebastián Galván Rial Dante, Sebastían Verón, Iñaki Echaveste Yamila Ramos Rangel, Marianela Fonseca Fernández, Laura Magda López Angulo, Anais Marta Valladares González, Arelys Falcón Hernández German Jazmany Zambrano Verdesoto, Idana Beroska Rincón Ana Belén Martínez César Carbache Mora, Frank Lemoine Quitero, Christopher Chukwugozie Okafor Mabel Tassara Kevin Poveda Ducón, Luciano Iribarren, Ana Dumrauf, Ignacio Boron Lilia Moncerrate Villacis Zambrano, Eura María Zambrano-Vera, Elizabeth Del Carmen Ormaza Esmeraldas, Estrella Gloria Antonia Ferrin Delgado Lidia Iris Rodríguez Rodríguez José L. Serna-Landivar, Pedro A. Flores, Daniela M. Anticona-Valderrama Agustin Mauro Lilia Moncerrate Villacis Zambrano, Víctor Manuel Román Vélez, José Leonardo Centeno Martinez, Vilma Estela Alcívar Vera Gema Viviana Carvajal Zambrano, Eduardo Antonio Caicedo Coello, José Víctor Hugo Nevarez Barberán, Marie Lía Velásquez Vera Luciana Volco Roncoroni Yoan Michel Rodríguez Martínez Eura María Zambrano Vera, Lilia Moncerrate Villacis- Zambrano, María Carmen Patiño López, José Fernando Vásconez-Macías Martín Prieto Ana Cecilia Vélez Falcones, Jorge Gonzalo Pérez Plaza, Jesús Merino Velásquez, William Renán Meneses Pantoja Angela Rosa Catrambone, Andrea Susana Ledwith Rosario Caldas Jayo, Abrahan Neri Ayala, Algemiro Muñoz Vilela, Edgar Susanibar Ramirez, Sergio la Cruz Orbe Gladys Do Nascimento Ukaivbera Vladimir Álvarez Ojeda, Yanelis Ramos Alfonso Enrique Carlos Segura Roxana Ynoub Elizabeth del Carmen Ormaza Esmeraldas, César Arturo Carbache Mora, José Ricardo Macias Barberan, José Víctor Hugo Nevárez Barberan Sergio Chenlo , Gisela Vanina Acosta Beiman Xiomara Marina Delgado Rodríguez, Humberto González Galbán, Tania Evelyn Bermudez Reyes, Idana Beroska Rincón Soto María de la Paz Sánchez Casaccia , Julieta Nattero, Florencia Cano, Leonardo Díaz Nieto, Laura Carbajal de la Fuente Amparo Adriana Quiroz Cobeña, Mayra Yasmina Espinoza Arauz, William Renán Meneses Pantoja Daniel Felipe Marín Vanegas, Daniel Gil Velásquez, Agudelo Peláez Daniel Javier Pedro Flores-Arocutipa, José Luis León Untiveros, Herbert Alberto Arroyo, Jorge Jinchuña Huallpa Federico Barrera-Lemarchand, Victoria Lescano-Charreau, Julieta Ruiz, Nuria Cáceres, Joaquín Navajas Jorge Gonzalo Pérez Plaza, Mayra Yasmina Espinoza Arauz, William Renán Meneses Pantoja, Ana Cecilia Vélez Falcones Maria Emilia Latorre, Diego E Velazquez Eduardo de la Cruz-Cano, José Alfredo Díaz-Gandarilla, José Arnold González-Garrido, Carlos Javier López–Victorio Francisco Conde Oria Betty Janeth Soledispa-Cañarte, Irma Baldovinos Leyva, Dewis Edwin Álvarez-Pincay, Narda Paola Merchán-Ponce Anahí Herrera Cano , Eugenia Tomasini, Marta S. Maier, María Eugenia Suárez Rafael Romero-Carazas, Idana Beroska Rincón Soto, William Joel Marín Rodriguez, Daniel Andrade-Girón María Angélica Benítez , Favio Shifres, Nadia Justel Henry Villarreal Torres, Julio Ángeles Morales, William Joel Marín Rodriguez, Daniel Andrade Girón, Edgardo Carreño Cisneros Alejandro Escobar Hoyos Idana Beroska Rincón Soto, William J. Marín-Rodriguez, Luis Alberto Baldeos-Ardían, Flor de María Líoo-Jordán, Dalila Irene Villanueva-Cadenas, Betty Soledispa, Pilar Soledispa Iván Ariel Viera Idana Beroska Rincón Soto, William Joel Marín Rodriguez, Luis Alberto Baldeos-Ardían, Flor de María Líoo-Jordán, Dalila Irene Villanueva-Cadenas José Fernando Fissore Idana Beroska Rincón Soto, Ángel Hugo Campos Díaz, Gladys Jane Villanueva Cadenas, Félix Gil Caro Soto, Dalila Irene Villanueva Cadenas Mario Villarreal Jesús Jacobo Coronado Espinoza, Abrahán Cesar Neri Ayala, Flor de María Lioo Jordan, Luis Alberto Baldeos Ardian, Santiago Ernesto Ramos Y Yovera Celeste Molpeceres Elizabeth Obregón Espinoza, Abrahan Neri Ayala, Santiago Ramos Y Yovera, Felix Caro Soto, Algemiro Muñoz Vilela Laurencia Silveti Matias Lamberti, Esteban Hernán Rodríguez, Gabriela Klier, Federico di Pasquo Agustín Barberón Rosa Sierra Juan Cruz Torres Martin, Verónica Cannarozzo, María Cecilia Aguirre, Daniela Gómez María Luisa Silva, María Victoria Gasparini, Germán Stahringer, Leandro Escher, Sofía Iacobuzio, Yamila Rubbo, María Florencia Tenaglia, Melisa Garay Frontini, Camila Ilicic Isely Mónica Liliana Cresmani, María Inés Ciccarone, Luciana Sol Silvestre, Ana Sofía Resio Mónica Liliana Cresmani, María Inés Ciccarone, Erico Bianchi, Luciana Sol Silvestre, Ana Sofía Resio, Leticia Aguilera Marturano, Eleonora Casaretto, Adriana Gabriela Segura Síria Emerenciana Nepomuceno Borges, Eduardo Lima Sousa, Emilly Gabrielle de Oliveira Sousa Jazmín López de Armentia Santiago Diaz Paola Silvia Ramundo Javier Alejandro Vitale Gutierrez María Laura Zulaica, Fabiana Ruiz Priscila Janet Schunck Arlene Sofía Cabrera Salazar, Jazmin Cevasco Paloma Castiglione Tomas Alves Salgueiro, María Ayelén Caramés, Pablo Nicolas Fernandez Larrosa Francisco Gelman Constantin, Anahí Sy, Paula Derossi, Cinthia Sapienza, Brenda Moglia Magdalena Moreno Eliana Viterbia Mota de Sousa Eliana Viterbia Mota de Sousa Lizandra Inês Both Leila Medina, Pablo Nicolás Fernandez Larrosa, Jazmín Cevasco María Fissore Lorena López Torres Jaime Del Rio, Victoria Noelia Cabral, María Victoria Sordini Dania Gabriela Salvatierra Rojo, Laurencia Lucila Silveti, Aixa María Florencia Muñoz Padilla Silvia Marelli Mercedes García Carrillo, Daiana Ailín Ameghino, Matías Blaustein Camila Barril, Gisela Gualdoni, Patricia Jacobo, Liliana Pacheco Rodríguez, Elisa Cebral Tomás Javier Carrozza Virginia Tosto Nicolás Valente, Luis Acosta, Nadia Piazza, Jeremías Da col, Tristan Pauli Alippi, Nicolás José Lavagnino Diego Maté Liliana Rateni, Maria Sol Pujol, Agustina Sanchez, Forencia Catelani Ornella Milan, Juan Bautista Silvestre, Tomas López, Agustina Mercé, Fabiana Viana Sousa Vinhote, Analia Chumpitaz, Claudio Stafolani, Liliana Rateni Nahuel Pallitto, Ailín Delvitto, María Alejandra Petino Zappala, Nicolás José Lavagnino, Carolina Ocampo Mallou Giulietta Lucente, Stefan Efraín Vera, Pablo Nicolás Fernández Larrosa Milagros Girart, Jazmín Cevasco Santiago NC Mirande, Claudio Martínez Debat Nicolás Alessandroni Fernando Bermejo, Mercedes Ximena Hüg, Ezequiel. A. Di Paolo Claudia Fernanda Morales Martínez Griselda Muñoz, Elvio Galati, Claudia Torres Liliana Lopez Espinosa Gonzalo Soria Giner Martín González Samartin, Valeria Gigliotti Tássia Sabrine Távora dos Santos Kemuel Pinto Marinho, Beatriz Noleto Nascimento Síria Emerenciana Nepomuceno Borges Alejandra Natalia Carranza Gómez-García Katherine Guerrero Tamayo, Luciano Iribarren, Silvina Cordero Cristian Oscar Marenco Camila Landeyro Alejandra Valverde, Carla Poth, Leonardo Moreno, Ruth Merlina Albizu Roux Romina Bernardini, Malena Robledo Arlene Sofía Cabrera Salazar, Ayelén Caramés, Pablo Nicolas Fernandez Larrosa, Jazmin Cevasco Karen Acosta Buralli, Joselyn Pispira, Jazmín Cevasco, María Luisa Silva Máxima Guglialmelli ,

Published: January 1, 2023

Contents

2023-10-23 Original
Quality courses for quality virtual higher education

The increase in the offer and coverage of virtual higher education is evident. With the growth, new needs arise due to questions about the quality of education. In this research, the creation of an instrument for assessment that leads to the improvement of virtual training at the University of Quindío was proposed. To do this, different methods of assessing the quality of the courses were reviewed and an own instrument for assessment was designed and applied to a sample of courses, which are complemented by surveys of teachers, students and graduates. The investigation is in process; therefore, the report and the final conclusions are still in process.

By Edgar Javier Carmona Suárez

2023-10-10 Original
Water balance trends and sustainability risks in municipalities of the Rio Seco watershed, Colombia

This article proposes some considerations on the relationship between the water balance for five municipalities located in the basin of the Seco river, Alto Magdalena region, and the municipality of Beltrán, Cundinamarca, Colombia, and the risk factors for the sustainability of the water supply to which the communities are exposed. For this purpose, a statistical review was made of official sources that record the historical and current status of the minimum and maximum levels of the annual flows of the tributary, and the exponential growth of the population in the region. Risk factors were documented based on direct observation, focus groups and interviews with social and institutional actors. In some municipalities the balance is unfavorable due to factors such as extractivism and the urban explosion, while in others the sustainability of the supply depends on the construction of infrastructure to guarantee the supply in dry weather.

 

By Andres Francisco Olivar Rojas, Edgar Orjuela Montoya, Federico José Jiménez Varón, Magnolia Rivera Cumbe

2023-10-24 Original
Enhanced cryptography algorithm and improved butterfly algorithm for secured data transmission in wireless sensor network

Due of their many uses, WSNs (Wireless Sensor Networks) have drawn the greatest interest, but,
existing methods do not support reliable data transfer. They face issues in energy consumptions and routing on shortest paths over WSNs. Also, they are incapable to stopping compromised nodes with legitimate identities from launching attacks. This study handled this issue with suggested schema based
on CHs (Cluster Heads) and using IBO (Improved Butterfly Optimization) and DAES (Double key based Advanced Encryption Standard) algorithms. The main phases of this work contain system model, security model, CH node selection and shortest path routing with secured data transmission. Initially,
system model is constructed via number of sensor nodes on the given setup. Then, CH nodes are
selected using IBO algorithm based on best fitness values. These selections of CHs consider minimum delays and energy consumptions with maximum throughputs for establishing security assurances and energy conservations at sensor nodes along with secure protocol. The security levels for quick data
transfers over multi-path routes in WSNs are improved using DAES. Attack nodes are eliminated for successful transfers. The intermediate layer CHs create routing backbones to gather, combine, and convey data from member nodes. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed IBO-DAES framework outperforms existing approaches in terms of throughputs, network longevity, data transfer rates, and energy consumptions.

By A. Prakash

2023-10-12 Original
Diagnosis of the states current of the process of teaching-apprenticeship of the design of related software with databases, in the Systems run of Information in Health of the University of Medical Sciences of Pinar del Río

Introduction: the systems run of information in health (SIS), takes charge of the formation of a professional they will practice as integrant futures of groups of development of software as managers of the information and specialist in the SIS, by ordering these of deciding, design, evaluate the graphic interfaces, component, datas and relate of these automatized systems, however, in the pine grove province of the river, has not achieved that the totality of the students, apply the design of software in a correct way.
Objective: diagnosing the states current of the process of teaching-apprenticeship of the design of related software with databases, in the systems run of information in health of the University of Medical Sciences of Pinar del Río.
Methods: the investigation is based in the dialectic focussing materialist, applying the analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, interview, observation, analysis methods documentary and the mathematical-statistical procedures of the descriptive statistics., applied to a sample of 54 students and 7 teachers, certain for an intentional sampling.
Results: they identified insufficiencies in the theoretical and practical dominion of the students on the design of software, the employment of methods of the teachers, the identification of the professional problems to computerize, as well as the relations disciplines that they must exist in the process.
Conclusions: the process that is to investigate, has not been conceived in a systemic way and secuenciada, by verifying the existence of difficulties in the theoretical, pedagogic and methodological preparation of the educational community with regard to this process.

By Mayenny Linares Río, Manuel Quintero García, Dunesky Travieso Ramos, Darianna Cruz Marquez, Javier Joaquín Pérez Cardoso, Yoan Gilberto Del Llano Capote

2023-10-30 Original
Program for the development of digital competencies in teachers of the Stomatology career. Isla de la Juventud

Introduction: information and communication technologies are important tools for training and communication. To facilitate their work in the educational system as a requirement for change in the profile of the education professional, teachers must develop suitable digital skills to implement in their teaching-learning process.
Objective: design a program for the development of digital skills in teachers of the Stomatology career of the Faculty of Medical Sciences of the Isla de la Juventud, 2022.
Methods: a descriptive study was carried out, from a methodological perspective based on the qualitative paradigm. The universe was made up of 150 teachers, of which 40 made up the sample. The theoretical level research methods were used: analytical-synthetic, inductive-deductive and historical-logical analysis; at the empirical level: documentary analysis, survey and specialist criteria.
Results: the need to train the teaching staff and guide the preparation of teachers in the appropriate use of computer techniques and resources, as well as in the preparation and development of virtual courses using the Moodle platform, was confirmed.
Conclusions: information and communication technologies are fundamental in the teaching-learning process. The development of digital competencies in teachers shows a low level of performance; the expressed limitations focus mainly on knowledge and domains in content creation, communication and collaboration.

By Ennis Ivonnet-Gutiérrez, Aliana Peña-Méndez, Felicia Silva-Vázquez, Leonides Zaldívar-Carmenate, Luisa Sucel Vargas-Labrada

2023-10-23 Original
Contextualizations on peace in selected educational institutions in the department of La Guajira

This research is based on school coexistence and peace, with the quality of early childhood education as a baseline. It is of descriptive type, the modality of participative action research with a qualitative and quantitative approach, its design is communitarian or ecological, of social intervention or field. The following basic principles were considered: classroom pedagogical project; human rights; integral education; awareness of peace; conceptualization of peace; feelings about peace; acquisition, reinforcement of moral ethical values on peace; development of the culture of peace; proposals for coexistence and peace, as well as attitudes for the peaceful solution of conflict. It was developed in 7 Jurisdictions of the Department of La Guajira taken randomly. The instruments used were direct observation, a survey to teachers and an interview to directors. The implementation of recreational activities that allowed representing magical and pleasant environments was achieved, which allowed coexistence in harmony, fostering dialogues in the construction of peace and teaching values, as well as workshops for teachers and directors, as well as educational talks on the concept of peace, and dynamics with morals and teachings for the achievement of peace in the classroom, in institutions, in society, with the aim of forming people capable of changing inequality for equality, indifference for commitment and violence for peace, concluding that the elementary school should not focus only on the cognitive, but should go beyond, obtaining learning to apply them in life itself and with its environment.

By Emerita Muñoz Estrada, Miriam Muñoz Estrada, Delio Mora Pintiluis

2023-10-12 Original
Blood groups and SARS-CoV-2 infection in Pinar del Río medical students

Introduction: the influence of ABO and Rh blood type on susceptibility to infections by different agents has been studied and verified. Increasing evidence suggests that the ABO blood group plays a role in the immunopathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 infection.
Objective: determine the association between blood group and SARS-CoV-2 infection in second-year medical students from Pinar del Río.
Methods: an analytical, cross-sectional, retrospective study was carried out; in 402 second-year medical students from Pinar del Río, between February and May 2022. The blood group of the participants was determined using the immunohemagglutination technique.
Results: groups A and O predominated in the sample with the same number of 173 individuals (43,03 %). 85,82 % were Rh positive. 35,82 % of the subjects had Covid-19. 45,14 % of the individuals who had Covid-19 were from group O and 38,19 % from group A; 80,56 % were Rh positive. Similarly, 34,72 % of the subjects who had Covid-19 were O+. In the association analyses, no statistically significant relationships were found in any of the comparison designs.
Conclusions: the role of ABO blood group in SARS-CoV-2 infectivity and COVID-19 disease severity requires additional studies. The hypothesis that blood group was an influential factor in SARS-CoV-2 infection could not be proven or refuted.

By Carlos Alfredo Miló-Valdés, Alberto Lugo Hernández, Anthuanet Pino Falcón, Mayelín García García, Adrián Alejandro Vitón-Castillo, Odalys Orraca-Castillo

2023-10-26 Original
Gamification in Corporate Training Context with the “EU ZEIN” project

The gamification of the educational process is a modern practice, which aims to create an environment that utilizes modern data and promotes training through entertainment and active participation. As a method it is in line with the student-centered teaching model and enhances learning without replacing it. Adobe Captivate is an eLearning authoring tool that allows users to create interactive and engaging eLearning content. When combining Adobe Captivate with gamification principles, it is possible to create more compelling and effective eLearning experiences. The ways to integrate gamification into Adobe Captivate projects is described through our own project entitled “EU ZEIN”. This paper tries to contribute to a better understanding of the usage of gamification in the training context for the benefit of learners.

By Serafeim A. Triantafyllou, Yousef Farhaoui, Theodosios Sapounidis, Najia Khouibiri, Tarik Ahajjam, Ahmad El Allaoui

2023-10-30 Original
Characterization of patients treated with conventional dermatological surgery at hospital level

Introduction: In recent decades the incidence of skin lesions that affect the patient's health has been increasing and the dermatosurgical field has boomed.
Objective: To characterize patients treated with conventional dermatological surgery at the hospital level.
Methods: An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out on patients undergoing dermatological surgery treated in a dermatology consultation at the Faustino Pérez Hernández provincial clinical surgical teaching hospital in the province of Matanzas, Cuba, between September 2020 and September 2021. The sample consisted of 35 cases. The research was carried out in the Dermatology service during four moments (outpatient consultation, surgical procedure, post-surgical re-consultation and re-consultation).
Results: The female sex and the sixth decade of life predominated with 62,8 % each. Skin phototype I represented 40 %. Basal cell carcinoma was identified as the predominant clinical diagnosis in 40 %. Elliptical excision with 45,7 % was the most practiced surgical technique. Wound dehiscence with 54,5 % was the most frequent complication of the surgical procedure.
Conclusions: The study demonstrated the safety and efficiency of dermatological surgery and the strengthening of the foundations of the specialty as a surgical clinic.

By Aimet Hernández López, Junior Vega Jiménez, Daniel Naranjo del Pino, Humberto Alexis López González, Lisneybi Gonzalez Gonzalez

2023-10-12 Original
Adherence to treatment in older adults with Diabetes Mellitus. Medical Office 124

Introduction: low adherence to treatment is a problem for the control of diabetes mellitus. It is a disease present due to its impact on morbidity and mortality in the country.
Objective: to characterize adherence to treatment in older adults with diabetes mellitus at the 124th medical office of the Hermanos Cruz polyclinic in the municipality of Pinar del Río during the period from January 2021 to June 2023.
Methods: an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out; the universe was constituted by 138 older adults, a sample was selected by non-probabilistic sampling of 124 patients, theoretical and empirical methods were used, applying the questionnaire for the evaluation of therapeutic adherence and influential factors and descriptive statistics, using absolute and relative frequencies.
Results: There was a predominance of older diabetic adults aged 70 years and over (62,1 %); 59,6 % were female, with a pre-university school level (54 %); with 48,4 % partial adherence to treatment, arterial hypertension as an associated chronic disease in 61,3 %, 29,8 % comply with the indicated diet, 31,4 % take the medication on the established schedule, the influential factor in non-compliance with treatment was forgetfulness in 71 %.
Conclusions: older adults with diabetes mellitus had a predominance of partial adherence to treatment.

By Yanara González Baños, Osiris Oscar Terrado Almarales, Maikel Santiago Salgado Izquierdo, Eunice Echevarria Cabrera, Yuday Morejón Rosales, Juan Carlos Curbelo Fajardo

2023-10-26 Original
Characterization of patients treated with conventional dermatological surgery at hospital level

Introduction: In recent decades the incidence of skin lesions that affect the patient's health has been increasing and the dermatosurgical field has boomed.
Objective: To characterize patients treated with conventional dermatological surgery at the hospital level.
Methods: An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out on patients undergoing dermatological surgery treated in a dermatology consultation at the Faustino Pérez Hernández provincial clinical surgical teaching hospital in the province of Matanzas, Cuba, between September 2020 and September 2021. The sample consisted of 35 cases. The research was carried out in the Dermatology service during four moments (outpatient consultation, surgical procedure, post-surgical re-consultation and re-consultation).
Results: The female sex and the sixth decade of life predominated with 62,8 % each. Skin phototype I represented 40 %. Basal cell carcinoma was identified as the predominant clinical diagnosis in 40 %. Elliptical excision with 45,7 % was the most practiced surgical technique. Wound dehiscence with 54,5 % was the most frequent complication of the surgical procedure.
Conclusions: The study demonstrated the safety and efficiency of dermatological surgery and the strengthening of the foundations of the specialty as a surgical clinic.

By Aimet Hernández López, Junior Vega Jiménez, Daniel Naranjo del Pino, Humberto Alexis López González, Lisneybi Gonzalez Gonzalez

2023-10-12 Original
Clinical epidemiological characterization of Enuresis in Pinar del Río

Background: Enuresis is a monosymptomatic disorder, it is considered an important health problem, in Cuba it is a frequent reason for consultation, where its early diagnosis and timely treatment help children and adolescents who suffer from it to improve their quality of life.
Objective: to characterize clinical and epidemiological aspects of Enuresis.
Method: an investigative, observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out on patients diagnosed with Enuresis, treated in the municipality of Pinar del Río, from February 2019 to September 2021. The universe consisted of 83 patients, coinciding with the sample, the data were obtained from individual medical records and documentary analysis. Socio-demographic and clinical-epidemiological variables were analyzed. The statistical program Stadistical Packard the Social Sciences was used to process the information, and the results were expressed in absolute and relative frequencies.
Results: the male sex predominated in the series and the largest number of enuretic children corresponded to the age group of 5 - 9 years, Fixation Enuresis was the most significant, family pathological history of enuretic parents and divorce were the factors. Most frequently favored, Attention Deficit Hyperkinesia Disorder (ADHD) was the most representative comorbidity, psychological resources were the most significant and most of the patients studied remitted completely.
Conclusions: Enuresis is a frequent child health problem, with personal and social repercussions, its proper and personalized management is a challenge for health professionals.

By Gleddys Gallardo Pons, Osvaldo Cabrera Torres, Juana Rivera Alonso, Belkis Menoya Martínez, Marcos Alejandro Cabrera Gallardo

2023-10-30 Original
Mental Health Status of the patients of a Medical Office of the Policlínico Universitario Luis Augusto Turcios Lima

Introduction: since man is a bio-psycho-social being, the study of mental health is of great value.
Objective: to determine the state of mental health in patients of the Medical Clinic 59 of the Luis Augusto Turcios Lima University Polyclinic.
Method: observational, descriptive, longitudinal and retrospective study. The study population consisted of 282 families, with a sample of 181 families (445 patients).
Results: 54,31 % of the patients were female, 17,27 % were between 50 and 59 years of age and 33,25 % of them had completed high school. Eighty-two patients were retired or certified, 67 were students, 30 were housewives and 11 reported that they did not work. Of the patients, 12,81% were self-employed. The predominant somatic diseases were arterial hypertension (34,16 %) and diabetes mellitus (12,58 %). Epilepsy (0,90 %), depression (0.67 %) and schizophrenia or psychosis (0,67 %) were observed in 0,90 % of the patients. Smoking was present in 5,84 % of the population and alcoholism in 0,90 %.
Conclusions: there is an aging population, with a high level of schooling. Unemployment rates were mainly conditioned by retirements and the presence of a high number of students. Arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus are risk factors for the development of dementia. Epilepsy and depression were present in the study population.

By Osiris Oscar Terrado Almarales, Yanara González Baños, Gleddys Gallardo Pons, Marcos Alejandro Cabrera Gallardo, Eduardo Enrique Cecilia Paredes

2023-10-12 Original
Early atherosclerotic signs in adolescents aged 11 to 19 years

Introduction: atherosclerosis is a disease of the general metabolism that responds to the persistent and exponentially intense aggression that affects the connective tissue of the arterial wall. This disease is considered one of the great predators of human health, and its sequelae imply a very high cost for society.
Objective: To identify the presence of early atherosclerotic signs in adolescents between 11 and 19 years of age.
Methods: an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out from June 2021 to June 2022 at the Family Doctor's Office number 1 of the Policlinico 5 de Septiembre in Consolación del Sur. The universe and the sample consisted of 104 adolescents who gave their consent to participate in the study.
Results: female sex predominated with 54,8 %, age group 14-16 years old with 37,5 % and skin color white. The nutritional status was represented by 72 adolescents in the eutrophic group, but it is important to point out the presence of overweight in 16 patients. Sixty-three percent of the adolescents had inadequate eating habits. Although 96 of the adolescents studied had normal blood pressure, 6 were prehypertensive and 2 were hypertensive; of the adolescents 27 were passive smokers and 18 active and 66 % of them did not engage in physical activity.
Conclusions: there is a significant number of adolescents with early atherosclerotic signs in the clinic

By Doraimys Valido Valdes, Rayza Labrador Bernal, María Eugenia Amador Mesa, Guillermo Hernández Medina, Emma Gallardo Romero

2023-10-24 Original
Sports and language integration skill development

Learning to play and learning to communicate in a language are different skills to be acquired through various stages in a cycle. However, the stages in learning to communicate and the stages in the process of becoming skillful in a particular game are similar. This paper studies the nature of the stages of learning and suggests the possibility of doing both at the same time. Physical activities advance students' capability and confidence to take part in a variety of guided or unguided undertakings that become essential to their life, both within and outside of school. Apart from developing sporting skills, physical activities also demand and develop various other associated skills. Indulging in sports and games stands as one the most important avenues for developing these skills. This study aims at establishing the possibility of making optimum use of sports for enhancing and monitoring both sporting and communication skills. The study is based on the hypotheses that communication skills can be developed, monitored and assessed with the help of physical activities and vice versa and that
inter disciplinary learning can be achieved in classrooms through physical activities; and that the physical and communicative skills of students can be successfully monitored and assessed through a systematic and integrated curriculum plan and implementation approach. The study methodology is based on observation and case study with focus groups involving school students. The significance and uniqueness of the study lies in the fact that it discloses the prospect of fostering communication and associated skills in children through sports; and also of bringing teachers of different subjects together
to offer integrated instructions through physical activities and movements. Additionally, this research will contribute to the teaching and learning process pinned on physical activities to minimize boredom and maximize learning among children of all ages.

By Anbil Mahesh Poyyamozhi, Prasanna Balaji D

2023-10-12 Original
Prevalence of myotonic dystrophy type 1 in Pinar del Río province, Cuba

Introduction: myotonic dystrophy type 1 is a hereditary neuromuscular disease, whose global prevalence is 1/8000, it is clinically heterogeneous and multisystemic.
Objective: to describe the prevalence of Myotonic Dystrophy type 1 in the province of Pinar del Río, Cuba.
Methods: a descriptive, retrospective and cross-sectional study was carried out in patients with DM1 registered in the Department of Medical Genetics of the Pinar del Río province, Cuba, between January 2019 and December 2022. The sample was made up of 97 patients. Data were collected from the medical records related to sex, age groups, municipality of residence, popular council to which they belong according to residence and clinical form that allowed prevalence rates to be estimated. Variables were summarized with absolute numbers and percentages.
Results: the prevalence rate for males was 14,4 and for females 19,2 per 100,000 inhabitants. In the municipalities of Mantua and La Palma, prevalence rates of 46,6 and 44,4 per 100,000 inhabitants respectively were reported. The popular councils with very high prevalence rates were: Playuela (172,9 per 100,000 inhabitants), Ovas and Villa II (146,5 and 130,3 per 100,000 inhabitants respectively).
Conclusions: the prevalence of DM1 in Pinar del Río is similar to that of several countries; however, there are communities in the north of the province and isolated communities with higher rates. These data obtained through clinical research reveal the need for molecular studies that allow the design of intervention strategies.

By Deysi Licourt Otero, Mildays Orraca Castillo, Teddy Osmin Tamargo Barbeito, Laisi Sainz Padrón, Melissa Toledo Licourt

2023-10-30 Original
Strategic planning and organizational performance of the Mypes of the manufacturing sector in the province of Cañete

The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between strategic planning and organizational performance of SMEs in the manufacturing sector in the province of Cañete, 2022. It was a quantitative, non-experimental, descriptive and correlational study. The sample included entrepreneurs from 325 MSEs. A survey was applied to collect information on the size, sector, organizational structure, strategic planning, and organizational performance of the MSEs, consisting of 24 items. According to the results, 60,9 % are microenterprises, 66,8 % are private, with a linear organizational structure (46,8 %). The value obtained was Rho= 0,902, indicating a perfect positive correlation between strategic planning and organizational development. As for the dimensions, the correlation was: organization (0,837), budget execution (0,897) and programmatic compliance (0,949). It is concluded that there is a significant correlation between strategic planning and the organizational performance of SMEs in the manufacturing sector in the province of Cañete in the year 2022.

By María Del Carmen Emilia Ancaya-Martínez, Roxana Beatriz Gonzales-Huaytahuilca, Isabel Carire Soras, Freddy Antonio Ochoa-Tataje

2023-10-23 Original
Application of the classroom pedagogical project "Gestores de Convivencia y Paz" as a strategy for the formation of a culture of peace in children in the department of La Guajira

The present research project focused on school coexistence and peace and is framed within the line of Quality in early childhood education. Its purpose was to contribute to the formation of a culture of peace through the application of the coexistence and peace managers program for children in the Department of La Guajira. The implementation of recreational activities that allowed to represent magical and pleasant environments was achieved, which allowed the coexistence in harmony, promoting dialogues in the construction of peace and teaching values, which allowed to provide tools that allow these children to resolve conflicts peacefully by promoting dialogue and communication, in the absence of violence.

By Delio Jacobo Mora Pontiluis, Emerita Sofia Muñoz Estrada, Edibeth Mora Atencio

2023-10-12 Original
Challenges and perspectives of the teaching-learning process of the Pharmacology discipline in the medical career

Introduction: the teaching – learning process of the discipline Pharmacology is studied.
Methods: a prospective, observational and descriptive was carried out. From the theoretical point of view, the historical – logical, analysis – synthesis, and inductive – deductive methods were used, which allowed the analysis of conceptions on the topic from different approaches and contexts. On an empirical level, the analysis of documents was used to collect information.
Results: the teaching – learning process of the discipline Pharmacology shows insufficiencies in its systemic structure according to its didactic components, and their gradual derivation from the medical students’ mode of professional performance. The teaching – learning process of the discipline Pharmacology lacks a didactic relation with the General Practitioners’ mode of professional performance in solving professional and academic problems by means of the use of the knowledge and skills obtained within the discipline. It is not integrated with other disciplines and subjects within the same academic year in a coherent and systemic manner. The methodological work is insufficient, in favor of a more rational medication prescription, based on the mode of professional performance in a systemic and interdisciplinary manner.
Conclusions: the teaching –learning process of the discipline Pharmacology in Medical studies provides new dimensions for its didactic categories, mediated by the professor and self – regulated by the student and the class, which comes to be in the solution to the professionalizing task, starting from communication, and according to the principles of the medical ethics and the mode of professional performance.

By Suniel Pérez García, Tania Yakelyn Cala Peguero, Guillermo Luis Herrera Miranda, Marvelia Díaz Calzada

2023-10-30 Original
Pedagogical conception of the professional skills training process in the specialty of Ophthalmology

The training process of a professional is developed with a view to prepare a subject who is able to be inserted in the professional process. The training of a specialist in Ophthalmology is of special significance since, within the medical sciences, it is the specialty whose object of the profession is the process of visual health. The purpose of this research was to design a pedagogical conception of the training process of professional skills in the specialty of Ophthalmology at the University of Medical Sciences of Pinar del Río. A pedagogical conception of the professional skills training process in the specialty of Ophthalmology was designed, conformed by a system of scientific ideas oriented by the principles of sequential and contextualized character, which are the basis of the professional skills training process in the specialty of Ophthalmology, in order to make it systemic, sequenced and contextualized; which enables the acquisition of professional skills and enhances the mastery of the ophthalmologist's mode of action.

By Sahely Sixto Fuentes, Juan Lázaro Márquez Marrero, Leydelys Castillo Valdés

2023-09-29 Original
Organizational climate and work performance of workers the educational institution "Jose Carlos Mariátegui" of the district of Villa María del Triunfo, Lima – 2020

The present study set out to determine the relationship that exists between the organizational climate in the work performance of the workers of the José Carlos Mariátegui Educational Institution of the Villa María del Triunfo district, Lima - 2020. For this, an analysis was planned and carried out. Investigation of quantitative approach, of correlational descriptive level and of non-experimental design, with a population of 73 teachers from the mentioned educational institution, two questionnaires were applied for data collection. The results indicate the existence of a significant correlation between organizational climate and teacher performance based on the finding of Spearman's Rho correlation coefficient (0,767).

By Naara Medina-Altamirano, Nerio Enriquez-Gavilan, Monica Quispe-Solano, Aydeé Lopez-Curasma, Cynthia López-Gómez, Jose Rojas-Diaz

2023-10-20 Original
Historical trends of the professional improvement of the doctor in primary health care for the early diagnosis of alterations in oral comunication

Introduction: oral communication (OC) disorders as a health problem constitute a starting point for the design of professional development of professionals working at the Primary Health Care (PHC) level.
Objective: to characterize the historical tendencies of professional development of physicians in PHC for the early diagnosis of OC disorders.
Methods: the dialectic method was used as the guiding method. At the theoretical level: historical-logical, analytical-synthetic and inductive-deductive. From the empirical level: documentary review.
Results: as national tendencies of the professional improvement of the physician in PHC for the early diagnosis of OC alterations were found in this research: the professional improvement of the Comprehensive General Practitioner (MGI) in relation to OC disorders and their early diagnosis has not been identified as a learning need; recognition of the importance of the MGI in the early detection of OC disorders, according to national demands; and the demands of a professional improvement in relation to OC disorders that enhances the real scenarios where child care is performed and prioritizes the participation of the MGI.
Conclusions: in correspondence with the international tendencies of postgraduate studies, as a strategic development instrument, the professional improvement of physicians in PHC for the early diagnosis of OC disorders shows tendencies that are oriented to the professional improvement and to the quality of life of the population.

By Leydelys Castillo Valdés, Sahely Sixto Fuentes

2023-10-23 Original
Factors Affecting Quality Milk Productivity in Dairy Farming

This study examines the current state of dairy farming in India. It investigates the impact of four factors (cattle feed, cattle health, climatic conditions, and milk handling) on milk productivity from the
perspective of dairy farmers. A cross-sectional study using inferential statistics was conducted with dairy farmers, using a questionnaire to gather information on milk productivity. The study employed SmartPLS to analyze the measurement and structural models to support the positive hypothesis. The
study employed a combinative PLS method, which aligns with the characteristics of a structural
equation model. A focused group analysis was also performed to gather respondents' opinions and provide recommendations. The findings indicate a positive relationship between the four independent
variables and milk productivity quality. Furthermore, adopting an organic and natural approach to cattle feed can reduce feed costs. Access to government veterinary hospitals, along with continuous medical support and potential private veterinary hospitals, as well as the use of proper concrete, sheds with effective heat management and measures to address rainy season challenges, and maintaining
hygiene during milk transportation, will be beneficial for dairy farmers and lead to increased milk productivity.

By Jayendira P Sankar

2023-10-12 Original
Factores de riesgo reproductivo preconcepcional en mujeres de edad fértil

Introduction: Preconception assessment and counseling provide an opportunity to inform women about fertility and gestational issues, identify pregnancy risks to the mother and fetus, educate about these risks and institute appropriate interventions prior to conception. Objective: to identify preconception reproductive risk factors in women of childbearing age at the 60th Medical Clinic of the 1st of January Polyclinic in the period 2021-2023.
Method: a descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out. The universe was constituted by 21 women of fertile age from 15 to 49 years old, being the sample 18 women. Percentage was used as the unit of measurement.
Results: The age group 18-35 years was predominant (77,8 %) and overweight with 39 %. Regarding obstetric history, there was a high prevalence of short inter-gestational period (13 %), followed by anemia (9,6 %). There was a high prevalence of bronchial asthma with 25,8 % with 8 patients within the chronic noncommunicable diseases. The predominant harmful substance was smoking with 12 women (38,7 %). As the most used contraceptive method, 17 women were found to use IUD, representing 54,8 %.
Conclusions: it is essential to communicate and educate women of childbearing age about the important list of maternal-perinatal risk factors that can be reduced or controlled at this stage.

By Yanely Sánchez Rodríguez, Emma Gallardo Romero, Sergio Alberto Díaz Cruz, Iris Quiñones García, Lazara García Breto

2023-10-12 Original
Trends in the methodological work management process in the medicine career

Introduction: The improvement of the training of professionals constitutes a current challenge for Medical Education, which is why it is necessary to resize the management process of the methodological work that is developed in it, in this research, the trends of the methodological work management process in the Medicine career at the University of Medical Sciences of Pinar del Río were determined.
Methods: Observational, descriptive and cross-sectional research with an intentional sample of 58 directors and teachers of the Medicine career during the 2023 academic year. Empirical, theoretical and statistical methods were used.
Results: 56 % of managers and teachers have insufficient knowledge of the management of methodological work and the regulations that regulate it. Only 60 % of the heads of departments and methodological groups conceive the methodological work plan taking as a starting point a balance of the strengths and weaknesses of the previous period. The management of the methodological work at the level of the departments and methodological groups, is affected by limiting itself to complying with the guidelines of higher levels, as reported by 90 % of the teachers. The methodological activities that are carried out do not always have conceptual elements of pedagogy, particularly didactic, as their starting point. Conclusions: The management process of the methodological work that is developed in the Medicine career of the University of Medical Sciences of Pinar del Río presents inadequacies that can be solved and thereby contribute to the quality of the professional training process.

By Blas Nivaldo Porras Pérez, Guillermo Luis Herrera Miranda, Guillermo Alejandro Herrera Horta, Adrián Alejandro Vitón-Castillo

2023-10-24 Original
A sociolinguistic discourse analysis of assimilated English words: a usagebased model of language acquisition

This study will explore how some words from a different language get assimilated into the dialogues of a community or group which speaks a totally different language or dialect. The Angami Nagas community of Nagaland is adopted as the case in point for this study, for they use a number of English words in their regular speaking irrespective of being English educated or not. The study is qualitative based research and the methodology includes the research methods of interviews and document analyses. The study reveals that the understanding of an external language through the use of assimilated words by a community or group with diverse associations with the source language, can lead to a usage-based model of language acquisition. The study discloses that diversity in the articulation of assimilated words cannot be strictly ruled out even in the presence of precision in usage
and meaning. It is also found that, overtime, some assimilated words, in its original essence, get
attached and identified with a group of things by the user community. The study concludes on the
success of using assimilated words within a community or group with accuracy or near accuracy and assigns it as a usage-based model of basic language assimilation which can get remodeled in future studies of more formal language learning. It infers that assimilated words from an external language, used in the correct context, can lead to successful conversation or speech in varying contexts as the words become part of the communication to convey concepts and thoughts. The numerous works on the Angami Nagas, by and large, deal with their socio-cultural, economic and political status as an ethnic community and particularly with mostly their contribution and standing during the British times. In a diverging trend, this study is a pioneering exploration of the sociolinguistic pattern among the Angami Nagas in employing assimilated English words and phrases in their everyday usage.

By J. Karthikeyan, R. Vasanthan, Khriereizhunuo Dzuvichu

2023-09-23 Original
Level of dependence to electronic cigarettes in medical students at the University of the Pacific in the year 2023

Introduction: electronic cigarettes are devices whose purpose is to mimic the smoking experience. Although they are promoted as a less harmful alternative to conventional cigarettes, their effects on health are not harmless.
General objective: to determine the level of dependence on electronic cigarettes among medical students at the Universidad del Pacífico.
Methodology: a cross-sectional descriptive observational study was carried out where the IDCE questionnaire was applied to medical students during the month of July 2023, classifying them as non-dependent, with low dependence, with moderate dependence, dependence with signs of high dependence, high dependence.
Results: we studied 142 students with a mean age of 24 ± 5 years where 51,4 % (73) were male, 45,8 % (65) were from the Central Department and 34,5 % (49) from Asuncion.
It was found that 35,3 % (30) of those who smoked electronic cigarettes had a level of dependence with signs of high dependence, 30,6 % (26) had a moderate level of dependence and 12,9 % (11) had a high level of dependence.
Conclusion: the level of dependence found in this work was mainly with high dependence onset signs followed by high level dependence.

By Telmo Raul Aveiro-Róbalo, Mayra Ayelen Llanes Leiva

2023-09-28 Original
Interactivity in science museums and the development of logical thinking in students: a bibliometric study

Introduction: the development of students' critical thinking can greatly benefit from the experiential learning opportunities offered by non-formal museum education, as it focuses on interaction, didactics and playfulness.
Objective: to conduct a worldwide bibliometric analysis of scientific production in Scopus on interactivity in science museums and the development of critical thinking in students, from 2008 to 2023.
Methods: a bibliometric analysis was conducted to define the metrics of scientific production. The indicators were obtained from 277 documents chosen from the Scopus database using keywords in English (interactivity, science, museums, logical thinking).
Results: it was observed that between 2018 and 2023 there was a notable upturn in the number of papers published on the subject (70,8 %). The country with the highest rate of scientific production was China (9,4 %; n=32), while Kazan Federal University is the institution with the most publications (n=5). The journal Sustainability Switzerland published 10 papers, while the most cited journal was Plos One with 50 citations, with the author Bronkhorst, H. (n=2 papers) being the most cited (n=24).
Conclusions: studies on the subject have evolved over time in terms of quantity, thematic diversity, quality and collaboration, due to the interactive nature of science museums that offer a valuable alternative to traditional classrooms for the cultivation of critical thinking skills outside the traditional school environment.

By Rafael Romero-Carazas, Amarelys Román-Mireles, Yesenia Tania Loayza-Apaza, David Hugo Bernedo-Moreira

2023-10-01 Original
Emotional intelligence in final year students of an education program at a private university in Lima

This research investigates and manages the emotions of education students in relation to various social and academic aspects, therefore, the research objective is to determine the emotional intelligence in students of the last year of an education program of a private university in Lima. It is a quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional, non-experimental study, with a population of 202 students who completed a questionnaire of sociodemographic data and the emotional intelligence scale. In its results, 18,8 % (n=38) have a low emotional intelligence, 45,5 % (n=92) medium and 35,6 % (n=72) low. In conclusion, teachers should guide students to foster their empathic skills so that they can make decisions and adapt to situations in their academic environment.

By Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera

2023-10-03 Original
Educational Transformation: Optimization in the Teaching of Logistics in International Business through the Application of Artificial Intelligence in Higher Education Institutions

This study focuses on "Educational Transformation: Optimization in the Teaching of Logistics in International Business through the Application of Artificial Intelligence in Higher Education Institutions". The research addresses the need to adapt academic training to the changing demands of the global business environment, especially in the field of logistics in international business. It is proposed to explore the integration of artificial intelligence (AI) as a catalyst to optimize teaching in higher education institutions. The methodology used includes the review and analysis of academic research, case studies and practical experiences related to the application of AI in logistics teaching. It focuses on the population of higher educational institutions offering programs in logistics and international business, and the sample is selected in a stratified manner to address the diversity of pedagogical approaches and educational levels. Preliminary results suggest that the implementation of AI-based tools, such as simulations and predictive analytics, has significantly improved students' acquisition of practical skills. Interactivity and participation have also seen a notable increase. Despite the challenges associated with teacher training and ethical educational data management, research suggests that the integration of artificial intelligence in logistics teaching represents a positive evolution in academic training, effectively preparing students for the Logistical challenges of the global business landscape.

By Ricardo Javier Albarracín Vanoy

2023-10-04 Original
Teacher motivation: An empirical study with teachers educating students with identified disabilities in a diverse classroom environment

The teachers who, on a day-to-day basis, take on the task of educating students with disabilities in a diverse classroom environment undoubtedly collaborate in a very relevant social function when they take on the task of developing these students academically while at the same time supporting their integration into society. This research aimed to investigate the reasons that motivate teachers to work with students with identified disabilities. The qualitative study relied on Grounded Theory in the process of collecting the information and analyzing the data. Data collection used a semi-structured interview protocol applied to ten key informants who participated in the study. The findings were organized around the core category "Reasons that motivate teachers to work with students with disabilities," which made it clear that a commitment to justice, linked to a committed vocation for inclusive pedagogy, are two major motivational forces that are central to directing teachers' motivated action toward the work of educating students with disabilities.

By Sonia Quiroz Leal, Rolando Eslava Zapata

2023-10-08 Original
Strategy based on a pedagogical conception aimed at developing the autonomy of the Medicine student

The implementation of pedagogical strategies is currently an efficient and enriching way to consolidate the comprehensive training of future graduates of the various university careers. Therefore, the objective was aimed at exposing the procedures of a strategy based on a pedagogical conception focused on developing the autonomy of the Medicine student for the development of their Integral Project of individual Educational Work. For this, a mixed study was developed, where methods and techniques belonging to the theoretical and empirical levels were used in the investigative process. In this sense, the criteria of experts were applied, and to verify its effectiveness, a longitudinal panel study was carried out that spanned five years, coinciding with the courses from 2015-2016 to 2019-2020. In this way, the relationship between the pedagogical activity through educational guidance and the development of the autonomy of the Medicine student in the fulfillment of the Comprehensive Project of Individual Educational Work during the process of comprehensive professional training is exposed, revealing the link with the project. of life. It should be noted that this study is derived from a doctoral thesis.

By Duniesky Morales Pérez, Alberto Darío García Gutiérrez, Idalia Zaragoza Serralde

2023-10-10 Original
Conceptualizing the Learning Design of lesson plans with LAMS and CADMOS

The rapid development of digital technology in today's times can enrich distance learning in a variety of ways. The use of digital technology in education focuses on teaching new concepts and ideas, courses, and particularly its use by the learners through web-based applications. One of the most important factors that should be taken into consideration is the learning design. In learning, students participate in group and role-based activities using an environment with appropriate resources and services. This paper tries to contribute to a better understanding of learning design with emphasis on Visual Instructional Design Languages and Learning Design Tools (COMPENDIUM, MOT+, COLLAGE, LAMS). In addition, special emphasis is given on the learning design of lesson plans with LAMS (Learning Activity Management System) and CADMOS.

By Serafeim A. Triantafyllou, Yousef Farhaoui, Tarik Ahajjam

2023-10-12 Original
Prevalence of renal damage early on older adults

Introducción: la Enfermedad Renal Crónica es una entidad clínica que constituye la vía final de múltiples etiologías.
Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de daño renal temprano en adultos mayores.
Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal, que permitió a través de la caracterización de marcadores de funcionamiento renal, como microalbuminuria, creatinina sérica y filtrado glomerular estimado, estudiar la prevalencia de la enfermedad renal crónica en adultos mayores del Policlínico Turcios Lima, durante el año 2022. De un universo de 2500 pacientes, fueron estudiados mediante muestreo probabilístico 1300 pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Cada paciente tuvo una evaluación clínica por su equipo básico de salud. La información se recolectó de las historias de salud individual, interrogatorio, examen físico y datos de laboratorio. Se determinó la media, la desviación estándar y su intervalo de confianza del 95 % (IC 95 %), así como el Chi cuadrado y el estadígrafo Z con un nivel de significación estadística de p<0,05.
Resultados: Hubo una elevada prevalencia del daño renal (19,46 %), de las edades de 70 a 79 años (37,54 %), del sexo femenino (73,51 %). Prevalecieron los estadios 1 (62,53 %) y 2 (29,07 %) de la enfermedad, y la categoría A1 de la microalbuminuria (48,61 %). La HTA (21,73 %) y la obesidad (19,39 %) predominaron dentro de los factores de riesgo, siendo la diabetes mellitus (52,60 %) y la HTA (22,00 %) las principales causas.
Conclusiones: el daño renal temprano es un prevaleciente problema de salud no identificado de manera temprana en la población adulta mayor.

By Jorge Félix Rodríguez Ramos, Guillermo Luís Herrera Miranda, Julio Cesar Rodríguez Boffill

2023-10-21 Original
Effective Leadership Strategies: Bridging Gaps in the Latin American Educational System

This research addresses School Leadership (LDE) in Latin American educational institutions, focusing on how leadership affects educational quality and school climate. A descriptive bibliographic review methodology was employed, analyzing 38 indexed journal articles to identify trends and patterns in school leadership. The results revealed a recurring concern about the lack of managerial skills and the need for continuous training for managers, teachers, and administrative staff. Additionally, the importance of adapting leadership styles to promote positive learning environments and active participation of all members of the educational community was highlighted. The conclusions underscore the need for innovative strategies to improve management skills and promote an inclusive and enriching school climate. The discussion highlights the variability in the effectiveness of current leadership practices and the need for more detailed research approaches to better understand the impact of LDE in the educational field, suggesting that effective leadership is key to facing challenges and improving the quality of education.

By Jhonny Richard Rodriguez-Barboza, Karina Raquel Bartra-Rivero, Rebeca Pablo-Huamani, Elizabeth Sandoval-Lara, Carmen Gisela Ramos-Ventura

2023-10-24 Original
Environmental awareness and consumption habits among university students

The aim of the study was to assess the level of relationship between environmental awareness and consumption habits among second-cycle general studies students at a private university in Lima in 2023. It is a basic research with a quantitative approach, a non-experimental cross-sectional design, correlational scope, and a hypothetical-deductive method. The non-probabilistic sample of 150 students used a survey to measure the level of environmental awareness with dimensions: affective, cognitive, conative, and active; and for consumption habits with dimensions: irresponsible consumption and responsible consumption. The results indicate that the level of environmental awareness "almost always" and "always" is 48,7 % and 46,7 %, respectively, meaning that the majority of students have a good level of environmental awareness. Additionally, there is a significant relationship between environmental awareness and consumption habits, demonstrating a positive correlation in students' behavior with respect to their environment.

By Margoth Luliana Berrío-Quispe, Dina Emeteria Chávez-Bellido, Karim Aguilar-Mori

2023-09-24 Original
Procurement of less than 8 UIT and procurement management at a national television station

This means that these entities have the option of implementing mechanisms similar to those established in the state procurement regulations to regulate such procurements, however, there are entities that omit such regulations; in this context, the objective of this study was to determine whether the implementation of mechanisms for acquisitions under 8 UIT are a predictive factor for procurement management in a national television station. The study was basic or pure, quantitative, non-experimental and of association; the sample consisted of 41 collaborators belonging to the unit of analysis, in addition, a review of the documentation was conducted, through a checklist, regarding purchases of less than 8 UIT, made during the year 2022. The results of the review showed 89,23 % compliance with the internal rules and a Tau b coefficient of 0,892 and a p-value of 0,000. It is concluded that the implementation of these mechanisms is a relevant predictive factor to improve the management of purchases in the national television station, these findings have important implications in their timely accounting, which will result in decision making and process optimization in the area of acquisitions under 8 UIT and the management of purchases in the national television industry.

By Ana Yesenia Barrientos Ricra, Hubert Antony Amaya Antón, Henry Valentin Arapa-Apaza, Antony Paul Espiritu-Martinez, Rafael Romero-Carazas, Edith Diana Ramirez Charca

2023-09-29 Original
Performance of 28 mega pascal self-compacting concrete using sustainable raw materials and their influence on mechanical behavior

The increase in CO2 emissions is a global problem, which is why it is necessary to improve the mechanical properties of self-compacting concrete by replacing a percentage of the cement with the incorporation of ashes from agricultural waste. This research aims to evaluate the replacement of cement with rice husk ash and ichu straw ash, in percentages of 2 %, 4 % and 6 % and determine its influence on the fresh properties and compressive strength of self-compacting concrete considering concrete cores at different curing ages. The results showed that the compressive strength increased by 53 % and 40 % with the addition of rice husk ash. It is concluded that replacing 2 % of CCA in the CAC increases its compression resistance from days 3,7,14,21, and 28 days, being a great alternative solution for a high-strength and eco-friendly concrete. with the environment.

By Adamari Nayeli Colunche Idrogo, Leydi Mildred Mayta Tanta, Alberto Cristobal Flores Quispe, Fabrizio Del Carpio Delgado

2023-10-03 Original
Frequency of anxiety, depression and stress in nutrition students at the Universidad del Pacífico

Background: In recent years there has been a growing interest in investigating stress, anxiety and depression in different contexts such as work, family and university.
Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional observational study was carried out, including all those nutrition university students who correctly answered all the questions included in the data collection instrument designed for this study. Those under 18 years of age, those who answered the survey incorrectly, did not answer most of the questions, or did not wish to participate in the study were excluded. Sociodemographic data and the frequency of neurotic disorders were analyzed using the DASS-21 scale. A non-probabilistic convenience sampling was carried out, a minimum sample size of 72 participants was calculated using a formula for a finite population. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of 2 dimensions was made, where sociodemographic variables were considered in one dimension and neurotic disorders through the DASS-21 in the other dimension.
Results: Of 78 university students surveyed, 63 (80,8 %) were women, 15 (19,2 %) were men, 32 (41 %) were between 21 and 25 years old, and 70 (89,7 %) had a single marital status. . 26 (33,3 %) were in their first year of college at the time of answering the survey. 22 (28,2 %) found it very difficult to relax in recent months, 21 (26,9 %) found it quite difficult to take the initiative for their activities, and 9 (11,5 %) felt quite that their life it didn't make any sense. 45 (57,79 %) of the respondents have symptoms of anxiety, 43 (55,12 %) of depression and 39 (50 %) of stress.
Conclusion: We conclude that more than half of all respondents have symptoms of anxiety, depression and stress.

By Telmo Raul Aveiro Róbalo, Leila Greco

2023-10-04 Original
Evaluation of a course for simulation instructors at a Peruvian university

Introduction: medical education is constantly evolving to respond to the demands of the clinical and social context, and it is of vital importance to design and implement training programs according to the needs of each educational institution for training and improvement of educational services.
Objective: to evaluate the satisfaction of the course carried out by the UPCH simulation center using the Kirkpatrick model.
Methods: a survey was used at the end of the course and another one after 1 month. All responses were recorded using a Google Forms format.
Results: in the General Satisfaction section, 66 % of the participants responded, "Very satisfied". In the General Evaluation section, regarding the organization of the course, the most voted answer was "very well" with 52 %. Regarding the pre-course bibliography, 54 % of the participants thought it was "Very good". Finally, regarding the facilities where the course was held, 62 % of the respondents indicated that it was "Excellent", 36 % of the participants mentioned the ECOE Module as the part of the course they found most useful.
Conclusion: it is recommended to periodically include the clinical simulation teaching methodology course as a requirement for simulation trainer training as well as to continue to implement surveys in order to make changes and improvements through participant feedback

By Hector Shibao Miyasato, Soledad Armijo-Rivera, Fresia Casas Bueno, Ana Maria Sandoval Barrantes, Ximena Delgado Guevara, Miguel Gutiérrez Díaz, Stefany Valdivia López, Roberto Villalobos Ulfe, Felipe Machuca-Contreras

2023-10-08 Original
Umbilical reconstruction without flap after abdominoplasty

The article discusses changes in the appearance and location of the umbilicus (navel) as individuals age, due to factors such as physiological changes, trauma, surgical scars, birth defects, and more. The umbilicus is described as a significant aesthetic element in the abdominal wall, contributing to the overall appearance of the abdomen. Procedures like abdominoplasty are highlighted as surgeries that can significantly impact the aesthetics of the navel, often resulting in unnatural or unsightly appearances. The article emphasizes the importance of achieving a natural and aesthetically pleasing navel during abdominoplasty. It mentions that various techniques have been developed for umbilical reconstruction after abdominoplasty surgeries, with the goal of creating an ideal navel appearance. These techniques are categorized and listed in Table 1, showing the diversity of approaches to umbilical reconstruction. A new technique for umbilical reconstruction is proposed in the article, characterized by its distinctiveness as it does not involve the use of flaps. The steps of this technique involve careful planning, breaking down the circular scar of the navel into triangles, and suturing to create a natural-looking navel. Advantages of this technique include minimal tension in the sutures, utilization of skin management lines in healing, and improved naturalness and size adaptability. The article reports results from applying this new technique to 537 patients over six years, with a focus on clinical and demographic variables. Complications were found to be infrequent, with hypertrophic scars and suture dehiscence being the most common. Patient satisfaction was notably high, with 94% of patients reporting satisfaction with the surgical procedure. In conclusion, the article highlights the success and advantages of the proposed umbilical reconstruction technique without flaps, providing positive aesthetic outcomes with low complication rates and high patient satisfaction. This technique offers an alternative approach to achieving a natural and pleasing navel appearance after abdominoplasty surgeries.

By Cesar Edward Martínez Correa, Daniel Rodolfo Noriega Rodríguez, Jonathan Mauricio Quisilema Cadena, Jesua Emmanuel Avilez Alvarado, Lissette Cárdenas de Baños

2023-10-10 Original
Administrative management and innovation capacity of MSMEs in Lima, year 2022

At present, the Mypes in Peru, specifically in Lima, develop their activities and unconsciously apply partially or completely what corresponds to Administrative Management. For this reason, the research work proposes to determine the link between Administrative Management and the Innovation Capacity of the workers of the MSEs of Lima in the year 2022. The results obtained show that the variable Administrative Management is positively related to the Innovation Capacity of the workers of the MSEs, with a bilateral significance of 0,000. In conclusion, exercising good administrative management increases the chances that workers will contribute to continuous improvement.

By Erika Barja-Matos, Cristhian Ibañez-Sullca, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Segundo Rios-Rios

2023-10-10 Original
Human talent management in a commercial Mype company in northern Lima in the year 2023

With the aim of improving the processes of human talent management in an MSE company, a qualitative research was carried out. The interview technique was applied with a questionnaire instrument of semi-structured questions, with the participation of five participants. This was done based on the human talent management variable with the following categories: motivation, training, payment process and work environment. As a result of the investigation, certain shortcomings were found in the organization that are a priority to focus the company's path.

By Jenny Jara-Valverde, Gustavo Zarate-Ruiz, Brian Meneses-Claudio

2023-10-12 Original
Infections of the central nervous system in pediatric patients clinical epidemiological aspects

Introduction: infections of the central nervous system constitute a health problem on the planet.
Objective: to clinically epidemiologically characterize children with central nervous system infections admitted to be Pepe Portilla Provincial Teaching Pediatric Hospital of Pinar del Río in the years 2020­2021.
Method: observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study. Universe 63 patients with diagnosis of central nervous system infection. A sample of 40 patients was selected through simple random sampling .Descriptive and inferential statistics were used.
Results: meningoencephalitis of viral etiology predominated in 82,5 % of the sample, with ages from 11 to 13 years in 75 %. The male sex represented 67, 5 percent of the cases studied. Fever was identified in 97,5 % of patients as the most frequent symptom. Non­breastfeeding was found in 92,5 % of the patients as a risk factor associated with central nervous system infections. In 2020, epilepsy was reported in 12,5 % of patients as the most frequent complication and in 2021 it represented 20 %. The lethality of the infection was shown in 5 % of the cases in 2020 and in 2021 the fatal outcome occurred in 2,5 %.
Conclusions: the important social impact of the central nervous system infections in pediatric patients was evidenced by their clinical evolution, fatal resolution or the presence of sequelae.

By Yuselys de la Caridad Cordero-Cabrera, Sarah Álvarez Reinoso, Mailideleidys Serrano Pérez, Daymi Henriquez Trujillo, Karelia Pérez Madrazo

2023-10-20 Original
The diagnosis of socioemotional skills. A look from the aesthetic dimension in early childhood

The containment measures established during the COVID-19 pandemic increased interest in socio-emotional skills and their presence in people, mainly in early childhood children. In this sense, the present investigation proposed to evaluate, through artistic activities, the presence of socio-emotional skills in preschool children. In this way, the study was carried out from a qualitative approach with a descriptive design that aimed to diagnose the state of socio-emotional skills in early childhood children. In this way, assessments were established about the level of development achieved in skills such as: self-regulation, empathy, and resilience, which led to the reflection of experiences with teachers to incorporate effective actions with a view to improvement, all through educational techniques aimed at the child and his family. This aspect denoted the need to generate spaces related to emotional education due to its great relevance.

By Nancy Aleida Marzo Forbes, Modesta López Mejías, Wanda Marina Román Santana

2023-09-24 Original
Human capital and business growth of the Startups: an approach to the state of the art

This document is a systematic and bibliometric review on the transitory characteristics and research trends in the last 7 years, on human capital and business growth in the field of startups. The exploration was carried out in the bibliographic database Scopus, obtaining 111 documents, including articles, book chapters, books, conferences and abstracts, in the areas of knowledge related to the topic. For this, the Biblioshiny web interface of the Bibliometrix package of the statistical program Rstudio was used, the file was processed in csv format downloaded from the Scopus metasearch engine. The results suggest a higher percentage of scientific articles (79 %), with a higher volume in 2021 (25 works), while the Journal of small business management stands out as having a great impact and one of the authors with the highest H index, was Frid C.J. with an indicator of 2 points, together with Gartner W.B., Nigam N. and Wyman D.M. Regarding the analysis of co-occurrences of words, the terms entrepreneuship and human capital are the most relevant and those that have the strongest relationship in the field of study.

By Marco Antonio Ariza Dau, Lilia Mendoza Vega, Danilo Torres Pimiento, Michelle Garcia García, Juan Carlos Miranda Passo

2023-09-28 Original
Emotional intelligence and self-esteem in regular elementary school adolescents, a post-pandemic research

The development of Emotional Intelligence (EI) improves a person's performance in different situations and offers a variety of possible solutions to various challenges, which have become more difficult with the emergence of COVID-19. Self-esteem, on the other hand, plays an important role in the formation of the adolescent because it will enable him/her to know who approves or disapproves of him/her, and this rating will influence the adolescent's personality and efforts. Under this premise, through a basic research, quantitative approach, non-experimental and cross-sectional design, descriptive and correlational, the objective was to determine the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and self-esteem in adolescents of basic education in the rural sector of the Peruvian highlands. The results were (Rho=0,818), a value of P=0,010, in a population of 85 adolescent students in the fourth and fifth grades of secondary education. It is concluded that there is a correlation between the variables. In addition, the findings indicate 32 % poorly developed intrapersonal emotional intelligence, 34 % poorly developed stress management, 7 % markedly low intrapersonal intelligence, 6 % markedly low interpersonal intelligence, 7 % markedly low stress management. To help students with poorly developed levels, it is recommended to implement induction programs and cognitive behavioral therapy.

By David Hugo Bernedo-Moreira, Jorge Nicolás Alejandro Papanicolau Denegri, Yesenia Tania Loayza-Apaza, Héctor Fredy Pacompía Quispe, Jaime Natanael Gonzales López

2023-10-01 Original
Quality of Life in Hypertensive Teachers of regular basic education who go to an Establishment during the health Emergency due to COVID-19 in North Lima

The quality of life in hypertensive teachers of regular basic education is one of the priorities committed to health well-being, since it will depend on how the person can minimize the risks due to this disease, so the research objective is to determine the quality of life in hypertensive teachers of regular basic education who come to an establishment during the health emergency due to COVID-19 in North Lima. It is a quantitative, descriptive-transverse study, consisting of a population of 131 hypertensive teachers of regular basic education who answered a questionnaire on sociodemographic aspects and the questionnaire on quality of life in hypertension. In their results we can observe that 64,1 % (n=84) of hypertensive teachers of regular basic education have a good quality of life, 9,2 % (n=12) regular quality of life and 26,7 % (n=35) poor quality of life. In conclusion, strategies should be made to promote and prevent hypertension, and thus allow the population the necessary information about the disease and how to counteract it.

By Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera

2023-10-03 Original
Nursing Student Satisfaction with Simulation Experiences and Environment

Introduction: The evaluation of nursing students' satisfaction with the activities and the simulation environment allows to determine the usefulness and the perception of the strategies that they consider relevant and successful, from those that are not, allowing the enrichment of the pedagogical act.
Objective: To evaluate, from the perspective of nursing students, the satisfaction with the spaces, services, and personnel of the Interdisciplinary Center for Simulation in Health of a private institution of higher education in Entre Ríos, Argentina.
Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional, and quantitative study. Sixty-three nursing students were surveyed with the Evaluation Survey of the Interdisciplinary Center for Health Simulation, consisting of 33 items.
Results: The students had a mean age of 22,70 years, mostly female (69,84 %) and in the third year of the curriculum (44,44 %). The Educational Environment was the most highly rated dimension, and the Building Structure had the lowest satisfaction index.
Conclusion: There was a high level of student satisfaction with the staff, environment, and educational elements of the Interdisciplinary Center for Simulation in Health and this was associated with the year of the curriculum in which the student was enrolled.

By Olga Gladys Fernández, Gladys Patricia Robledo, Carlos Jesús Canova-Barrios

2023-10-04 Original
Nursing Specialists Training at Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de La Habana

Introduction: the academic training process for nursing professionals in the organizational form of the specialties has shown in recent years a rapid development that becomes a transformative element that promotes higher links in the development and consolidation of Nursing as a science.
Objective: characterize the training of Nursing specialists at the University of Medical Sciences of Havana.
Methods: observational, descriptive, retrospective study. The primary source for data collection was the databases of the Postgraduate Directorate of the UCMH.
Results: six nursing specialty training programs developed in nine faculties of Medical Sciences and a Postgraduate Study Center, with 19 teaching scenarios, were included. The specialty of comprehensive community nursing is the one with the largest number of training settings, with a total of 103 residents, of which 56,3 % are in their first year of training. The specialties of comprehensive community and intensive nursing and emergency are the ones with the highest student enrollment. Of the total number of professors that make up the faculty, 37,6 % are graduates and 24,5 % are nursing specialists. 14,1 % have a scientific degree and 66,2 % have a master's degree in science. 29 (11,0 %) are full professors, 163 (61,9 %) are assistant professors, 55 (21,0 %) are assistants, and 16 (6,1 %) are instructors. Assistant professors represent more than 50 % of the total faculty in all nursing specialties. Of the total number of teachers, 37 have doctorate degrees in particular sciences and 174 have master's degrees in sciences related to training. Conclusions. Postgraduate nursing training at UCMH was characterized by the development of six specialties in several training centers, with a faculty with a high teaching and research level.

 

By Lissette Cardenas-de Baños, Rossana Planas Labrada, Vilma Lorenzo Alvarez, María Teresa Dieguez Calderon, Sergio Gonzalez-García

2023-10-08 Original
Challenges in the epidemiological surveillance of maternal mortality in Bolivia: a retrospective analysis

Objective: To address the challenges in epidemiological surveillance of maternal mortality in Bolivia, highlighting the importance of improving this process and highlighting the lack of updated data.
Methods: This is a descriptive, retrospective study using data from the National Health Information and Epidemiological Surveillance System (SNIS-VE) of the Bolivian Ministry of Health and Sports. Two periods were examined: 2001-2014 and 2015-2022, with an emphasis on changes introduced in the SNIS-VE, such as the categorisation of reported and confirmed maternal deaths.
Results: A deterioration in epidemiological surveillance was observed in 2020 and 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The situation varied between departments and levels of care, highlighting regional differences and differences in the quality of registration systems. These findings underline the complexity of epidemiological surveillance of maternal mortality in Bolivia.
Conclusions: This study highlights the urgent need to improve the epidemiological surveillance of maternal mortality in Bolivia, improve the registration by the statistics department to avoid under-registration and strengthen the organization and operation of the Technical Committees for Maternal Mortality Surveillance, to in order to improve the Epidemiological Surveillance process in its different stages. These efforts are essential to move towards safer and more effective maternal care in Bolivia

By Blas Apaza-Huanca, Jhossmar Cristians Auza-Santivañez, José José Corini-Mamani, Amira Guisel Lopez-Quispe, Yenifer Zelaya-Espinoza, Olvis Scharbel Valdivia-Tola, María Valeria Canedo Sanchez

2023-10-10 Original
Evaluation of the physical and chemical properties of cohesive soils for subgrade treatment

For soils in general, with a California Bearing Ratio of ≥ 6 % or less, they need a stabilizer that serves to improve or replace a material in a cohesive soil. The purpose of the research is to determine the influence of rubber on the soil at the Subgrade level, in percentages of 1 %, 3 % and 5 % respectively; this research has an experimental method, the samples were obtained from 03 calicatas , with a soil of silt-clay type material and ground rubber of dimensions (0,400 mm), the required tests were carried out to obtain its physical and chemical properties; as a result to obtain the bearing capacity of the soil according to ASTM 188, it was obtained that the capacity increased in small percentages, obtaining a maximum CBR of 2,04 %, which represents a challenge for the choice of the use to give to the soil, since its use would be restricted to temporary constructions or light loads.

By Juan Elvis Hernandez Tocas, Paquita Jerany Mendoza Romero, Mario Pedro Rodríguez Vásquez, Wilfredo Gómez Quispe, Fabrizio Del Carpio Delgado

2023-10-12 Original
Sociodemographic characterization and marital status of older adults victims of violence

Introduction: violence against older adults is a global health problem.
Objective: to characterize, from a sociodemographic and marital status point of view, violence in older adults belonging to Medical Office 174 of the “Hermanos Cruz” Polyclinic of the Pinar del Río municipality, in the period between September 2020 and April 2022.
Methods: an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional research was carried out, which includes people over 60 years of age in medical office 174 belonging to the “Hermanos Cruz” University Polyclinic of the Pinar del Río municipality in the period from September 2020 to April 2022. The universe was made up of the 238 older adults (60 years and older) belonging to medical office 174 of the “Hermanos Cruz” University Polyclinic of the Pinar del Río municipality who were victims of some type of violence in the period of September 2020. to February 2022 and coincided with the sample. To obtain the information, the variables were evaluated: age, sex and marital status in the older adults and each one was diagnosed if they had been subjected to any type of abuse.
Results: the female sex predominated (61,28 %). The predominant age group was 65 to 69 years (25,6 %). The majority of older adults who were victims of violence had a stable union as their marital status (26,4 %), followed by those who were married (24,4 %).
Conclusions: an educational intervention should be carried out to help older adults and family members to confront different forms of violence in the family environment.

By Roberto Plasencia González, Max Ramiro Ochoa Ortega

2023-10-20 Original
Bibliometric review on technology management in universities: trends, challenges, and opportunities

This article presents a bibliometric review on technological management in universities, identifying trends, challenges and opportunities. A five-stage methodology was used with data from 1986 to 2022 in Scopus. Results highlight the importance of a clear policy and a dedicated team for successful management. Challenges include lack of financing, strengthening entrepreneurial and innovative culture, and collaboration with industry and the productive sector. Recommended strategies are the creation of technology parks, innovation centers and business collaboration. In conclusion, technological management is crucial for university socioeconomic success and development. This study offers information and recommendations to improve practices and contribute to social progress.

By Matilde Bolaño-García, Sarakarina Solano Galindo

2023-10-21 Original
The use of methods in teaching History: a mixed exploratory study at the Ciego de Ávila University, Cuba

El desarrollo del pensamiento científico constituye un imperativo para el estudiantado universitario. En el caso puntual de las carreras que tienen como encargo social la educación de las futuras generaciones, constituye una necesidad fundamental por su proyección en los procesos de enseñanza-aprendizaje. La investigación tuvo como objetivo analizar la relación entre los métodos de investigación científica con los métodos de la enseñanza de la Historia para el desarrollo del pensamiento científico. La misma se basó en un diseño mixto de tipo embebido, con una estrategia secuencial y alcance descriptivo. Los resultados sugieren la necesidad de profundizar en el diseño didáctico de la enseñanza de la Historia, particularmente en lo referido a la relación lógica entre los métodos investigativos y didácticos que contribuyen al desarrollo del pensamiento científico. Se concluyó que, a pesar de existir un modelo educativo de formación del profesional orientado hacia el logro de resultados de aprendizaje para desarrollar el pensamiento científico, se requiere de alternativas metodológicas investigativas-didácticas, pues su efectiva implementación en el aula ha presentado limitaciones debido a que el profesorado universitario debe tener una preparación metodológica enfocada en el estudiantado como lo exigen los modelos pedagógicos contemporáneos.

By Tahimi Arroix Jiménez, Verenice Sánchez Castillo, Ana Lucía Colala Troya, Alfredo Javier Pérez Gamboa

2023-10-24 Original
Avocado Price Data Analysis Using Decision Tree

Data mining can be a method in which a great deal of information identifies useful patterns. The paper addresses some of the strategies of knowledge mining, algorithms and a few of the companies that have applied data processing technology to develop their businesses and have found outstanding results. Data Mining is the technique of digging and analyzing a very large volume of information in order to obtain something that is actual, new, very useful and can eventually find a style or pattern in the data. Data mining is a process of mining important information from data. The method of mining valuable knowledge from data is data mining. The Decision Tree is one way for Data Mining to forecast the future by constructing a model of classification or regression in the formof a tree structure. For exploring data into a decision tree that provides rules that are easy to understand in order to identify hidden relationships between input and target variables, the decision tree approach that transforms facts in the form of data is helpful. RapidMiner is one of the Mining Decision Tree Data Analysis methods. One of the aims of this analysis is to identify data on avocado prices dispersed in several stores in several American countries. The attributes used consist of the date of the sale, average price, total volume, avocado code, which have their respective meanings, such as: 4046, 4225 and 4770.

By Johanes Fernandes Andry, Hendy Tannady, Glisina Dwinoor Rembulan, Aurellia Edinata

2023-09-24 Original
The social field of music in Medellín

This article analyzes the social field of music in Medellín, Colombia, through the music-city relationship as social interaction. Through qualitative documentary research it is possible to establish six milestones that configure the social transformations of the city from the arrival of the musical printing press, through the new sonorities that permeate the Medellin society with the Antioquia Railroad, to the contributions of rock and roll and the boom of tropical music. The demarcation of the object of study allows us to understand the social configuration of the city.

By Nelson León Osorno Zapata, Gloria Clemencia Valencia González, Luz Elena Malagón Castro

2023-09-29 Original
Corporate social responsibility and competitiveness in supermarkets in North Lima 2018-2021

Currently, the term corporate social responsibility is becoming known in the business sector because it represents a valuable tool for many companies that were previously unaware of the damage that can be caused to the environment if there is no management based on corporate social responsibility. . In other words, it is becoming imperative for all companies to focus on corporate social responsibility if they wish to have sustainable development together with the society or communities where they carry out their economic activities. The research work is entitled, "Corporate Social Responsibility and competitiveness in supermarkets in northern Lima, 2018-2021", where the main objective is "Determine how the use of CSR improves competitiveness among supermarkets in northern Lima, 2018-2021”. Made up of 260 supermarkets distributed in the different districts of northern Lima. 80 managers of said supermarkets were evaluated as a sample, the questionnaire was adapted in order to collect vital and necessary information, which will be useful to make known the benefits of social responsibility practices in supermarkets in northern Lima. The method that has been used in the research is quantitative, the scope of this study is descriptive and the design is cross-sectional. Positive results were obtained in the investigation, demonstrating that there is a considerable positive correlation (Rho = 0,421**) between corporate social responsibility and the competitiveness that supermarkets in northern Lima can have. In conclusion, it is determined that corporate social responsibility positively influences the competitiveness of supermarkets in northern Lima, since supermarkets that apply this type of approach receive better economic results than supermarkets that do not apply corporate social responsibility practices.

By Gonzalo Araujo-Asencios, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Gustavo Zarate-Ruiz

2023-10-01 Original
Nursing Care in the Mental Health of adolescents from an educational population in San Juan de Lurigancho, Lima-Peru

Mental health worldwide was in crisis due to the COVID-19 pandemic, in situations that compromised their lives and that of their family, so in response people demonstrated negative factors such as depression, anxiety and stress, so the research objective is to determine nursing care in the mental health of adolescents from an educational population in San Juan de Lurigancho. It is a quantitative, descriptive-cross-sectional study, with 480 participants who answered a survey with sociodemographic data and the scale of depression, anxiety and stress. The results show that 39,8 % have normal depression, 13,5 % mild depression, 27,1 % moderate depression, 4,8 % severe depression and 14,8 % extremely severe depression. In conclusion, coping strategies should be developed for young people and adults, which allow them to maintain their mental health in situations of risk that compromise their lives and their family.

By Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera

2023-10-04 Original
Comparison of achievement in anamnesis skills in on-site and online formative Objective Structured Clinical Exam

Introduction: anamnesis is an initial step of the clinical reasoning process, which is taught throughout interviews to real or simulated patients. Its evaluation through OSCEs is widely disseminated, and in the context of a pandemic, the OSCE was adapted to be administered online.
Objective: to compare the levels of achievement in anamnesis skills of two cohorts of medical students in formative OSCEs of semiology in on-site and online modality.
Methods: using a blueprint established in 2017 and implemented for three years, competencies were identified that could be trained and evaluated online in third-year medical students. Telesimulations were performed with role play for anamnesis ability. Guided by a tutor, each student participated in 10 telesimulated anamnesis with peer roleplay and one anamnesis with a simulated pacientent. All of it in groups of 6 students. A formative TeleOSCE was implemented, evaluating the same skills of the year 2019 in a face-to-face training instance. In 2019 and 2020, 92 and 91 students participated respectively. The students' performance was compared in three identical scenarios.
Results: at the cough, acute diarrhea, and knee pain screening scenarios, students in the 2020 cohort performed better than those in the 2019 cohort (p<0,001).
Conclusions: for the development of anamnesis skill in third-year medical students, telesimulation-based teaching allows students to demonstrate adequate performance on a practical assessment administered online via TeleOSCE.

By Mariana Jadue, Pilar Munitiz, Luz-María Torres, Marcelo Blacutt, Soledad Armijo-Rivera, Edison-Pablo Reyes

2023-10-10 Original
Logistics management in a handicrafts store in the district of San Martin de Porres, 2023

The objective of this research is to analyze the impact of logistics management in a handicraft store in the district of San Martin de Porres, 2023.
To achieve the objective the methodology used was to conduct a qualitative research approach, basic type, the scope is descriptive and the research design is a case study, for the collection of information the interview technique was used, so a guide of semi-structured questions which was directed to 6 participants who work in the areas where the study is being conducted, also had the opinion of a specialist and as a theoretical basis we have the various scientific sources obtained from reliable sites such as Scopus, Redalyc among others.
The conclusion obtained is that there is an impact of logistics management in a handicraft store because it is strongly linked to the availability of the merchandise and if this management is not done properly, it generates cost overruns due to the deterioration of the products because they are not in the right place, dissatisfied customers when the staff does not find the product or because the stock is exhausted or they do not manage to see all the products.

By Olga Baldeón-Mestanza, Anali De La Cruz-Puga, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Gustavo Zarate-Ruiz

2023-10-10 Original
Arterial hypertension and erectile dysfunction: an experience in the study of their comprehensive care

At present, the issues related to arterial hypertension and erectile dysfunction constitute one of the phenomena that have attracted most attention in the last five years, due to their prevalence. This complex comorbidity, due to its psychological, physiological and medical implications, requires comprehensive in-hospital and out-of-hospital care. The primary purpose of the research was to identify the main categories that should be considered in the design of a comprehensive care process for patients with arterial hypertension and erectile dysfunction. A mixed methodology was used, with qualitative predominance. The process was divided into two stages, the first for the implementation of a grounded theory design and the second for a descriptive exploratory cross-sectional study. The main results show the need to further explore the etiology of both disorders and the physio-psychological nature of comorbidity. In addition, categories were identified that point towards the importance of disease critique and treatment adherence, multi- and interdisciplinary care with designed linkage of multimodal treatments. The study revealed the need for specialized tools and comprehensive medical and psychological care to improve patients' quality of life.

By Yuniel Abreu Hernández, Yoanka Cañizares Gorrín, Lisset Arnaud-López

2023-10-12 Original
Quality of life in older adults with diabetes mellitus

Introduction: quality of life in older adults is related to economic security and social inclusion; diabetes mellitus can affect their quality of life.
Objective: to evaluate the quality of life in older adults with diabetes mellitus, medical office 3, Elena Fernández de Castro Polyclinic, Los Palacios, from January 2022 to May 2023.
Method: an action-research was carried out with the purpose of evaluating the quality of life of older adults with Diabetes Mellitus. We worked with a universe of 190 patients aged 60 years and over, selecting a non-probabilistic sample of 48 diabetic older adults. Theoretical and empirical methods were used and a statistical analysis was applied, using absolute and relative numbers.
Results: Older adults between 70 and 74 years of age (33,3 %), female (60,1 %), with an unfinished primary school level (22,9 %), type 2 diabetics (87,5 %), with less than five years of diagnosis (50 %) predominated. Most were independent in basic activities of daily living and instrumental activities; they had complete adherence to treatment (58,3 %); the most frequent complications were foot and leg injuries (47,9 %); after carrying out health actions, risk factors such as smoking, sedentary lifestyle and bad eating habits were modified; most of the basic diseases were controlled.
Conclusions: The improvement in the quality of life of diabetic older adults, was raised with health actions, community and intersectoral participation avoiding new complications.

 

By Leyllan Izquierdo Martínez, Gicela Díaz Pita, Iván Bustinzuriaga Marto, Aileen Leal Flores

2023-10-21 Original
Formative assessment for attention to diversity in teachers of public educational institutions

The study addresses Formative Assessment (FA) as an emerging approach in education, focusing specifically on its influence on diversity awareness among primary education teachers. A quantitative methodology and a quasi-experimental design were adopted, analyzing a sample of 80 teachers divided into two groups. A 21-item questionnaire, validated by five experts, was used to measure the impact of the FA program. The results revealed significant differences between the Control Group (CG) and the Experimental Group (EG), with 80,0 % of teachers in the EG achieving a high level of diversity awareness, compared to 0,0 % in the CG. Moreover, the Mann-Whitney analysis indicated a significant impact of FA on diversity awareness (p = 0,001, Z = -7583). Despite the positive results, challenges were identified in the practical implementation of the FA program, especially related to competence development in the educational context. In conclusion, the study highlights the effectiveness of FA in promoting diversity awareness, while also pointing out the need to overcome obstacles in its practical application.

By Jakeline Mora-Teves, Carlos Alberto Villafuerte-Alvarez, Yessenia Bernales-Guzmán, Korintia León-Quispe, Lidia Alonzo-Yaranga

2023-09-28 Original
Subjective Quality of Life in Latin American

This study analyzes the most appropriate variables to measure the subjective quality of life in Latin America, estimating for this purpose an ordered logistic regression for Buenos Aires, Santiago, San Pablo, Bogota, Panama, La Paz, Mexico City, Caracas, City, Quito, Lima, and Montevideo. The model was able to confirm that the subjective quality of life in the Latin American cities is greatly influenced by the satisfaction that individuals report with their housing and work. We also established that individuals’ well-being in Latin America is linked to having decent housing and work, which contrasts with the high rates of poverty, unemployment, and informality in these countries.

By Carolina Henao, Jenny Paola Lis-Gutiérrez, Manuel Ignacio Balaguera

2023-10-03 Original
Simulation scenario design model for training clinical reasoning in undergraduate medical students

Introduction: Clinical reasoning is a complex task that physicians use when treating patients, and it can be carried out through intuitive and analytical processes. Clinical simulation is a tool to train reasoning, however, its evaluation remains challenging. In the present study, we evaluated the scenario design template for clinical reasoning associated with using an observation scale applied to medical students in two sequential simulation scenarios.
Materials and methods: Two simulation scenarios with 4 levels of complexity were designed to manage sepsis in adult patients, where 12 groups of 8 students participated. These simulations were recorded and later analyzed by qualified observers through a guideline built on the conceptual proposals of Croskerry, Braun, and Pennaforte.
Results: The scenarios were carried out in an average of 12 minutes. Most students established the diagnosis and initial management through the partial collection of information, showing control of intuitive reasoning in 98 % of the cases, whereas only 10,4 % achieved the analytical processes.
Conclusion: The design of simulation scenarios composed of different levels of complexity could promote the development of clinical reasoning. Using an observation guideline allowed the analysis of the clinical reasoning process in realistic environments and without interruptions and could be used to guide debriefings.

By Soledad Armijo Rivera, Cristian Labarca Solar, Cristian Pérez Villalobos, Claudia Behrens Pérez, Catalina Tamburrino Díaz, Javiera Castro Pérez, Andrés Díaz Guío

2023-10-10 Original
Marketing mix and customer satisfaction in an industrial sector company, Cercado de Lima, 2022

The current study of said research had the objective of presenting an adequate answer to the question regarding the influence of the marketing mix and compensation in public in a business in the industrial sector of Cercado de Lima. Properly, different articles and magazines were investigated in order to identify the authors' points of view. A numerical, correlational approach was used with a non-empirical sketch. Likewise, the data was gathered with a survey of 80 buyers of a company in the industrial sector to measure the impact that considerably influences the commercialization and the response of the users and thus this influences the products, price, place, promotion in the clients., considering two questionnaires with a Likert scale with an estimated population of 200 clients. For this data procedure, the use of the SPSS program was used for the results between the variables, which is according to the chromback alpha 0,966 and 0,977 and an effect on its correlation coefficient .524 and sig. bilateral of <001. In conclusion, this study developed the 4ps have a positive strategic relationship with the second variable in the current market.

By José Fernández-Calderón, Francis Quispe-Berrú, Francis Quispe-Berrú, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Gustavo Zarate-Ruiz

2023-10-13 Original
Minirehabilitation room for grandparents

Introducción: el envejecimiento es un proceso natural fisiológico, pero existen vías de prevenir este desgaste natural, como es la rehabilitación geriátrica, que garantiza un envejecimiento saludable, a través de la práctica de actividad física moderada.
Objetivo: rehabilitar a los adultos mayores en el Consultorio Médico, mediante la práctica de ejercicios físicos, utilizando implementos confeccionados con materiales desechables y en desuso.
Método: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal de carácter innovador. El universo estuvo constituido por los 234 adultos mayores del consultorio 26 de Pinar del Rio y la muestra por los 33 seleccionados por muestreo intencional teniendo en cuenta los criterios de inclusión y exclusión.
Resultados: las enfermedades crónicas más frecuente en los adultos mayores, fueron la hipertensión arterial y la diabetes, en cambio las dislipoproteinemias y la artritis fueron las de mejor respuesta a la rehabilitación geriátrica. Todos los adultos se mostraron satisfechos con los beneficios de la rehabilitación. Ninguno fue hospitalizado, ni ocurrió deceso. El 100 % de los pacientes se mostró satisfecho con la rehabilitación. Se ahorraron 336,55 cup por unidad de instrumentos confeccionados; total de 1 191,5 cup y al país, por paciente beneficiado 32 053,44 cup por mes, total 194 336,64 cup en el período estudiado.
Conclusiones: la rehabilitación geriátrica a través de la práctica de ejercicio físico tiene efectos beneficiosos en la vida, el ánimo y los deseos de vivir de los adultos mayores. Por el impacto biológico, económico y social, este trabajo resulto relevante en el fórum de Innovación Provincial de Salud.

By Damarys Cabrera Mejico, Yamaris Mercedes Mena Cabrera, Maria Isabel Acosta Martínez, Ana Margarita Valdés del Pino

2023-10-21 Original
Preparation of teachers for the direction of the professional orientation of the average technician in Electricity

The study addresses the issue related to the lack of preparation of the Electricity professors of the Frank País Polytechnic Center of the Morón municipality, for the adoption of a mode of action that favors professional orientation, the limited knowledge about the theory, the methodology and the insufficient methodological mastery of the teachers in order to improve the class and other activities of the educational teaching process. That is why the objective was focused on designing a training strategy aimed at the preparation of the professors of the Frank País García Polytechnic Center of the Morón municipality for the direction of the professional orientation of the Medium Technician in Electricity. For this, a study was carried out with a mixed approach based on a process of collection, analysis and processing of quantitative and qualitative data. The main result is evidence of the motivation developed by the specialty of Electricity, considering that the educational teaching process constitutes one of the main ways for the development of professional orientation, for which it is emphasized in a correct preparation of teachers to face activate this process so important for the socioeconomic development of the country.

By Yasmany Díaz del Castillo, Lázaro Policarpio Padrón Pereira, Yesenia Centeno de López

2023-10-20 Original
Examining marketing approaches and overcoming challenges in the cashew nut processing sector of tamil nadu: a comprehensive review

Tamil Nadu stands as one of India's leading cashew nut producers and processors, driven by robust export potential and domestic demand. In Cuddalore district alone, approximately 675 cashew nut processing units are scattered across the region. These mills predominantly rely on manual labor, offering substantial employment prospects for rural communities. However, the well-being and health of the workers in these processing units are often bargained for the old-style tools and paraphernalia. Remarkably, research regarding occupational health and the ergonomic aspects of work equipment within these SM (Small & Medium) cashew nut dispensation units in Cuddalore district has been conspicuously scarce. This study seeks to evaluate the existing working conditions concerning the musculoskeletal health of cashew workers in these units, shedding light on an underexplored area. The researcher has meticulously gathered and analyzed 92 reviews pertaining to cashew nut processing units, categorizing 35 of them into seven key themes: the concept of cashew processing units, the cost associated with processing units, perceived industry pressures and challenges, compatibility and customer influence, digital marketing strategies and mediums, financial performance within cashew nut processing units, and the acceptance of technology models.

By T. Malathi, R. Valli

2023-09-24 Original
Interactivity and intelligent learning of institutional subjects: leadership and national reality of students at Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas ESPE

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) include the overarching goal of improving the lives of all, leaving no one behind. Goal 4 aims to ensure inclusive, equitable and quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. All members of the educational community must work to create structural synergies between the educational curriculum and the SDGs (United Nations, [UN], 2021).
With this background, the Department of Human and Social Sciences together with the Department of Security and Defense of the University of the Armed Forces ESPE planned the project: Interactivity and intelligent learning of institutional subjects: Leadership and National Reality of the students of the University of the Armed Forces ESPE supported by the MOODLE platform. The population of students to develop the present research is 450 distributed in different NRC (classes) third level students, in which the enrollment can opt for any NRC of the careers that the university offers depending on the curriculum.
The effectiveness of the students' learning results was verified through surveys applied after the training and the analysis of the grades in the university's internal evaluation system. The results indicated that the learning was highly satisfactory and that the transfer of knowledge was put into practice with the planning and development of the programmed activities in accordance with the syllabus; given that different methodological strategies have been used that have served interactively as a means of achieving intelligent learning.

By Verónica Elisabeth Montenegro Valdiviezo, Carmita Marcela Carrillo Vargas, Narcisa de Jesús Mena Garzón, Diego Rafael Muñoz Atiaga

2023-09-29 Original
Digital marketing and business management of a textile company in the victoria district during the Covid-19 pandemic, 2022

Throughout the sanitary emergency confinement, the companies were affected due to the restrictions stipulated by the authorities, mainly decreasing their economic and commercial activity, to the point of closing their premises permanently, with micro and small businesses being the most affected by this crisis. Therefore, it is proposed to determine the influence of digital marketing in the commercial management of a textile company in the district of La Victoria during the pandemic COVID-19, 2022. Thus, the methodology is of quantitative approach of non-experimental, cross-sectional, correlational design, using the questionnaire as an instrument, which was validated by calculating Cronbach's Alpha by three experts and was directed to a total sample of 90 entrepreneurs. A Spearman's Rho result of 0,487 was obtained, indicating a moderate positive correlation of the variables under study. In conclusion, implementing digital strategies contributes to the marketing of businesses to obtain greater brand positioning, increase sales and attract potential customers, satisfying their needs.

By Irene Huaman-Bazan, Lucero Juarez-Torres, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Gustavo Zarate-Ruiz

2023-10-01 Original
Total family risk in families of vulnerable school students during the COVID-19 pandemic in Metropolitan Lima

Every family risk has the probability of generating consequences within the family or the personal, due to the presence of characteristics that compromise instability within the home, therefore, the objective of the study is to determine the total family risk in families of vulnerable school students during the COVID-19 pandemic in Metropolitan Lima. It is a quantitative, descriptive-transversal study, with a population of 159 heads of household who completed a survey of sociodemographic data and the total family risk instrument. The results show that 62,9 % (n=100) have a family with low risk, 20,1 % (n=32) are with families of threatened school students and 17 % (n=27) have a family with high risk. In conclusion, assessment checks should be performed on dysfunctional or at-risk school students' Families and help them to overcome such problems under the guidance and support of health professionals.

By Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Livia Piñas-Rivera

2023-10-04 Original
Nutritional Status Eating Habits and Cardiovascular Risk in Volunteer Firefighters of Paraguay

Introducción: las enfermedades cardiovasculares son las principales causas de mortalidad y morbilidad mundial, esto podría reducirse mediante un cambio en el estilo de vida. En las actividades de los bomberos aumentan el riesgo de sufrir eventos cardíacos repentinos.
Objetivo: determinar el riesgo cardiovascular según la escala de Framingham, los hábitos alimentarios y el estado nutricional de bomberos voluntarios de Capital en el periodo de tiempo comprendido entre junio y setiembre de 2023.
Materiales y Métodos: estudio con enfoque cuantitativo, descriptivo, observacional, con corte transversal, a partir de un cuestionario con preguntas abiertas acerca de los hábitos alimentarios y un estudio de Framingham que evalúa el riesgo cardiovascular a 10 años mediante puntuaciones.
Resultados: del 100 % de los encuestados, sólo el 24,29 % de los mismos presentan un adecuado estado Nutricional Según IMC y el 75,71 % presentó Malnutrición por exceso (sobrepeso y obesidad), mientras que se observó malos hábitos alimentarios y un excesivo consumo de bebidas azucaradas; la mayor parte de la muestra presenta un riesgo cardiovascular bajo según la calculadora del Framingham Heart Study.
Conclusión: la mayor parte de los bomberos evaluados presentó un exceso de peso corporal, lo que conlleva a una relación negativa entre los hábitos alimentarios y el Estado Nutricional pudiendo presentar un riesgo de padecer enfermedades cardiacas.

By Nayeli Monserrath Ochoa Ferreira, Nathalia Jazmín Cáceres Zaracho, Alicia Viviana Benítez Desvars, María Isabel López Ocampos, Telmo Raul Aveiro-Róbalo

2023-10-12 Original
Benefit of the microalbuminuria in the investigation of the renal damage early on patient older adults

Introduction: the presence of microalbuminuria is a powerful factor of prediction for the future development of several diseases.
Objective: determining the benefit of the microalbuminuria in the investigation of the renal damage early on older adults.
Method: an observational, descriptive and transverse study that included ambulatory bigger patients of 60 years of age, of both sexes came true, with factors of risk once 2022 were known for renal chronic disease during the year. Of a universe of 2500, they were once 1300 urine samples of patients welcomed in the appropriate laboratory of Microbiology of the Polyclinic Luís Augustus Turcios Lima, for the investigation of renal damage were processed by means of probabilistic sampling. All the urine samples were accomplished exam of urine and the determination of microalbuminuria. He determined him the stocking (X) and standard deviation (DS) and the force of association odds ratio (OR) of these variables and your confidence interval of the 95 % (IC 95 %), as well as the Chi-Square and the statistician Z with a significance level statistical of p 0,05.
Results: predominate the age from 60 to 69 years, at the expense of the feminine sex and retired persons. The microalbuminuria was present at 19,4 % of patients, in 21,7 % of the hypertensive and in 8,6 % of the diabetics. The personal history of hyperlipemia was present in more than 5 times. Findings: The determination of microalbuminuria is useful in the investigation of the renal damage early on patient’s older adults with factors of risk

By Jorge Félix Rodríguez Ramos, Guillermo Luís Herrera Miranda, Julio Cesar Rodríguez Boffill

2023-10-20 Original
Educational inclusion through the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) for students with diverse educational needs in Santa Marta, Colombia

The purpose of this study was the creation of a comprehensive approach aimed at facilitating the educational inclusion of students with different educational needs, making use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). The methodology used was based on a quantitative approach and a descriptive field design, which involved the collection of data from 121 students and 81 teachers belonging to educational institutions in Santa Marta, Colombia. The results obtained indicated that both teachers and students do not adequately take advantage of ICT, and that educational inclusion for those with diverse educational needs is at an unsatisfactory level. Following these discoveries, a model designed specifically to address the circumstances of students and the inclusive policies in place in Colombia was developed.

By Matilde Bolaño-García

2023-10-21 Original
Control of the heat of hydration for concrete f'c 210 kg/cm2 with superplasticizer additive in urban buildings

The increase in temperature during the concrete setting period is the product of the hydration of the cement paste, generating tensile and compressive stresses in the structural element that would later become cracks that affect the performance and durability of the concrete and even endangering the integrity of the structures in our country. In this sense, this research work had the objective of determining the variation in the heat of hydration of concrete f'c 210 kg/cm2 for urban buildings, by adding the superplasticizer additive Viscocrete SC-50; to control the heat of hydration of concrete f'c 210 kg/cm2. The research presented a quantitative approach, quasi-experimental design, since at least one study variable was manipulated; presented a descriptive depth with a sample of 45 specimens that met the criteria of ACI 318-19 regulation (Chap. 26). The results allowed estimating that with the addition of 1,00 % of Viscocrete SC-50 superplasticizer additive, the temperature remains constant in a period of 14 hours, then increases proportionally until 23 hours, reaching the maximum peak of 32,5 °C in a range of 32 to 36 hours, with the average difference between the standard sample and the addition of 1,00 % of Viscocrete at 28 days of age being 61 kg. /cm2 and settlement with 1,00 % Viscocrete 8,50, 8,50 and 7,50 in in 0, 30 and 60 minutes respectively.

By Luisvar Erlin Barco Cordova, Jefferson Francisco López Guzmán, Mario Pedro Rodriguez Vásquez

2023-09-28 Original
Agogic sciences for innovation in teaching management at the "AIDA GALLEGOS" educational unit

The lack of knowledge of a pedagogical strategy based on the Agogical Sciences and the psychobiological stages and particularities of the students' age has caused low academic performance of the students, causing little interest in learning; Therefore, it became necessary to consider the objective of determining the knowledge about agogic sciences in the innovation of teaching management that the teachers of the “Aida Gallegos” educational unit have. The methodological approach was focused on the quantitative and descriptive research, where a survey was applied through a closed questionnaire to the 34 teachers of the institution. The results found showed that there are weaknesses in the knowledge of agogic strategies, so the curriculum must be aligned at all levels; This awakens the motivation of teachers to apply strategies in which psychobiological elements can be developed in students. It was concluded that authorities must take into account educational levels and sublevels to direct them towards innovation and strengthening educational management.

By Milton Orlando Cangui Basantes, Tibisay Milene Lamus de Rodríguez, Jessica Alejandra Tiglla Iglecias, Gina Maricruz Cerda Solís, Jaime Danilo Casco Hinojosa

2023-09-29 Original
COVID-19: Attitudes towards death and beliefs about the terminal patient in intensive care and medical clinic nursing professionals

Introducción: La muerte es un proceso biológico, psicológico y social.
Objetivo: Analizar las actitudes ante la muerte y las creencias sobre el paciente terminal de los profesionales de enfermería, y luego compararlas según el tipo de servicio, terapia intensiva o clínica médica, en el que se desempeñaron durante la pandemia COVID-19 en el año 2020.
Metodología: Estudio transversal, correlacional y comparativo. El instrumento que mide actitudes ante la muerte está formado por 33 reactivos y las clasifica en evitación, aceptación, temor, pasaje, salida y perspectiva profesional, el grado de acuerdo se expresa de 1 a 5. El instrumento que mide creencias sobre el paciente terminal tiene 15 ítems, el grado de acuerdo se expresa de 1 a 7. Los datos fueron analizados con el software SPSS.
Resultados: Participaron 78 profesionales. No se expresaron actitudes polarizadas ante la muerte, pero la que obtuvo mayor puntaje fue la aceptación. Ésta correlacionó positivamente con las creencias de que tanto para el familiar y para el enfermo lo mejor es que muera en su casa (p=0,001) y la importancia de que reciba apoyo psicológico y espiritual (p=0,003). No se encontraron diferencias entre las actitudes ante la muerte y el tipo de servicio, pero los enfermeros de la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva expresaron mayor acuerdo que los de clínica médica sobre la creencia de que tanto para el familiar como para el enfermo, lo mejor es que muera en su casa (p=0,034).
Conclusiones: Las actitudes ante la muerte y las creencias sobre el paciente terminal están relacionadas.

By Karen Manzur

2023-10-08 Original
Quality of Life during the Covid-19 pandemic in University Teachers in a Province in Southern Lima

La calidad de vida en docentes universitarios se vio afectada significativamente debido al riesgo de contagio y aislamiento social, por lo que el objetivo de la investigación es determinar la calidad de vida durante la pandemia de COVID-19 en docentes universitarios de una provincia del sur de Lima. Se trata de un estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo y transversal, con una población total de 120 docentes universitarios que respondieron un cuestionario de aspectos sociodemográficos y el instrumento de calidad de vida. En sus resultados, el 83 % (n=100) de los docentes universitarios tiene una calidad de vida baja, el 10 % (n=12) tiene una calidad de vida media y el 7 % (n=8) tiene una calidad de vida alta. En conclusión, se deben tomar en cuenta estrategias de acuerdo a las necesidades de apoyo psicosocial y de salud de esta población vulnerable.

By Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi

2023-10-10 Original
Financial analysis of liquidity and its relationship with the profitability of the textile company Creditex

The objective of the research article was to determine the relationship between liquidity and profitability of the textile company Creditex. The present research was based on a quantitative, retrospective, non-experimental, cross-sectional approach. The population equal to the sample was constituted by the financial statements of the textile company Creditex included in an inquiry period of 6 years (2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020) obtained through reports published by the stock market superintendence (SMV). It was evidenced that there is no significant relationship between the liquidity and profitability variables through the analysis of their dimensions current liquidity and economic and financial profitability (Sig= 0,260 and 00,734 respectively) and absolute liquidity with economic and financial profitability (Sig= 0,356 and 0,384 respectively). these results supported the null hypothesis of study in terms of the two dimensions evaluated by variable (current liquidity, absolute liquidity, economic profitability and financial profitability). However, it is recommended that in future research correlations be made between other dimensions related to the study variable such as the acid ratio, liquidity ratio and profitability on sales, these being subscales of the study variables, offering a more radial analysis of the same.

By Rafael Romero-Carazas, Marilyn Villanueva-Batallanos, Felipe Yony Gómez-Cáceres, Roque Juan Espinoza Casco, Julio Samuel Zarate-Suarez

2023-10-10 Original
Business benchmarking is linked to the sales of companies in the industrial textile sector in northern Lima during the year 2022

Currently in Peru, entrepreneurship has forged a large part of the textile sector, increasing this industry and contributing a large part of the national GDP, which benefits Peru since these small businesses contribute to the economic growth of the country. However, during the last few years, the use of commercial and administrative strategies has emerged more frequently, being business benchmarking the one that has generated the greatest impact on the sales of the companies that applied this important administrative tool. Therefore, this research work proposes to describe the link between business benchmarking and sales of textile companies. It was obtained as a result that the business benchmarking variable has a positive impact on the sales of the companies in the textile sector, with a bilateral significance of 0,000<0,005, in addition a correlation coefficient of 0,663 is observed, indicating a high correlation between both variables. As a conclusion in the framework of the present research, we ratify that there is a high, direct and significant compatibility between the studied variables of the business benchmarking and its relation with the sales of the companies.

By Osmar Herrera-Castro, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Segundo Rios-Rios

2023-10-13 Original
Ministernotomy for aortic valve replacement. Results in the diabetic patient

Introduction: aortic valve stenosis (AS), emerges as a new epidemic due to the aging population.Published data relate diabetes mellitus to risk factors involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis.
Objectives: to describe the results of aortic valve replacement by ministernotomy in diabetic patients.
Methods: an analytical prospective cohort study was carried out on patients with aortic stenosis and diabetes mellitus treated at the Abel Santamaría Hospital and the Hermanos Ameijeiras Hospital from August 2016 to December 2021, the sample included 16 patients. Clinical and postoperative variables were used.
Results: 66,7 % of the patients with aortic stenosis had a history of diabetes mellitus. Of these diabetics, 68,8 % were type 2 and only 31,2 % were type 1. Several post-surgical complications were listed and respiratory infections predominated with 12,5 %.
Conclusions: Dyslipidemias and diabetes constitute atherogenic risk factors associated with aortic stenosis. Type 1 diabetes is the most frequently associated with aortic stenosis. The predominant symptoms independent of the type of diabetes were dyspnea and angina, and the predominant post-surgical complication was respiratory infections.

By Frank Denys Padrón Martínez, Suselys Boffill Carbó, Maryanelis Pereda Pileta, Juan José Godoy Suárez

2024-01-31 Original
Conceptualizing the Iterative method of Newton-Raphson for systems with two equations

En análisis numérico, el método de Newton-Raphson es un algoritmo de búsqueda de raíces que genera aproximaciones iterativas a los ceros (o raíces) de una función de valor real. Este artículo describe de forma detallada los antecedentes matemáticos en torno al método iterativo de Newton-Raphson para sistemas con dos ecuaciones. A continuación, se desarrolla una implementación algorítmica del método iterativo de Newton-Raphson para sistemas con dos ecuaciones en lenguaje de programación Pascal, para representar los pasos de este método con un lenguaje de programación procedimental con especial énfasis en el uso de la computación en el área científica de las matemáticas.

By Serafeim A. Triantafyllou

2023-10-20 Original
Teaching prewriting in early childhood education: a Scopus bibliometric study

The aim of this study was to conduct a bibliometric analysis of pre-writing teaching in early childhood education using Scopus from 2003 to 2023. The methodology was based on a bibliometric data study to quantify scientific production. Forty-one Scopus documents were selected for the study based on their relevance and the English keywords (teaching AND prewriting, initial AND education). The results showed that the most significant increase in scientific production occurred between 2021 and 2023 (n=13; 32 %). In addition, the source Journal of Educational Psychology had 3 publications and 1588 citations, while Graham, S. was the most referenced author (691 citations; 4 papers). Most of these publications (76 %) were research articles in the fields of social sciences (46 %), arts and humanities (17 %), and psychology (14 %). It is concluded that the thematic diversity, authorship, sources and available resources have been increasing with respect to the teaching of pre-writing in early childhood education. Thus, this bibliometric analysis serves as a framework for future research by presenting documented support.

By Norma Luz Velásquez-Dacosta, Mercedez Cury-Britto, Maritza Dávila-Panduro, Dalia Aching-Torres

2023-09-24 Original
Elements of digital marketing and the positioning of the company INNOVA BIOTECH AGRO SAC

The research was carried out in order to determine the relationship of digital marketing in the positioning of the company INNOVA BIOTECH AGRO SAC, Lima in the year 2021, intended to serve as a guide for the general management of the company studied and other similar companies immersed in the agro-industrial sector by adapting the elements of digital marketing, being mechanisms that help to improve the recognition or positioning. The methodology used was a correlational research, with a quantitative approach and basic type, in turn with a non-experimental design and cross-sectional, applying a data collection instrument to potential customers of the company, represented by 227 farmers. In this regard, the findings show the existence of a Spearman correlation level (0,306) between the digital marketing variable and the positioning variable, demonstrating a positive relationship between both variables applied to the agroindustrial company. The study concludes that the positioning of the agroindustrial company evaluated will improve as digital marketing strategies are properly implemented, as well as to raise the competitiveness indexes of the agroindustrial company reflected in a higher positioning, it is necessary to strengthen the sales process mechanisms, the commercial communication tools and the different digital advertising actions.

By Yervi Valenzuela-Hurtado, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Edgar Carmen-Choquehuanca

2023-09-28 Original
Influence of the use of social networks on exports of Peruvian textile companies, 2023

As a means of disseminating a product or service, social networks play an important role in modern business, and their contribution is crucial for improving business management. The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of the use of social networks on the exports of textile companies in Peru, 2023. It was a quantitative, non-experimental and correlational-causal study. The sample included entrepreneurs from 300 companies in the textile sector, and a survey was applied to collect information, consisting of 20 items. According to the results, 41 % of the companies surveyed use social networks, and 39 % indicate that they export. The Chi-square value obtained was 708,356 (p-value < 0,05), indicating a positive influence between the study variables. Regarding the dimensions, the influence was significantly positive: activities in social networks (χ2=543,983), sales channel (χ2=649,975) and advertising (χ2=507,325). It is concluded that the use of social networks significantly influences the exports of textile companies in Peru, 2023.

By Jesus Huamani Santo, Mary Lisbeth Cala Fuentes, Antony Paul Espiritu-Martinez, María Guadalupe Luquiños-Sedeno, Marilí Ruth Mamani Laura, Henry Valentin Arapa Apaza

2023-10-01 Original
Anxiety level in nursing students of a private university during the COVID-19 pandemic in Northern Lima

Anxiety is a phenomenon that generates concern and anguish in students because they cannot carry out their classes adequately, therefore, the objective of the study is to determine the level of anxiety in nursing students of a private university during the COVID-19 pandemic in North Lima. It is a quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional and non-experimental study, composed of 215 participants who developed a questionnaire of sociodemographic aspects and the anxiety scale. In their results, 41 % (n=59) of the students have a high level of state anxiety, 51,4 % (n=74) medium level and 7,6 % (n=11) low level. In conclusion, this research will allow the development of specific measures to decrease anxiety in students in order to maintain their mental health.

By Christian Hilario-Quispe, Juan Saberbein-Muñoz, Maria Salinas-Cruz

2022-10-25 Original
On totient graph of a set of positive integers

In this paper, we introduce a new class of graphs called totient graph of the set of the first n positive integers. A totient graph, denoted by T(In), is a simple, undirected graph with vertex set In = {1,2,...,n} and any two distinct vertices x and y are adjacent if and only if x + y ∈ P(In), where P(In) = {x ∈ In : x ≡6 0(modφ(n))}.

By Arijit Mishra, Pinku Chandra Dey

2023-10-04 Original
Generational change in ceramic handicraft activity: Proposals for sustainable local and cultural development

The contribution refers to the generational change in the pottery handicraft activity of a rural community, the effect of this on the local and cultural development of the community, under a qualitative approach with application of the ethnographic method of interpretative character, applying techniques such as: life history, structured interview and observation. The information collected was processed in the software Atlas. Ti. The results show that young people have little knowledge about the process of making clay handicrafts, which is why they show little interest, since the knowledge has not been transmitted to them from an early age. In addition, the absence of schools or workshops that teach handicrafts aggravates the current situation. Traditions create a deep connection with roots, family and cultural values, which are necessary to persevere their identity and cultural heritage. The main activity to generate income is the production of handicrafts; however, the intermediaries that buy them do so at low cost, directly affecting the community. The problem lies in the lack of marketing channels, updated means of transportation and the absence of national and international web platforms to make the products visible. It is concluded that the deterioration in the generational replacement in the artisanal community over the years is attributed to the fact that young people do not perceive artisanal activity as a "business"; they choose to migrate to other cities, looking for new job offers and the possibility of obtaining professional training in other areas.

 

By Marisol Martínez Suárez, María Otilia Pulecio Bazurto, Leidy Carolina Sicachá Marín, Vannesa Alexandra Barragán Rodríguez, Laura Karina Sánchez Bustamante

2023-10-10 Original
Deep Learning Applied on Arabic language for punctuation marks prediction

In the absence of explicit punctuation, the Arabic language's semantic and contextual nature poses a unique challenge, necessitating the reintroduction of punctuation marks for elucidating sentence structure and meaning. We investigate the impact of sentence length on punctuation prediction in the context of Arabic language processing. Leveraging Deep Neural Networks (DNNs), specifically Bi-Directional Long Short-Term Memory (Bi-LSTM) models. Our study goes beyond restoration, aiming to accurately predict punctuation marks in unprocessed text. The investigation focuses on five primary punctuation marks (.?,: and !), contributing to a more comprehensive understanding of predicting diverse punctuation marks in Arabic texts and we have achieved 85 % in accuracy . This research not only advances our understanding of Arabic language processing but also serves as a broader exploration of the relationship between sentence length and punctuation prediction.

 

By Abdelkarim Aboutaib, Imad Zeroual, Ahmad EL Allaoui

2023-10-12 Original
Rectal ozone therapy in the treatment of pain syndrome due to Lumbar Disc Herniation

Lumbar disc herniation is the most frequent cause of radicular pain and reason for consultation in our setting. Rectal ozone treatment has proven to be effective because it acts on cell metabolism, producing substances capable of relieving pain through different mechanisms, since they improve the intracellular redox state. A descriptive, longitudinal, prospective study was carried out in patients with pain syndrome due to lumbar disc herniation who attended the Department of Traditional Natural Medicine of the Carlos J. Finlay Military Hospital from January 2021 to December 2022 to evaluate the effectiveness of rectal ozone therapy. The sample was 100 patients who met the inclusion criteria, they were divided into two groups. The first one received 15 sessions of ozone rectally and the second treatment with analgesics and anti-inflammatories. The male sex predominated, as well as the ages between 50 and 59 years. The group that was administered ozone had a better response and 80 % of the cases presented improvement while in the group with pharmacological treatment only 52 % had relief of symptoms, in most of the patients pain relief was verified from the sixth treatment session. There was a significant improvement in the quality of life of the patients undergoing ozone treatment and adverse reactions were minimal, although more frequent in patients with drug treatment, thus demonstrating the effectiveness of ozone therapy.

By Jesús Cuello Ávila, Sobeida Dreke Freire, Juan Miguel Benites García

2023-10-20 Original
Business Conditions in OECD Countries (2010-2019): A Longitudinal Analysis Applying Machine Learning

INTRODUCTION: This study aims to understand the crucial factors influencing business conditions in OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) nations from 2010 to 2019, with a specific emphasis on variables related to health.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to analyze how education, governance, health, and the natural environment influenced the shaping of business conditions in OECD member countries between 2010 and 2019.
METHODS: The research employs a quantitative, longitudinal approach and utilizes data from the Legatum Prosperity Index and CO2 emissions. Techniques such as supervised learning algorithms, including neural networks, decision trees, and linear regression with Ridge regularization, are employed for analysis.
RESULTS: The algorithms successfully predict over 83% of the variability in business conditions across 36 OECD countries. Key findings reveal that heightened protection of the natural environment adversely affects business conditions, indicating greater challenges for businesses in regions with stringent environmental regulations. Moreover, OECD countries exhibit the most favourable business conditions, particularly excelling in health and living standards.
CONCLUSION: this research advances our understanding of the intricate relationship between socio-economic and environmental factors and their impact on business conditions. It provides a valuable framework for policymakers and businesses alike to navigate the complexities of fostering a conducive environment for economic growth and development.

By Carolina Henao, Jenny Paola Lis Gutiérrez, Cristian Daniel Castillo-Barbosa

2023-10-21 Original
Effective leadership and communication strategies in disadvantaged contexts in the digital age

This article addresses the topic of educational leadership and communication in disadvantaged contexts in the digital age. The study aims to synthesize existing findings to identify trends, gaps, and opportunities in this relatively new research area. To achieve this, a systematic review of scientific literature from the past five years was conducted, using bibliographic sources from Scielo, Wos, and Scopus. The methodology employed was the PRISMA method for the systematic review. The results revealed the main theoretical approaches to educational leadership, the effects of leadership on educational quality, effective communication strategies, and specific challenges faced by educational leaders in disadvantaged spaces in the digital age. The most relevant conclusion of the article is that the development of digital competencies, the promotion of civic education, the use of digital tools, and the integration of information and communication technologies are key aspects for improving educational leadership and communication in the mentioned contexts. These recommendations can be utilized by educational leaders and policymakers to promote educational quality in disadvantaged settings in the digital era.

By Daniel Roman-Acosta, Norma Caira-Tovar, Esteban Rodríguez-Torres, Alfredo Javier Pérez Gamboa

2023-10-23 Original
Feedback and assessment on academic achievement in elementary school students: a Scopus bibliometric study

The present study aimed to analyze bibliometrics in Scopus on feedback and evaluation in academic performance in elementary school students, between 2003 and 2023. It was a bibliometric study that defined the metrics of scientific production. The indicators were obtained from 370 documents chosen from the Scopus database using keywords in English (feedback, assessment, Academic achievement, elementary school students). The results show that the period with the highest scientific production was 2017-2022 (n=192; 51,9 %). In addition, the United States (35,2 %; n=147) is the country with the most publications, while the journal Medical Teacher published 7 papers and obtained more citations (226), with the author Witt, J.C. being the most cited (369 citations; n= 3 papers). In conclusion, feedback and assessment of elementary students' academic performance has increased the availability of resources and the diversity of topics and authors, because feedback and assessment improve academic performance by helping students identify their strengths and weaknesses to meet the proposed objectives in content implementation and task development, and formative assessment processes.

By Bernarda Salazar del Aguila, Miluska Odely Rodríguez-Saavedra, Ana Sofia Villanueva-Salas

2023-09-24 Original
Knowledge and attitudes about essential newborn care in women experiencing motherhood for the first time

For new mothers, the arrival of a newborn to the family is one of the most exciting and rewarding experiences. However, it can also cause moments of uncertainty and anxiety, especially with respect to the basic things to give to the newborn; in this context, the present study aims to determine whether the knowledge and attitudes about essential newborn care in women experiencing motherhood for the first time are different. For this purpose, a quantitative approach, non-experimental design, cross-sectional and correlational level was used; the instrument was a questionnaire, whose reliability index was a Cronbach's Alpha 0,891; the sample consisted of 200 primiparous mothers from a public health institution and 200 primiparous mothers from a private health institution, during the year 2022. The results show a high level of knowledge of 94 % in the public institution and 96 % in the private institution, and a high level of attitude of 70 % in the public hospital and 76 % in the private institution. At the inferential level, the Mann-Whitney U test (z=11492) and (p=0,582) indicate that there are statistically significant differences between the level of knowledge; on the other hand, (z=31037) and (p=0,894) show that there are no statistically significant differences in the level of attitude. It is concluded that the level of knowledge of the new mothers is different, however, the level of attitude is similar to that of the first mothers.

By Katherine Milagros Gonzales López, Bernedo-Moreira, Jaime Natanael Gonzales López, Yesenia Tania Loayza-Apaza, Héctor Fredy Pacompía Quispe, Jorge Nicolás Alejandro Papanicolau Denegri

2023-09-29 Original
Hydraulic design proposal to store and treat graywater for reuse in green areas of a sustainable housing - 2022

The general objective of this research was to develop a hydraulic design proposal to store and treat graywater for reuse in green areas of a sustainable housing. The procedure carried out was based on calculations and designs in the office to then implement and inspect in the field, and finally take water samples to be analyzed at the Regional Water Laboratory before and after treatment by sedimentation and slow filtration of sand plus anthracite. The results obtained to determine if the water complies with the parameters of the ECA category 3 were: pre-test, pH (7,12) and color (9,1 UC) and for the post-test, pH (6,93) and color (4,00UC); an analysis was also performed with the pH meter in drops obtaining an average result, for the pre-test pH (7,5) and the post-test a pH (7,3). It is concluded that the proposed hydraulic design is sustainable, because it complies with the parameters established in the ECA category 3.

By Alexandra Thalía Castillo Rojas, Oscar Eduardo Rojas Benavides, Elki Saldaña Chunqui, Alberto Cristobal Flores Quispe, Alfredo Romero Kana, Elvia Sugey Del Carpio Alarcon

2023-10-03 Original
Nutritional, anthropometric characteristics and the probability of suffering disorders of eating behavior in classical dancers in four academies of the central department

Background: Eating behavior disorders (EDs) are mental health disorders characterized by pathological behavior towards food intake and an obsession with weight control, accompanied by distortion of the perception of body image.
Methods: An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach was carried out, which included 4 classical dance academies in the Central department, specifically classical dance dancers within the age range 12 to 18 years, whose parents signed an informed consent. Poorly completed surveys and male dancers were excluded. Sociodemographic data, eating and anthropometric characteristics, and the probability of having eating behavior disorders were analyzed using two scales, SCOFF and BULIT. The work regarding the bioethical principles of research to manage the personal data of the participants, only those data strictly necessary to solve the research objectives were taken. A formal letter was provided to the parents to confirm that their daughters could be part of the investigation. The study was presented to the Ethics Committee of the Universidad del Pacifico.
Results: Of 91 female classical dancers surveyed, 17 (19 %) were 12 years old; 27 (30 %) are from Academy A; 89 % (n=81) do eat fruit; 86 % (n=78) vegetables; 100 % (n=91) consume meat; dairy products and derivatives 98 % (n=89); legumes it was obtained that 82 % (n=75) consume it; 88 % (n=80) consume sugary drinks; and in terms of the consumption of pure water, 60 % (n=55) make adequate consumption. For the anthropometric data, 43 % (n=39) weigh between 50 and 59.9 kg; 57 % (n=52) measure between 151 and 160 cm, 85 % (n=77) have adequate height, 70 % (n=64) of classical dance students are at risk of suffering behavioral disorders food according to the SCOFF scale; while 99 % (n=90) of the dancers do not present any risk of suffering from Bulimia Nervosa according to the BULIT scale.
Conclusion: We conclude that classical dance dancers are likely to suffer from eating disorders, since this population is considered highly exposed, especially in the adolescent stage, since even today there is social pressure on the canon of beauty that they must achieve and sustain to be accepted and included.

By Telmo Raul Aveiro Róbalo, Amanda Talia Cabrera Marecos, Liz Diana González Barreto

2023-10-04 Original
Quality of life and financial inclusion in Bogota: A predictive analysis through machine learning

Introduction: medical education is constantly evolving to respond to the demands of the clinical and social context, and it is of vital importance to design and implement training programs according to the needs of each educational institution for training and improvement of educational services.
Objective: to evaluate the satisfaction of the course carried out by the UPCH simulation center using the Kirkpatrick model.
Methods: a survey was used at the end of the course and another one after 1 month. All responses were recorded using a Google Forms format.
Results: in the General Satisfaction section, 66 % of the participants responded, "Very satisfied". In the General Evaluation section, regarding the organization of the course, the most voted answer was "very well" with 52 %. Regarding the pre-course bibliography, 54 % of the participants thought it was "Very good". Finally, regarding the facilities where the course was held, 62 % of the respondents indicated that it was "Excellent", 36 % of the participants mentioned the ECOE Module as the part of the course they found most useful.
Conclusion: it is recommended to periodically include the clinical simulation teaching methodology course as a requirement for simulation trainer training as well as to continue to implement surveys in order to make changes and improvements through participant feedback.

By Herlyn Alejandro Moreno Parada, Carolina Henao-Rodríguez

2023-10-10 Original
Consumer confidence and e-commerce in the San Hilarion Urbanization in the year 2022

E-commerce has become a fundamental part of modern life, but consumer confidence in online transactions is essential. In a study conducted in the San Hilarion Urbanization in Lima in 2022, consumer confidence was found to have a low but significant correlation with e-commerce. This means that as consumer confidence increases, their willingness to make online purchases also strengthens. Consumer confidence was found to be influenced by factors such as the payment methods available in e-commerce. When consumers trust online payment methods, they are more willing to make online purchases. Online security also plays an important role; the more secure consumers feel online, the greater their trust in e-commerce. In addition, consumer trust toward online media also affects their willingness to engage in e-commerce. As consumers trust online media, they become more comfortable browsing and shopping online. Recommendations include emphasizing communication with consumers, implementing security certifications, ensuring data integrity, and providing required information. These measures can help strengthen consumer confidence and foster further growth in e-commerce.

By Luis Aguilar-Herrera, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Edgar Carmen-Choquehuanca

2023-10-10 Original
Transformational leadership and its influence on the organizational development of the industrial workshop of the electromechanical company of Ate, 2022

This research focuses on how the absence of a transformational leader in a company affects the ability of human capital to apply the procedures and processes of organizational development. For this reason, the objective of determining the influence that transformational leadership has on the organizational development of the Ate electromechanical company was set. Regarding the methodology, a causal correlational scope was established with a quantitative approach, which surveyed 83 collaborators from the project area. Obtaining as a result that transformational leadership has a significant influence on the organizational development of the industrial workshop with a level of bilateral significance of 0,001. In short, there is a correlation between the two variables, which makes it possible to demonstrate the importance of the association between transformational leadership and organizational development in favor of project area personnel and business stability.

By Ivet Bonifacio-Illanes, Sonia Salazar-Sanchez, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Gustavo Zarate-Ruiz

2023-10-12 Original
Strengths and weaknesses of the professional improvement in Contactology of the graduate in Optometry and Optics of Pinar del Río

Introduction: the professional improvement in Contactology is essential to improve the attention to patients who use contact lenses.
Objective: to characterize the process of professional improvement in Contactology of the graduate in Optometry and Optics of Pinar del Río.
Methods: under a dialectic approach, theoretical level methods were used, such as: historical-logical, analytical-synthetic and inductive-deductive analysis. From the empirical level: analysis of documents, observation in consultations, survey and interview. In addition, the technique of methodological triangulation of the results obtained was used.
Results: the following were identified as strengths of the professional improvement process in Contactology: the interest of MINSAP in this activity, the existence of scientific-technological and human conditions for its development, the willingness of the province's managers to cooperate, the distribution of optometrists at different levels of care and their motivation. The insufficiencies found were: the options for improvement in Contactology are isolated, limited in enrollment, and based on the needs of the secondary level of care; no improvement activities in Contactology were planned in the last five years; there are limitations in the performance of optometrists related to Contactology; and there is no strategy for improvement in Contactology at the provincial level.
Conclusions: the process of professional development in Contactology is asystemic, limited, decontextualized and not comprehensive, which affects the performance of these professionals in the care of contact lens wearers at different levels of care.

By Anileidys Muñoz Lazo, Juan Alberto Mena Lorenzo, Medardo Rodríguez López, Sahely Sixto Fuentes

2023-09-28 Original
Socioeconomic factors and tax liability in the Villa el Salvador Industrial Park, 2022

The objective of this study was to determine the influence that exists between socioeconomic factors and tax compliance among entrepreneurs in the industrial park of Villa el Salvador, 2022; for this purpose, a quantitative, non-experimental, cross-sectional, explanatory level approach was used. A questionnaire was applied to a sample of 126 MYPES of the unit of analysis, whose reliability index was 0,845; the results show that socioeconomic factors have a significant influence on tax compliance among the entrepreneurs of the Villa El Salvador Industrial Park, 2022.

By Rafael Romero-Carazas, Alfonso Del Carpio-Delgado, Antony Paul Espiritu-Martinez, María Guadalupe Luquiños-Sedeno, Marilí Ruth Mamani-, Henry Valentin Arapa-Apaza

2023-10-01 Original
Family functionality and resilience in adolescents in the first year of high school in a public educational institution in Carabayllo, Lima

In this study, it allows the relationship between functionality and resilience in order to observe the family dynamics that influence the adolescent in their ability to respond to different situations, therefore, the research objective is to determine family functionality and resilience in adolescents in the first year of high school in a public educational institution in Carabayllo, Lima. It is a quantitative, correlational, non-experimental study, with the participation of 152 students, who answered a survey of sociodemographic data, the Family Functioning Test and the Conno-Davidson Resilience Scale. In their results, 11,8 % (n=18) have a severely dysfunctional family and 10,5 % (n=16) have low resilience. In conclusion, the vulnerabilities presented by the adolescent must be identified in order to provide support according to their needs in a personalized manner.

By Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera

2023-10-04 Original
Tax benefits for companies in the construction sector: a study of social housing projects

With the implementation of the Financing Law of January 2018, the construction industry and companies that offer housing development services saw several tax incentives that favor Social Interest Housing. The objective of the study was to examine the fiscal advantages and tax benefits in Social Interest Housing projects and Housing that are not of Social Interest for the Construction Company MONAPE S.A.S. in order to make a comparison of the tax benefits obtained by the company when carrying out projects in which they make part of this type of Housing that meet the requirements confronted with Housing that are not part of this model of programs. The research's focus was analytical to determine the tax benefits the company received when developing a housing project in compliance with the government's conditions. The results revealed that the company has implemented good use of budget calculations for the development of projects that have allowed it to enjoy tax benefits to alleviate fiscal burdens concerning value-added tax refunds it has received for developing social interest housing projects. It was concluded that tax benefits have allowed Colombian companies multiple tax incentives, leading to the reactivation of the country's economy and a rise in economic development and employment rates.

By Julieth Herminia Flórez Márquez, Ambar Stefany Agro Gómez, Rolando Eslava Zapata

2023-10-08 Original
Difficult Airway in Adult patients: Outcome and institutional response

Introduction. The airway is one in which a trained anesthesiologist experiences difficulty in ventilation or difficulty in intubation, or both. Objective. To determine the outcome of patients over 18 years of age with a difficult airway and the characteristics of the institutional response capacity, at the Hospital Escuela Universitario, Tegucigalpa, Honduras. 2018-2020. Methods. Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study, with a sample of 80 patients with difficult airway. Non-probability sampling for convenience. The data were entered in EPI-INFO. Descriptive analysis was performed as measures of central tendency and grouping. The proportion was estimated using the formula: P = Number of people with difficult airways / number of patients older than 18 years multiplied by 100. The protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee in Biomedical Research / FCM / UNAH. Results. 28,8 % had ASA II anesthetic risk, 27,6 % had ASA IIE. 68,5 % had Grade III Cormack Lehane Scale, 7,5 % Grade II, 23,7 % Grade IV, 97,5 % of the intubation was successful, 2,5 % was unsuccessful. 36,3 % with a difficult airway are overweight, 25 % are type I obese, 13,8 % are type III obese and 8,3 %. There was 97,2 % of successful intubation and, in most, up to 2 attempts were required to achieve it. Conclusions. Obesity constitutes a risk factor for difficult ventilation and intubation, as well as an anesthetic risk. ASA II and III is also a risk factor for difficult airway.

By Ángel Roberto Martínez López, Alejandro Carías, Jhossmar Cristians Auza-Santivañez, Gustavo Perez-Aramayo, Laura Pamela Mamani-Manzaneda, Pablo Saul Mayta-Amador, Blas Apaza-Huanca

2023-10-12 Original
Gastric cancer in patients older than 20 years of age

Introduction: Gastric cancer has been for many years one of the main causes of mortality due to neoplasms in the world.
Objective: To clinically and epidemiologically characterize gastric cancer in patients over 20 years of age diagnosed at the 3rd Congress Hospital.
Methods: A descriptive, prospective, cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2018 to June 2022. The universe and sample consisted of the 54 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of gastric cancer who attended Hospital 3er Congreso. The data were obtained from the medical records filed in the statistics department of the referred Hospital, subsequently recorded in an Excel database, using the simple percentage method.
Results: there was a predominance of females over males and the age group 70-79 years with 38,9 %. Only 13 patients had a family history of pathology and 18 had a personal history of gastritis. The 70,3 % ingested risk food and 100 % presented pain.
Conclusions: in Pinar del Rio, men older than 70 years old are more prone to suffer from gastric cancer; in most cases, people do not maintain a healthy diet. Pain is a characteristic symptom present in most patients with gastric cancer.

 

By Doraimys Valido Valdes, Iris María Hernández Villar, Yosniel Benítez Falero , Barbara Junco Sena, Yanely Sánchez Rodríguez

2023-10-20 Original
Perceptions and Beliefs of Romantic Love in Pedagogy Students: A Qualitative Analysis on Relationship Dynamics and Gender Stereotypes

This article stems from research conducted in the field of psychology, focusing on romantic relationships and the elements that play a role in romantic love. The aim was to analyze the beliefs about romantic love expressed by women studying pedagogy. Regarding the methodology, qualitative research with a post-positivist approach and a descriptive method was employed. The technique used was a bibliographic review to address the sample, which consisted of students in pedagogical careers. The results allowed for the determination that women's perceptions vary and are diverse, falling into different categories and codes derived from the conducted reviews. Additionally, the findings reveal the recognized figure of the female stereotype in society, which is not accepted by the participants. It can be concluded that the role of women stands out in the narratives when facing different situations determined in a toxic relationship, where possession and control over the partner are viewed as power devices, similarly to male dominance that contributes to gender-based violence in romantic relationships.

By Verónica Prieto Cordero, Matilde Bolaño-García

2023-10-21 Original
Seismic vulnerability for masonry housing and its registration in risk scenarios in the city of Moquegua

The investigation circumscribes the city of Moquegua and includes the populated centers of San Francisco, Chen Chen, San Antonio, Los Ángeles, Estuquiña, Samegua and the Moquegua fence, with the objective of determining the type of seismic vulnerability, based on the information of physical vulnerability The construction material and number of floors that each building has, included in the investigation, will be determined from the housing structures. The methodology to obtain the information on the characteristics of 23 025 homes was using the Seismic Vulnerability format in buildings (Lazares, 1994) and its improvement (Del Carpio, 2016), the results of the data collection allowed to determine the seismic vulnerability. The results become important for the contribution of preventive information for decision makers in the growth of cities.

By Fabrizio Del Carpio Delgado, Bertha Silvana Vera Barrios, Arquimedes Vargas-Luque, William Franko Peña Renteria, Gerson Jonatan Donayre Loayza

2023-10-24 Original
Challenges encountered by cashew nut processing industry

Tamandu has emerged as one of India's premier cashew nut producers and processors. The thriving
export potential and robust local demand have fueled the rapid expansion of the cashew industry in
this region. With approximately 675 cashew nut processing units scattered across Tamil Nadu, these
establishments have primarily embraced labor-intensive operations, offering valuable employment
opportunities to rural communities. However, it's worth noting that only 576 processing units have
managed to contribute data for this study. The collected data predominantly revolves around
challenges related to various facets of cashew nut processing, including activity-based challenges,
issues concerning workers' families, social problems, worker hygiene challenges, hurdles encountered
within the processing units, as well as difficulties tied to workers' wages and benefits. Furthermore,
the investigation into occupational health, ergonomic considerations, and the development of
ergonomically designed work equipment in small and medium-scale cashew nut processing units in
Tamil Nadu has remained largely unexplored. As a result, this research seeks to shed light on the risk
of musculoskeletal issues prevalent in these cashew processing units, aiming to address an important
aspect of workers' well-being in this vital industry.

By T. Malathi, R. Valli

2023-09-24 Original
Environmental impact of the páramo in Colombia: an approach from the FPEIR model

The Colombian páramos offer various ecosystem services and are considered strategic ecosystems for the sustainable development of the country and its inhabitants. In recent decades, their impact in social, economic, and environmental terms has become more evident due to increasing anthropogenic intervention. This document aims to address how to apply the FPEIR model to identify the impacts on the Sumapaz and Santurbán páramos resulting from human activities. To achieve this goal, a qualitative methodology based on documentary review and analysis of specific cases identified in the Global Atlas of Environmental Justice, the Observatory of Mining Conflicts in Latin America, and the Observatory of Environmental Conflicts in Colombia was employed. The selected cases were analyzed using the DPSIR framework (Driving forces – Pressure – State – Impact – Response). This allowed establishing that the main threats in these ecosystems correspond to extractive activities that have caused imbalances, negatively affecting soil quality and water sources, rapid decline in biodiversity, and the medium and long-term quality of life of the inhabitants of these regions. Among the main shortcomings for páramo protection, the lack of economic resources, limited monitoring of management plans, heterogeneity in the implementation of conservation strategies, and a lack of clarity in the roles and responsibilities of involved actors are crucial issues affecting páramo conservation in Colombia. Overcoming these challenges requires a coordinated approach and appropriate allocation of resources to ensure the sustainability and integrity of these unique ecosystems.

By Melissa Lis-Gutiérrez, Jenny Paola Lis-Gutiérrez, Jonathan Jiménez-Parra, Carolina Henao-Rodríguez

2023-09-29 Original
The impact on the implementation of E-commerce in the strategic management of a Mype in Los Olivos 2022

Nowadays Mypes companies have begun to use E-commerce platforms or e-commerce, for most entrepreneurs who conducted their business, they had great advantage in increasing their sales. Because, it allowed them to attract more customers than expected to their businesses, since the networks allowed them to stay in connectivity with their customers, that is to say, they were able to expand nationally. Therefore, the research work proposes to describe the relationship between e-commerce or electronic commerce with companies. The result was a positive impact because social networks have become a trend for companies and have generated economic growth in them. As a conclusion, it has been identified the great importance of using digital platforms. Because it generates facilities of how to acquire their products without the need to go to physical stores, but to take it to your home.

By Edita Jimenez-Paredes, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Segundo Rios-Rios

2023-10-01 Original
Nursing care in the mental health of school adolescents residing in a vulnerable area of North Lima

Mental healthduring the COVID-19 pandemic has been one of the greatest negative impacts that the population has had worldwide, which makes them more susceptible to mental disorders as a result, so the research objective is to determine the mental health of School Adolescents residing in a vulnerable area of North Lima. It is a quantitative, descriptive-transversal study, with a population of 306 participants who answered a questionnaire of sociodemographic aspects and the scale of depression, anxiety and stress. In the results we observed that 30,7 % presented extremely severe depression, 8,8 % severe depression, 19,3 % moderate depression, 12,4 % mild depression and 28,8 % normal depression. In conclusion, measures should be taken to provide mental health care to vulnerable School Adolescents.

By Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera

2023-10-04 Original
Developing clinical decision making in stroke through virtual online simulation: automated asynchronous or instructor-led synchronous feedback? A randomized controlled trial

Aim: to determine whether asynchronous virtual simulation with automatic feedback enhances learning about clinical decision-making in stroke compared with synchronous simulation with instructor-guided feedback in 4th-year medical students. We hypothesize that instructor-guided feedback drives better learning than automatic feedback.
Methodology: a quantitative randomized controlled parallel study was designed using the CONSORT extension to simulation studies. Twenty 4th year undergraduate medical students were divided into two groups. One group performed virtual simulations with instructor-guided feedback, and the other worked autonomously with automatic feedback. We administered a knowledge score test survey before and after applying the intervention bundle and a usefulness perception survey. Two-way repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare changes in performance.
Results: the results of the two-way ANOVA on the performance level showed no significant changes between groups and between the first and third scenarios (p=0,428). Analysis of the simple main effect showed no significant difference between groups in the post-test (p =0,086) and no significant difference after the third scenario in the Synchronous (p = 0,001) and Asynchronous (p = 0,009) groups. The most remarkable improvement was the International Normalized Ratio that contraindicates thrombolysis (70 % improvement), followed by the first-line drug for hypertension and the platelet value that contraindicates thrombolysis (25 % improvement for both).

By Valentina Fuentes Lombardo, Javier Palominos Salas, María A. Pettersen Correa, Patricio Caro Guerra, Víctor Navia González, Arnold Hoppe, Soledad Armijo-Rivera, Felipe Machuca-Contreras

2023-10-08 Original
Business science: Overproduction, self-citations and Article processing charge (APC)

Business science is a field that has been facing some challenges recently, especially when it comes to overproduction (hyperprolific), excessive self-citations, and charging for publications in open-access journals. To shed light on these issues, a recent study was conducted based on three cases. The first case focused on super-producing authors, where an advanced search strategy was used to identify the ten most productive authors in Brazil in the last five years. The study found that these authors published a paper on average every 2,68 days, a staggering rate. Interestingly, these authors had a direct relationship and published their articles in collaboration, always in the same journal. The papers all dealt with RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, and while they were typical mass production, the citations were very low. The second case examined self-citations, where a research group published 15 papers in the last five years, with seven of them published in a journal that the group had purchased. The analysis found that two of the most representative authors in the research group obtained a significant number of self-citations. Finally, the study looked at the costs associated with publishing in open-access journals. The analysis found that some journals charge many publishing fees for accessing and indexing on platforms, which can be a significant barrier to disseminating research. Overall, these cases highlight the challenges faced by the science industry and the need for measures to ensure fair and transparent practices.

By Adilson Luiz Pinto, Saeid Shirshahi, Reza Varmazyar, Carlos Luis González-Valiente

2023-10-10 Original
Management and succession in family businesses: Bibliometric review

Family businesses represent a fundamental pillar in most global economic structures and one of the central topics of study is intergenerational succession. This research analyses the scientific production on family business management and succession using bibliometric methods. Metadata from 103 documents published in the Scopus database between 1999-2023 were analyzed. The results show that the field has been expanding since 1999, with exponential growth since 2015, led by authors from the United States, Italy and Spain, in specialized journals such as the Journal of Family Business Strategy. The scientific mapping identified family governance, succession planning and agency theory as central themes, revealing the emphasis on studying institutionalization and generational transfer in these companies. The spectroscopy rescued seminal contributions on unique resources, agency costs and patient capital by Penrose, Jensen & Meckling and Sirmon & Hitt, which laid solid theoretical foundations on the strategic particularities of family firms. The evidence points to an emerging academic community dedicated to the study of management and succession in family firms, with previous influential contributions, which should be further explored.

By Lindon Vela Meléndez, Juan Diego Dávila , Julio C. César Valdés, José Wilder Herrera Vargas

2023-10-10 Original
Preparation of the primary teacher for family orientation in rural and mountains areas

The preparation of the primary teacher is a prevailing need today, all because it is at this stage where children acquire and appropriate elementary knowledge for their future development. Thus, the study proposed as an objective to design a proposal for the preparation of the primary teacher in training for the realization of family orientation through the teaching of Pedagogy in the Primary Education career. For this, a study was carried out with a mixed approach, where the action research method allowed the results to be applied. Actions were specified from which the subject was planned, which made it possible to face the work of family orientation from the school in rural and mountainous areas. In turn, it is evident that the instrumentation in the Pedagogy subject through stages and actions constitutes a way to raise theoretical, methodological and practical knowledge to carry out family orientation in a general way and with its particularities in rural and mountainous areas.

By Jorge Lázaro Duque Robaina, Humberto Clemente Calderón Echevarría, Jennifer Mejía Ríos

2023-12-10 Original
Value of the leukogram in guiding the etiologic diagnosis and clinical course of children hospitalized for pneumonia

Introduction: pneumonia is the first cause of infant mortality in the world and causes the death of two million children every year.
Objective: to determine the predictive value of the leukogram in guiding the diagnosis and clinical course in children hospitalized for pneumonia. Methods: the study was conducted from June 2018 to June 2020 in children aged 1 to 18 years in the Consolación del Sur Municipality. It was descriptive and retrospective. The universe was constituted by the total number of patients admitted to the Pediatrics service with a diagnosis of acute respiratory infection during the years 2018 to 2020 and the sample was formed by those with a diagnosis of pneumonia.
Results: male sex and age of 5-9 years predominated. The most frequent signs and symptoms were cough, fever, rales and anorexia. In the leukogram, leukocytosis and lymphocytosis were predominant. The diagnostic criteria with the highest positivity in the clinical prediction scale used were age older than nine months, lesions in multiple sites, perihilar, poorly defined with peribronchial interstitial infiltrate in the chest X-ray and leukocytosis and lymphocytosis among the laboratory criteria.
Conclusions: the correct interpretation of the leukogram and a clear vision of its importance for the diagnostic process are key elements that guarantee a level of health care with the required quality to achieve an adequate care work.

By Rayza Labrador-Bernal, Doraimys Valido-Valdes, Mirta Caridad Campo Díaz, Adalberto Fortún Prieto, Eddy Ordaz-Peña

2023-10-20 Original
Improving the quality of in-work education for students from the comprehensive general medicine residency

Background: the preparation of Higher Education teachers is a fundamental premise to carry out a teaching-learning process with the required quality. Objective: Design a system of actions to improve the quality of education at work from the Comprehensive General Medicine residency.
Method: a quantitative-qualitative educational study was carried out in the period February-July 2023. From a universe of 107 residents, a 40 % sample was taken by simple random sampling, being represented by 42 professionals; to whom an initial survey designed by the author and previously validated by a committee of experts was applied. Theoretical, empirical and statistical methods were used.
Results: inadequate and inadequate knowledge predominated in relation to knowledge, procedures and attitude in relation to the teaching-educational process. The lack of teaching, scientific and research skills; the insufficient number of pedagogical research in the institution and the high enrollment of students in teaching settings were pointed out as the main causes. A system of actions was designed based on postgraduate courses, increasing professional development activities in the methodological teaching plan, increasing control visits to offices and the support of training specialists and holding workshops for each document. Regulations issued by the national direction.
Conclusions: the designed system of actions should contribute to the improvement of the teaching-learning process in undergraduate education, promote the scientific- professional and pedagogical development of professionals.

By Yasmina López Borges, Lizandra Betancourt Fuentes, Yoasmy Creagh Almiñan, Leyanis Nápoles Reyna, Wilser Granada Rodríguez, Midiala Vega Fiol

2023-11-14 Original
Comparison of academic performance of university students in differential and integral calculus in virtual and face-to-face teaching modalities

The objective was to determine whether there are differences in academic performance in differential and integral calculus in undergraduate engineering students, under the virtual and face-to-face modality. The research was non-experimental, descriptive, cross-sectional and quantitative. The sample was non-probabilistic, made up of 60 students in face-to-face mode and 71 in virtual mode of the Industrial Engineering and Computer Science specialties. The study of the academic performance variable was carried out with the minutes of the 2019-II and 2020-I semesters, where medians were evaluated by evaluation criteria, finding that there are significant differences in the evidence of knowledge and product; while for the performance component there is no significant difference for both careers. Likewise, statistically significant differences were found between the academic performance in person and online in the students of each of the engineering careers. Finally, statistically significant differences were found between academic performance in person and online in students of both engineering careers. It can be concluded that the students who took the subject online have a better academic performance than those who took it in person, but it must be specified that said performance is regular.

By Jhonny Javier Albitres Infantes, Lucy Estela Salinas Flores, Héctor Alexis Herrera Vega

2023-09-28 Original
Impact of the economic, political and social environment on per capita scientific production: a comparison of Asia-Pacific and Latin America and the Caribbean

This article aims to establish what are the variables that affect the per capita production of papers indexed in Scopus between 2009 and 2019, for the countries of Asia-Pacific (Afghanistan, Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Zealand, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Vietnam) and Latin America and the Caribbean (Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela). For this purpose, dynamic and static panels were estimated, whose explanatory variables were the following Legatum pillars: health, education, access to markets, business conditions, investment environment, personal freedom, security, governance, social capital, economic quality, natural environment, access to markets and infrastructure and living conditions. The findings allowed us to establish that: education, health and access to markets are significant variables for the group of Asia-Pacific countries. In the case of Latin America and the Caribbean, the variables that explain per capita scientific production are: personal freedom, lagged per capita scientific production, health, education, and security.

By Carolina Henao, Jenny Paola Lis Gutiérrez

2023-10-01 Original
Nursing Care on Quality of Life in Regular basic education teachers treated at a Hospital in North Lima

Diabetes mellitus worldwide is one of the main diseases in which it considerably compromises the health status of the person and decreases over time their quality of life, so the research objective is to determine nursing care on the quality of life in Regular basic education teachers treated in a hospital in North Lima. It is a quantitative, descriptive-cross-sectional study, with a total population of 132 patients who developed a questionnaire of sociodemographic data and the Diabetes 39 instrument. In their results, we observed that between the ages of 30 and 59 years of age, 58,8 % have an average quality of life. In conclusion, educational counseling on self-care in patients with diabetes mellitus should be performed.

By Juan Saberbein-Muñoz, Christian Hilario-Quispe, Maria Salinas-Cruz

2023-10-03 Original
Remote simulation: A qualitative study on clinical reasoning and cognitive errors from the students' perspective

Introduction: Clinical reasoning is a crucial competency for medical practice and also a complex theory that is susceptible to cognitive errors. It is usually taught with clinical cases, in clinical settings, without technologies and in a practical manner rather than from a conceptual perspective.
Given the need to improve its teaching in the undergraduate medical curriculum during the pandemic, we hypothesized that medical students participating in an online simulation and reflective practice course could benefit from a practical and theoretical approach to the clinical reasoning process.
Material and Methods: A four-week online course, based on synchronous and asynchronous online simulation and reflective practice, was developed to promote metacognition among participants. The course was delivered to 8 sixth-year medical students as an elective module. A questionnaire consisting of four open-ended questions was designed to explore knowledge about clinical reasoning and cognitive errors, and was administered at the beginning and end of the course. A qualitative analysis of the responses was carried out using Berelson's content analysis method.
Results: At the end of the course, students changed their understanding of the concept of clinical reasoning, considering it more as a process and identifying the dual nature described in one of the theories of clinical decision making. They also changed their knowledge of cognitive errors, attributing them not only to lack of knowledge, and understanding that they can actively use some strategies to reduce cognitive biases. Discussion: This study confirms that undergraduate students positively change their concept of clinical reasoning and their knowledge about this cognitive process and the cognitive errors that occur in it after a course that includes online simulation and reflection.

By Verónica Mir-Bezanilla, Antonia González-Bernstein, María Ignacia Lüer-Sepúlveda, Rosario López-Leiva, Joaquín Díaz-Schmidt, Soledad Armijo-Rivera, Cristhian Pérez-Villalobos

2023-10-04 Original
Benefits of the Special Tax Regime Special Economic and Social Zone versus the Ordinary Income Tax Regime: An empirical study

The objective of the work was to comparatively analyze the benefits of the special tax regime Special Economic and Social Zone versus the ordinary regime that the company Indupalmarito S.A.S. obtains in the payment of income tax according to Law 1955 of 2019. The methodology had a quantitative approach with non-experimental and deductive design, which is applied to an intentional sample of fourteen agro-industrial companies of the oil palm sector of the Catatumbo region. The survey was used to collect information from the companies in the sector, and a documentary review was conducted to analyze the company's tax burden under study during the 2021 and 2022 periods. The results revealed that the requirements and tax benefits established by Law 1955 of 2019 were evident; however, it was found that some companies did not know the details of the regulations, requirements, regions benefited, deadlines, and purposes of the tax benefit that was proposed to increase employment generation and economic development. It was concluded that the tax benefits allow most of the companies in the sector to increase the hiring of direct personnel by at least 15,00 % and, at the same time, increase the profit after tax.

By Rolando Eslava Zapata, Charol Viviana Morales Zambrano, Leidy Lorena González Acevedo

2023-10-08 Original
Hospital culture and social responsibility: a mixed study of the main lines for its development

Social responsibility is a key element in meeting the needs of the context in which an organization operates. In the healthcare sector, attention to this concept has involved studying internal aspects, as well as the contribution to its implementation in the management of processes and practices of the organization's agents. In order to analyze the relationship between social responsibility and hospital culture, a mixed study was conducted in two phases. First, a focused ethnography was implemented, followed by a systematic review study. The results showed a poor conceptual development of the category, the importance of organizational ethics, the values in the regulation exerted by hospital culture on social responsibility, and the need for the dual nature of social responsibility in terms of its design as an instrument or strategy of the organization. It is concluded that achieving a better operationalization of social responsibility is necessary for its reproduction in the hospital culture, as such responsibility must be promoted as an individual practice based on a solid worldview, and from this achievement, consolidated as a set of identifiable actions. Thus, quality must be a crossing in the design and description of the dimensions and indicators of social responsibility and an organizational value.

By Yasniel Sánchez Suárez, Alfredo Javier Pérez Gamboa, Arialys Hernández Nariño, Lee Yang Díaz-Chieng, Maylín Marqués León, José Armando Pancorbo Sandoval, Esteban Rodríguez Torres

2023-10-10 Original
Service quality and customer satisfaction at the mype "Creditos Becerra", Lima, 2022

People usually start committing to quality service with great enthusiasm, but then companies face difficulties in maintaining a positive attitude or retaining employees in the company, after giving satisfactory results, they do not feel that reciprocity from the company, so they leave to find better job opportunities in other companies. These factors clearly affect customer satisfaction, and the repercussions are reflected in the lack of attention to customer needs; long response times, lack of empathy with the customer, referring the customer from one section to another, not providing humanized attention, not offering a solution to the customer's problem. In this sense, the study was oriented to measure the ratio between customer satisfaction and service quality in the Mype "Créditos Becerra", Lima, 2022. Its result was a bilateral significance of 0,000 < 0,005, that is, the alternative hypothesis is approved, there is a correlation between customer satisfaction and service quality, in addition a correlation index of 0,953 is observed, demonstrating a high reciprocity between both variables in question.
It was concluded that the enthusiasm for quality should be nurtured in people in order not to lose, and there is much dependence on the part of the guides of the companies, all in order to maintain optimal consumer satisfaction.

By Widney Cornelio-Ruiz, Jean Becerra-Quiquia, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Segundo Rios-Rios

2024-02-03 Original
Social networks and brand positioning of the I.E.P. José María Arguedas de Independencia, 2021

The work entitled "Social networks and the brand positioning of the I.E.P. José María Arguedas, 2021", has the general objective of determining the influence of social networks on the brand positioning of the institution. For this purpose, the perception of the content published and the level of interaction of its platforms were analyzed. The methodology applied is of a basic type, with a quantitative approach and a non-experimental - transversal design, which is why the survey technique was implemented. The sample on which the research was based is 308, made up of parents and students of the school. The results show that there is a favorable influence of social networks on brand positioning. It is concluded that the implementation and proper use of digital strategies allow companies to improve their position in the market.

By Camila Fuentes-Toribio, Ludwin Silvestres-Flores, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Edgar Carmen-Choquehuanca

2023-10-13 Original
Factors associated with blood pressure control in hypertensive patients

Introducción: la ausencia de control de las cifras de presión arterial constituye una seria problemática sanitaria.
Objetivo: determinar los factores asociados con el control de la presión arterial.
Método: estudio observacional, analítico, transversal, desarrollado entre 2021 y 2023, en muestra de 140 pacientes hipertensos, del consultorio 59, del Policlínico Turcios Lima. La revisión documental y la aplicación de instrumentos, permitieron la obtención de información que dio salida a las variables analizadas, empleándose métodos de estadística descriptiva e inferencial.
Resultados: el 55,0 % de los pacientes no tenían control de la presión arterial, asociándose ello con la edad (p<0,001), convivencia (p<0,001), nivel de estrés (p<0,001), la ansiedad rasgo (p<0,001) y estado(p<0,001). Igual comportamiento mostraron todos los factores de riesgo evaluados, teniéndose una mediana de 10 años con el diagnóstico de la enfermedad, presentando polifarmacia el 37,9 % de la muestra. La adherencia parcial predominó en el estudio (50,7 %), asociándose con el control de la presión (p<0,001). Conclusiones: el estudio permitió identificar los factores presentados por los pacientes, que guardan relación con el control de las cifras de presión arterial. Fueron para ello analizadas las esferas sociodemográfica, psicosocial, así como el estilo de vida y las características clínicas, lo que permitió establecer las variables que inciden en una modificación del control de dichas cifras tensionales.

By Lázaro Pablo Linares Cánovas, Yoelys Pereda Rodríguez, Guillermo Luís Herrera Miranda

2023-10-21 Original
Quality of service and customer satisfaction in Peruvian food markets

Final consumers still go to food markets to purchase basic family products; this purchase attitude is more frequent in low-income sectors because prices are relatively low, and in many cases service quality and customer satisfaction are sacrificed. In this context, the objective of this study was to determine to what extent service quality and customer satisfaction are related in Peruvian food markets. Through a quantitative approach at a descriptive and correlational level, the sample consisted of 183 buyers, and the instrument was a questionnaire with 16 items, whose reliability index was a Cronbach's Alpha of 0,996. As a result, a coefficient (r=0,990) and a significance value of 0,000 were obtained. It was concluded that there is a strong relationship between the proposed variables; it is inferred that if the service quality variable increases, so will the customer satisfaction variable, in the same magnitude and vice versa. It is recommended to propose strategies and policies to standardize the quality of the service provided, and thus leverage the satisfaction that the customer perceives for the provision of such services and the consequent increase in the sale of the products sold there.

By Virginia Asencio García, Gabriela Ortiz Pinchi, Rosa Isabel Aguilar Grandez, María Guadalupe Luquiños-Sedeno, Marilí Ruth Mamani-Laura, Antony Paul Espiritu-Martinez

2023-10-20 Original
Level of Tax Knowledge and its Impact on Tax Culture in Students from 4th to 5th Grade of Secondary Level of the IEP "Colegio Nacional Imperial", Imperial District of Cañete

This study addresses the issue of the relationship between tax knowledge, attitudes towards taxes, and participation in community activities among 4th and 5th-grade students at the "Colegio Nacional Imperial." The overall objective was to examine how tax knowledge impacts students' attitudes and community participation. To achieve this, a quantitative approach was employed, and a questionnaire was administered to 376 students. The analysis of the results highlights a significant positive correlation (Rho = 0,658) between tax knowledge and attitudes towards taxes. Students with a higher level of tax knowledge tend to exhibit more positive attitudes towards taxes, recognizing their importance in funding essential community services. Additionally, a positive correlation between tax knowledge and participation in community activities was found (Rho = 0,524). Students who better understand tax concepts are more willing to engage in community initiatives, demonstrating their civic responsibility and contribution to local development. Furthermore, a positive correlation was identified between attitudes towards taxes and participation in community activities (Rho = 0,525). Students with positive attitudes towards taxes are more motivated to participate in community projects, recognizing the link between taxes and local improvements. These results underscore the significance of tax education in cultivating positive attitudes and promoting active student participation in the community. In conclusion, this study demonstrates the significant influence of tax knowledge on students' attitudes and community engagement. The observed positive correlations suggest that effective tax education can act as a catalyst for fostering positive attitudes towards taxes and inspiring active participation in community projects. These findings support the need to strengthen tax education in schools to shape informed, responsible, and community-minded citizens.

By Yrene Uribe-Hernández, Christian Hilario-Quispe, Alex Pacheco-Pumaleque, David Navarro-Bonifacio, Roberto Manrique-Chipana, Hussein Palomino-Quispe

2023-09-24 Original
Microfinance and its impact on the commercial sector in the city of Latacunga: a case study of the El Salto shopping center and the closed market in the city of Latacunga

All people have the need to obtain economic resources to be able to acquire goods and/or services that satisfy some need or desire, which is why it is necessary to have knowledge about the management of resources. The focus of this research will be directed towards money and the way to get it through microcredits granted by financial institutions such as cooperatives and banks, as well as informal financing with illegal interest rates to which many low-income families turn to.
The following work investigates "Microfinance and its impact on the commercial sector in the city of Latacunga. Case Study: Centro Comercial El Salto and Mercado Cerrado de la ciudad de Latacunga", which will have as general objective to analyze the impact that has had the accessibility of the people of Centro Comercial El Salto to microcredit, research conducted through surveys and data collection to establish the incidence of microcredit to traders, being then the specific objectives, determine the types of financial services, study which are the parameters they choose to opt for a financial institution, establish differences between the money obtained in a regulated entity versus the money obtained at high interest rates illegally. A field methodology has been used to obtain reliable data through surveys and interviews, complemented by a bibliographic methodology that has allowed to obtain verifiable and reliable information from scientific sources necessary for a better understanding of the topic to be developed.

By Yilena Montero Reyes, Joanna Maricela Gallardo Solís, Gina Maricruz Cerda Solís, Jessica Alejandra Tiglla Iglecias

2023-09-29 Original
Total Family Risk of Families of school adolescents from a Vulnerable Area of North Lima

Family risk is one of the probabilities in which adverse situations may occur within the family that can be witnessed during a family assessment, so the research objective is to determine the total family risk of families with school adolescents in a vulnerable area of North Lima. It is a quantitative, descriptive-transversal study, with a total population made up of 140 heads of household with school adolescents who answered a questionnaire on sociodemographic aspects and the instrument of total family risk. In the results, it can be observed that 62,9 % (n=88) of the heads of household have a family with low risk, 27,1 % (n=38) have threatened families and 10 % (n=14) have families with high risk. In conclusion, the strengthening of health professionals in terms of extramural work is very important because it allows to identify if there is any risk that compromises the family, especially the infant, and to be able to act according to the situation.

By Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Djamila Gallegos-Espinoza, Livia Piñas-Rivera

2023-10-01 Original
Satisfaction of university teachers attended at a private health care facility in northern Lima

User satisfaction is the extent to which people go to a state or private institution to receive care, therefore, the objective of the study is to determine the satisfaction of university teachers attended in a private health facility in North Lima. It is a quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional and non-experimental study, with a population of 143 university teachers who completed a questionnaire of sociodemographic aspects and the instrument to measure satisfaction. In its results, in its reliability dimension, university teachers who were dissatisfied were 22 % and those who were satisfied were 78 %. In conclusion, private institutions should improve comprehension by using a language that allows people to understand each other, as this allows a good health professional-patient relationship.

By Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Livia Piñas-Rivera

2023-10-04 Original
Risk of suffering from eating disorders students in the 1st and 2nd semester of the Medicine degree

Background: eating Disorders are complex psychiatric illnesses caused by various factors, mainly during adolescence and youth. The symptomatology involves excessive concern about food, weight, and/or body image and unhealthy habits to control or reduce body weight.
Methods: a cross-sectional descriptive observational study was conducted using the SCOFF and EAT-26 instruments to assess eating behavior in first and second- semester university students at a private university in Asunción, Paraguay. The questionnaire, consisting of closed-ended multiple-choice questions, was processed using Microsoft Office's Excel, enabling a detailed analysis of the sample.
Results: the sample of 83 students, predominantly composed of women (74,7 %) aged between 18 and 24, showed a 41 % risk of eating disorders according to the SCOFF scale and 20 % according to the EAT-26 scale. Notably, there is a significant prevalence of women at higher risk of eating disorders compared to men. The results underscore the severity of these disorders and highlight specific risk factors in university students, such as academic stress and social pressure to maintain a slim body.
Conclusion: findings from this cross-sectional study suggest a moderate prevalence of eating disorder risk in first and second-semester medical students, particularly among women. The EAT-26 survey, encompassing more items and response options, identified a 20 % risk, while the briefer and dichotomous SCOFF questionnaire reported 41 % risk prevalence. However, due to the cross-sectional design and the nature of the instruments, these findings should be interpreted cautiously. Longitudinal studies with comprehensive diagnostic assessments are needed to draw more robust conclusions about the true prevalence and incidence of eating disorders in this population.

By Alisson Anahí Bareiro Recalde, María Paz Imas Sotto, Alicia Viviana Benítez Desvars, Telmo Raul Aveiro-Róbalo

2023-10-04 Original
Estimation of effective rigidity in reinforced concrete structures through modal identification tests and sclerometry

It is currently known that the structural elements of a building can crack due to structural failures under service loads, due to frequent low-intensity earthquakes or during the first moments of a severe earthquake, which could result in cracked sections when the action of the earthquake occurs. of maximum intensity, for such considerations, the Peruvian norm of seismic analysis does not contemplate cracked sections for seismic analysis. The purpose of this study was to estimate the effective stiffness factors of 4 reinforced concrete buildings. The research has a quantitative approach of non-experimental design, the sample is made up of 4 reinforced concrete buildings in the city of Juliaca, to which sclerometry and modal identification tests were carried out with X16 - 1D sensors to obtain compressive strength. and natural periods of field vibration respectively. Numerical models were obtained with their real concrete resistance considering the existing partitions, to which stiffness reduction factors will be applied using international codes and iterations to approximate their natural periods to the natural periods obtained by modal identification. The results show that there is a difference in natural periods of vibration between the numerical model with real resistances considering the effects of the partitioning and those obtained with modal identification tests in a range of 5 % to 30 %, which shows that the fundamental period field vibration is greater than projected.

By Elvis Jhordy Mamani Uscamayta, Mario Pedro Rodríguez Vásquez, Yesith Medalith Jarecca Cusacani, Bertha Silvana Vera Barrios, Elvia Sugey Del Carpio Delgado, Alfredo Romero Kana, Yenny Reaño Bayona, Carlos Eduardo Joo

2023-10-10 Original
Improvement strategy for the improvement of the professional pedagogical performance of teachers in the teaching of emotional integration

Latin American educational systems have favored efforts aimed at improving the quality of education, and in this purpose, the variable "pedagogical professional performance of the teacher" has been identified as very influential and decisive for the achievement of a qualitative leap in school management. The fulfillment of the objective of the "E" Study Plan in force in the Cuban Medical School, aimed at an adequate doctor-patient-family-community relationship in the subject Clinical Propedeutics and Medical Semiology (PCSM), requires a constant process of updating their knowledge, skills and values. The preparation of the clinical history, highlighting the psychosocial history, allows the student to integrate the semiographic findings with the emotional, temporo-spatial events that particularize each individual. Theoretical methods allow identifying different problems related to the integration of these aspects, we propose as Objective: To design an improvement strategy for the improvement of teachers' pedagogical professional performance in the teaching of emotional integration of the subject Clinical Propedeutics and Medical Semiology, of the FCM "Miguel Enríquez". The research agreed to define: emotion and emotional integration and to design the strategy through the AELI® KINETEST protocol to incorporate in the clinical history the semiography of emotions and to complement the physical examination with the use of the muscle test.

By Libertad Valdés Izquierdo, Norberto Valcárcel Izquierdo, Alejandro Antuan Díaz Díaz, Ana Claribel Herrera Wainshtok

2023-10-12 Original
Determination of non-IgE antibodies and expression of cytokine and FoxP3 genes in asthma

Introduction: the inflammatory cascade in asthma involves cells of the innate and adaptive response of the immune system, in addition to molecular mediators such as antibodies, cytokines, chemokines, and costimulatory and regulatory signals corresponding to each of the cellular subpopulations that orchestrate this process.
Objective: to determine the concentration of IgA, IgM and IgG antibodies and the expression of cytokine genes TNFα, IFNγ, TGF-β 1, IL-10, IL-1 α, IL-1β and IL-6 and transcription factor FoxP3 in blood mononuclear cells stimulated in vitro, case-control studies were carried out in asthmatic children and adults respectively.
Methods: the study was conducted in Pinar del Río, Cuba, from 2015 to 2019. Samples were taken from 735 asthmatic children for antibody quantification. For the expression of cytokine genes, samples were taken from 18 adults from the Immunology clinic.
Results: significant differences were found in increasing order of IgM, IgA and IgG antibodies in favor of asthmatic children; and lower values of cytokine and FoxP3 expression in adult asthmatics. A predominance of a Th1 pattern was observed in controls compared to asthmatics, where the latter's predisposition to a Th2 response pattern is known. Therefore, the lower expression of non-Th2 cytokine genes suggests complex cellular and molecular interactions in asthmatic adults.
Conclusions: a lower expression of cytokines other than Th2 was evident in the blood mononuclear cells of adult asthmatics.

By Odalys Orraca-Castillo, Tatiana Margarita Blanco Valdés, Ana Beatriz Pérez Díaz, Beatriz Sierra Vázquez, Carlos Alfredo Miló-Valdés

2023-10-20 Original
Evolution of educational technology a bibliometric study of training development

Education constantly faces changes derived from particular social phenomena. With a bibliometric study, this article seeks to understand the development of educational technology through scientific and academic production. For this purpose, the data collected through the international database Scopus was implemented, which was carried out within the methodological sequence of the quantitative paradigm, the preliminary results were equal to 4,425 documents, after applying filters to the study areas, A total of 54 articles were obtained, which were analyzed and processed using tables, in addition to expanding the interpretation with the Vosviewer software, resulting in tables, figures, as well as meaningful graphs that reflect the current panorama. It is concluded that although educational technology is important for the development of educational praxis, academic production is far from reflecting that reality.

By Matilde Bolaño-García, Keguin José González Castro

2023-09-28 Original
Incidence of work stress on the work environment in the company DICOLAIC S.A. de Latacunga, year 2023

Stress and work climate are two important factors in the organizational environment, as they determine patterns of conduct, behavior, performance and productivity. It’s important for organizations to study these variables with special emphasis on resource management, the most important of which is the human being, known as human capital. From the collected information, and according to the questionnaires and their scales, both standardized by international organizations and their professionals team, there are important results to explain some of the phenomena that is happening in the organizational environment, specifically in the company DICOLAIC S.A. in the city of Latacunga. In case of work stress, DIOLAIC S.A. has a low level of stress (60 pts.); on the other hand, in it’s individual evaluation, the area that presents an intermediate stress index is the Technological area (12 pts.). For the work climate evaluation, similar results were obtained, on average the organization is within the average standards of work climate (116, 31 pts.) being one of its areas to pay attention to the Job Stability (10,43 pts.) representing an indicator of low average work climate. In addition, through a correlational analysis between the two variables studied, it can be determined that the relationship between them is very weak, i.e. their relationship is very weak, with little influence of one variable on the other.

By Alex Javier Velásquez Beltrán, Lisseth Paulina Cajilema Tobar, Luis Patricio González Ruiz

2023-09-29 Original
Lifestyles of Nursing Students

Introduction: Lifestyle is considered a determinant of the development of several chronic non-communicable diseases and has the potential to influence academic performance and quality of life of nursing students.
Objective: To evaluate the lifestyle of students of the bachelor's degree in nursing at the University Institute of the Argentine Federal Police during the second semester of 2023.
Method: Descriptive, cross-sectional, and quantitative study. The Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile - II (HPLP-II) instrument by Nola Pender, consisting of 52 items and grouped into six dimensions, was used.
Results: We surveyed 96 students with a mean age of 26,85 years (SD: 8,27), mostly female (85,42 %), single (77,08 %), without children (71,88 %), and employed (53,13 %). The Physical Activity dimension had the lowest mean score of 15,88 out of 32,00, and the Self-Fulfillment dimension had the highest mean score of 68,32 out of 36,00. The students' lifestyle was rated as healthy in 7,29 %, regular in 61,46 % and unhealthy in 31,25 %.
Conclusion: The lifestyle of the studied students was mostly regular. Older age, male gender and being in the fifth year of the curriculum were associated with a better lifestyle.

By Carlos Jesús Canova-Barrios, Yamila Noelia Vizgarra, Delia Graciela Abarza, Carina Beatriz Cano, Patricia Graciela Méndez

2023-10-04 Original
Sensitization in gender of medical students

Objective: to sensitize in gender the first-year students of the medical career of the University of Medical Sciences of Camagüey.
Method: the research was carried out from a mixed research approach, with a sequential exploratory design. For the diagnosis of the need for gender awareness, the sample will be non-probabilistic.
Results: the gender awareness needs were diagnosed (clarification of the differences in the terms sex and gender; stereotypes and gender roles; prejudices and beliefs associated with gender and gender perspective in health-disease dynamics), a program was designed to sensitize first-year medical students to gender.
Conclusion: there are needs for gender awareness in first-year medical students. The designed program has a total of 6 work sessions to sensitize first-year medical students to gender.

By Arleen Abreu Cervantes, Juan Carlos Blanco Lores, Roberto Carlos Ontiveros Cepeda

2023-10-08 Original
Characterization of the current state of professional pedagogical performance in the teaching of emotional integration in the subject Clinical Propaedeutics and Medical Semiology

Introduction: Contemporary development undergoes transformations in the economic, political and social spheres, which influence all spheres, among them the medical one. The systematization of different authors reveals the significance of performance to face the teaching-learning process with the quality demanded by medical care in Cuba. The parameterization of the research, the identification of the variable pedagogical professional performance of the teacher in the teaching of emotional integration in the subject Clinical Propedeutics and Medical Semiology is carried out.
Objective: To characterize the state of the pedagogical professional performance and the improvement in the teaching of emotional integration in the subject Clinical Propedeutics and Medical Semiology at FCM "Miguel Enriquez".
Method: An intentional universe of 121 people was selected for the study. The parameterization of the research, the identification of the variable pedagogical professional performance of the teacher in the teaching of emotional integration in the subject, its dimensions and indicators that characterize it are carried out.
Conclusions: The pedagogical professional performance of teachers for emotional integration in the teaching of the subject Clinical Propedeutics and Medical Semiology, is insufficient.

By Libertad Valdés Izquierdo, Norberto Valcárcel Izquierdo, Alejandro Antuan Díaz Díaz, Ana Claribel Herrera Wainshtok

2023-10-10 Original
Marketing digital y el posicionamiento de la MYPE del sector gastronómico Mifruty, Lima Norte, 2021

The objective of this research work was to investigate how digital marketing is related to the positioning of the Mifruty Juicery, considering the good use of the strategies offered by marketing as well as the platforms offered to promote a company, such as social networks or the website, which have taken more strength these last 2 years due to the global crisis and which are fundamental factors for a company to position itself.
The research is a non-experimental, correlational-cross-sectional design, the target population are the customers of the toy store Mifruty located in northern Lima and consists of a sample of 100 potential customers. Data collection was through an online questionnaire, which was carried out at the same point of sale of the toy store. The instrument consisted of 23 items and was validated by a specialist in the field.
With respect to the reliability of the instrument constructed for the variables used, they were analyzed and approved by means of Cronbach's Alpha system, resulting in a high reliability, which allowed us to collect data for the research study to be conducted in the Mifruty Juicery.
Similarly, according to statistical tests, 9 % of respondents consider that Mifruty Juicery regularly employs digital marketing, being the social networks and the company's website poorly managed due to its few and not so striking contents, so they fail to meet the expectations of its customers. Likewise, 17 % of the respondents consider a regular positioning in the market, so by implementing the right marketing strategies the positioning would rise.

By Angie Matos-Paucar, Gabriel Inocente-Laurencio, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Edgar Carmen-Choquehuanca

2023-10-20 Original
Unlocking Security: Pioneering a Novel Elliptic Curve-Based Hashing Scheme

Low-power networks and devices are becoming increasingly prevalent globally. These networks facilitate the exchange of concise messages, such as measurements and instructions. However, ensuring security, particularly concerning message integrity and sender authentication, presents a challenge in constrained environments. This article introduces a major breakthrough in the field of cryptography through the development of an innovative hash function leveraging the torsion subgroup on an elliptic curve. By incorporating the unique properties of this group, our approach redefines data security standards. We demonstrate the heightened resilience of our hash function against current attacks while maintaining exceptional performance. This novel method represents a significant advancement in safeguarding sensitive information, paving the way for more robust cybersecurity and practical applications across various domains. Experimental results confirm the effectiveness and security of our approach, establishing new perspectives for the evolution of modern cryptography.

By Mbarek LAHDOUD, Ahmed ASIMI

2023-09-18 Original
Sociodemographic Factors, Work Motivation, Emotional Intelligence, Quality of Work Life, and Their Association with Work Performance in Peruvian Health Workers

Introduction: This study addresses the influence of Emotional Intelligence (EI), work motivation, and quality of work life on the performance of health workers in Peru. Considering the relevance of these variables in clinical contexts, especially during stressful situations like the COVID-19 pandemic. Objective: The aim was to determine how these sociodemographic and psychosocial factors are associated with work performance in this sector.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional design was adopted, using a random sample of health workers from a significant hospital, with a minimum calculated sample size of 110 professionals. The tools used included the Quality of Life Scale, the Emotional Intelligence Scale, the Work Motivation Scale, and the Individual Work Performance Questionnaire.
Results: The results showed higher participation of health workers between the ages of 28 and 37. A significant correlation was found between Emotional Intelligence (EI) and work performance (r = 0,398, p < 0,01), as well as between quality of work life and work performance (r = 0,484, p < 0,01). However, work motivation did not show a significant correlation with performance (r = 0,099, p > 0,05). Additionally, the variables of being female and working in the care area were significantly related to better work performance.
Conclusion: The study concludes that work performance in the health sector is positively influenced by Emotional Intelligence and quality of work life. These findings highlight the importance of emotional support, cooperation, and communication in health environments, as well as recognition through non-monetary incentives. This comprehensive approach may be key to improving productivity and the quality of patient care in health facilities.

By Boris Alomia-Padilla, Cesar Alvarez-Guzman, Angely Alvarez-Guzman, Mardel Morales-García, Liset Z. Sairitupa-Sanchez, Sandra B. Morales-García, Víctor Álvarez-Manrique, Maribel Paredes-Saavedra, Wilter C. Morales-García

2023-09-24 Original
Analysis of microenterprise lending in Ecuador: a study of determinant factors

This work of literature review and evaluative critical analysis is directed to the analysis of lending to microenterprises in Ecuador and the ability to reflect on strategies that may be established as tools that allow greater efficiency in the development of lending activities in different organizations such as banks, credit unions, and others that operate throughout the country. It is for this reason that will deepen theoretical and conceptual aspects related to the financial system and introduction to credit as a basis for further analysis of the loan portfolio. Constitute the premises for the analysis and evaluation of the 5 C credit lending process in microenterprise where findings and irregularities that are common and can affect this process are indicated. Similarly, strategies in the credit field for indicating micro policies, procedures and other conditions for a successful and efficient credit granting process are presented.

By Yilena Montero Reyes, Joanna Maricela Gallardo Solís, María Magdalena Toalombo Capuz, David Estuardo Moscoso Jurado

2023-09-28 Original
Remote sensing as a tool for natural disaster risk analysis: a bibliometric review

Introduction: remote sensing as a tool is a fundamental resource that helps to develop various applications for disaster risk management.
Objective: to conduct a bibliometric analysis of remote sensing as a tool for natural disaster risk analysis in Scopus between 2003 and 2023.
Methods: this was a bibliometric analysis that defined the metrics of scientific production. The indicators were obtained from 409 documents chosen from the Scopus database using keywords in English (Remote sensing, natural disaster).
Results: the data revealed a significant increase in the number of papers published on the topic (59,9 %) between 2019 and 2023. In addition, China (22,5 %; n=133) recorded the highest rate of scientific output, with the Chinese Academy of Sciences publishing the most (n=36). The journal Remote Sensing published 30 papers, while Natural Hazards received 720 citations, the most referenced author being Pradhan, B. (n=11 papers; 1587 citations).
Conclusions: studies on this topic have increased in number, subject variation and author cooperation, as remote sensing allows data to be collected from inaccessible or hazardous regions, enabling real-time monitoring and tracking of natural phenomena.

By Amarelys Román-Mireles

2023-10-01 Original
Resilience and self-image in adolescents starting school activities in a Lima area

This research is based on the mere transition that adolescents go through in the understanding and challenges to overcome in terms of the impact on the return of face-to-face classes and the perception they have about themselves, therefore, the objective of the research is to determine resilience and self-image in adolescents who start face-to-face school activities in an area of Lima. It is a quantitative, non-experimental correlational study, with a total population of 402 adolescents, who filled out a questionnaire of sociodemographic aspects, Connor and Davidson's resilience scale and Rosenberg's self-esteem scale. In their results, 10 % (n=42) of the students have low resilience and 46,2 % (n=194) of the students have low self-image. In conclusion, the relationship between resilience and self-image is very important in the adolescent, since a positive self-image about oneself allows high levels of resilience.

By Lucia Asencios-Trujillo, Lida Asencios-Trujillo, Carlos La Rosa-Longobardi, Livia Piñas-Rivera

2023-10-04 Original
Anthropometric Assessment and Dietary Lifestyle of the Félix Pérez Cardozo Club's Basketball Youth Category

Introduction: nutrition is fundamental for the prevention of risk factors related to diet, such as overweight and obesity, and associated non-communicable diseases, is a health benefit associated with physical activity that give the child the opportunity of well-being.
Objective: to determine the anthropometric values of the players of the junior basketball category of the Felix Perez Cardozo Club in the period from 2023.
Methods: an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, cross-sectional study with quantitative approach was carried out, which included children from 5 to 12 years of age of the Felix Perez Cardozo Club. Data evaluated through child anthropometry and 24-hour recall were analyzed.
Results: 34,67 % of the children were in an adequate nutritional state. However, 26,67 % of the sample was obese, 24 % was overweight and 13,3 % was at risk of malnutrition, the latter parameters should be worked on to reduce the level of these values.
Conclusion: it is found that the nutritional status of the evaluated players contemplates those two thirds of the population in ranges of overweight or obesity considering the WHO evaluation parameters, as well as the sport itself, it is suggested to increase Nutritional Education in order to create better eating habits in children considering the importance of the age contemplated in the study.

By Maira Sofia Roa Flores, Roció Magali Gómez López, Alicia Viviana Benítez Desvars, Nadine Fanego Pusineri, Telmo Raul Aveiro-Róbalo

2023-10-08 Original
Family guidance to promote the motivation of schoolchildren towards learning

The motivation towards learning of schoolchildren is a concern of society in general and of families in particular. The orientation is an ideal resource to help families reconsider goals and projects for their members in order to develop initial interests and motivations for learning that will support new institutionalized learning. It is notorious in primary schools on the outskirts of the city of Holguín in Cuba, to find students demotivated by the acquisition of the learning that the school offers them, by not perceiving satisfaction of their felt needs, since in the homes there are insufficiencies in the orientation towards the contents that must be learned according to the age period through which they transit. In the E/P Eradio Domínguez Ocampo it was possible to verify, through the application of research methods and techniques (interviews, surveys, observation and documentary review) in the 2nd grade group, demotivation for learning of 12 students and their families. This is verified in the non-attendance to school, the behavioral manifestations and in the learning results. These reasons led to the design of a family orientation strategy, through its implementation changes were observed in families and schoolchildren, corroborating the information through focused testimony.

 

By Elianis Rodríguez Ochoac, Graciela del Carmen Sánchez, Luis Napoleón Quintanilla López

2023-10-10 Original
Machine learning for the improvement of adaptive learning in university education

AI is increasingly being introduced in the field of education and the educational system, with this the approach to the personalization of education according to the needs of each student. This review aims to analyze the impact of adaptive learning with artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques in improving learning in university education by identifying the main applications, benefits and challenges of this technology. The Scopus database was extensively searched, where 22 of 125 studies found met the inclusion criteria. The results showed that the classification of students according to their type of perception of educational content and the use of written text analysis as a basis for this classification were proposed as strategies to improve the quality and personalization of education. Likewise, the usefulness of machine learning algorithms based on SVM to predict students' final grades and detect possible learning difficulties was highlighted. It was concluded that early detection of learning difficulties, personalization of learning and consideration of demographic and gender variables to improve students' academic performance provide a solid basis for the design of effective educational strategies and highlight the potential of AI and ML to transform the educational sector.

By Fabrizzio Jara-Abanto, Luis Velasquez-Medina, Brian Meneses-Claudio

2023-10-12 Original
Adherence to treatment in hypertensive patients at the Medical Clinic 6

Introduction: arterial hypertension represents an important burden of morbidity worldwide, the lack of adherence to treatment has medical, economic and psychosocial repercussions.
Objective: to characterize adherence to treatment in hypertensive patients at the Juan Bruno Zayas polyclinic medical office No. 6, Mantua, during the period January 2021 - June 2023.
Methods: an observational, descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted, the universe consisted of 403 patients classified as hypertensive, a sample of 88 hypertensive patients was selected by non-probabilistic sampling, theoretical and empirical methods were used, such as the Martín-Bayarre-Grau questionnaire to assess adherence and a survey to measure knowledge about the disease and the factors that influence non-adherence to treatment, descriptive statistics were used in absolute and relative frequencies.
Results: predominance of the age group over 60 years, female sex, and pre-university level; the time of evolution of the disease was more than 10 years; the influential factor in non-adherence to treatment was forgetfulness and less than half of the sample studied presented adherence to treatment.
Conclusions: the lack of adherence to treatment in hypertensive patients at the Juan Bruno Zayas polyclinic medical office 6 is a health problem that needs to be solved.

By Osiris Oscar Terrado Almarales, Yanara González Baños, Doraiky Díaz Hernández, Lloy Valdés Pin, Mirelis Alfaro Urquiola

2023-10-20 Original
Health-related quality of life and self-care practices in nursing students

Introduction: health-related quality of life is a broad, multidimensional, and subjective concept that represents the subject's perception of both positive and negative aspects of their physical, psychological, emotional, and social health.
Objective: to analyze health-related quality of life and its relationship with self-care habits in nursing students of a private university in Argentina during the second quarter of 2023.
Methods: descriptive, cross-sectional, quantitative study. We surveyed 109 nursing students using the SF-36 health questionnaire.
Results: a low prevalence of habits such as smoking (3,67 %), sedentary lifestyle (39,45 %) and low attendance to regular medical consultations (41,28 %) was found. The best rated quality of life scale was Physical Function and the worst rated was Vitality. The summary physical component presented a higher mean than the mental component. Quality of life was associated with gender, marital status, having children, year of study, body mass index and hours of sleep per day.
Conclusions: health-related quality of life was assessed as good, except for the vitality dimension. The students' lifestyle was mostly positive and related to physical and mental health. It is necessary to implement actions that promote self-care and the maintenance of quality of life in students.

By Carlos Jesús Canova-Barrios, Gladys Patricia Robledo, Agostina Brenda Segovia, Karen María Manzur

2023-09-24 Original
Generational diversity and labor productivity, a pressing problem in Peruvian public institutions

Almost all organizations experience generational differences. Based on this premise, the objective of this study was to determine the relationship between generational diversity and labor productivity in the employees of a public institution in Peru. The research adopted a quantitative approach, being descriptive-correlational, with a sample of 147 employees. The results revealed a strong and perfect correlation (Rho=0,971) between generational diversity and labor productivity, with a value of p=0,000 in the context studied. The conclusion drawn is that labor productivity increases with quality generational diversity management, and vice versa. The formulation of strategies at the level of the Human Resources Management Administrative System to effectively address generational diversity is suggested.

By David Hugo Bernedo-Moreira, Jorge Nicolás Alejandro Papanicolau Denegri, Yesenia Tania Loayza-Apaza, Héctor Fredy Pacompía , Jaime Natanael Gonzales López

2023-09-29 Original
Conservation of flexible pavement using the PCI method

La revisión sistemática estudió la eficacia de la conservación del pavimento flexible utilizando el método de Índice de Condición del Pavimento, se analizó la literatura científica de los últimos 05 años mediante una búsqueda exhaustiva en bases de datos y se seleccionaron aquellos que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión.
El objetivo de la investigación es examinar estudios previos sobre la aplicación del método PCI en programas de conservación del pavimento flexible para determinar su efectividad, se realizó una búsqueda avanzada en bases de datos como Scopus y Web of Science con la finalidad de obtener una ficha bibliométrica con antecedentes que faciliten la investigación.
Se tuvo como enfoque principal artículos que respondan a la pregunta general, presenten coherencia, muestren los objetivos de investigación y tengan una metodología orientada en el tema central; como resultado de la investigación se seleccionaron 19 artículos que fueron ingresados en la matriz de búsqueda y se identificó si cumplían con los criterios de relevancia como las dimensiones similares al tema general, la revisión analizó algunas limitaciones y áreas de mejora en la aplicación del método PCI, estas incluyen la necesidad de establecer principios claros para la definición de las distintas categorías del índice, así como la estandarización de los procedimientos de evaluación, se destacó la importancia de la planificación y el monitoreo continuo de las medidas de conservación para garantizar su efectividad a largo plazo.

By Alberto Cristobal Flores Quispe, Alfredo Romero Kana, Jhoselin Tatiana Rojas Llanos

2023-10-03 Original
Probability of suffering Eating Disorders (ED) in health professionals

Background: Eating disorders are defined as specific and severe alterations in food intake.
Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional observational study was carried out, health sciences professionals, adults and residents of the Republic of Paraguay were included, poorly completed surveys and students who had not graduated were excluded. Sociodemographic data and the probability of suffering eating disorders were analyzed using two scales, SCOFF and eat-26. A non-probabilistic convenience sampling was carried out, a minimum sample size of 385 participants was calculated using a formula for infinite population. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of 3 dimensions was made, where sociodemographic variables, eating behavior disorders were considered through the SCOFF scale and the EAT-26 test. The work respected the bioethical principles of research in human beings and was submitted for methodological and ethical evaluation to the research direction of the Universidad del Pacífico.
Results: Of 124 health professionals surveyed, 100 (80,6 %) were women, 75 (60,5 %) were 31 years of age or older, and 73 (58,9 %) had a single marital status. 96 (77,4 %) graduated from a private university. 45 (36,3 %) were nutrition professionals, followed by nursing 34 (27,4 %) and medicine 26 (21 %). 88 (71 %) felt sick because their stomach felt so full that it was uncomfortable, 68 (54,8 %) said they were worried because they felt they had to control how much they ate, and 12 (9,7 %) has recently lost more than 6 kg in a three-month period. (22,5 %) are rarely very afraid of weighing too much, 31 (25 %) often worry a lot about food, and 48 (38,7 %) never consider the calories in the food they eat. 14 (11,2 %) stated that they sometimes feel very guilty after eating and 15 (12,1 %) feel that food controls their life.
Conclusion: We conclude that professionals are likely to suffer from eating behavior disorders, most had the feeling of being sick because their stomach feels so full that it is uncomfortable, just over half said they were worried because they feel they have to control how much they eat, and 1 in 10 have recently lost more than 6 kg in a three-month period. Approximately 25 % are rarely very afraid of weighing too much, as well as often worry a lot about food. A few stated that they sometimes feel very guilty after eating and feel that food controls their life.

By Telmo Raul Aveiro Róbalo, Johana Garay, Mirian Morán

2023-10-04 Original
Knowledge, skills, and perceptions of research teaching in Doctor of Public Health students

Objective: to describe the knowledge, skills, and perceptions of the teaching and learning process of research among doctoral students in public health at a private university in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Methodology: descriptive, quantitative, and cross-sectional study. The instruments "Self-assessment of knowledge and research skills" and "Perceptions and attitudes towards the teaching and learning process of research" were applied.
Results: 107 doctoral students participated with a mean age of 47,55 years (SD: 7,96), the majority were female (73,83 %), with training in nursing (43,93 %) and medicine (16,82 %), in the process of writing their thesis (58,88 %) and foreigners (78,50 %). 55,14 % have research experience and 57,01 % have published at least one scientific article. The perception of the research teaching and learning process of the doctoral students received a mean of 3,70 (SD:0,59) out of 5,00 and the self-assessment of research knowledge and skills received a mean of 2,35 (SD:0,49) out of 3,00. Doctoral students who reported having published a scientific article and participated in research activities had better perceptions of research and better self-assessment of their research knowledge and skills.
Conclusions: perceptions of the research teaching and learning process were mostly positive, and self-assessment of research knowledge and skills was moderately adequate.

By Carlos Jesús Canova-Barrios, Mariel Alejandra Mansilla, Silvia Elena Vouillat

2023-10-10 Original
Marketing mix and business growth of the Tambo company in San Juan de Lurigancho, 2022

The purpose of this research is to determine the influence of the marketing mix in the business growth of Tambo in San Juan de Lurigancho, 2022. It was taken as reference national and international antecedents applied in other sectors, and theoretical contributions that allowed the development of the present work were also considered.
This was developed with a non-experimental design, the method used was hypothetical-deductive and the type of research is basic. As for the approach is quantitative and a descriptive correlational scope, a survey was used which consisted of 15 questions on a Likert scale where Cronbach's alpha was used for its reliability where 0,769 was obtained for the total of the sample.
Therefore, the results obtained will benefit future researchers and will serve as orientation in their research work. Likewise, the correlation between variable "x" and variable "y" was demonstrated.

By Vianca Cajahuanca-Hinostroza, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Edgar Carmen-Choquehuanca

2023-10-10 Original
Corporate image and loyalty at the primary level of an educational institution in Chilca, 2022

The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between the corporate image and the loyalty of the parents of the Virgen de la Candelaria Private Educational Institution at the primary level, Chilca, 2022. A basic type methodology was used, with a quantitative approach - correlational, non-experimental design. A sample of 100 parents from the private educational institution Virgen de la Candelaria Chilca was used. It was had as results that, there is a 79 % that qualified as a medium level with respect to the corporate image of the institution, also, there is an 83 % of a medium level on customer loyalty. It was concluded that there is a significant relationship between the corporate image with the loyalty of the primary level of an Educational Institution of Chilca, 2022.

By Martin Camacho-Cuya, Brian Meneses-Claudio, Gustavo Zarate-Ruiz

2023-10-12 Original
Scientific-technological perspective of the improvement of internal medicine specialists on community acquired pneumonia

Introduction: community-acquired pneumonia remains a global public health problem in contrast to strategies to reduce its incidence, therefore, a new improvement of specialists, due to the continuous changes in traditionally recognized epidemiology and treatment.
Objective: determine a new perspective for the development of the professional improvement process of internal medicine specialists on community-acquired pneumonia at the “Dr. Ernesto Che Guevara de la Serna” Faculty of Medical Sciences, Pinewood of the River.
Methods: they are based on the mixed approach with a sequential transformative design, executed through methodological triangulation of methods applied to a sample of 35 teachers and five health directors. The sampling for the study was simple and purposeful random, by meeting established inclusion and exclusion criteria.
Results: the scientific-technological perspective of the process of professional improvement of specialists in internal medicine was determined, related to the use of the clinical method; the regularities of the initial state were defined and determined.
Conclusions: the scientific and technological nature of the professional improvement process on community-acquired pneumonia was determined, through the appropriate use of the clinical method as a methodological tool that guided the integration of diagnostic methods during education at work and the overcoming of insufficiencies to satisfy learning needs of teaching specialists, they do not achieved emphasis on the functional method of the profession, to enrich their diagnostic and therapeutic competence they need.

By Nitza Hernández Suárez, Belkis Ferro Gonzalez, Julio A. León Prieto, Ileana María Hernández Rodrìguez, Norma Cabrera Domínguez

2024-01-31 Original
Professional orientation in the training of teachers in pedagogical schools

The present work shows the potentialities of the teacher training process in pedagogical schools for the development of professional orientation, with emphasis on the professional pedagogical interests of future graduates. This was possible to verify from the analysis of the programs, methodological indications and textbooks, which allowed the professionalization of the process and the establishment of challenges for the protagonists of the process. A pedagogical strategy for professional orientation is proposed, aimed at taking advantage of the potentialities of the formative process. The proposal was submitted to critical opinion workshops and collective elaboration, as well as in practice from a pedagogical pre-experiment, with satisfactory results. The results are generalized in the corresponding teachings, in the continuous improvement and are part of an instigation project, as well as the doctoral topic developed by the authors.

By Yisel Ramírez Echavarría, Graciela Santos Martínez, Susan Fabiola Dejo Aguinaga

2023-05-08 Original
Chromosomal aberrations in patients with suspected Prader Willi syndrome

Introduction: Prader-Willi syndrome, caused by the absence of expression of the paternal 15q11-13 region, is the first imprinting defect disorder described in humans. With an incidence of 1 in 10000-15000, its clinical phenotype characterized by hypotonia, obesity and hypogonadism overlaps with a group of genetically heterogeneous syndromes defined as Prader Willi-like syndrome or Prader Willi like. In this group, deletion 1p36, deletion 2p, deletion 6q, among others, are reported.

Objective: to identify chromosomal aberrations in the conventional karyotype of patients with suspected Prader Willi syndrome.

Methods: we analyzed the results of conventional karyotyping in lymphocytes, FISH molecular studies and methylation-based polymerase chain reaction of 112 patients referred during the period 2010-2019 for suspected Prader Willi syndrome. Results: Prader Willi syndrome was confirmed in 45,5 % of the patients. Chromosomal aberrations outside the 15q11.13 region were found in 5,3 % of cases including: chromosome 22 ring, trisomy 21 mosaic, 6p admixture, reverse sex and chromosome 21 inversion.

Conclusions: In patients with Prader Willi phenotype, clinical suspicion is often not confirmed by molecular studies. Conventional karyotyping may reveal Prader Willi-like syndrome due to aberrations at sites involved in neuroendocrine control outside the 15q11.13 region. In these cases chromosomal diagnosis is essential for more effective prevention strategies as part of genetic counseling for patients and families.

By Damarys García Gómez, Michel Soriano Torres, Lainet Santos Merencio, Teresa Collazo Mesa, Anduriña Barrios Martínez, Enny Morales Rodríguez, Odalis Molina Gamboa, Arlay Castelví López, Estela Morales Peralta, Araceli Lantigua Cruz, Alina García García, Luis Alberto Méndez Rosado

2023-06-04 Original
Women Workers of the Health Sector before the Covid-19: A look from the Gender

Objective: It approached the experiences of female health sector workers in times of Covid-19, through the analysis of the social representations present in the discourse of their stories, regarding the health protection strategies that they implement, from the perspective of gender as an analytical category and intersectionality.
Methods: It was carried out from the post-positivist paradigm, qualitative approach, hermeneutic phenomenological method. It counted on the contributions of five female health workers and an individual in-depth focused interview was applied, which allowed revealing codes, symbols, registers and meanings about the strategies developed by these women to safeguard their health, in the face of the labor and domestic challenges they had to face during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Results: The analysis of their discourses revealed a gap in terms of public policies on gender aimed at protecting the health of working women during pandemics, placing them at a disadvantage due to the specific impacts on their physical and mental health.
Conclusion: It is concluded that it is necessary for the States to reduce the inequality gap, both in labor and unpaid work, through the development of public policies aimed at protecting the health of women, girls and adolescents.

By Marileidis Viloria-Godoy, Ariel Pérez-Galavís, Misael Ron, Alis Pérez-Alcalá

2023-04-17 Original
Analyzing the integration of emotional, cognitive and physiological processing in preschool

Introduction: In recent decades, great importance has been given to the joint study of emotional, cognitive, and physiological processes. Emotions play an important role in allowing the regulation and adaptation of people to the environment, which is key to mental and physical health and well-being. However, little research analyzes the integration of these processes in preschoolers. The present study analyzes the emotional, cognitive, and physiological processing of 4- and 5-year-old girls and boys.
Methods: Forty-two 4- and 5-year-old children participated and were administered a Stroop-type task under a neutral or positive condition to analyze the effect of emotional valence on performance and heart rate.
Results: An increase in heart rate was found during the Stroop-like task in both conditions. A decrease in heart rate was also observed in the positive condition of the task in the girl group and the 5-year-old group. Finally, heart rate variability correlated inversely with reaction time in the neutral condition.
Discussion: The results show that cognitive demand increases heart rate beyond task valence and that positive valence decreases heart rate as a function of age and gender. These findings emphasize integrating individual characteristics when studying emotional, cognitive, and physiological processing during development and considering biopsychosocial health.

By Verónica Adriana Ramírez, Eliana Ruetti

2023-05-08 Original
Prenatal diagnosis of congenital adrenal hyperplasia: a case report

Introduction: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) includes a group of autosomal recessive disorders affecting cortisol biosynthesis, where affected males do not have sexual ambiguity.
Aim: To describe the diagnostic sequence of prenatal diagnosis of congenital adrenal hyperplasia in a male fetus with ambiguous genitalia.
Case report: 26-year-old primiparous pregnant woman, who at the end of the second trimester during ultrasound study describes fetal growth restriction, alterations at the level of the central nervous system and genitalia with empty scrotal pouches and genital peduncle parallel to the spine, suspecting a female fetus with ambiguous genitalia. Molecular study of congenital adrenal hyperplasia by amniocentesis and molecular diagnosis of sex is indicated.
Discussion: The molecular study allowed the prenatal diagnosis of the disease in a male fetus, the latter condition being an unexpected finding given the appearance of ambiguous genitalia in the ultrasound that suggested a female fetus.
Conclusions: The diagnostic suspicion of congenital adrenal hyperplasia in the presence of undifferentiated genitalia is important in the interest of early diagnosis for adequate genetic counseling and management of the disease.

By Nelvis Delgado Zayas, Yovany Enrique Vázquez Martínez, Daniel Quintana Hernández, Maidalys Bravo Ramírez

2023-05-24 Original
Problems of consumption and abuse of addictions and their impact on education: the case of marijuana, myth or reality?

The growing consumption of recreational marijuana, particularly among young people, has significantly increased during the period of mandatory isolation in the recent pandemic. This phenomenon raises alarming concerns about a public health issue, not only in terms of individual consumption but also collectively. It is important to emphasize marijuana consumption, as its lack of knowledge is influenced by a growing consumer culture, making it the largest global increase in the consumption of illegal substances.
According to a report by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, approximately 192 million people between the ages of 15 and 64 use cannabis recreationally worldwide, based on 2018 data. This figure shows a low perception of risk regarding marijuana use, as currently 23% of teenagers do not consider it harmful to health, compared to 10% ten years ago. This misconception has contributed to its increased acceptance in various sectors of society, especially among young people of school age, where its prevalence is alarmingly high. Additionally, there are many myths and beliefs about the effects of marijuana that lack solid scientific evidence. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct a scientific critique to improve the quality of life for our young people.
The objective of this study is to demonstrate scientific certainties regarding the negative effects of THC consumption, the main psychoactive component of marijuana. To achieve this, a bibliographic analysis of scientific documents based on evidence-based medicine will be carried out. It is important to highlight the significance of these studies in the mentioned age groups. As stated by Dr. Nora Volkow, Director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), "these studies will help us understand the effects of substance use, as well as environmental, social, genetic, and other biological factors on the developing adolescent brain" (Study on Adolescent Brain Development, April 15, 2020). The participants are currently in a vulnerable stage of their lives, either in middle school or just starting high school, which is a critical time to learn more about what improves or alters the life trajectory of a young person. The data used in this study will be available through the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Data Archive, which researchers can access by obtaining a free account on the NIMH Data Archive.

By Enrique Stein

2023-04-19 Original
Emotions and movement in the inter(trans)disciplinary study of human behavior from within

Introduction: the word emotion comes from the Latin emovere, relating it to movement; in the Spanish etymology of Corominas the term mover includes the entry emoción, as associated to conmover, motivo (as related to movement) and motivar, from the Latin motoris or "that moves".

Objective: in our long-standing work with people with Parkinson's disease, we have been developing this emotion-movement relationship from an inter(trans)disciplinary perspective, understanding body movement as an anthropological problem that requires a relational, deep and situated view.

Method: argumentation and theoretical analysis and discussion. The methodological approach is based on mixed method research with elements of autoethnography and participant observation, investigating the problem from within. We appeal to evidence from behavioral and social neuroscience, ecological understanding from health sciences, relational perspective from cognitive anthropology and learning perspective from educational neuroscience.

Results: A key concept is paradoxical kinesia, a behavioral phenomenon where the individual relates to his environment through the synchronization or engagement of the perceptual-motor system with the action qualities of the environment or affordances. What our research suggests is that among the affordances that the environment can offer, social affordances can be highlighted, giving sense to the participation of motivation in the improvement of the movement of people affected with Parkinson's disease.

Conclusions: we suggest that social affordances are as much a component of movement as are the bodily elements and physical-biochemical mechanisms that sustain it.

By María de los Angeles Bacigalupe

2023-05-08 Original
Chromosomal translocations in cytogenetic prenatal diagnosis. Havana 2010-2019

Introducción: La detección de reordenamientos cromosómicos en el diagnóstico prenatal citogenético juega un papel importante, de estos reordenamientos, las translocaciones son las mutaciones cromosómicas estructurales más frecuentes y se encuentran entre las principales causas de pérdida gestacional, malformaciones etc.
Objetivo: Describir las translocaciones cromosómicas detectadas en el diagnóstico prenatal citogenético de La Habana, Cuba, desde el 2010 hasta 2019.
Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo-transversal. El universo de estudio estuvo conformado por todas las gestantes que fueron atendidas en el Centro Provincial de Genética Médica de la Habana, la muestra quedó constituida por 9877 gestantes que se realizaron estudio cromosómico.
Resultados: Se diagnosticaron un total de 75 mutaciones cromosómicas estructurales balanceadas, de ellas, 25 translocaciones, 11 recíprocas y 14 robertsonianas.
Conclusiones: La edad materna avanzada constituye un riesgo genético y se asocia en gran medida a la presencia de translocaciones cromosómicas en los cariotipos fetales. Identificar posibles parejas portadoras de reordenamientos cromosómicos reduciría el riesgo de ocurrencia de las cromosomopatías.

By Orlando González Salé, Laritza del Toro Bordado, Enny Morales Rodríguez

2023-05-08 Original
Unusual gain in 9qh and its possible influence on reproductive disorders. A case report

Reproductive disorders are of heterogeneous cause. Balanced chromosomal aberrations and chromosomal polymorphisms in carrier individuals are described among the most reported genetic causes. The aim of this work was to describe the unusual finding of a gain in the heterochromatic region of chromosome 9, coupled with two bands of apparent euchromatin in this region in a man with a history of several years of infertility. This is a 36-year-old male patient, who has been unable to procreate for 10 years, presenting oligoasthenospermia without other alterations in his clinical study. Through the conventional chromosomal study in peripheral blood, a karyotype with 46,XY, 9qh++ was obtained. The increased heterochromatic region found on one of her chromosome 9 is interpreted as an apparent duplication, with two bands of apparent euchromatin inserted into it. The unusual variation observed in this patient's chromosome 9 suggests that it is the cause of the reproductive disorder he presents with.

By Yomisleydis Bravo Álvarez, Anduriña Barrios Martínez, Enny Morales Rodríguez, Estela Morales-Peralta, Niurka González Domínguez, Luis Alberto Méndez-Rosado

2023-06-17 Original
Complex chromosomal rearrangements involved in male infertility

Complex chromosomal rearrangements (CCRs) are aberrations involving three or more chromosomes or three or more breakpoints, are extremely rare and approximately more than half are associated with affected phenotypes. Diagnosis is usually made by applying methods such as molecular karyotyping (aCGH) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). For the cytogenetic analysis we used peripheral blood lymphocyte culture stimulated with phytohemagglutinin using conventional cytogenetic methods adapted to the conditions of the Cytogenetics Laboratory of the National Center of Medical Genetics. Fifteen metaphases per patient were analyzed with a resolution of 450 bands per haploid set. The method of classification of the RCCs created by Kausch and collaborators was used. The patients studied came from the Assisted Reproduction Clinic of the Ramón González Coro Hospital where they presented reproductive disorders. They were evaluated in an interdisciplinary consultation and referred to the cytogenetics laboratory for analysis of their chromosomal complement. In the analysis and genetic counseling of these three patients carrying RCC, all the aspects mentioned above should be taken into consideration, with the obvious limitation in our environment of not having molecular tests available for the detection of some type of cryptic rearrangement or some specific mutation in a certain gene. However, with the use of conventional cytogenetic methods, personalized genetic counseling can be established for each RCC carrier, taking into account the chromosomes involved, the breakpoint, the size of the translocated segment and the possible genes involved in the breakpoint.

By Anduriña Barrios Martínez, Michel Soriano Torres, Damarys García Gómez, Yudelkis Benitez Cordero, Niurka González Domínguez, Luis Alberto Méndez Rosado

2023-06-17 Original
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging, two years of its use in the National Prenatal Reference Consultation for the confirmation of congenital defects

Introduction: Although ultrasonography (US) is still the modality of choice in the evaluation of disorders related to pregnancy and the fetus, it has certain limitations. For this reason, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become a noninvasive study method, complementary to US, to detect fetal anomalies, allowing a better approach to prognosis and perinatal management.
Objective: To evaluate the usefulness of fetal MRI in the diagnosis of congenital defects in pregnant women attended at the National Prenatal Referral Clinic (CRNP).
Methods: an observational, analytical, longitudinal and prospective study was performed using all cases attended at the CRNP for confirmation of congenital defects (CD), from May 2020 to May 2022, in which it was necessary to complement the ultrasonographic findings with fetal MRI, either due to fetal or maternal conditions that limited the scope of conventional ultrasonography images.
Results: 66 fetal MRI were performed, the most frequent reason for indication was the suspicion of Central Nervous System defects (47%), followed by non-specific abdominal tumors (14%), Respiratory System and SOMA (11%) each and Renal and Digestive System with 8 and 6% respectively. In 16 of the cases the ultrasonographic finding was confirmed without other elements of interest, in 44 cases findings were reported that strongly modified the genetic counseling offered to the families, and in 6 cases the examination was not useful.
Conclusions: MRI is the complement to prenatal ultrasonography that irrefutably strengthens the personalized nature of the genetic counseling offered to parents when a congenital defect is suspected.

By Maidalys Bravo Ramírez, Yovany Vázquez Martínez, María del Carmen Aguilar Callejas, Yanisbell Fajardo Peña, Nelvis Delgado Zayas

2023-05-10 Original
Relationship of risk factors for chromosomal alterations with fetal cytogenetic outcome in pregnant women

Introduction: Chromosomal alterations are an important cause of fetal disease and mortality.
Objective: To identify the risk factors of chromosomal alterations associated with fetal cytogenetic results in pregnant women in Mayabeque province.
Methods: An observational, analytical, cross-sectional, and retrospective epidemiological case-control study was conducted in a 1:2 ratio, at a relational research level, in pregnant women who underwent prenatal cytogenetic diagnosis in Mayabeque from 2011-2022. The sample comprised 94 cases with positive cytogenetic prenatal diagnoses and 188 negative controls.
Results: In the control group, advanced maternal age predominated as in the cases (p=0.055; OR=0.594). Positive ultrasound findings predominated in cases over controls (p<0.001 and OR=3.4). Elevated nuchal translucency was more frequent in cases than in controls (p<0.001; OR=20.0). Early fetal growth restriction (p<0.001), long bone shortening (p=0.004), and intestinal hyperechogenicity grade III (p=0.006) were present only in cases. The association of advanced maternal age with second-trimester markers obtained statistically significant results (p=0.017; OR=10.5).
Conclusions: Advanced maternal age constitutes the main indication for amniocentesis for cytogenetic prenatal diagnosis in Mayabeque province; however, it is not a sufficient criterion to offer the pregnant woman an invasive procedure. The association of the chronological age of the pregnant woman with ultrasound findings in the first and second trimesters was a more accurate combination to establish the risk of chromosomal alterations in the fetus.

By Yanisbell Fajardo Peña, Daniel Quintana Hernández, Luis Alberto Méndez Rosado, Teddy Osmin Tamargo Barbeito

2023-05-13 Original
Chromosome 22 ring in patient with neurodevelopmental disorder

Introduction: Ring chromosomes are a rare type of structural anomaly with variable size and gene content and can originate from any chromosome. According to the international literature, the clinical features associated with ring chromosome 22 will depend on the extent of the 22q terminal deletion.
Objective: To describe the relationship between phenotype and karyotype of a patient with ring chromosome 22.
Case report: A cytogenetic study was performed in the Cytogenetic Laboratory of the National Center of Medical Genetics in a female patient referred for suspicion of possible chromosomal aberration, with the following indications: Autism Spectrum Disorder, intellectual disability, facial dysmorphias. High Resolution Technique for the culture of lymphocytes without exogenous serum and GTG bands was used for karyotyping. Karyotyping revealed an apparent chromosome 22 ring, whose formula is 46, XX, r (22) (p11.2; q13.2) in 10 metaphases with a resolution of 450 bands. The karyotype of the parents is normal 46, XX and 46, XY.
Conclusions: The cytogenetic study allowed establishing the possible association between autism spectrum disorders and the ring of 22 due to loss of genes such as SHANK3 (located on 22q13), which is a candidate for mutations in 1 to 2% of these patients.

By Patricia Torriani Mendoza, Gretell Huerta Pérez, Luanda Maceira Rosales, Luis A. Méndez Rosado

2023-10-30 Review
Advancements in Minimally Invasive Surgical Techniques: A Comprehensive Review

Introduction: Minimally Invasive Surgical (MIS) techniques have revolutionized the field of surgery, offering significant benefits over traditional open surgery. This narrative review examines the historical evolution, current advancements, and prospects of MIS, with a focus on its impact on patient outcomes, surgical training, and healthcare systems.
Objective: To provide a comprehensive overview of the advancements in MIS, highlighting technological innovations, changes in clinical practice, and the evolution of surgical education. The review also aims to discuss the challenges and future directions of MIS.
Methods: The review included 24 articles published from 2004 to 2023. Criteria for inclusion were relevance to MIS development and impact, with exclusion for non-English and unrelated articles. Data were synthesized to outline the progression, current state, and future trends in MIS.
Results: Key findings include significant advancements in surgical technologies such as robotics and enhanced imaging, the expansion of MIS across various specialties, and improved patient outcomes like reduced recovery times and lower complication rates. Challenges identified include the steep learning curve for surgeons and disparities in global access to MIS. Future trends indicate a move towards AI integration, personalized surgical approaches, and further refinement of robotic systems.
Conclusions: MIS represents a paradigm shift in surgical practice, characterized by technological innovation and improved patient care. Despite challenges, its future is promising, with continuous advancements expected to further reshape surgical procedures.

By Andrea Patricia Pérez Ayme, Josseline María Caiza Suárez, Martin Mateo Paredes Ortega, Daniel Samuel Gualoto Gualoto, Juan Carlos Santillán Lima, Adriana Elizabeth Rivera Campoverde, Alfredo Augusto Rivera Ticona, Jonathan Steven Coello Vergara, Gerzon David Martínez Serrano

2023-10-23 Review
Construction of computational thinking through the incorporation of STEM education in the secondary school curriculum in the department of Quindío (Colombia)

The main objective of this research is to build a theoretical-practical model that from the existing conceptual contributions allows the generation of computational thinking in high school students through the incorporation of STEM Education (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) in the curriculum. In this sense, STEM education enters to qualify the curriculum and becomes a methodology that gives entry to the understanding of phenomena. Through this research, a model is proposed for the understanding of computational thinking (CT). With and without the use of digital mediation. This article shows the result of a conceptual review of the topics related to the object of study in the last 5 years and the critical analysis of the investigations found. For this reason, it is not a finished project, but rather an advance in the state of the art.

By Jamesón Jimenez, Edgar Javier Carmona

2023-10-23 Review
The Amaranthaceae family in the herbarium reference collection of La Guajira (HG) "Wunü'ülia", La Guajira, Colombia

Colombia es considerado un país de gran diversidad biológica, en la que destaca su amplia variedad de flora. El departamento de La Guajira está ubicado en la parte más septentrional del país y recientemente ha destacado por la presencia de numerosas iniciativas, con el objetivo de caracterizar su biodiversidad, pues mucha de la información existente sobre sus coberturas vegetales es incipiente. Lo anterior implica que cualquier investigación referente a su riqueza biológica repercuta en los registros de biodiversidad nacional. Amaranthaceae es una familia vegetal de distribución pantropical y numerosos registros de especies en el neotrópico, abarcando ambientes áridos, áreas perturbadas y de alta salinidad, entre otros. Este estudio es el primer reporte sobre la ecología y distribución de la familia Amaranthaceae en el departamento de La Guajira mediante una revisión a la colección perteneciente al Herbario de La Guajira (HG) “Wunü'Ülia. Para efectos del mismo se realizó una revisión de los ejemplares pertenecientes a la familia en la colección determinando ocho géneros y nueve especies.

By Jonathan Pérez-Brito, Mileidys Sierra-Julio, Kerry Díaz Fuenmayor

2023-10-23 Review
B-learning protocol for the higher alphabetization

This paper arose in order to disseminate the results achieved as participants of a transdisciplinary research team in the project on protocols needed in virtual education. We thus concluded that training in competencies, digital literacy and autonomy in learning should be prioritized in the teaching of undergraduate engineering courses. Previous studies confirmed the need to promote curricular changes through e-learning in B-learning format. With the same format, the gravitation of a curricular innovation protocol focused on literacy and digital literacy competencies, autonomy and critical thinking, following the indications for engineering education published by CONFEDI (2018), was investigated.

By Cristina Laplagne Sarmiento

2022-10-23 Review
Learning to think in light of neuroscience and my teaching competence

La neurociencia constituye un nuevo paradigma epistemológico que permite analizar y explicar el comportamiento humano inteligente. Las modernas teorías neurocientíficas parecen demostrar que es en el cerebro donde se ordena el cuerpo que actúa. Controla el cuerpo, ordena sus resultados, almacena la información, influye emocionalmente, experimenta y se construye con el exterior. Todas estas funciones tienen de referencia el sistema motor y el control del movimiento. Los conocimientos de la Neurociencia deben de ser tenidos en cuenta en la educación. La actividad realizada a través del cuerpo es clave en la configuración neuronal. Mediante las vivencias que conforman la experiencia, se configura el cerebro. Tras el análisis de las competencias de las que debe disponer el docente, se propone un plan de trabajo para su formación, que ha sido experimentado durante años. A lo largo de nuestra experiencia, tanto con alumnos en edad escolar, o en la formación de docentes, hemos podido comprobar como pequeñas situaciones vivenciadas, a veces accidentales, tomaban una importante relevancia, generando, incluso, cambios sustanciales en la persona. Se aprende lo que se vive. La experiencia que presentamos ha sido realizada en formato de numerosos cursos para la formación de profesorado. Pretendemos el desarrollo de competencias docentes de tal forma que; el docente cuando se encuentre practicando su acción educativa tenga relación con la propia manera de pensar, con lo que quiere y con su propio estilo de interactuar.

By Victoriano Rodríguez Otero, Catalina Fonseca

2023-10-26 Review
Description of ventilator-associated pneumonia

Pneumonia associated with mechanical ventilation constitutes one of the main infections associated with health services and the main complication of mechanical ventilation. The present investigation was developed with the aim of describing ventilator-associated pneumonia. A literature review was carried out in the Scopus, SciELO and Redalyc databases, obtaining 37 references.  This entity is an infection of the lower airway that produces an acute inflammatory lesion of the pulmonary parenchyma that occurs in response to the arrival of the microorganism to the distal airway, and which is acquired in the hospital 48 hours after endotracheal intubation. The symptoms and signs may manifest as the presentation of a series of symptoms and signs, either progressive or abrupt, such as dyspnea, fever, tachypnea, purulent expectoration, hemoptysis, rhonchi, crackles, hypoventilation and bronchospasm. Diagnosis is clinical, radiological and laboratory.

By Yanara González Baños, Osiris Oscar Terrado Almarales, Heidy Rego Avila

2023-10-30 Review
Descripción de la neumonía asociada a la ventilación mecánica

Pneumonia associated with mechanical ventilation constitutes one of the main infections associated with health services and the main complication of mechanical ventilation. The present investigation was developed with the aim of describing ventilator-associated pneumonia. A literature review was carried out in the Scopus, SciELO and Redalyc databases, obtaining 37 references. This entity is an infection of the lower airway that produces an acute inflammatory lesion of the pulmonary parenchyma that occurs in response to the arrival of the microorganism to the distal airway, and which is acquired in the hospital 48 hours after endotracheal intubation. The symptoms and signs may manifest as the presentation of a series of symptoms and signs, either progressive or abrupt, such as dyspnea, fever, tachypnea, purulent expectoration, hemoptysis, rhonchi, crackles, hypoventilation and bronchospasm. Diagnosis is clinical, radiological and laboratory.

By Yanara González Baños, Osiris Oscar Terrado Almarales, Heidy Rego Avila

2023-10-20 Review
A review of GPT Chat applications in Marketing

The purpose of this research is to determine what are the uses of GPT Chat in Marketing according to the academic literature published between 2020 and 2023? It seeks to analyze the applications of GPT chat in the Marketing industry, achieving: (i) to explain the main characteristics of GPT Chat, based on the collection of information from Open AI; (ii) to identify the advantages and disadvantages of the applications of GPT chat in marketing, based on the review of scientific papers, and (iii) to compare the applications of GPT chat in marketing. To this end, a qualitative research was developed with a descriptive scope based on the review of literature indexed in EBSCO, Science Direct and Google Scholar between 2020 and 2023, specifically 30 papers. This provided evidence that GPT chat can be used for content creation, consumer insight, personalized marketing strategy development, segment targeting, copywriting, market research, report development and cost reduction. Despite the advantages of GPT Chat, its implementation faces great challenges, due to the lack of knowledge about its scope and social impact, causing people to feel mistrust about its reliability.

By Angie Natalia Rojas Restrepo, Jenny Paola Lis-Gutiérrez

2023-10-21 Review
The integration of technology in the care of patients with rheumatoid arthritis during the covid-19 pandemic: a literature review

This article presents a qualitative bibliometric review that used a combination of keywords related to rheumatoid arthritis, COVID-19, and technology to analyze the available literature on the integration of technology in the care of patients with rheumatoid arthritis during the COVID-19 pandemic. 19. A review was carried out in the SCOPUS database, selecting relevant articles published between January 2020 and March 2023. The methodology consisted of five stages and analysis tools such as VOSviewer, Excel and Scopus were used. The results of the literature review indicated that the pandemic has increased the need to implement technologies in the healthcare of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Telemedicine and remote monitoring were highlighted as valuable tools for monitoring and controlling patients during this period. The integration of technology into the care of patients with rheumatoid arthritis during the COVID-19 pandemic is considered a significant improvement in quality of life and disease management. It is suggested that healthcare specialists consider the implementation of these technologies and conduct additional studies to evaluate their long-term impact.

By Matilde Bolaño-García, Keguin José González Castro

2023-09-18 Review
Current Trends in the Treatment of Heart Failure in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus and Ejection Fraction: An Analysis of the Relationship between SGLT2 and Heart Failure

Introduction: the use of glyflozines, a group of drugs, in the treatment of heart failure, diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease is analyzed. To highlight the pathophysiological mechanisms shared between these diseases and the increased risk of cardiovascular events in patients with these conditions. Glyflozines have shown benefits in all three diseases mentioned, surprising researchers for their cardiovascular effects. The article mentions the association between type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and heart failure, as well as the increased risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with DM2. Objectives: to analyze the two isoforms of sodium-glucose transporters (SGLT1 and SGLT2) and the role of SGLT2 inhibitors in promoting osmotic diuresis and glucose excretion, in relation to treatment for heart failure, diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease.
Methods: a Systematic Review of the literature was performed, which will be governed according to PRISMA guidelines. The units of analysis will be abstracts and full text of articles with randomized clinical trial design or prospective or retrospective cohort, published in Scopus, Web of Science and Pubmed, without temporal restriction.
Results: the results of this review strongly support the inclusion of T2GLS in the management strategies of heart failure in patients with diabetes mellitus. Furthermore, they suggest that these drugs can have a positive clinical impact in patients with different profiles, making them a versatile option. However, further research is needed to deepen the mechanisms of action and to explore their efficacy in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction, as well as in other subgroups of clinical interest. The incorporation of SGLT2 into current and future clinical practice may represent a significant advance in the treatment of heart failure and improve the quality of life of affected patients. Future research should focus on addressing outstanding questions and areas of uncertainty to better guide clinical decision making and improve outcomes for patients with heart failure and diabetes mellitus.

By Daniel Felipe Marin Bolívar, Javier González-Argote

2023-10-04 Review
Errors and biases in peer review

The analysis of ethical aspects in research has historically focused on those related to the design and execution of protocols, in order to protect study participants, leaving aside relevant aspects related to the subsequent dissemination of findings. However, it is important to emphasize that the vigilance and relevance of published research products is also relevant for the protection of patients. The peer review process is a vitally important element in the scientific publication process, therefore, with the aim of describing errors and biases in the review of scientific articles, the present literature review was carried out. The most common errors and ethical fallacies were reviewed and alternatives to avoid them were explained. By implementing the elements referred to, the quality of peer reviews can be considerably improved, contributing positively to the process of dissemination and growth of science.

By Carlos Canova-Barrios

2023-10-20 Review
Stimulation of vocational and professional interests by means of educational guidance

In Cuba, orientation is elementary for each process, especially if it is the process of choosing the future profession, the educational psychologist must understand and help in it. This plays a very important role in the choice of the student's future profession, he must accompany him at every step and guide him according to his interests and abilities, and not only him, but also the family, a determining factor in this decision. Given the importance of this topic, the work addresses concepts and assessments, as well as includes an investigation carried out at the "Enrique Hart Dávalos" mixed center of primary and secondary education in the Mayabeque province, in which problems were detected in vocational guidance and professional training aimed at stimulating vocational and professional interests. Based on the difficulties detected through the application of interviews with managers, teachers and a sample of thirty students, a system of activities is designed to counteract these problems.

By Massiel Belén Muñiz Pujol, Lietty Caridad García Vera, Jenifer de la Caridad Gorrita Álvarez

2023-09-29 Review
The Ethical Crossroads of Personal Data Collection

En la actualidad, experimentamos una revolución tecnológica sin precedentes, donde la convergencia de la inteligencia artificial, las tecnologías de la información y comunicación “TIC”, la analítica de grandes conjuntos de datos, la infraestructura en la nube, el aprendizaje automático y la Internet de las cosas “IoT” redefine fundamentalmente la interacción con la información, los servicios y la toma de decisiones. La transparencia se erige como un principio fundamental, exigiendo autenticidad, valor genuino e integridad por parte de marcas y empresas.
Asistimos a un cambio paradigmático en la relación entre las personas y la tecnología, desde la inteligencia artificial hasta la Internet de las cosas IoT, reconfigurando la manera en que vivimos, trabajamos y nos comunicamos. La sociedad se sumerge en una completa transformación digital, remodelando sectores enteros y dando forma a una nueva economía digital.
La inteligencia artificial y las TIC construyen una sociedad interconectada, alterando la dinámica social, la participación ciudadana y la forma en que consumimos información. Esta rápida introducción de tecnologías desafía estructuras tradicionales, exigiendo adaptabilidad tanto a nivel individual como organizacional.
En 2024, la ética en el manejo de datos se convierte en un pilar crucial para cultivar la confianza. A medida que la privacidad, la equidad en el acceso a la tecnología y la seguridad de los datos se vuelven temas candentes, la atención se centra en la implementación de principios éticos como equidad, confidencialidad, claridad y responsabilidad.
El enfoque en la adaptación personalizada, junto con la privacidad y seguridad de los datos, destaca como una prioridad en 2024. Aunque se busca la personalización, la transparencia en la adquisición y uso de datos se vuelve imperativa para las empresas. El año se proclama como “el año de los datos”, donde la forma en que las marcas utilicen sus datos marcará la diferencia entre prosperar y perecer.
En términos de cifras y datos generales, se espera que la cantidad de información producida y consumida mundialmente se duplique para 2025, alcanzando los 97 zettabytes. La relevancia estratégica de los datos se destaca, con el 87 % de los anunciantes considerando los datos como su activo más infrautilizado.
El porcentaje de datos valiosos con potencial de análisis ha crecido del 22 % al 37 % entre 2012 y 2020, consolidando la percepción de que los datos son la nueva mina de oro en el ámbito de los negocios digitales. El mercado de grandes conjuntos de datos está valuado actualmente en 138,9 mil millones de dólares y sigue en aumento.
La Industria 4,0 depende cada vez más de la adopción de tecnologías de Big Data e inteligencia artificial (IA). Actualmente, un 48,5 % de las organizaciones utilizan los datos como motor para impulsar la innovación.
En 2024, se destaca la necesidad de que los datos y la IA vayan de la mano para aprovechar su poder. Sin embargo, la mayoría de las estructuras organizativas aún enfrentan desafíos para abordar eficazmente este cambio de paradigma. Se prevé que la inteligencia artificial y los algoritmos desempeñen un papel significativo en determinar elecciones de compra, preferencias políticas, elecciones de pareja, planificación familiar, gestión de la salud y recomendaciones médicas en un futuro próximo. Las tendencias para 2024 incluyen la intensificación del uso de estructuras de datos limpias, la implementación efectiva de estas y un aumento en soluciones “caja negra” de IA. Esto se refiere a sistemas de IA y modelos de aprendizaje automático que funcionan de manera oculta al entendimiento humano, impulsados por complejos modelos matemáticos y conjuntos de datos de alta dimensión. Grandes empresas tecnológicas están acelerando su apoyo al marketing impulsado por la IA.

By David Tamayo Salazar, Myriam Gricelda Tayo Ugsha, Alexis Santiago Corrales Freire, Anthonny Vinicio Pazmiño Herrera

2023-10-04 Review
Rural tourism management from an entrepreneurial approach and its impact on local development

Tourism has the capacity to diversify the economy due to its transformative nature, mainly through the practice of various tourism modalities. In the case of rural communities, strategies can be implemented to expand productive capacities and competencies, if they are managed as a complement to traditional economic activities, and keeping in mind that a fundamental element in the matrix of territorial economic development is the business segment. Therefore, the objective of this article was to determine the management capacity of rural tourism through the business fabric of a rural setting. Scientific observation and documentary analysis were used as methods, which allowed determining the different factors that lead to the integration of tourist activity as a factor of local development in the Cuban municipality. In addition, the main elements that favor or limit the management of Cuban rural areas for tourism purposes were analyzed, based on work experiences in Avilanian municipalities. The conclusion was reached that tourism activity is a feasible opportunity, its management leads to the implementation of actions that articulate and stimulate the activation of rural heritage, in correspondence with the demands of the tourism market, where the actors involved carry out the business framework that conditions the gradual development of tourism based on the characteristics of each territory.

By Dailén Noa Guerra, Kenia González González

2023-10-10 Review
Nursing care and its humanization from the ethical and an esthetic

Introduction: nursing has been postulated as a science since the birth of modern Nursing, when it emerged in Nightingale's thought to train professionals in this area of knowledge. However, considering its humanization from the ethical and aesthetic is the focus of researchers' attention. The postulates in this regard show several aspects, which leave Nursing care and its concepts in perspective.
Objective: analyze humanization nursing care from the ethical and aesthetic point of view.
Methods: integrative review for a critical and reflective analysis of contents of documents published between 2019-2023 with a methodology and theoretical reference. Keywords identified in DeCS and MeHS and Boolean operators were used: “Nursing care” AND “Nursing” AND “Holistic nursing” AND “Nursing theory” AND “science”. The search strategy was carried out in the SciELO, Medigraphic, index databases. The flow chart (PRISMA) was used to formulate the search strategy, 76 articles were identified and reviewed, of which 12 were useful regarding the evolution of the category. The following inclusion criteria were considered: original or review studies, available in full text, that declared the methodology applied, published in English and Spanish.
Conclusions: the systematization and analysis of the conceptions of Nursing care in its humanized approach from ethics and aesthetics shows congruences marked by the interpersonal relationships in which affections and communication converge, as a dynamic process that allows the demonstration of professional skills.

By Anibal Espinosa Aguilar, Michel Oria Saavedra, Gloria Concepción Rojas Ruíz, Carlos Oscar Lepez, Irene Amelia Simeoni, Romina Caballero, Zunilda Elizabeth Duré Benítez, Lucas Daniel Fleitas Sánchez

2023-10-04 Review
Deforestation and its degrading effect on the environment

Nature, home to animal and plant species, is suffering the rigors of man's equivocal actions, and species are gradually becoming extinct, water sources disappear, soils are destroyed, the air is rarefied, forests are devastated, leading the planet to a state of agony, where if this situation is not reversed, all forms of life on Earth will succumb. In fact, such a panorama must lead to reflection in order to generate mechanisms for its approach, since the planet demands it, given the different consequences that arise and that deserve immediate attention. Among the problems that affect the environment, there is deforestation, a fact that involves removing a significant number of trees from a geographical space, which triggers a series of adverse effects on the environment. Starting from the preceding approaches, this article aimed to analyze deforestation and its degrading effect on the environment. The study was supported by a documentary-type investigation, using the author of the appropriate techniques and instruments for this purpose. It was concluded that to understand the dimension of this problem, that 80 % of plant and animal species have their home in forests, so that when their habitat disappears, their survival is also injured

 

By Yeriny del Carmen Conopoima Moreno

2023-10-10 Review
The social construction of reality

In different times the social construction has been different based on their models and has been updated with different thoughts and way of seeing things, in the seventies the social construction had generated an impact to sociology, giving rise to rumors and provocative games leaving in prejudice what will say of the other parties prejudging and limiting on the same, This is analyzed by the text "Ethnomethodology", however, it should be noted that in the different authors there is a different thinking with respect to sociology, society and culture based on the way of thinking of man, the actions that can be performed, norms and behaviors in which the actions will be reflected in the social, daily and cultural order. This article reviews essential aspects of the social construction of reality.

By Juana Dolores Ramirez, Carlos Oscar Lepez

2023-10-21 Review
Navigating the 21st Century: The Internationalization of the Curriculum and Critical Competencies for the Future

This article thoroughly explores the intersection between curriculum internationalization and critical 21st Century competencies, unraveling how these educational practices can converge to form highly skilled individuals prepared for a constantly changing world. The internationalization of the curriculum is not limited only to the inclusion of global content in teaching, but also extends to the promotion of an international mentality and the integration of intercultural experiences in the educational process. This approach is revealed as a key catalyst for the development of 21st Century skills, among which critical thinking, problem solving, collaboration, effective communication and adaptability stand out. The methodology is based on a comprehensive review of academic and research literature, as well as the exploration of relevant reports and documents. This rigorous search identified emerging trends, persistent challenges and palpable benefits associated with the convergence of curriculum internationalization and 21st Century competencies. The results reveal a strong link between internationalization and the development of key competencies. Exposure to diverse cultural perspectives and participation in international experiences not only enrich academic training, but also foster creativity and the ability to solve problems in innovative ways. Furthermore, it highlights how internationalization contributes to the development of socio-emotional competencies, such as empathy and cultural awareness. Academic mobility, in particular, emerges as a crucial vehicle for cultivating these skills, as students immerse themselves in diverse cultural environments, broadening their horizons and promoting a deeper understanding of social dynamics. In the workplace, the benefits of the internationalization of the curriculum are manifested in the greater employability of graduates. Intercultural skills, adaptability and global mentality are positioned as assets highly valued by workers, marking individuals with international experiences as ideal candidates for an increasingly globalized labor market.

By Ricardo Javier Albarracín Vanoy

2023-09-23 Review
Reflections on Teacher Identity: Epistemological Perspectives on Clinical Simulation

The construction of teacher identity in the realm of clinical simulation is a complex and multifaceted process. This paper offers a theoretical reflection on the fundamental elements that shape this identity, focusing particularly on the application of active learning methodologies.
We explore how various educational theories and pedagogical practices influence the formation and evolution of educators within the health education system. By breaking down the components of teacher identity, from the philosophical perspective to practical implementation, we seek to enrich the quality of education in simulation. This analysis aims not only to critically reflect on our pedagogical practices but also to highlight their impact on the preparation of highly competent health professionals, adapted to the needs of the healthcare world. Our work underscores the importance of reflective and adaptable teaching, essential for the development of exceptional health professionals.

By Diego Andrés Díaz-Guio, Mauricio Rojas, Alejandra Ricardo-Zapata

2023-10-03 Review
Customs transformation: an analysis of the application of artificial intelligence in Bogotá's customs offices

The constant evolution of the implementation of artificial intelligence (AI) in different sectors represents a crucial milestone in the modernization and efficiency of customs processes. This article offers an exhaustive review of the updated literature, providing a detailed view of the advances, applications and challenges surrounding this technological transformation in the specific customs area of the Colombian capital. In the global context of the growing complexity of international trade, the Customs are facing increasing pressure to streamline processes, ensure the security and accuracy of transactions, and provide a more efficient experience for importing and exporting businesses. AI emerges as a key tool to address these challenges, and its application in Bogotá is presented as a relevant case study. The review addresses the theoretical foundations of AI, from machine learning algorithms to neural networks, providing a comprehensive framework to understand how these technologies have been integrated into customs operations. Success stories and challenges found in other regions of the world are highlighted to contextualize the implementation of AI in Bogotá. The analysis of the results focuses on customs operations and decision-making. Efficiency in merchandise classification and verification, identifying patterns for fraud detection, and optimizing processing times are key areas where AI has demonstrated its positive impact. In addition, improvements in the transparency and traceability of operations are explored, contributing to a more reliable customs environment. On the other hand, it also addresses the methodology used in this review, including the selection of relevant studies, the sampling strategy and the inclusion criteria. The target population, which encompasses customs entities, importing and exporting companies, and government actors, underlines the breadth and importance of the sample in representing the different sectors involved.

By Ricardo Javier Albarracín Vanoy

2023-10-21 Review
Academic networks from university management for knowledge production mode 3.0

Today academic networks have no limit of place, time and space, for the development of actions and objectives, however, the sponsorship or a main niche of a university is essential for its optimization and durability, corroborating its scientificity, it can be sustained. economically although they carry out self-management for their sustainability, endorse and grant spaces or credentials in their knowledge production. The purpose is to propose academic networks from the conception of university management as a result of the production of knowledge in the 3.0 mode. The methodology is assumed from the postpositivist approach, qualitative research focused on the participatory action research (PAR) method. The socialization and discussion of the experiences focus on the following results and conclusions: a) parallelism of the contemporary age in human generations, the following stand out: technological migrants, technological transition, digital natives and those of virtual life; b) in the comparative analysis of the modes of knowledge production, it is evident that academic networks, due to their collaborative, multidisciplinary, hyperconnected and multi-referential nature, produce knowledge in a 3.0 mode and; c) in the historical parallelism of the modes of knowledge production and contemporary generations, it is clear that academic networks, already working daily in digital spaces, adapt to the current generational context marked by the route of industry 4.0, as they are Part of university management involves updating the way of research by applying the production of generated 3.0 knowledge, which must be the latest.

By Yesenia Centeno de López, Claudia Zuriaga Bravo

2023-10-10 Review
The reemergence of whooping cough in the 21st century. Literature review and update

Whooping cough (pertussis) caused by Bordetella pertussis is a highly contagious respiratory tract infection. continues to be a global public health problem. The World Health Organization reported 151,074 cases of pertussis worldwide and estimated 89 000 deaths in 2018. In recent years, pertussis epidemics have been observed in countries that have maintained high vaccination coverage. According to the official report of the Ministry of Health and Sports, the total accumulated cases of Coqueluche in Bolivia reach 756, of which 469 are up to 5 years old and 287 older than that age range and 8 deaths had to be regretted until August 10, 2023. Coqueluche is a notifiable disease. It is important to reflect that infectious diseases have no borders; a relevant question would be whether Bolivia is prepared or is failing to control this outbreak of reemerging disease, after COVID-19. We should not lower our guard or dismiss early action; new preventive strategies are needed

By Jhossmar Cristians Auza-Santiváñez, Ruben Omar Colque-Mollo, Roberto Carlos Jiménez-Fernández, Rommer Alex Ortega Martinez, Antonio Viruez-Soto, Joel Gutiérrez-Beltrán

2023-10-21 Review
Behavior of self-compacting concrete with technological advances in the application of new materials and their influence on the behavior of its physical-mechanical properties - A Review

Self-compacting concrete is one of the most innovative materials of the moment in the construction industry, being one of the most required due to its high resistance. In this systematic review, the behavior of self-compacting concrete with the incorporation of new materials was analyzed. The objective is to determine which material, when incorporated into self-compacting concrete, has presented a large improvement in its physical-mechanical properties in a fresh and hardened state, based on the search for documents, of which there were 50, of which the following bases stand out. digital data such as: DYNA, ELSEVIER, IOPSCIENCE, MDPI, SCIELO, SCOPUS among others. Thus, obtaining results in Spanish and English, from this, through eligibility criteria such as temporality, access, its results, its focus on the object of study, 30 were selected. Where, the following conclusion was reached, for buildings self-compacting concrete with the addition of hooked hybrid fibers and micro steel have presented better results in eliminating cracking, likewise the incorporation of ashes in self-compacting concrete at a structural level has presented great benefits in compression resistance, this is supported by research and His studies carried out on the properties in the fresh state such as workability and in the hardened state improving resistance to compression and bending.

By Colunche Idrogo Adamari Nayeli, Leydi Mildred Mayta Tanta, Elvia Del Carpio Alarcon, Bertha Silvana Vera Barrios, Alberto Cristobal Flores Quispe

2023-10-10 Review
Machine Learning for predicting climate change in the environment: Review

Climate changes currently occur abruptly and immediately being unpredictable by the population, causing damage and material losses, but with the support of current technologies, such as artificial intelligence: machine learning, will help us to anticipate these events. Therefore, this review aims to analyze the effectiveness of machine learning for the prediction of climate changes in the environment, to provide the validity of its performance and improvement. The methodology employed in this systematic review consisted of using PICO to establish eligibility criteria by grouping them into components that were finally reduced to PIOC, with which the following question was established, To what extent does Machine Learning improve the prediction of climate changes in the environment? which gave way to the development of the keywords for the creation of the search equation. Subsequently, the PRISMA methodology was used to discard articles by exclusion and inclusion, starting with a base of 2020 articles and after applying all the filters, 22 articles were included in the SLR. The results showed that machine learning showed superior performance in unraveling complex and interactive associations between environment and plant diversity, furthermore the ELM method generally provided superior accuracy to the other methods in predicting monthly soil temperatures at various depths. It was concluded that machine learning is an effective method that stands out among the other types of artificial intelligence showing a positive relationship to predict temperature changes in the environment, according to the approach presented, the most effective model that suits the research should be applied to obtain better results.

By Brescia Fernández-Baldeón, Deyvis Quino-Pulache, Brian Meneses-Claudio

2023-10-04 Review
Motivational affective training and personal growth of health technologists, role of tutors

Introduction: cuban health shows comparable indicators with those of developed countries, the comprehensive training of technologists, who respond to the needs of society, stands out. Continuing and raising these quality budgets is currently a challenge for the medical university, which faces a student who lacks personal and psychological tools to manage his favorable transit through the institution.
Objective: to reflect on the need for motivational affective training in the university educational context for the personal growth of health technologists.
Methodology: methods of the theoretical level were used: the analytical-synthetic and the historical-logical; that allowed the approach to the theoretical foundations that support the process of motivational affective training in the educational context for the sake of personal growth of students; as well as the compression of its components and dimensions with the adoption of postures.
Results: the necessary articulation between the motivational affective and personal growth is recognized in comprehensive training, teachers must assume it as a planned, dynamic and multifactorial process, in such a way that their practice is effective and achieves personal and professional transformation. of students from the intra and extracurricular.
Conclusions: the teacher must plan, guide and conduct the motivational affective training, as a component in the comprehensive training of health technologists for the sake of their personal growth, always based on the individual and collective needs of the students, considering the context in which it develops.

By Zaddys Ahimara, Yanetsy García Acevedo, Zuly del Carmen Ontiveros Cepeda

2023-10-08 Review
Quality with underlying epistemological criteria

Introduction: the fact that a term is freely used and decoded according to the nature in which it is intended to be applied or towards the semiotic sense that the reader assigns to it implies a review of the various ways in which it is interpreted and to the origin of the concept of quality, and it is often observed that the concept of quality is given a partial and not integral content. The objective of the work is directed to the theoretical description of quality in health, detailing concepts, characteristics and application.
Methods: qualitative, narrative and exploratory study based on literature review.
Development: quality of care is the set of technical-scientific, material and human characteristics that the health care provided to beneficiaries must have, in order to achieve the possible effects that will result in the greatest number of healthy years of life and a cost that is socially and economically viable for the system and its members. Its characteristics are timeliness, agility, accessibility, continuity, sufficiency, safety, comprehensiveness and integrity, logical-scientific rationality, cost-effectiveness, efficiency, humanity, information, transparency, consent and degree of user satisfaction; in a technical and applied sense, several models have been used in quality evaluation, among which the pioneer Donabedian stands out, who developed a model based on three areas: structure, process and results; Galán developed another model focused on the evaluation of the attributes of quality: care, demand, supply, process, results and impact.
Conclusions: quality in Health is made up of a set of values, principles, policies and action strategies aimed at promoting change and improvement activities in the organization, in order to obtain the greatest satisfaction of the staff and the patient; and it must be defined, planned, programmed, its real cost determined, evaluated and, fundamentally, led by the management teams.

By Romina Caballero, Irene Amelia Simeoni, Carlos Oscar Lepez

2023-10-20 Review
The Evolution of Treatments for Acute Ischemic Stroke and Correlated Medical Knowledge: A Historical Analysis

This retrospective article examines the evolution of treatments for Acute Ischemic Stroke (AIS) over three decades. From initial attempts in the 1970s to the introduction of recombinant Tissue Plasminogen Activator (r-tPA) in 1995, significant progress is highlighted. Mechanical thrombectomy, using devices such as Merci Retriever and Solitaire®, provides alternatives for patients unsuitable for chemical thrombolysis. The comparison between thrombolysis and thrombectomy, along with their combined use, underscores the need for individualized assessments.
Despite challenges, advances in imaging technology extend therapeutic windows. The introduction of advanced equipment and artificial intelligence-assisted analysis tools enhances precise detection of penumbra areas. While challenges persist, such as a lack of awareness among some physicians, research and clinical application offer an optimistic outlook. Personalization of therapies, expansion of therapeutic windows, and integration of technology promise to improve outcomes and quality of life. In this landscape, a promising future is envisioned where innovation and personalization will transform AIS care.

By Eduardo Paglioni Salama, Lucas Oliveira Gonçalves Pita, Livia de Souza Oliveira Durante Pita

2023-04-18 Review
The Wyclif case in late medieval England: an example of the interaction between philosophy, politics, social criticism and language

At the end of the 14th century, England came to face stages of fiscal suffocation due to the already long Hundred Years' War with France (dde. 1337); is witness to the violent peasant-urban uprising of 1381 and its even more violent repression, and is moved by Enrique Bolingbroke's coup against Richard II, within the framework of a dialectic between authority and negotiation between crown and nobility, typical of of the pre-absolutist stage of the European national states. Within this context, a priest and preacher who ranks among the leading philosophers and theologians of the second half of the century at Oxford, Europe's second leading academic world, John Wyclif (c. 1330-1284), infuses with his fiery preaching a spirit of criticism and reform that marks the social pulse, religiosity, literature and language of subsequent decades. This is what is known as the Lollard movement, which the ecclesiastical establishment of the following decades configured as a heresy that was the object of persecution until almost the middle of the 15th century. Among its main emergents is the so-called Wyclifite Bible (c. 1390-1420), an anonymous corpus of Middle English texts decisive for the establishment and maturation of the modern English language. We are before a rare case of a heresy of university origin; a complex phenomenon, impossible to approach, except through various disciplines: the histories of philosophy, theology and spirituality; the social, economic history and of the national states; the history of language and literature; that of texts, their fixation and transmission. At stake is the relationship between the preachers or "poor priests", the uprising and its program, the program of Wyclif himself, the university students and power (in its double ecclesiastical and secular facet, typically medieval).

By Carolina Julieta Fernández

2023-05-08 Review
Ligation-dependent multiplex probe amplification for rapid diagnosis of aneuploidy. Systematic review

Purpose of the review: In Cuba, an alternative is currently available in those cases where karyotyping is not possible or is inconclusive, in such cases the main aneuploidies are discarded using fluorescence in situ hybridization. Its use is very expensive and involves an intense workload. Among the molecular studies that have gained greater repercussion in the world scientific literature as a means for the determination of the number of copies of a genomic segment is the ligation-dependent multiplex amplification of probes.
Aim: To evaluate multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification as a feasible technique for use in the determination of major aneuploidies by searching the scientific literature.
Search method: Pubmed/Medline and Google Scholar were used. The following search strategy was used: "(MLPA OR multiplex OR ligation-dependent) AND (aneuploidy OR trisomy) AND amniotic". Only full-text articles were selected; mainly those reflecting their use in prenatal diagnosis using amniotic fluid as a sample.
Conclusions: The use of APLM could mean obtaining results in less time, with lower costs per case and less workload, among other advantages. However, specialists consider that more studies should be carried out before using it as the only technique for the identification of aneuploidy.

By Michel Soriano Torres, Alejandro Esperón Álvarez, Anduriña Barrios Martínez, Luis A Méndez Rosado

2023-06-16 Event brief review
Advances in the application of genetics to medical diagnosis

By Estela Morales Peralta

2023-09-21 Systematic reviews or meta-analyses
Fecal microbiota and Clostridium transplantation: Strategies for intestinal balance

Introduction: fecal Matter Transplantation is a method based on the administration of a processed and prepared fecal suspension from a healthy individual to another patient with the aim of restoring intestinal microbiota balance by manipulating the microbiota to the carrier of the specific disease with the goal of achieving its resolution.

Objectives: to describe the scientific evidence on fecal microbiota transplantation strategies to restore intestinal balance and reduce Clostridium difficile infections.

Material and methods: a Systematic Review of the literature was carried out, which will be governed according to PRISMA guidelines. The units of analysis will be abstracts and full text of articles with randomized clinical trial design or prospective or retrospective cohort, published in Scopus, Web of Science and Pubmed, without temporal restriction.

Results: the results of this review support the efficacy of FMT in the treatment of CRID and provide valuable information on the restoration of intestinal balance. However, further research and rigorous clinical trials are required to fully understand the mechanisms underlying these effects and to optimize treatment protocols. FMT has the potential to be a valuable tool in clinical practice and in the fight against recurrent intestinal infections, as well as in reducing antibiotic resistance.

By Pedro Afonso Santos Luna, Javier González-Argote

2023-09-23 Systematic reviews or meta-analyses
Exploring the connections between Microbiome and Dementia: systematic review

Introduction: disturbance in the balance of the intestinal microbiota, as an ecosystem, determines states of dysbiosis and dysregulation of the immune system, which are crucial for the onset of gastrointestinal and systemic diseases. Dementia is defined as an acquired syndrome, characterized by cognitive impairment and changes in mood or personality, which are severe enough to hinder social and occupational performance.
Objectives: to describe the scientific evidence on the relationship between the gut microbiome and the onset/progression of dementia, and how it influences the underlying pathological mechanisms of different types of dementia.
Methods: a search was conducted in Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science from January 2000 to October 2022. Selecting abstracts of cohort and case-control studies evaluating the relationship between the gut microbiome and the onset/progression of dementia.
Results: the results of this review suggest that there is a significant interaction between gut microbiota and mental health, supporting the idea that the gut and brain are bidirectionally connected through the gut-brain axis. However, it is important to note that many of these studies have limitations, such as small sample sizes and varied research designs, making it difficult to draw definitive conclusions. Therefore, more research is needed to fully understand the underlying mechanisms and clinical relevance of these relationships.
Conclusions: this systematic review provides a comprehensive overview of the interaction between gut microbiota and mental health in diverse populations. The results suggest that gut microbiota may play an important role in mental health, but further studies are needed to confirm and better understand these relationships. These results have significant implications for research and the development of interventions targeting the gut microbiota as a potential approach to improve mental health in various conditions.

By Antonio Matheus Teixeira Leite, Javier González-Argote

2023-10-10 Systematic reviews or meta-analyses
Superplasticizing admixtures to control the heat of hydration of conventional concrete in urban buildings

A systematic review was carried out on the influence of superplasticizing admixtures for the control of the hydration heat of conventional concrete, focused on decision making in construction processes of urban buildings during the period 2012-2022, through the identification of research papers published in high impact indexed journals such as Scopus, ScienceDirect, Tylor & Francis, Ebsco and Proquest. The study was carried out by applying certain search parameters that allowed the analysis of a total of 10 026 publications, which were organized according to their distribution by year of publication, country of origin, area of knowledge and type of publication. In this way, a bibliometric analysis was carried out, obtaining that, with 615 publications, China is the Asian country with the highest number of records during the period indicated, with the year 2021 being the period with the highest number of publications, 236 articles published. The area of knowledge with the highest number of bibliographic contributions was Engineering, with 44 % of the contributions. Once the information was organized through the necessary figures and tables, a bibliographic analysis was carried out taking into account some examples as contributions in the bibliography of some authors in each of the aspects studied, with the purpose of knowing their position on the proposed topic, concluding that: Through the use of superplasticizing admixtures it is possible to control the hydration heat of the concrete mix, reduce the amount of cement per m3, as well as, speed up the construction process on site.

By Luisvar Erlin Barco Cordova, Elvia Del Carpio , Arquimedes Vargas-Luque, William Franko Peña Renteria, Gerson Jonatan Donayre Loayza

2023-10-04 Systematic reviews or meta-analyses
Application of blockchain technology for information security in the financial sector

This study focuses on the impact of Blockchain Technology on the financial sector, specifically on improving information security. The complexity in the implementation of this technology and the resistance to change on the part of financial institutions that already have established systems are identified as main problems. The objectives of the study include the determination of improvement solutions from Blockchain Technology, the comparison of their applicability in the financial field and the proposal of strategies for their effective implementation. The methodology used consisted of a systematic review of 11 scientific articles collected since 2018. Of these, 82 % used the deductive method as a research approach, while 54 % used technological information as the main sample for their studies. The findings highlighted the relevance of Blockchain in financial markets, emphasizing its consensus mechanisms and its robust focus on information security. A trend was also observed in the use of this technological resource to guarantee the integrity of data in the financial field. In conclusion, it is highlighted that Blockchain Technology offers significant potential to improve security in financial operations. However, it is recognized that its full adoption faces technical challenges, as well as resistance and adaptation from already established institutions in the financial field. Despite these difficulties, there is a growing interest in exploring and developing strategies to effectively incorporate Blockchain Technology in the financial sector, seeking its use and benefit in the face of constant advances in information security.

By Jefferson Fernandez-Morin, Kevin Torrejon-Mundaca, Brian Meneses-Claudio

2023-09-23 Systematic reviews or meta-analyses
Treatment and effectiveness of scabies in first cycle with permethrin 5 % in pediatric population

Introduction: the goals of treatment are eradication of the mites from the infected individual, prevention of spread of scabies to other individuals, relief of associated pruritus, and recognition and treatment of complications. Treatment generally includes everyone in the household, even if they have no symptoms: symptoms can take 4-6 weeks to develop after a person is infested. Scabies is most commonly treated with 5 % permethrin dermal cream.
Objectives: to describe the factors associated with response to treatment and effectiveness of a first course of 5 % permethrin in a pediatric population with scabies.
Material and methods: an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective, retrospective study will be carried out through the study of clinical records from a primary health care center in Avellaneda, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. The study period will include records from January 2020 to September 2022. The study population will be pediatric patients receiving care at the center and diagnosed with scabies.

By César Ullón, Javier González-Argote

2023-10-08 Systematic reviews or meta-analyses
Electronic medical record and its impact on health care and management. A systematic review between the years 2013 – 2023

The adoption of Electronic Health Records (EHR) has revolutionized the landscape of healthcare and healthcare management in recent decades. These technological systems have been the subject of extensive interest and study to understand their impact on improving patient care and efficiency in health management. For this reason, this study proposes to evaluate the impact of the use of electronic medical records on health care and management. In addition, the study includes a systematic review of the literature of research carried out between 2013 and 2023 on the use of the Electronic Health Record (EHR) focused on patient care and health management. The PICO methodology was used to formulate the search equation in the Scopus database. To select the studies, the PRISMA methodology was used through 3 stages: identification, screening, and inclusion, obtaining a total of 17 articles for review, according to inclusion and exclusion eligibility criteria. At the beginning of the systematic search, 56400 studies were found, 5220 were related to health care, 244 researchers work carried out between 2013 and 2023 focused on health management. Also, 17 studies obtained at the end of the third search stage, 42,11 % indicated that the EHR facilitates medical care, 21,05 % indicated that it provides better safety and greater patient satisfaction. On the other hand, 36,36 % and 45,45 % mentioned that with the EHR there is a good quality of care and better clinical management, respectively, compared to the use of paper medical records. In conclusion, the EHR offers benefits in medical care and facilitates decision making at the health management level. Its interoperability means that clinical management is integrated with all other medical systems to provide quality care, despite certain limitations that persist in the health field.

By José Morales-Camargo, Brian Meneses-Claudio

2023-10-08 Systematic reviews or meta-analyses
Using Artificial Intelligence for sign language translation: a systematic literature review

Introducción: en esta revisión sistemática de literatura se analizó el uso de la inteligencia artificial en la traducción de lenguajes de señas para personas con pérdida de la audición y habla. Esta revisión tiene como objetivo identificar los resultados de la aplicación de la inteligencia artificial a la traducción del lenguaje de señas. Método: 462 artículos, originales y conference papers en SCOPUS, hasta junio del 2023, y apoyándonos en proceso de selección basados en la declaración Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), de los cuales 26 estudios cumplieron criterios de exclusión e inclusión. Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) fue la técnica de aprendizaje automático más implementada en los estudios seleccionados. Resultados: Muchos sistemas de lenguajes de señas fueron puestos a prueba con varios algoritmos de inteligencia artificial y datasets en distintos continentes para crear nuevos modelos y mejorar la exactitud de la traducción de lenguaje de señas. Se identificó un creciente uso de redes neuronales para lograr una mejor eficacia en la traducción de lenguaje de señas, alcanzando resultados que oscilaron entre 90 % y el 100 % de acierto. Conclusiones: La aplicación de la inteligencia artificial ha destacado mucho en el campo de las Ciencias de la Computación y ha mejorado significativamente la precisión de traducción de los lenguajes de señas lo que ha permitido disminuir las barreras de comunicación entre las personas naturales y las personas con discapacidades de comunicación.

By Carlos Ortiz-Leon, Frank Yupanqui-Allcca, Brian Meneses-Claudio

2023-09-21 Systematic reviews or meta-analyses
Advances in the use of Ruxolitinib in the treatment of vitiligo disease

Introduction: Vitiligo is an acquired autoimmune hypomelanosis, associated with a genetic component, whose expression is usually triggered by environmental factors. Its typical symptoms are hypopigmented or apigmented macules with a progressive behavior, which makes it a relatively easy pathology to diagnose. First-generation JAK inhibitors, such as ruxolitinib, baricitinib, delgotinib and tofacitinib, are less selective and inhibit different JAKs. Therefore, JAKi could expand treatment options for various inflammatory skin diseases. By reducing the effect of all cytokines that are activated by the corresponding JAK/STAT pathway, they may be more effective than classical biologics that target a single cytokine. Objectives: to describe the scientific evidence on the efficacy and safety of advances in the use of Ruxolitinib in the treatment of vitiligo disease compared to other conventional treatments or placebo, in terms of skin repigmentation, symptom improvement and occurrence of adverse events.

Material and methods: a search was performed in Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science from January 2000 to October 2022. Selecting abstracts of cohort and case-control studies evaluating the use of Ruxolitinib in the treatment of vitiligo disease in comparison with other conventional treatments or placebo, in terms of skin repigmentation, symptom improvement and occurrence of adverse events.

Results: the results of this systematic review support the efficacy of ruxolitinib cream in the treatment of vitiligo, with significant improvements in repigmentation observed in different patient subgroups. Despite some limitations, these findings are encouraging and suggest that ruxolitinib cream may be an effective and safe treatment option for vitiligo, especially in the context of facial repigmentation. However, more research is needed to confirm these results and to better understand the mechanisms involved in this treatment. This encourages further research in this area and provides hope for patients struggling with vitiligo.

By Florencia Monteforte, Javier González-Argote

2023-10-10 Systematic reviews or meta-analyses
Relationships between Mental Well-being and Academic Performance in University Students: A Systematic Review

This article presents a systematic review on the relationships between mental well-being and academic performance in university students. The primary aim is to elucidate how different mental health states can influence academic achievement and vice versa. Through the review of existing literature, it was identified that an optimal mental health state fosters skill such as concentration, stress management, and adaptability, all essential for good academic performance. Conversely, stressful academic environments can contribute to mental health issues, highlighting the responsibility of educational institutions in providing an environment conducive to the holistic well-being of their students. The importance of training and raising awareness among academic and administrative staff for early detection and appropriate response to mental health issues was emphasized. Multifaceted interventions that address both mental well-being and academic performance were found to be particularly effective. In conclusion, this study underscores the need to adopt a holistic approach in higher education.

By Norma Narcisa Garces Garces, Zila Isabel Esteves Fajardo, María Leonor Santander Villao, Digna Rocío Mejía Caguana, Arlette Camila Quito Esteves

2023-09-18 Systematic reviews or meta-analyses
Emergency Delirium Prevention with Dexmedetomidine in Pediatrics

Introduction: Prevention of emergency delirium with dexmedetomidine in pediatric patients is a topic of growing interest in medical practice and clinical research. Emergency delirium, also known as pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) delirium syndrome, is a severe neuropsychiatric disorder affecting critically ill children and adolescents. Objectives: To comprehensively analyze the available scientific literature in order to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of dexmedetomidine as a pharmacological agent in the prevention of emergency delirium in pediatric patients. Material and methods: A Systematic Review of the literature will be carried out in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. The units of analysis will be the abstracts and full text of papers with randomized clinical trial design or prospective or retrospective cohort, published in Scopus, Web of Science and Pubmed, without temporal restriction. Results: The systematic review indicates that dexmedetomidine shows promise in reducing the incidence of postoperative delirium, emergence delirium, and pain in various surgical populations. These findings have significant clinical implications, especially for elderly patients and children undergoing specific procedures. The safety profile of dexmedetomidine was generally acceptable, with no major adverse events reported. In conclusion, while the systematic review suggests that dexmedetomidine may offer benefits in preventing postoperative delirium and improving perioperative outcomes, further research is needed to establish the optimal dose, refine assessment methods, and explore its long-term effects. Dexmedetomidine promises to be a valuable tool in pediatric and geriatric surgical settings, with the potential to improve patient care and recovery.

By Gabrielly Araujo Barreto, Javier González-Argote

2023-09-21 Systematic reviews or meta-analyses
Effect of sugarcane bagasse ash on the mechanical properties of pervious concrete

Sugarcane bagasse ash (CBCA) is a byproduct of the sugar industry that is considered as a pozzolanic material due to its high content of silica and aluminum. The study evaluates the effect of CBCA on the mechanical properties of permeable concrete. Tests were conducted on the concrete's compressive strength using 2 %, 4 %, and 6 % percentages of CBCA. The results showed that adding 2 % CBCA achieved a compressive strength of 234,61 Kg/cm2, higher than the standard sample which achieved 218,37 Kg/cm2. Adding 4 % and 6 % CBCA resulted in compressive strengths of 214,88 Kg/cm2 and 206,91 Kg/cm2, respectively. It was determined that the higher the incorporation of CBCA, the lower the compressive strength of the concrete, likely due to the low percentage of Sodium (Na) in the chemical composition of CBCA, which starts to affect the mechanical properties of the permeable concrete from day 21 of curing. Finally, it is demonstrated that CBCA is a promising additive, but further studies are suggested to evaluate its long-term effects and economic viability in large-scale concrete production.

By Jhoselin Tatiana Rojas Llanos, Joselito Bazán Hernández, Mario Pedro Rodriguez Vasquez, Alberto Cristobal Flores Quispe, Fabrizio del Carpio Delgado

2023-09-27 Systematic reviews or meta-analyses
The impact of smartphone use on childhood depression: A pediatric perspective

Introduction: the profound social and family changes experienced in recent decades have also played a decisive role in the rise of depression, especially changes in family models, competition as the axis of life (which is more important than other dimensions of existence) and the availability of mass media, which promote personal distancing.
Objectives: to describe the scientific evidence on the impact of smartphone use on childhood depression from a pediatric perspective and what are the underlying factors that influence this relationship.
Methods: a search was conducted in Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science from January 2000 to October 2023.
Results: this systematic review included several studies that evaluated different mental health interventions in various populations. Overall, we found that interventions based on smartphones, online cognitive behavioral therapy, and telemedicine had a positive impact on mental health. For example, postnatal mothers who received smartphone interventions experienced a significant reduction in depression. In addition, online therapy was shown to alleviate parental anxiety and depression and improve their quality of life. However, some studies had limitations, such as small samples or lack of effect on certain outcomes. More research would be needed to fully understand the scope and efficacy of these digital interventions.
Conclusion: this review highlights the promising efficacy of smartphone-based interventions to improve mental health in different populations. Despite limitations and challenges, the use of mobile technology in mental health care is an evolving area that could offer significant benefits in the future, transforming the way we approach and treat childhood mental health disorders.

By Pedro Victor Rangel Portal, Javier González-Argote

2023-10-21 Systematic reviews or meta-analyses
Virtual reality in communicative learning tools for children with autism spectrum disorders a systematic literature review

The use of virtual reality in communicative learning tools for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has become a common component for the treatment and improvement of their communication skills and social insertion. This review aims to identify the tools and solutions developed for communicative learning in infants with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), being these solutions an alternative therapy for communicative development. Method: A systematic literature search and selection was developed, based on the principles of the PRISMA statement. We found 103 original articles found in Scopus and filtered by keyword, of which 18 studies met the eligibility criteria for the research. Results: Technological solutions incorporating virtual reality tools showed a main advance in the communicative development of those involved in this article review, there are different solutions and forms of intervention of these tools that allow to include as a therapeutic tool for communicative improvement in children with ASD. Conclusions: It is demonstrated results obtained in each continuous intervention help to build their own scenarios, self-help in communicating with peers, differentiating danger and requesting help virtually.

By Daniel Guizado-Barrientos, Adrián Távara-Zerpa, Brian Meneses-Claudio

2023-10-08 Case Report
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis and not-associated active viral infection

Introduction: Acute disseminated encephalomielitis (ADEM) is an autoinmune disorder of the central nervous system, which causes a broad inflammatory process in the brain and spinal cord. It is characterized by the association of acute encephalopathy and multiple neurological deficits, 1 or 2 weeks after an infectious process that will not always be evident or after an immunization.
Case report: A 52- year- old male patient presented with intense headache associated with disorder of consciousness, motor deficit, aphasia and active infection with herpes simplex virus type 1. Magnetic resonance imaging of the simple skull is performed showing hyperintense images of a demyelinating nature.
Conclusion: The diagnosis of a case of ADEM with an active acute infection truly constitutes an exceptional event and of great interest, considering that the etiology of this entity is 75 percent postinfectious. Identifying in time whether they are related pathologies or not determines the choice of treatment and evolution of the patient

By Lisbel Garzón Cutiño, Maytee Olivera Vega, Sergio González García, Karen García Hernández, Lázaro Torres Campo

2023-10-03 Case Report
Chronic diarrhea in a pediatric patient with HIV

Despite advances in antiretroviral therapy (ART), diarrhea remains a common problem with HIV infection and contributes to reduced quality of life and survival in HIV-infected patientes. Diarrhea is estimated to occur in approximately 90 % of HIV/AIDS patients in developing countries and between 30 % and 60 % in developed countries. Opportunistic pathogens that cause diarrhea in HIV-infected persons include protozoa, fungi, viroses, and bacteria. Several species of protozoa belonging to Cryptosporidium, Microsporidia and Isospora, are among the most common causative pathogens responsible for significant morbility and mortality in HIV patients. The case of a pediatric patient with chronic diarrhea with HIV stage C3 in irregular treatment with antiretrovirals Abacavir, Lamivudine, Lopinavir/Ritonavir admitted to the Institute of Tropical Medicine in which Isospora belli was isolated in coproparasitological for which she received treatment is presented below with Trimetropim-Sulfamethoxazole in addition to Griseofulvin for tinea capitis and Ivermectin and Permethrin 5 % lotion for scabies. Diarrhea can cause significant morbility in HIV-positive patients and can be due to a multitude of etiologies, from infectious pathogens to malignancy to drugs. Diarrhea is also an independent predictor of reduced quality of life and, in the case of advanced HIV disease, increased mortality.

By Leticia Marín-Mundo, Telmo Raul Aveiro Róbalo

2023-10-20 Case Report
Necrotizing fasciitis after intramuscular injection in a patient with dengue with warning signs

Introduction: Necrotizing fasciitis is a rapidly progressive soft tissue infection that can destroy the epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous tissue and muscle, which will subsequently lead to sepsis, systemic toxicity, multiorgan failure and a potentially fatal outcome.
Case Report: This is a 13-year-old male patient, who had dengue fever with warning signs, who was administered three injectables in the right gluteal region. From this event, a very aggressive condition would be triggered. of necrotizing fasciitis caused by cAMP-producing Pseudomonas aureginosa.
Evolution: The treatment adopted an approach based on recommendations for antibiotic therapy, added to early debridement, intensive supportive care and management by multiple medical specialties.
Conclusions: The atypical presentation of this disease, as in the case we present, requires multidisciplinary management. Making an early diagnosis made it possible to offer immediate and timely surgical intervention, which was essential in our patient and allowed a favorable evolution and recovery.

By Roberto Carlos Jimenez-Fernandez, Tita Fernández de Jimenez, Jhossmar Cristians Auza-Santivañez, Nayra Condori-Villca, Williams Reynaldo Siñani Díaz, Ariel Sosa Remón

2023-10-03 Case Report
Revision total hip prosthesis with a primary prosthesis without bone graft

The durability of total hip prostheses and changes in surgical approaches for femoral neck fractures is a crucial issue in the medical literature. Worldwide, it has been observed that the longevity of total hip prostheses ranges from 10 to 30 years, according to several studies. This phenomenon could be due to several factors, such as differences in population demographics, variations in standards of care, or even particularities in the health and lifestyle of local patients. A 56-year-old male patient, with a history of electrocution in 2000 in which he suffered a transcervical fracture of the left hip with traumatic amputation of the right forearm; a total left hip arthroplasty with polyethylene metal head 28 was performed. It is concluded that, the clinical case highlights the need for individualized care and an adaptive approach in the management of total hip replacements, underlining that a careful approach and execution of preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative plans can lead to satisfactory and durable results, even in rare situations.

By Osvaldo Andrés González Riveros, María Mercedes Medina Villate, Fabio Ariel Bogado, Jorge Eduardo Sisa Acosta, Telmo Raul Aveiro Róbalo

2024-01-31 Case Report
Klebsiella pneumoniae Metallobetalactamase in the neonatology service of the Abel Santamaría Hospital: case report

Introducción: La emergencia de enterobacterias productoras de carbapenemasas de tipo Nueva Delhi Metalo beta-lactamasas (NDM), representan, hoy en día, un verdadero problema de salud pública mundial. La presencia de este mecanismo de resistencia limita o anula las opciones terapéuticas para combatir a estas bacterias.
Presentación de caso: Recién nacido pretérmino de 32,3 semanas de gestación y peso al nacer de 1790 gramos, nacido el día 3 de enero de 2023 con depresión neonatal ligera y sepsis neonatal precoz clínica. Se agrava presentando íctero, anemia y trombocitopenia, con hemocultivos positivos a enterobacter gergoviae y después a enterobacter aglomerans. La terapéutica antibiótica se basaba en los diferentes antibiogramas según el germen aislado sin presentar mejoría clínica. El aislamiento obtenido a enterobacter aglomerans mostraba fenotipo de resistencia KPC por lo que la muestra fue referenciada al Instituto de Medicina Tropical “Pedro Kouri”, donde se obtuvo el crecimiento de Klebsiella pneumoniae con fenotipo de resistencia metalobetalactamasa NDM, solo Sensible a colistina e Intermedia a fosfocina. Se aplican medidas de precaución por contacto y tratamiento con colistina y fosfocina. Como resultado el paciente resolvió la infección y esta no se transmitió a otros neonatos en el servicio.
Conclusiones: Las infecciones por klebsiella neumoniae NDM constituyen un peligro por las escasas opciones terapéuticas quedando como única alternativa la colistina, a causa de la resistencia a los carbapenémicos. El uso racional de antimicrobianos y la vigilancia microbiológica son importantes para su control.

By Dianelys de la Caridad Gutiérrez Catañeda, Yisel Hechavarría Gutiérrez

2023-10-23 Conference abstract
Innovation as a sustainable development strategy for education

The present research was based on analyzing innovation management as a strategy for sustainable development in the branches of the University of La Guajira, in the Department of La Guajira, Colombia. The research was descriptive in nature, with a non-experimental and transversal field design; the population consisted of 47 managers of the University of La Guajira in its five campuses. The information was collected through a questionnaire (survey) with 36 items using a scale with five response alternatives, which was validated by five content experts. To measure reliability, the Conbrach Alpha formula was applied, showing a reliable result (rtt=0,70); the analysis of results was mainly performed by means of arithmetic mean and standard deviation. The management of innovation in the sites of the University of Guajira, Colombia; is basically developed through the elements of the culture of innovation; regarding the processes of innovation management through the monitoring of the environment; and regarding the phases of innovation projects, they are focused on the planning of innovation projects and exploitation to obtain an economic benefit mainly, all together lead the Innovation Management to be Highly present in the University of Guajira and its sites. Establish a formal procedure to assimilate the new knowledge generated through the implementation of new innovation projects in order to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the processes and services carried out at the University.

By Geomar Molina-Bolívar, Iris Jiménez -Pitre

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Differences between the entrepreneurial competencies of the millennials and centennials generation in the mayan area called camino real in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

Since 2020, it has been seen that young people from the Millennia and Centennial generations participate in economic, ecological and social activities in order to join working life in the best possible way. Data from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI, 2020), indicates that 32,4 % of the Mexican population is made up of young people belonging to these generations and, although governments are making efforts to create jobs, the productive sectors have seen exceeded in the creation of these and the consequent hiring of workers, which translates into few opportunities for these generations. Entrepreneurship for the opening of new companies can help these young people in the creation of their own sources of employment, however, there is little information on the level of development of entrepreneurial skills of these Generations in the Mayan area of the Peninsula of Yucatan, Mexico. This study compares the most developed entrepreneurial skills of these generations. The study was of a quantitative approach of relational scope and non-experimental cross-sectional design, the instrument used was a questionnaire with a Likert-type scale based on the contributions of Santos and Barroso (2011). The results show a strong development in the skills of family culture and the need for the business to exist and an important area of opportunity for the skills of prior technical experience and a tolerant society, in both cases.

By Raúl Alberto Santos Valencia, Mayanin Asunción Sosa Alcaraz, Gustavo Adolfo Monforte Méndez, Shirley Leslie Couoh Huchin

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Perceptions of rural families and the incidence of an intervention based on routines (IBR). Manabi, Ecuador

This paper exposes the results of a qualitative investigation that investigates the Perceptions of Rural Families and the incidence of a Routine Based Intervention (IBR) in their empowerment and in the development of their children with disabilities in a rural environment in Manabí. Routine Based Intervention has been selected as an intervention strategy because studies on the subject indicate its effectiveness in empowering families, who acquire the knowledge and skills necessary in the care of their children with disabilities as well as more skills to administer their own needs, consequently individual and family well-being is promoted. A case study with mixed design of descriptive scope was developed. The objective of this work was to analyze, through the IBR model, how the empowerment of participating families affects, as well as the development of their children. The results obtained reveal that the families participating after the intervention have developed skills and competencies that have favored positively in the care and development of their children with disabilities, taking advantage of the daily routines that are provided by their families and other caregivers.

By María Patiño López

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Simultaneous control for timely decision making in public management, 2022

Introduction: simultaneous control is a key tool for timely decision making in public institutions.

Objective: to determine if simultaneous control contributes to timely decision making in public management, 2022.

Methodology: the research used is applied, quantitative approach, non-experimental design of longitudinal cut, descriptive, documentary and relational level, the study population was 108395 simultaneous control reports obtained from the portal of the Comptroller General of the Republic (CGR) from the period 2018 to 2022 of the 3396 entities within the scope of the National Control System (SNC). Documentary analysis technique was applied to 25265 simultaneous control reports, 19275 control visits and 63855 ex-officio orientation, with documentary analysis guide. Interviews were conducted with public managers and officials working in the national control system; the data were processed in SPSS V.26.

Results: the control services provided by the Office of the Comptroller General of the Republic (CGR) and the Institutional Control Bodies (OCIs) correspond to simultaneous control 89 % in 2018, 71 % in 2019, 75,2 % in 2020, 67 % in 2021, 71,1 % was oriented to local governments as of June 2022. Public managers corrected (mitigated) on average < 25 %; corrective actions were partly taken to mitigate warned risks. There is an average positive relationship between concurrent control and decision making (Pearson’s coefficient 0,5).

Conclusion: it is shown that there is an average positive relationship between concurrent control and timely decision making in public management. Concurrent control, control visit and ex officio guidance contribute in part to timely decision making in public management. 

By Jorge Jinchuña Huallpa, Luís Enrique Fernández Sosa, Javier Pedro Flores Arocutipa Flores Arocutipa

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Self-injury and viral challenges among adolescents

The use of the internet to search for information or share images about self-harm is an emerging risk among young people. Additionally, viral challenges involving engaging in physical self-harm and posting it on the internet are becoming increasingly prevalent. This conference analyzed the prevalence of online self-harm and viral challenges, as well as differences by gender and age. The relationship between online self-harm and intrapersonal factors (depression and anxiety) and interpersonal factors (family cohesion, social resources) were also examined. A sample of 1,877 adolescents (946 females) between the ages of 12 and 17 (mean age = 13.41, SD = 1.255) who completed self-report measures were evaluated. According to the results obtained, it was presented that 11% of adolescents had engaged in some form of online self-harm. Prevalence was significantly higher among females and adolescents over the age of is Depression and anxiety increased the risk of online self-harm, while family cohesion was a protective factor against it. In summary, the presentation emphasized that the use of the internet to share or seek information about self-harm is a problem that involves a significant proportion of adolescents. Online risk prevention programs should include emotional regulation, coping, and resilience skills to reduce the potential negative consequences of these behaviors.

By Manuel Gámez Guadix

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
"See, hear and feel": experience new ways to intertwine the struggles in the Brazilian Eastern Amazon

In the 1980s in the middle of the Brazilian Oriental Amazonia, the big Carajás program has been installed. Located between the states of Maranhão and Paraá was raised to guarantee the infrastructural conditions of mineral exploration of Cerro de Carajás, located in the state of Parar. Extinct decades later, his dynamics continued to operate until the current days. The insertion of this region in the capitalist dynamics caused a series of violations and violence to the people who live there: originating, quilombolas, riverside, urban, among others. In 2014, the GEDMMA Studies Group and the Organization of Human Rights Justiça Trilhos began a process of political formation with young people from the communities affected by these dynamics. In this talk I try to share the experience of intertwining struggles that nasció of the process with the young women. Beyond the place of political formation, from my own experience in this process, I try to reflect on the changes arising from the meeting of knowledge, subjectivities, looks among young people from different social groups that are in the communities and in the academy.

By Sislene Costa da Silva

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
Interdiscipline exercises applied to the study of urban privatization and public space in the northern corridor of the R.M.B.A

In the Urban History Research Team led by Celia Guevara we study the riparian public space of the Northern Corridor, R.M.B.A. We identify a link between urban opening and the existence of organizations in defense of public space, which led to formulating a hypothesis about the relationship between the lack of interaction between social classes and the progress of the privatization of space. Aim. Describe exercises to apply interdisciplinary methods for the study of interaction between social classes and the privatization of public space. Addressing the city as a complex system. We ask ourselves: Is the defense of public space possible when there are walls that prevent interaction between social classes? To work interdisciplinary, we investigate: what can each discipline contribute to the study of the hypothesis in its different dimensions/aspects? Based on the interpretation of the hypothesis from each discipline or in pairs, reflection on methodological strategies and discussions after field work. Elaborating coincidences and differences between disciplinary approaches. Conclusions. In a multidiscipline framework the conclusion refers to different approaches that lead to a common result.

  • Urbanism The conclusion refers to the loss of communication of the inhabitants with each other which leads to privatization.
  • Political science we would talk about different strategies to defend this space and the reaction of the inhabitants in the face of those losses.
  • Anthropology We would study the different behaviors determined by the existence of barriers and walls.
  • Urban history would allege as proof the Hispanic planning of the 16th century that privileged public space.
  • Sociology are marking a tendency to confinement and homogeneity in endo-group interactions.

By Celia Guevara, Leticia Castro, Yanina Porta

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Development and territory branding: loyalty of the worldview of cities to create cultural exchange and recognition of identity

The general objective of the research is to analyze the development and territory brand: fidelization of the worldview of cities to create cultural exchange and recognition of identity. In this sense, the historical journey of Local Development is described from the economic-dominant thought and its relationship with Marketing, from a critical, inductive-descriptive methodology. One of the outstanding features of the late 20th century is the emergence of the spatial dimension as a fundamental referent of the economy and politics, both nationally and globally. In this sense, spatial variables are increasingly determinant with the location of production, trade flows and sociopolitical aspects of development. Also in Latin America, as in the rest of the world, a new spatial logic is permeating economic, political and social processes, constituting a fundamental concern of Marketing management, aimed at achieving business objectives of the territories through Brand-Territory.

By Modesto Eloi Graterol Rivas

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Characterization of fiscal sacrifice and the importance of incorporating its cost in the public budget process: a phenomenological approach

 

This paper reveals that the characterization of tax sacrifice depends on the interdisciplinary treatment given to the issue of tax expenditures and tax benefits. The feelings of subjects with experience in this matter are expressed, providing interpretations to the following questions: How can tax sacrifice be characterized in the regulatory framework of the Venezuelan context? Which tax benefits are considered tax expenditures? In order to answer this question, it is proposed that tax sacrifice comprises an economic effort by the State that affects the development of certain economic sectors and the fulfillment of social objectives aimed at improving the collective welfare. The methodology assumed is of a dialogic nature, from Husserl’s phenomenology (1997), as an approach and method, which tries to understand, in an immediate way, the world of man through an intellectual vision based on the intuition of the thing itself. The instruments used for the collection of information are represented by semi-structured interviews applied to key informants, as well as a structured intentional analysis matrix (Krippendorff, 1990) according to the dimensions of the study. In closing, the following categories were revealed: Phenomenological characterization of tax sacrifice; Effects of tax sacrifice on the budget formulation process; and, Identification of the approach to define reference taxes and tax expenditures present in the national taxation regulatory framework.

By Johnny Monasterio-Pérez, Idana Beroska Rincón Soto

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Valuation of tourist stories from an interdisciplinary perspective

Tourism practice nourishes stories that allow the interpretation of attractions. Its design is usually hand in hand with a marketing of tourist destinations that responds to hegemonic interests. These are frequently elaborated from a positivist perspective, lacking a critical view of specific socio -historical processes. In this way, the seemingly neutral reproduction of these speeches replicates the idea of ​​a mythical past, away from territorial reality. Are there new ways to develop these stories that move away from empty looks? What tools can allow their renewal, without losing historical rigor? How could these new forms contribute to the authenticity of tourist experiences?

This communication reflects on the possibilities that recent history can contribute to the creation of new tourist stories from interdiscipline. To do this, it takes as a prison in the city of Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego, also known as the end of the end of the world, today converted into a museum and a complementary attraction of the offer of this destination.

The current interpretation of this attraction emphasizes crystallized historical aspects in the prison processes of the first half of the twentieth century and set aside the socio -historical linkage of this space to the recent Fuegian reality. In this sense, the idea of ​​the negative as part of the past is presented and leaves the present exempt from conflict.

In this context, recent history enriches tourist stories by providing various data that clarifies and diversify consolidated constructs around specific attractions. On the other hand, tourism, for its informative quality, helps to make visible facts and historical processes of the territories in which it develops. In addition, due to its massive character, it awakens interest and allows access to historical knowledge to multiple sectors of the population.

By Camila Denise Weth

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
Multidisciplinary experience in integral environmental education for teachers in exercise in the province of La Pampa: a proposal for articulation between social sciences and natural sciences

The experience developed by an interdisciplinary team of 8 Teachers research teachers of the UNIPE, from the areas of Natural Sciences and Social Sciences, participants in the design, implementation and evaluation of an integral environmental education course for teachers of levels of levels aimed at teachers, Medium of the province of La Pampa, in 2022.

The training proposal invites us to work from a perspective located in the local context that promotes active participation, critical reflection, the design and development of proposals that allow to know, understand and eventually face the environmental crisis from the province of La Pampa, expanding and complexing the perspective of the environmental from conflicts and power relations.

The course, of a four -month period, develops virtually, with synchronous and asynchronous work spaces. It is expected to reach a total of 450 studies along three cohorts.

The study that we present here is concentrated in two aspects: on the one hand, in the work experience of training teachers in pedagogical couples including a professional in the area of ​​natural sciences and another of social sciences. The formation of the group, the institutional framework, the elaboration of didactic agreements, and the forms of adoption of common approaches for the approach of socio -environmental problems/conflicts are analyzed.

On the other hand, it is considered the articulation process carried out by the students, from different specialties, in the development of a didactic project that addresses a local problem or conflict, attending to their contextualization and institutional framework, analyzing issues such as : What aspects facilitate or hinder the development of these projects? How is the transversality of integral environmental education addressed? How do the specialty's own approaches relate?

By Victor Furci, Alejandro Gambina, Josefina Rosales, María Victoria Alves de Castro, Eduardo Dunand

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
ethnic group, Coyaima Tolima

Indigenous peoples have a wealth of knowledge, traditional practices, cultural forms and access to natural resources, as well as forms of collective social organization and community life that make them resilient in the face of adversity and uncertainty. Rural communities face the greatest risks of labor automation, as their economies tend to have activities with a high proportion of repetitive tasks, low economic diversification and out-migration of highly skilled labor. Preparing rural economies to face the challenges and reap the benefits of technological change is crucial to make the most of the digital age for individuals and businesses. It is necessary to develop learning management based on the Moodle platform for the improvement of teaching and learning processes in the area of technology and information technology, because in rural regions of Colombia the policies needed to realize the promises of digital technologies for growth and rural welfare are an open debate. It is necessary to recognize the existence of a traditional episteme and to analyze the plurality of knowledge in the tradition of knowledge, in the socio-cultural scenarios that are produced, in order not to continue perpetuating the forms of social, cultural and educational reproduction under a unilateral vision regarding knowledge.

By Julian Steve Guzmán Rodríguez, Idana Beroska Rincón Soto, Nayibe Soraya Sanchez Leon

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Experience the ancestral culture from the values of cultural identity

The objective of this work is to analyze the experience of ancestral culture from the values ​​of cultural identity, the culture as it has been transmitted during life was rich in wisdom that today is being lost due to all the foreign cultural baggage that invades the youth leaving the the relegated evaluative ascendancy, for this reason it is important to visualize the thinking of young people regarding the theme and to know their cultural vision from the global stage, for the development of the work qualitative, quantitative, analytical methods were used, in addition to the Delhi method which allowed experts to consult the instrument used. The type of investigation was descriptive, the technique used was channeled through the survey, the information was processed using SPSS 25 software, the same thing that helped to measure the reliability of the instrument used, giving a reliability of 0.95, the most preponderant conclusion it became clear that values, both pluriculturality and diversity, remain in force, but in practice a dichotomy is experienced because of what, if referents have been lost, because of which they cost especially young people to be congruent with what they do and say there is a loss of identity, this implies spreading traditions, customs, memories, gastronomy and diversity, within this globalizing context.

By Lilia Moncerrate Villacis Zambrano, Valeria Cecilia Bravo Gómez, Luis Daniel Zambrano Molina, Víctor Manuel Román Vélez

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Multidimensionality in the study of recyclable valorization at the urban level

Sustainability evaluation acquires increasing recognition as a diagnostic strategy to move towards ecological, social, economic and political objectives contained in the Sustainable Development Paradigm, responding to relevant environmental concerns in cities, such as management of urban solid waste and within it, the promotion of recyclable valuation such as a central axis of the circular economy and inclusive recycling. The theoretical-methodological proposal implemented in the study of the recyclable valuation in the intermediate city of Mar del Plata, Argentina is presented. It addresses the complexity of recyclable valorization from a systemic and integrative approach, positioning research within the epistemological framework of urban sustainability. In this way, the political, economic, social and ecological dimensions that constitute sustainability from different disciplinary perspectives at the beginning of the investigation are articulated. The interdisciplinary approach implemented through the theoretical-methodological perspectives allows a review of the foundation of various disciplines that study different aspects of recyclable valorization, through which the relationship of the valorization with the political, economic, economic, economic dimensions is modeled , social and ecological of urban sustainability. The case study to which the proposal is applied, verifies that the low articulation of approaches that study the valuation as a complex system at the urban level, affects its operation, the implementation of integrated waste management strategies and consequently to the Urban sustainability. At the same time, it provides a series of indicators that contribute to the development of public policies that advance towards a situation of greater sustainability at the local level.

By Mariana Gonzalez Insua

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
Dungeons (ideological) and dragons (cognitive): behavioral sciences and their role in the conceptualization of the climatic crisis

In recent years, numerous publications have appeared that try to generate a framework for the application of neurocognitive knowledge for the resolution of social problems. Under the nickname "behavioral sciences" this field of studies that is presented as deeply interdisciplinary is proposed social. We focus our gaze on certain epistemological and ideological aspects that underlie these initiatives, particularly regarding the conceptualization of the climatic crisis as a problem related to being solved through knowledge generated by cognitive sciences. We observe, exemplify and problematize a series of premises: the behavior of the individual as a terminal expression of an "internal" process in which the environment and by extension the "social" are subordinated in terms of their explanatory hierarchy, as suppliers of stimuli; The simplification of the problems to be solved in terms of biases and cognitive limitations, so that the objectives of the intervention are the behaviors and decisions of individual actors; The appeal to biology as an explanatory support for the validity of the psychological constructs used through the identification of neural correlates and adaptationist narratives on the development of innate cognitive functionalities.

As observed, we maintain that the generation and application of knowledge in this type of initiatives is limited and in turn feeds a marked ideological line, according to which the main causes of the climate crisis are not found in the dynamics and contradictions of the socioeconomic system in force, but in those of individual cognitive systems. That is, conceivable interventions are about the consumption behaviors of individuals, but not on systemic dynamics of production and exploitation.

By Leo Bloise

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Classification model for student attrition in a Peru public university

Information and communication technologies are playing a very important role in the different fields of knowledge; there is an increasing ability to identify patterns in the data of an organization; in this context, the study aimed to develop a classification model for student dropout by applying the autoML method of the H2Oai framework, taking into account socioeconomic and academic characteristics of students in order for authorities to make decisions in a timely manner. The methodology was technological, propositional level, incremental innovation, temporal scope, synchronous; the data collection was prospective, a 20-item questionnaire was applied to 237 graduate students of master’s degree programs in education. The research resulted in a supervised automatic learning model, Gradient Boosting Machine (GBM), to classify student desertion, identifying the main associated factors that influence desertion, obtaining a Gini coefficient of 92,20 %, AUC of 96,10 % and a LogLoss of 24,24 %.

By Henry Villarreal Torres, William Marín Rodriguez, Julio Ángeles Morales, Jenny Cano Mejía, Carmen Mejía Murillo

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Classification model for student attrition in a peru public university

Neuroscience revolutionizes education, provides new methods to understand cognitive development and learning and indirectly evaluates the effectiveness of different pedagogies. Neuroeducation begins by studying how cognitive systems are built on sensory systems by providing a detailed understanding of the causal mechanisms that are linked throughout the student’s holistic development. This type of basic neuroscientific research guides the field of education and pedagogy by exploring the effects in different pedagogical and learning contexts. In the era of the techno-knowledge society, technology is transforming education. Online learning platforms, educational games and mobile apps are just some of the tools used to improve the teaching and learning process. Neuroscience contributes to the development of online education, by identifying the limitations of attention and concentration in learning and the need to adjust the design of digital platforms to address these problems. This research investigates advances in neuroscience and education. That are achieved thanks to the brain imaging techniques available in recent decades, the perspectives about the integration between both disciplines are discussed. Studies show that neuroscience and education offer more than enough accumulated knowledge to contribute substantially to education policies, teacher training and school practice.

By Idana Beroska Rincón Soto, Betty Janeth Soledispa-Cañarte, Pilar Asunción Soledispa-Cañarte, Tania Cecibel Cañarte-Rodríguez, Glenda Marcela Sarmiento-Tomalá

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Sustainability, gender and agroecology. An interdisciplinary articulation proposal for the approach

In recent years there is a change in public policy decisions around the prevailing production model, especially reinforced in the Pandemia by COVID-19. Both nationally and provincially postulates agroecology as the alternative to the conventional production model -dedicated to the Technological Package of the Green Revolution. In this sense, in the projection of sustainable agroecology practices it is considered necessary to incorporate the gender dimension in a transversal way, both in production practices and in organizations related to public policies design for the sector. Framed in the Gender and Development Project: Survey and Analysis of Innovations and Technologies for the Resolution of Socio-environmental Problems in Argentina from a gender perspective, (Pict-Fancyt 2022), the theoretical-methodological proposal implemented by the Sustainability Node is presented and gender, based on the Faculty of Architecture Urbanism and Design of the National University of Mar del Plata. It uses a mixed type methodology from an analytical framework that articulates central concepts of sustainability and gender studies with concepts of technology sociology. With this approach, we seek to contribute to more plural strategies in the design of public policies, putting in dialogue the concepts based on the systems approach as a way of thinking in terms of connectivity, relationships and context with an interdisciplinary character.

By Mariana Gonzalez Insua, Celeste Molpeceres, Gisela Kaczan, Victoria Cabral

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
Extractivisms and relational ontologies: actors and interests in dispute

In a scenario like the current one, in Argentina, various extractivist models that sweep the human and non -human territories and people that inhabit them are implemented. It is from the hoarding of land and water sources, the use of the knowledge and knowledge of the members of the indigenous and peasant peoples who, foundations, civil associations, companies and governments, implement projects of (bad) development (Svampa, 2014) and public policies without consultations to their peoples or the necessary environmental impact reports. In spite of this, speeches linked to relational ontologies become more frequent among the various governmental and non -governmental actors that, far from understanding and building other alternative worlds to inhabit the territories, consolidate and deepen existing inequalities (Danowski and Viveiros De Castro, 2019; Gudynas, 2015; Machado de Araoz, 2019).

Some questions that will guide this presentation are: In which scenarios are these projects implemented and what are the transformations they generate?; What is the role of the members of the indigenous communities in these projects?; What are the true potentialities presented by sustainable development projects in environmental and cultural matters?; What is the role that academics assume in these scenarios? How is it possible to build other possible worlds in scenarios such as the current one?

To answer these questions, we will focus on the case of the Chaco region, in which we have been working for a decade and from which, we have carried out collaborative works with the members of the indigenous and peasant communities.

By Malena Castilla

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
People, ethnicity and culture: an approach to the multicultural environment of Ecuador

The objective of the research was to analyze cultural ethnicity from a multicultural perspective as a historical identity in the new Ecuadorian generations and its significance within their actions. The methodology used was the quantitative, qualitative and expert method, the type of research was descriptive, the survey technique was applied, the results were tabulated by the IBM SPSS 25 software, the results were important because they helped to verify that They are the basis for historical identity in the new Ecuadorian generation, it is also a reference from the values ​​of multiculturalism, as a cultural process it is a challenge for the new generations based on their autonomy and identity from the reality of each ethnic group, respecting their expressions. cultural, social, religious.

By Lilia Moncerrate Villacis Zambrano, Frank Lemoine Quitero, Maria Gabriela Montesdeoca Calderon, María Alejandra Barberán Moreira

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Investigate in citizen participation methodologies under a territorial approach. From field work theory

In recent years, the application of research methodologies based on the participation of citizenship and social groups, which become a collective construction of knowledge, problems and solutions, is charging great relevance. These, seek to give innovative ways to know and address complex phenomena, encompassing under the paradigm of interdisciplinarity. Through these approaches, not only economic or cultural aspects are addressed, but also natural and environmental, which their materialization have in the Society-Territory binomial.

From the university environment, entering these citizen participation techniques requires an approach that is built both from the theoretical and from the practical level, based on this second on a constant field work. An example of this is collaborative cartography, which becomes an extremely useful citizen participation tool, but also in its application for urban-territorial and environmental management. The theoretical bases in the classroom with the students are based, the application of them will be carried out in a direct field work with the society that inhabits the space, in which tools such as collaborative maps will be applied, not only for Apply these methodologies for citizen participation, but to settle much more specific projects that meet the real needs of these populations, thus creating a teaching methodology settled in the University-Social Binomial.

By Cristina Romera Tébar, Celeste Molpeceres, Gabriela Calderón, María Laura Zulaica

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Circular economy and business sustainability of an agricultural sugar company in Peru

The objective of the research was to determine the relationship between the circular economy and business sustainability in an agricultural sugar company in Peru; the methodology used was quantitative, non-experimental design, transectional and correlational. The sample was made up of 291 workers of the agricultural sugar company. The survey was used as a data collection technique and a questionnaire was designed with 24 Likert scale items, which obtained a reliability with a Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient of 0,801. The results show that with an asymptotic significance of less than 0,05 (p<0,05), a positive and moderate correlation of 0,541 the circular economy has a direct relationship with business sustainability, therefore, there is a regular circular economy, that is, there is a measured application of the actions of regenerate, share, optimize, close the circle, digitize and replace that allow transition to the circular economy, leading to a regular business sustainability over time

By Rudy Espinoza Gallardo, Flor de María Lioo Jordan, Luis Alberto Baldeos Ardian, Santiago Ramos Y Yovera, José Ausejo Sanchez

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Environmental management, eco-efficiency and its relationship with the optimization of solid waste

In recent years, various investigations have been carried out on environmental management, eco-efficiency, and the optimization of solid waste, becoming a topic of great relevance, not only in the environment but also for the future of humanity. In different countries, the management of solid waste has been considered as one of the greatest challenges in governments, especially due to the economic issue. To determine the correlation that exists between environmental management, the eco-efficiency of municipal workers and its relationship with the optimization of solid waste. An applied quantitative research was carried out, it had a non-experimental design, with a causal correlational scope, the population was made up of 340 employees of the solid waste management sub-management of a municipality in Lima, using a probabilistic sample for convenience of 191 collaborators. The information for this study was obtained through three instruments, from which acceptable reliability levels were obtained, through the Cronbach alpha statistical process, the technique used was the survey. The approach of the proposed hypotheses is confirmed, where it is verified that the environmental management and the eco-efficiency of the workers significantly influence the optimization of solid waste, obtaining a partial correlation of zero order with a (0,763 and pvalue=0,000) , given through the indicators of the logistic regression used with the pseudo r square of the Nagelkerke model (0,861), which explains the level of influence of the variables on the optimization of solid waste. It was concluded that the environmental management and the eco-efficiency of the workers significantly influence the optimization of solid waste, therefore it is determined that the municipalities and the workers dedicated to the environmental field are responsible for carrying out an appropriate management of the optimization of solid waste, likewise it is necessary for municipalities to prioritize the reuse, recycling, and treatment of solid waste, finally it is necessary for the municipality to train its workers so that they can implement new initiatives for improvement of environmental management.

By Daniela M. Anticona-Valderrama, Jose Jeremias Caballero-Cantu, Edith Delia Chavez-Ramirez, Ana Beatriz Rivas-Moreano, Lucila Rojas-Delgado

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Sacred temples and environments: interdisciplinary field work experiences in the Argentine Northwest

This proposal aims to account for the experiences of the Interdisciplinary Team of the Research Center in Art, Matter and Culture (IIAC-Suntref), within the framework of the PICT 2017-1716 project “painting and power spaces: local strategies in the production of Images on canvas and wall in the temples of the South Andean colonial (late 16th century XVIII) ”. The main objective of this research is to highlight the iconographic, material and technical elections that would evidence the circulation of knowledge and products in that environment, as well as the ways in which a local production was developed, linked to artists and resources Materials and technological, consistent with ecclesiastical policies in the area.

In this work there are some aspects of the visit to the temples that pointed to the realization of an extensive photographic survey of the visual systems of each and the chemical analysis of the materials that make up their wall paintings. For the latter, there was an portable X -ray fluorescence spectroscopy equipment (FRXP) to determine the elementary composition of the materials present. The application of this type of techniques, non -invasive and in situ a way favors the exchange of knowledge between chemistry professionals, art history and conservation in an interdisciplinary context. Thus, it is possible to work in an integral way in the same places to understand the production materials and techniques, the deterioration of objects and plan their conservation, based on active exchange with the people and communities that are responsible for the temples and heritage that They house.

By Agustina Rodríguez Romero, Ana Plaza, Eugenia Tomasini, Fernando Guzmán, Gabriela Siracusano, Juan Ricardo Rey-Márquez, Lucila Iglesias, Marta Maier, Milagros Córdova, Vanina Scocchera, Victoria Rodríguez Do Campo

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
An anti-racist feminist research experience with a group of indigenous household workers from the Altos de Chiapas (Mexico)

This presentation aims to account for the experience of research and intervention developed with a group of indigenous household workers from the Altos de Chiapas, based on methodologies associated with black and anti -racist feminist popular education. First, I present the theoretical-political foundations of black feminism, anti-racist and decolonial of those I resumed to design and propose this process of anti-racist feminist intervention. Secondly, I will share a series of reflections on the complexities of carrying out a process of anti -racist feminist intervention with indigenous women, in relation to what it implies being a racialized, black and foreign researcher, in the world of the Mexican Academy. Finally, I will present some conclusions about the contributions that this process can make to the processes of decolonization of knowledge, the academy and in particular, of feminist research-intervention.

By Astrid Yulieth Cuero Montenegro

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Impairment of performance skills and maturational age in infants due to gestational Zika

Introduction: Zika virus is transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes, but can also occur through intrauterine infection before delivery, and the virus passes to the fetus. Objective: to describe the level of impairment in performance skills and maturational age of children in the Courageous of the Future program with neonatal Zika virus infection. Materials and Methods: the research is framed with a quantitative approach of correlational type supported with a field research and non-experimental design, with a sample of 15 infants of 3, 4 and 5 years old. The collection technique used was the Abbreviated Scale. Results: Regarding the areas evaluated with respect to the maturational age, it was found that the weighting of motor skills and praxis found a correlation coefficient of 0,601 (moderate) and in the sample of the execution skills of 3-year-old children with gestational Zika, a correlation of 0,853 (strong) was obtained. Discussion: Zika virus infection in children, acquired during gestation, strongly limits the performance skills characteristic of the maturational age in this population. Conclusions: there is correlation between infants with gestational zika and the strong affectation in the actions or behaviors that a patient has to move and interact physically with activities, objects and therefore perform a learned motor activity.

By Viviana Karina Hernandez Vergel, María Alexandra Amaya Mancilla, Denny Miley Cárdenas Sierra

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Medical expertise, rape of minors and low civil reparation, in the superior court of justice of Peru

The objective is to demonstrate that the effective penalty in sexual violence against minors is explained by the circumstantial evidence and the Agreement 2-2005/CJ-116 in the Criminal Chamber of a Superior Court of Justice of Peru 2022, where the medical expertise is especially important and has little impact on the civil reparation. It is a non-experimental research, a review of 56 second instance sentences and an observation form was used. Infringement against minors is latent in the regions of Peru, in 2019, 5500 complaints were known and in 2020, 5521 complaints of sexual violence against women were counted. They are victims of violence, 16 girls and young women every day in the years 2020-2021, the number of cases of teenage mothers under 15 increased from 1158 to 1438. A direct and significant qualitative correlation of 70 % was found between the expert evidence and conviction. The Rho is 40 % between penalty and civil reparation, which is direct and moderate. It was also proven that the higher the penalty, the more moderate the civil compensation. The conclusion is that the medical expertise as a means of proof is conclusive in the decision taken by the jurisdictional body. And the civil compensation is generally much lower than the damage caused.

By Javier Pedro Flores Arocutipa, Ruth Daysi Cohaila Quispe, Luis Delfín Bermejo Peralta, Carlos Marcelo Ponce Arpasi

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
Interdisciplinary research in dialogue with isleñx villagers of the lower Delta of the Paraná Organdxs in defense of its territory and its ways of life

In 2008, the emblematic socio -environmental conflict originated by the progress of a closed urbanization over 365 ha of island territory, in the Anguilas stream, Delta del Río Paraná, Tigre Party. The company Col Col Park S.A. Performs a first stage of dredging works, widening of the stream, clearing and fillings without having the required administrative permits, or environmental impact study presented. In addition, he directs actions of intimidation, harassment and destruction of the housing of Junqueras and fishermen residents in the Anguilas stream, ignoring his right over these lands (Cooperativa Isla Esperanza, 2013; Astelarra, 2015, 2017). This interdisciplinary work group is formed in order to evaluate the current environmental situation after 10 years of the Judicial Closing of the Colony Park project. Changes in free water and surface coverage were studied in the Linking Canal area and the San Antonio, Luján and Río de la Plata rivers. In turn, the spontaneous vegetation developed in the place since then was characterized. On the other hand, chemical and microbiological analyzes of water from the Anguilas stream and other nearby courses were carried out with the aim of determining its aptitude for consumption, purification and recreational use. Likewise, environmental education activities were designed and implemented together with island schools, where these themes were addressed. Participatory research-action strategies were applied together with members of the Isla Esperanza cooperative and other residents of the area to approach the various aspects of the project in a participatory manner, promoting a dialogue between academic and local knowledge. From the results obtained, the working group considers a priority to sustain the claim of public policies agreed with the island population that recognizes the current situation and stop the environmental degradation of the territory.

By Jazmín Glustein, Andrey Bazylenko, Julieta Mordiero, Lara Jatar, Camila Ostertag, Sofía Larrandart, Horacio Sirolli, María de los Ángeles Falcón, Cecilia Carrillo Pinto, Camila Saveika, Carlos Ignacio Borón, Margarita Do Campo

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
Co-production of knowledge: a transdiclinary experience for the construction of alternatives to extractivism

The expansion of extractive dynamics in recent decades, has deepened socio -environmental and socio -health conflict in our country. These conflicts have staged a series of citizen demands for the right to health, to the healthy environment, to the good living, which expose the enormous impact of these dynamics on health and environment.

Within the framework of these conflicts, in which from the state policy the communities are questioned to translate their practical knowledge (perception of their bodies and territories) in expert knowledge, the production of knowledge has become a central conflict factor. Universities, such as spaces for production and knowledge circulation, have in this conflict a fundamental place that requires being problematized. The links that universities establish with these social spaces raise multiple challenges about the character of socially legitimate knowledge, about the conceptions of university link / extension and on the public communication of science.

From the experiences of work with territorial organizations in three municipalities of the Metropolitan Region of Buenos Aires (RMBA): Escobar, Marcos Paz and exaltation of the cross, we will reflect on how it occurs and who are the subjects of the production of knowledge, Under what conditions and how knowledge produced, what is its social relevance and what is the role of the scientific field in a collision scenario between different spheres of law. To do this, we emphasize the co-production of knowledge, the transdisciplinary approach and the emphasis on the construction of alternatives from the collective health approach.

By Carla Poth, Luciana Manildo, Giselle Querejeta

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Quantitative reasoning in high school students in Peru

The present study aimed to analyze the process of development of quantitative reasoning in high school students from Peru. A literature review study was applied through a content analysis, performing a search in the databases a) SciELO, b) Dialnet, c) Latindex and d) Google Academic, using as keywords: a) quantitative reasoning b) secondary education students, c) quantitative literacy, d) pedagogical practice, e) teaching/learning and selecting through a sampling based on the following criteria: a) original scientific articles or review, b) publications in Spanish or English, c) time period between the first and the second year of the study. 2016-2022, d) undergraduate theses included in institutional repositories and e) citable documents, allowing to discriminate a total of 15 articles to be reviewed. The analysis of the texts made it possible to identify three categories of analysis a) Quantitative reasoning opening paths for the development of systematic thinking, b) Language and literature essential elements for the development of quantitative reasoning and c) The role of Information and Communication Technologies (TIC) in the development of quantitative reasoning, concluding that quantitative reasoning helps students to learn to properly use and evaluate quantitative information and build arguments.

By Rafael Romero-Carazas, Juan Richar Villacorta Guzmán, Idana Beroska Rincón Soto

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Network administration course using ancient techniques and modern means

Foreign Debt, Foreign Direct Investment, financial variablesEducational modalities based on any form of e-learning are becoming increasingly relevant in today’s society, since, on the one hand, and from an economic point of view, they are within the reach of millions of people on the planet, and on the other hand, they eliminate the space-time barriers that any type of course or teaching activity implies; However, there are still subjects and courses that are eminently practical, and their proper learning traditionally involves attendance, accompanied by the traditional practical activities with equipment and devices essential to complete their proper learning. The idea of dictating a completely distance course on network administration and services, a subject with the characteristics described above, aimed at professionals in the field from different universities and centers attached to the Ministry of Higher Education (MES) of Cuba, arises in response to the need to improve the level of preparation of new specialists who are engaged in the activity described; and the novelty of this experience lies in the use of a virtual platform that contains networks and IT devices (routers, switches, etc.), so that each student of the course is able to learn the basics of network administration and network services in a way that each student of the course has the opportunity to learn the basics of network administration and network services. ), so that each student in the course can have his or her own network devices, thus conditioning in a suitable way and with fewer economic resources, the acquisition of the practical skills that this science demands. We conclude by highlighting the high level of satisfaction, learning and skills acquired by the students, and we recommend the transformation of the course into a distance diploma course, aimed at anyone who wants to work as a network administrator in any of the entities attached to the MES.

By Manuel José Linares Alvaro, Jorge Luis López Presmanes, Ligia Vanessa Sánchez Parrales, Marcos Tulio Zambrano Zambrano, Idana Beroska Rincón Soto

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Cannabis empirical-popular therapy in Argentina in a context of biomedicalization and epistemic violence

Biomedicine, as a hegemonic model of disease, has tended to subalternize, dismiss and criticize alternative health care strategies. It would operate in this process a certain epistemic violence that denies or disqualifies other knowledge, practices and ways of attending health care. The production of cannabis for therapeutic purposes, initially developed by people who sought treatment to problems that biomedicine did not solve, is an example of this. The current legislation in Argentina is an advance in the sense of not criminalizing the cultivation and use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes; However, it also enables a production that tends to standardize and industrialization of a product, while documented empirical-popular practice on this therapy involves the development of unique therapeutic experiences.

In that scenario, on the one hand, there is a certain denial of the validity of empirical-popular knowledge of cannabis therapy, constituting epistemic violence that sometimes promotes institutional violence. On the other hand, since the standardized production of therapies in the biomedicalization process tends to homogenization and industrialization, it can lead to the gradual abandonment or replacement of artisanal practices. We ask ourselves then: will it be the process of production and pharmacological standardization (in direct link with biomedical logic) respectful of these artisanal and popular practices of cannabis therapy? What will happen to those people who artisanally produce their therapeutic value oils when patented drugs legally circulate? Who/is the heritage about that knowledge and practices of popular origin of which scientists and pharmaceutical companies appropriate?

In this inquiry, we maintain that alternative health production modes have the potential to create other ways of thinking about health-disease, which are counterhegemonic and decolonial, to the extent that it is based on local problems and needs.

By Nicolás José Lavagnino, Anahi Sy, Luis Ernesto Acosta

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Of virtuality and face -to -face in interdisciplinary research

Following the pandemic, a group of grade students and researchers gathered in pursuit of a set of problems: ask ourselves what were the strategies implemented in the teaching-learning processes for the transfer to virtuality; which of these strategies facilitated access to the curricular content, to the accreditation instances of said content and which they hindered it.

Within the framework of the project “between the face -to -face and the virtual; Building hybrid relations in the educational practices of the National University of Córdoba ”, funded by SECyT (UNC), converged interests around the problem of emerging inequalities in the epidemiological context of Covid 19. In this research four disciplines attend: Law, Anthropology, psychology and philosophy. In this sense, we were able to, in the first place, analyze the renegation, relegation and omission of the situation of the students, by the National University of Córdoba and the Faculty of Psychology, both in virtuality and in the face -to -face Second, to delve between the limits and the possibilities of experiences that were shared by the students, and that we infer that it can be found in other academic units. Third, criticizing making visible and suggesting, simultaneously, an alternative proposal for educational linking.

We understand that this research explicitly the interdependence of the areas of study, since we achieve, in this interaction, dialogue, building, in a collection of knowledge and concepts. This refers to the possibility of territorializing knowledge and relating to them. This is also educated in the effects and affections of this work on the facilities, difficulties and inequalities of university students, seeking to give rise to those who were not given.

By Catalina Tassin Wallace, Micaela Recio Barbara, Sebastián Galván Rial Dante, Sebastían Verón, Iñaki Echaveste

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Protocol for the detection, prevention and action in alleged cases of gender-based violence and discrimination at the University of Medical Sciences of Cienfuegos

A protocol is presented to prevent, avoid and act in situations of gender-based violence at the University of Medical Sciences of Cienfuegos. It establishes the necessary measures to identify situations of violence that occur in the university environment, either towards students or professors, investigate them, propose solutions and mitigate their consequences.  It is concluded that the methodological and scientific rigor of the presented design allows offering the university community a very useful protocol for the detection, prevention and action in the alleged cases of gender-based violence and discrimination at the University of Medical Sciences of Cienfuegos; in accordance with the Comprehensive Strategy for prevention and attention to gender-based violence and violence in the family setting and the Plan for the Advancement of Women, which is implemented in Cuba. 

By Yamila Ramos Rangel, Marianela Fonseca Fernández, Laura Magda López Angulo, Anais Marta Valladares González, Arelys Falcón Hernández

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Projects and marketing to generate innovative learning and business processes

The objective of this research is to develop innovative proposals through projects in the subject of marketing allowing to have two approaches, the first is linked to the practical learning of students and the second in generating innovative processes in the commercial system of business. The methodology used in this research is descriptive with a bibliographic, qualitative and quantitative approach, in this study 25 students of the Marketing subject of the Higher Technology in Administration career of the Instituto Superior Universitario Bolivariano de Tecnología participated, 6 teams worked and 6 businesses were selected, instruments such as the interview and the survey were used, which was applied to 1297 consumers and potential clients, satisfactory results were obtained for the businesses,  In the results obtained at the educational level, students were able to apply theoretical and practical knowledge to contribute to the commercial development of the selected businesses. The methodology used is significant to contribute to the innovation and learning of students, allowing them to develop business strategies for the creation of products and/or services.

By German Jazmany Zambrano Verdesoto, Idana Beroska Rincón

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
Model of parallel causes: a new way of understanding biological sex, its epistemological problems and its consequences in biomedicine

The definition of biological sex has undergone modifications in the last 20 years, in that period multiple primary determination factors that are associated with different diseases have been described. Despite this, this definition continues to present epistemological problems such as explanatory reduction, binary and biological logic. The offenses of this definition not only bring problems at the time of its interpretation, but also, at the time of its implementation in the primary health care for all those people who do not belong to the CIS - adultocentric standards. The objective of this work is to highlight that interdisciplinary aspects can be taken in biomedical research to produce more inclusive knowledge.

By Ana Belén Martínez

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Consumer behavior on social networks during the pandemic. Manabí, Ecuador 2021

This study aims to analyze consumer behavior in the use of social networks during the pandemic in Manabí, Ecuador. The methodology applied was qualitative - descriptive based on an online survey with 19 items applied to a population sample of 238 people from all over the province where social and cultural aspects, purchasing behavior, eating habits and consumption, relationships were consulted. with the family and the mitigation of stress produced by confinement. The main results were that the connectivity time was 80,7 % daily; the most used networks WhatsApp by 41,1 % and Facebook by 35,2 %; The content that attracted the most attention was the audiovisual content in 41,2 % in the format of stories with 43,7 %. That 39,1 % bet on a preference for local consumption, since security is in the first order with 69,3 %. Data that allow foreseeing that buyers should be approached by brands with more human content with a high dose of emotion.

By César Carbache Mora, Frank Lemoine Quitero, Christopher Chukwugozie Okafor

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
The works of art as historical facts. Intersections in the field of theory and methodological approaches

The presentation refers to the approach of art works - in this case of the territory of the audiovisual - in how much historical facts and develops a discussion around theoretical and methodological frames of different extraction but whose complementation is considered fruitful for these studies. It will start from a semiotic approach that already integrates different origins-as can be slopes of rhetorical theory or the theory of enunciation-, within the discursive perspective developed by Eliseo Verón. This is an unavoidable opening if you seek to access the semiotic operation linked to the semantic production of the works. They will be convened in according to the term frames and notions connected to the study of works of art in history that are considered suitable for their interaction with the socio -meteric approach, for their attention to the forms and indivisibility of the work in regard to expression /content. As is the case with those that emerge from author's positions of Walter Benjamin and Aby Warburg, as well as readings of those positions that Georges Didi-Huberman and Giorgio Agamben have carried out. It will also appeal to the semi -anthropological perspective and the notion of semiotic recurrence developed by Oscar Traversa; And some notions, such as the actively, present in authors of Russian formalistic theory, such as Yuri Tynianov. The work hypothesis is that studying and discussing the complementarity of these approaches, as well as the possibility of articulating analysis methodologies that contemplate their integration, will result in the enrichment of the semiotic approach perspective when the time dimension is contemplated in the study of plays.

By Mabel Tassara

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
Construction of environmental knowledge through the development and use of free technologies for participatory environmental survey in wetland areas: a process of dialogic articulation between universities, schools, teacher training institutes and social organizations

Within the framework of the deep environmental, economic, political, social, cultural and ideological crises, collected by different authors under the concept of civilizational crisis1, Latin America's social communities and organizations resist the accumulation regime by dispossession, characteristic of the current economic model Global2. The ecological and social deterioration that this model produces, epistemologically questions our knowledge of the world3.

In the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, the progress of the industrial agriculture model represents a serious environmental conflict4, which puts into play the sustainability of human and non -human life. Degraded wetland systems5.6 of great ecological and cultural importance7. However, local studies about this impact are scarce. The techniques used for their determination require specific knowledge and equipment generally inaccessible to communities.

We present here the preliminary analysis of a project in progress that promotes teacher training and the construction of environmental knowledge through the use of free development technologies for the realization of participatory environmental surveys in wetland areas. It worked in the Saladillo party from a participatory research methodology8 together with a teacher training and a secondary level technical school, such as deepening a previous and continuous work9. It is reflected from a pedagogical-didactic perspective about the contribution of free technologies for environmental education. Instances of environmental rationality and environmental knowledge are analyzed that contribute to the understanding and transformation of the society-environment-nature relationship10, from a dialogic process between academic and popular knowledge, which combine the practical with the theoretical through lines of thought Critic with an approach based on popular education.

By Kevin Poveda Ducón, Luciano Iribarren, Ana Dumrauf, Ignacio Boron

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Culture and organizational structure of businesses in san isidro to boost local tourism

The work investigated was to analyze how the organizational culture of the well-organized businesses of San Isidro can boost local tourism, building a reference framework that allows acquiring knowledge of the organizational structure in communal shops, to facilitate the order and division of them activities of the community sector and thus having a reliable organization for the community. for it to be used the quantitative, qualitative methods, together with the method of experts, if the technique of the survey was used, the results were tabulated in the ESPSS 27, which allowed to draw the reliability of 0,89 seconds in the alpha of Cronbach alpha. One of the most preponderant elements that were found in research was essential for organizational culture, being in line with the structure, because it is the basis of a joint society to carry out a common good of any type of personal or group business, bearing in mind that this is the main part for the execution of the activities designated in the same, the organized trades are supplying the local visiting tourists and foreigners formed by entities that inhabit the locality are acquired as a point of knowledge of the various capacities, if seen expendable that the merchants receive organization workshops and a formalization of the structure of their business, only then will satisfy the visitors within the Parroquia San Isidro.

By Lilia Moncerrate Villacis Zambrano, Eura María Zambrano-Vera, Elizabeth Del Carmen Ormaza Esmeraldas, Estrella Gloria Antonia Ferrin Delgado

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Those that have given birth to humanity. Women and production of bodies in the Mesoamerican West during the training period from the optics of social life production theory

It is proposed to reflect on women's work in the production of bodies, valuing the ability to conceive as exclusive contribution of us throughout the history of mankind. The Mesoamerican West is analyzed from The theory of the production of social life, from which a review is made of the interpretations that archeology has made of the representations female figurative, giving a symbolic connotation, linked to the fertility. In contrast, it is proposed to talk about this ability to produce bodies as work, which from a scientific perspective seeks to contribute balance in the knowledge of what we know of men and women during the training period in the Mesoamerican West, and with it, rediscuting the arguments around the Social Division of the Labor of Pretestatal Societies.

By Lidia Iris Rodríguez Rodríguez

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Finite element analysis of a jib crane jib with different types of steels

Introduction: Cranes are equipment used in industry, construction, manufacturing and maintenance, currently they are in high demand by the industry, because they allow lifting and moving loads within their range, Objective: Determine the relationship between the type of steel used in the manufacture of jib crane jibs and the natural frequencies of vibration. Methodology: A quantitative investigation was carried out, it had a pre-experimental design, 7 qualities of carbon steels with different mechanical properties were used, through modal analysis with the ANSYS software their dynamic responses were found. Results: It was found that the most important vibration mode is number 2, the natural frequency is 19,63 Hz; comparing the other values of the different materials vary by approximately 1 %. Conclusions: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the types of static and dynamic behavior of a crane of seven different qualities of steel, the mechanical properties such as yield stress, tensile stress, do not influence the natural frequencies of the structure, it is in other words, it only influences if the mass (density of the material) and/or the geometry is varied.

By José L. Serna-Landivar, Pedro A. Flores, Daniela M. Anticona-Valderrama

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Coordination between heterogeneous epistemic actors

This presentation will explore coordination dynamics between heterogeneous epistemic actors in the context of interdiscipline and knowledge hybridization. Many of the traditional interdiscipline approaches have focused on the integration of knowledge through the search for a common theory and language (Galison, 1997). This may include the creation of glossaries of terms and the definition of key concepts. However, recent perspectives have emphasized the importance of material and social aspects in coordination. These approaches are inspired by the concept of border objects, which can be defined as objects (in a very broad sense) that are in the limits between disciplines and communities, which serve to coordinate actors or social worlds in the absence of consensus (Star , 2010). Other important aspects are: the use of meta-work (Gerson, 2013), the work aimed at determining what work has to be done and how, and constitutes a key mechanism of coordination and integration, which extends time is standardized and It takes protocols, which can be used in various contexts; The interactive expertise (Collins, Evans and Gorman, 2007), which implies the acquisition of sufficient knowledge about a domain to interact with the experts of said space; Interoperability between methodologies and systems (Ribes and Bowker, 2009), which can imply the creation of data systems that are compatible with multiple methodologies and analysis tools; And finally, affective dynamics (Parker & Hettt, 2012) such as confidence, respect and mutual understanding are critical factors to promote effective collaboration between heterogeneous epistemic actors. In this presentation, I will discuss how these aspects can be applied to achieve better coordination between heterogeneous epistemic actors and presenting examples of its implementation in interdisciplinary research in neurosciences.

By Agustin Mauro

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Citizen participation in making decisions with critical capacity formative

The objective of the investigation is based on the analysis of citizen participation in decision-making with critical-formative capacity in any disciplinary context, from the perspective of transformation in citizen educational processes the methods applied were the qualitative and quantitative type of descriptive investigation based on citizen participation, the technique used was the survey, the instrument was validated its reliability from the alpha of Cronbach’s Alpha giving as a result 0,90. The diagnosis made it possible to verify that citizen participation in decision-making is of vital importance, because this leads to awareness of responsibility in public and community affairs, operating the acquisition of skills to which everyone contributes from their faculties and positive citizen attitudes , because of which to assume the different processes through which citizens seek to share common decisions exercising their democratic rights free of thought and without excluding any one, it is decided, every citizen has a right to influence public management, only as such is part of it of the good commonwealth, responding to the needs of the community and the surroundings.

By Lilia Moncerrate Villacis Zambrano, Víctor Manuel Román Vélez, José Leonardo Centeno Martinez, Vilma Estela Alcívar Vera

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Decision-making in the tourism sector applying the balanced control panel management tool

This article aims to develop a balanced scorecard for decision making in the tourism sector. A methodology based on certain theoretical methods was used, in addition to the necessary information to bibliographically support the research, which was compiled from sites such as google academic, scientific articles, virtual books and expert methods. Among the results we can mention the methodological design of the Balanced Scorecard (CMI), analysis of the negative and positive aspects in the tourism sector of destinations, SWOT analysis, strategic map, matrix of the Balanced Scorecard applied to tourist destinations. The changes that occurred in the CMI found in the bibliography were classified according to their content, to address specific issues; create subsections in perspective and adapt the BSC for its application in these tourist destinations. It is concluded that the current validity of this management control tool is due to its flexibility to adapt to any organization and/or tourist destination.

By Gema Viviana Carvajal Zambrano, Eduardo Antonio Caicedo Coello, José Víctor Hugo Nevarez Barberán, Marie Lía Velásquez Vera

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
Current modalities of sexual relations in the West. History and characteristics of non -monogamies and their contributions to reflection on the ethics of relationships

This work describes the modalities of sex affective relationship in our current west.

Analyze the historical conditions of the emergence of non -monogamic relationship modalities and its ties with feminism and other historical, social and political changes and movements. He explains how the polymorge collective takes over from the homosexual and trans collective in the struggle for the conquest of new freedoms and rights;

Describe the differences between monogamy as a system and as a practice; and the differences between ethical and non -ethical monogamy.

It encompasses under the denomination of "ethical relations" different types of relational agreements: ethical monogamy, open couple, polyamor and relational anarchy (infidelity is radically excluded from these modalities, which are explicitly agreed by all the people involved).

While ethical monogamy is an existing and implemented option by many couples, most of the learning of ethical relationships come from non -exclusive relationships, surely because, being a totally marginal relationship modality in the monogamous heterocispatriarchal system, Monogamo, It needs much more reflection, dialogue and agreed agreements.

This work also traces the learning and awareness enhanced by these new relationship modalities and proposes a map of proposals to build more egalitarian and careful relationships, with greater degrees of freedom and development, both personal and linking.

By Luciana Volco Roncoroni

2022-12-11 Conference abstract
Ethics and human subjects research. WHO/PAHO criteria and requirements

Introduction: since the emergence of medical practices and scientific research to deepen the knowledge of the human body, reactions to substances, possible cures to diseases, man was forced to regulate his actions in this area, mainly driven by the restraint imposed by the Church, since man is the image and likeness of God. Objective: to determine the main requirements of the WHO and MINSAP in the area of research with human beings. Method: a bibliographic review was made of 32 articles on the subject, in journals in the period of 2021. Result: a series of precepts or laws were drawn up which, from the ethics of human dignity, raised the need to treat with respect those who received medical services. Such is the case of the Hippocratic Oath, which is considered the oldest code of ethics in the field of health, and which is still in use today, with some modifications. With the events of the concentration camps in NAZI Germany, and the research carried out by the doctors with the prisoners, the world realized that it was necessary to set down in international laws the procedures by which the researchers should be governed in the future. Thus arose the Nuremberg Code, which emerged from the trials of war criminals. Later, the World Medical Association, meeting in Helsinki, elaborated another code, the Helsinki Code, with the same aims but more elaborate, and finally many countries felt the need to elaborate laws within their nations to regulate research.

By Yoan Michel Rodríguez Martínez

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Tourism, technology as intelligent tools of rural tourism

The present investigation was carried out with the purpose of verifying the rural tourism in Manabí and the use of digital tools for the promotion of all the attractions and tourist services that the province has, The methodology used was the quantitative and qualitative method, the type of research was descriptive which allowed to obtain reliable information of the phenomenon and its components in the present time, the technique used was the survey,  The data were tabulated using SPSS25 statistical software, allowing to obtain reliable and valid results, one of the most important results was that tourism is one of the most lucrative industries in the world, but if it is combined with technology will be even more, therefore, Manabí what has to do by its authorities is to make advertising campaigns in all cantons of the province so that these are known in its entirety and so the tourist has many more options to visit.

By Eura María Zambrano Vera, Lilia Moncerrate Villacis- Zambrano, María Carmen Patiño López, José Fernando Vásconez-Macías

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
Indigenous autonomy and participatory science: from epistemological and political analysis to epistemological-political

This presentation focuses on indigenous movements of territorial autonomy that maintain environmental conflicts with states due to extractive activities, and has the purpose of identifying obstacles on the strategic path of autonomy. The participatory science program (CP) will be analyzed, which motivates incipient public policies in different Latin American countries for the treatment of environmental problems in conflict scenarios. In its most substantive form, the CP is presented as a response to increasing demands by citizens and communities of political participation and democratization of decisions about territories, now in the activity of knowledge production, putting science to service to service of the problem defined by an expanded community. The CP has contextual advantages and disadvantages that cannot be reduced by a single approach. In this work I focus on a specific aspect. I show that any translation between the environmental representations of the different actors appeals to "logical equivalence" that allow the problem to be taken to their cognitive-scientific treatment. These logics grant a certain range of agency to what we can mean and perform collectively, and in this line, it is shown that there is a specific and systematic rooting between the language of scientific naturalism and the liberal institutionality of European origin. In certain cases, these opaque equivalences can impact substantively on "epistemic" or "hermeneutic" injustice, and in the achievement of epistemic autonomy related to territorial autonomy. To map these impacts I present the “epistemology-political” approach as a strategic input for critical social theory.

By Martín Prieto

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Perspective of tourism in the development of communities in the province of Manabí – Ecuador

The lack of complementary alternative services to catering, the lack of knowledge of the population in the implementation of guidelines that lead to the diversification of services, and the deficient application of procedures, policies, norms in tourist activities, are factors that have affected profitability.  in the economic, sustainable growth of businesses, and in the improvement of the quality of life of the population. The purpose of the research is to design a management model, for the tourist development of the Rambuche community, Canton-Jama, to arrange the articulation, community-governmental entities-market and current regulations. The investigative methodology is empirical, descriptive with a qualitative and quantitative approach. The results show that they lack complementary services to the restoration and the inhabitants require alternatives such as: accommodation, agro-ecotourism, cultural and sporting events, animation, ecotourism trails among others, for community tourism development; for which a management model has been developed to achieve the proposed objective of the investigation.

By Ana Cecilia Vélez Falcones, Jorge Gonzalo Pérez Plaza, Jesús Merino Velásquez, William Renán Meneses Pantoja

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Interdisciplinary accompaniment of academic trajectories, in teacher and psychopedagogical training

Accompanying training trajectories is presented as one of the imperatives of the higher level. There are two components solidarity responsible for this accompaniment: collaborate in the processing of the cognitive difficulties that all entry to a new level brings with it and the very of organizing and traveling your training.

The other aspect is the granting to the students, of a place for active listening, which meaning them, to concession word that empowers and emancipe, and the generation of a scenario for communication and social bond in The classroom, and that all this is a subjectivating offer for teachers and students.

They appear in this accompanying constituent elements of each career, of the disciplinary gaze that is their own, a type of language that gives each specialty a way of communicating/se, of elaborating the professional positioning and the conjunction of all this with Epistemic looks that characterize a type of knowledge, which will give professional support and that, to teach, must know the methodological aspects to be able to transpose them. That same positioning and that professional livelihood that each student will build in their academic career, will be the baggage necessary to generate institutional approaches, other didactic proposals and different psychopedagogical interventions.

Within this framework, interdisciplinary positions, sustained in the thinking of complexity, can generate an integral development perspective for each student, and unique experiences that each one will display, in the joint and collaborative work between peers and our intervention, an important instance for their training and for the task they will develop in the future, in the accompaniment of the school trajectories of children and adolescents in schools working collectively, interdisciplinary.

By Angela Rosa Catrambone, Andrea Susana Ledwith

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
The hyflex Model and the teaching-learning process in Peruvian Educational Institutions, Case: INEI 34

The main purpose of the research entitled: “The HyFlex Model and the teaching-learning process at the INEI 34 Educational Institution, Chancay”, was to determine the relationship between the HyFlex model and the teaching-learning process at the INEI 34 Educational Institution, Chancay. In terms of methodology, a quantitative approach was used, with a non-experimental transectional design and correlational level, with a population of 90 teachers and a participating sample of 73 teachers. Likewise, the information was compiled by means of a survey, having as an instrument a questionnaire that obtained a reliable value of 0,981 and a validity of 0,85, respectively. At the end of the information management, it was demonstrated with a positive and moderate correlation of 0,640 and an asymptotic significance (0,001) lower than the significance level (p=0,05), which affirms that the HyFlex model has a direct relationship with the teaching-learning process in the INEI 34 Educational Institution, Chancay. This allowed inferring that the HyFlex model will contribute to the implementation of content and educational commitment, as well as to an evaluation of learning, using technology, to provide flexibility in the educational experience of the students. In other words, this model will improve the teaching and learning process in a hybrid environment, in which students benefit from learning and in which the teacher is an agent of support for them.

By Rosario Caldas Jayo, Abrahan Neri Ayala, Algemiro Muñoz Vilela, Edgar Susanibar Ramirez, Sergio la Cruz Orbe

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
Towards a decolonial health

Upon the arrival of the Europeans to Abya Yala, the pre -existing peoples and nations were forced to rule out our constituent ancestral parameters on the management of health, disease, life, death and incorporate taxes by a culture that had not yet been resolved for itself, This current vision of universality of health.

 Modern Western logic imposes a universalist premise and hurt on the human body. As a predictable and independent machine, therefore, it studies it in parts, from there the hyper specializations, and the diseases as it causes demonstrable effects scientifically, and almost the mostly the material biological effect is treated, without any link with the emotional and/ or subtle.

This cut universalist belief of Western medicine is perhaps, one of the failures to so many unresolved problems on different continents, in the face of diseases. To achieve the myth of these stereotyped public policies, foods are distributed from the first years of life, to populations; Without taking into account his diets, his cultures, without understanding, for example, that the intestinal flora of a Charrúa child on the Costa del Paraná is not equal to that of the Californian coast. Medical recommendations are taken without taking into account sociocultural and environmental conditions.

At present, and despite the varied legislation in force in our country, Argentina, on the health rights of indigenous populations, the policies in this regard are only in dead letter without reaching its effectiveness. Adding one more historical debt.

Health is and will be for us peoples, a commitment to life, in the broadest feeling. A harmonious interrelation with the same, with the human and cosmic community where we develop. The medicinal practices determined by the principles of reciprocity, interrelation and correspondence with the whole in all dimensions of the lives.

By Gladys Do Nascimento Ukaivbera

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Procedure for the selection of suppliers as a contribution to quality in the management of restaurants in the city of Manta

The tourism industry is currently considered one of the most dynamic sectors in development, both locally and internationally, becoming one of the main economic sources for many countries. Gastronomy based on native dishes is undoubtedly one of the main attractions generated by tourist mobility, which determines the need for studies on the quality of merchandise and the correct preference of suppliers. The objective of this article was to develop a procedure for the selection of suppliers to support the management of restaurants in the city of Manta. The developed study is of a quantitative, descriptive, non-experimental type, the method of experts was used in the identification of the examined criteria, through Saaty’s Analytical Hierarchy. An integral index was proposed that allows the selection of suppliers that guarantee the highest quality of the merchandise and coincide with the purchasing standards established by the business unit. Its pilot application in a local restaurant evidenced the practical value of this proposal and its possibility of generalization under the principle of flexibility.

By Vladimir Álvarez Ojeda, Yanelis Ramos Alfonso

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
Mathematics and Mathematics: in the media between the arts and sciences

The question about interaction and possible dialogue between science and arts gradually appears in the history of Western thought as those who practice trades whose associated knowledge are found in what we could call the border between both territories, they become aware, in Some cases, of the most technological-instrumental character of the objectives of its discipline and, in others, of its sense more related to emotional or "spiritual" aspects of human life.

Without pointing to an archeology of such (s) historical process (s), the purpose of this article or presentation is to focus a territory of human intellectual activity that, in my opinion, occupies a very particular position in the sense of lend to that double consideration as science and as art, that is, as guided by techno-instrumental purposes and/or, depending on the cases, for aesthetic order aspirations. I am referring to mathematics.

I will try to show by examples taken from history, how in many cases transcendental contributions in this discipline entailed palmarias samples of being guided by criteria of beauty or sense of aesthetic harmony that transcended the requirements of logical or epistemological rigor.

In addition, I will mention that the reverse situation is not uncommon: artists looking for beauty or aesthetic harmony in mathematical models or even computational logical resources to inspire or guide their productions.

By Enrique Carlos Segura

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Epistemological reflections on Inter and transdiscipline from the perspective of dialectical thinking and the paradigm of complexity

The objective of the presentation is to offer some epistemological roots for the discussion between current paradigms.

We will attend to the following analytical dimensions:

- Ontological issues: categorical scaffolding for an organic and holistic conception of the phenomena that are studied, attending to the stratigraphic character of reality and the dialectic-expression and integration of all organized reality (Hegel, Piaget, Goldmann).

-Epistemological issues: models available to overcome atomistic, devitalized and historical conceptions promoted by classical science and positivism (ecology of knowledge -Bateson, Samaja, of Sous the complexity from the so -called "hard sciences."

- Pedagogical issues: training of professionals sensitive to their social and historical context, capable of thinking globally to act locally, problem -based training, promotion of agency, prominence and social commitment, cultivators of the collective production of knowledge.

- Methodological issues: an expanded methodology that integrates the contexts of discovery as well as those of justification, motivated by a critical-epistemological reflection, away from any prescriptive conception, which offers resources and models to investigate from complexity.

- Ethical-ideological issues: dialogic and collectivist vocation in the production of knowledge. Motivation for creativity at the service of socially enhanced and inclusive transformations, which promotes practices of hegemonic science resistance to the service of capital reproduction.

- Programmatic-institutional issues: redefine institutional practices, motivating the integration between professionals, recovering the plenary sense of human life (which resists the alienation of the consumer society). Conceive integrative and collectivist proposals. Articulate research with actors from multiple social spaces.

As a general framework of the reflection we will comment on the "Manifesto of the Transdisciplinarity" of Basarab Nicolescu, which inspires the foundations of each of the proposed analytical dimensions.

By Roxana Ynoub

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Social responsibility and tourism supply: the case of San Clemente and San Jacinto, Manabí, Ecuador

Corporate social responsibility has an extremely wide field of action at all levels and in any type of economic activity, so the tourist area is no exception. The present investigation which had as purpose to analyze the social responsibility to improve the tourist offer in the sectors of San Clemente and San Jacinto in Manabí, Ecuador. The research was framed with a quantitative approach and under the descriptive modality. The estimated population was 381 inhabitants and a sample of 104. The questionnaire structured on a Likert scale with 3 response categories was used as an instrument. The results indicate that 60,5 % of the respondents know little about the ordinances of the Canton that are related to the tourist aspect. Likewise, 50 % consider that the sociocultural training process has had little impact on the responsibility of users of tourist resources in spas. On the other hand, the actors involved in tourism companies seem to remain on the sidelines or are not taken into account to generate public politics that allow tourism development of San Clemente and San Jacinto.

By Elizabeth del Carmen Ormaza Esmeraldas, César Arturo Carbache Mora, José Ricardo Macias Barberan, José Víctor Hugo Nevárez Barberan

2023-04-12 Conference abstract
Towards a feminist epistemology of Tourism

Although the majority of the tourism workforce is female, the academic production of this discipline, which has been addressed in universities since the 1970s, is mainly represented by cisgender male authors. From the initial studies on leisure time to the current reflections on the development and territorial management of tourism, the identification of sources with a gender perspective, or elaborated by women, is strikingly absent. Problems such as the sticky floor or the glass ceiling in organizations providing tourism services, the gender dimensions - double working day, precariousness, sexual harassment, sexualization of the activity - in tourism work, the social representations of solo female travelers, the design of non-inclusive equipment and facilities, tourist cities and their layout for male enjoyment, among others, are scarcely investigated by this field of knowledge. From the hegemonic narratives, the existence of "Sex Tourism" is naturalized as a typology linked to the motivations of the demand. Thus, the vulnerability of women, children, youth and dissidents is increased and at the same time made invisible in the face of the cisheteropatriarchal view of this phenomenon, considered as neutral and free of social tensions, ignoring its criminal genesis. Other disturbing aspects of contemporary analyses reveal severe conflicts between poverty, marginality and enjoyment of leisure, between very asymmetrical social groups, in practices such as "Slum Tourism" or Tourism of Poverty.

From this point of view, this paper attempts to question these realities in the generation of scientific knowledge, and focuses on the ways of classroom intervention and the challenges that teachers of Tourism at the higher level should face in order to develop their pedagogical experience from a feminist tourism epistemology.

By Sergio Chenlo , Gisela Vanina Acosta Beiman

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Environmental training experience at the Tijuana Ecopark Project, Mexico

The conservation of the environment depends, to a great extent, on the education of children and young people in this respect. In response to this and to the supposed limitations that a significant number of teachers present in the teaching of this problem, an exploration and training project was carried out through a course-workshop with the participation of elementary and high school teachers, with the objective of broadening knowledge about the problem of climate change: Its nature, causes and foreseeable consequences for regions with peculiar characteristics that make them a priority, as is the case of Mexico’s northern border, for which an Integral Instructional and Formative Curricular Design (DICIF) was used and adapted to apply it to environmental issues. The course was carried out in the environmental equipment called ECOPARQUE, directed by the Colegio de la Frontera Norte. This paper presents a brief introduction where reference is made to the importance of the Environmental Education Program of Ecoparque for the realization of activities within the so-called non-formal education, where the environment is taken as the integrating context of learning, then the methodology used is explained, showing the results obtained in the course-workshop on climate change called: “The strengthening of school environmental management in Baja California”, once the discussion of the same is presented, the conclusions are given to finish with the bibliographical references caused with the subject.

By Xiomara Marina Delgado Rodríguez, Humberto González Galbán, Tania Evelyn Bermudez Reyes, Idana Beroska Rincón Soto

2023-04-13 Conference abstract
Towards a "Local Chagas network": presence of vinchucas in urban houses in San Juan and collaborative work between community, university, health and research teams

Chagas disease is a parasitic disease that affects about 6 million people in the world. There are different routes of transmission and in the Americas, vector-borne transmission is the most frequent. In Argentina, the main vector of Trypanosoma cruzi (etiological agent) is the vinchuca or bedbug Triatoma infestans, which mainly inhabits rural dwellings. However, in recent years, the only records of vectorial Chagas disease in the country come from the urban area of San Juan. This problem represents a challenge for the local health system, partly due to the fact that all vector control strategies are currently based on and oriented to rural areas. Within the framework of a broad project with field presence since 2021, involving social, cultural and eco-epidemiological aspects of Chagas disease, this work aimed to identify the network of actors and institutions (formal and non-formal) that could form a "Local network of work on Chagas disease". Through numerous meetings, exchanges, trainings and activities of visibility, dissemination and research, it was possible to generate a link with different actors involved such as members of the community, university, health and research teams in order to make visible and raise awareness of the Chagas problem with the ultimate goal of establishing a fluid and continuous dialogue among the actors. It is hoped that this experience and others planned for the future can contribute to give continuity to the work carried out on Chagas disease from a multidimensional perspective, thus involving more sectors of society and achieving the consolidation and sustainability of a local network.

By María de la Paz Sánchez Casaccia , Julieta Nattero, Florencia Cano, Leonardo Díaz Nieto, Laura Carbajal de la Fuente

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Good environmental practices for sustainable tourism on the beaches of San Jacinto-Charapotó

This article carries out a study with an environmental approach, applying quantitative and qualitative research methods of a descriptive type, with survey techniques, interviews and observation sheets to inquire about the use of good environmental practices for the development of Sustainable Tourism in San Jacinto of Charapotó. The Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations General Assembly have been taken into account as a guide to promote a responsible attitude in business-environment relations, as well as the Code of Ethics for Tourism as a set of general principles of tourism development and the ISO 14001 standards as environmental protection standards, on the other hand, the Environmental Management Law in Ecuador as legal regulations for environmental protection, among other authors. The objective of the research is to provide viable alternative solutions to the problem from the point of view of recommendations suggested to tourist servers and relevant local authorities, since in the survey applied to travelers and through the observation sheet, it is determined that there is a negative impact on the environment due to solid waste and the lack of public policies aimed at protecting the environment. Good environmental practices in tourism and companies inherent in this sector are exposed, guidelines for sustainable management that are applicable according to the conditions and characteristics of the place.

By Amparo Adriana Quiroz Cobeña, Mayra Yasmina Espinoza Arauz, William Renán Meneses Pantoja

2023-04-19 Conference abstract
Asbestos as a socio-environmental issue: from integrated material management to promoting public health and the (built) environment in the Colombian context

Asbestos is a fibrous mineral with very good physical and chemical properties, which led to its increased use in the automotive and construction industries in the 1970s. At the time, it was a high-quality, low-cost solution, but over time, its negative impact on health has been demonstrated, leading to what has been called the "silent pandemic": a material declared a Type 1 carcinogen by the WHO. This pandemic is the result of ignoring its harmful effects, as inhalation of asbestos generates diseases that are currently incurable. The problem begins when asbestos reaches the end of its useful life in installed systems (many of which have been in place since the last century), making intervention urgent to solve a situation that is emerging as a socio-environmental problem: an environmental threat that impacts human and other living beings.

Comprehensive management of currently installed asbestos is the most efficient means of mitigating the environmental and biological risks associated with health, both human and ecological. Many countries have prescribed protocols related to its removal, but in the Colombian context, there is a lack of protocols for its identification, diagnosis, removal, and final disposal, although pilot studies are being developed at the local level.

Given all of this, asbestos has become a complex socio-environmental problem that must be addressed interdisciplinary in our context, studying its life cycle in all phases, in order to migrate from a linear and open cycle to a non-linear, closed, and circular one. This work aims to contribute to the construction of solutions through comprehensive material management for sustainable treatment that addresses the situation as an environmental health problem, i.e., a pandemic that impacts the built (technological) and ecological environments.

By Daniel Felipe Marín Vanegas, Daniel Gil Velásquez, Agudelo Peláez Daniel

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Competitiveness and value creation (eva), in peruvian mining companies 1999-2021

Mining companies have achieved unthinkable profits in the period from 1990 to 2021 that consolidate their assets, equity, profits. Objective: To prove that efficiency, efficacy and effectiveness are directly and highly related to the creation of economic value added (EVA) in the Peruvian mining sector, 1999-2021. Methodology: The finances of 15 mining companies have been reviewed. There are 345 files for 23 years. We have analyzed 357 accounts and 31 ratios, achieving 120 correlation coefficients, two econometric models with data from the Superintendencia del Mercado de Valores (SMV). Results: Correlation between EVA and efficiency (93 %), with efficiency (69,1 %) and with effectiveness (91,3 %). With total assets turnover (RAT) (0,939), net income (Un) (0,807), return on assets (ROA) (0,915) and return on equity (ROE) (0,911). The mining sector has created (EVA) for 6 181 million dollars in the 23 years. Conclusion: The creation of EVA of the sector requires that (ROA) and (ROE) are equal or higher than two digits. 

By Javier Pedro Flores-Arocutipa, José Luis León Untiveros, Herbert Alberto Arroyo, Jorge Jinchuña Huallpa

2023-04-13 Conference abstract
Less is More? The Impact of Discursive Complexity on the Evaluation of Moral Arguments

The belief that using longer and more complex words makes a text appear better written is very common among university students. However, previous literature demonstrates that this is a myth: writing with greater simplicity produces the best results. Processing fluency (subjective experience of ease of processing information) robustly affects people's judgment on a wide variety of social dimensions; in particular, linguistic fluency is positively associated with intelligence, persuasiveness, truthfulness, among others. Previous studies have focused primarily on how people process text at the individual level; however, in the real world, we must often interact with others to solve problems through argumentation and deliberation. In this paper we investigate the effect of linguistic complexity on the perceived validity of arguments about controversial moral issues, and on the likelihood of agreement. For this purpose, we conducted three studies showing that the use of long words induces worse argumentation in:

- A large-scale behavioral experiment (N=10,548), where arguments with longer words receive lower ratings.

- A behavioral study in which (N=768) participants deliberated in online chat rooms on moral issues, with the task of trying to reach agreement, and where the probability of reaching consensus was decreased by the use of longer words.

- A randomized controlled experiment (N=600), where we observed that the use of long words significantly reduced perceived fluency, which in turn correlated positively with perceived validity.

In conclusion, this paper presents converging evidence that the use of long words (an indicator of linguistic complexity) leads to a worse appraisal of moral arguments.

 

By Federico Barrera-Lemarchand, Victoria Lescano-Charreau, Julieta Ruiz, Nuria Cáceres, Joaquín Navajas

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Foreign investment and its contribution to the development of sustainable tourism entrepreneurship in the Matal-Jama community

Present research is related to Foreign Investment and its contribution to the tourist development of the El Matal community, in the Jama canton, Manabí - Ecuador. The research focused on the advantages or opportunities generated by this foreign investment in this town and how it influences the improvement of tourism and the quality of life of its inhabitants. It is developed with the objective of diagnosing the situational scope of foreign investors and their influence on the tourist growth of the El Matal community, analyzing the strategic management that they employ and their contribution to community development, proposing the development of a strategic prospective plan in benefit of the town and the Jama canton. The SPSS statistical software was used for the tabulation of results, obtaining a reliability of 8,871 and, a validity of 0,812, which shows the efficiency of the research instrument used. As a result, it is considered that foreign investment contributes to the socio-economic and tourist development of the city. El Matal community with the generation of employment and local labor, stimulates the economy of entrepreneurs and local businesses, attracting more visitors and tourists, turning it into a development pole of the Jama canton. The lack of strategies that guarantee continuity in foreign investment in the El Matal community and that does not allow adequate economic, tourist, social development to improve the quality of life of its inhabitants. Despite being an area that has several natural and cultural aspects that make it a local development zone.

By Jorge Gonzalo Pérez Plaza, Mayra Yasmina Espinoza Arauz, William Renán Meneses Pantoja, Ana Cecilia Vélez Falcones

2023-04-13 Conference abstract
Importance of interdisciplinarity in the technological development of food

Food science and technology addresses several challenges and current needs of the population: nutritional security, safety and sustainability. The current development of food poses new challenges and the need for interdisciplinary discussion in science, academic training and production systems. Among these we find: revaluation of food losses and waste (FWP) generated in the production chain. The transformation and obtaining of products capable of re-entering the food production chain improves sustainability, reduces the loss of resources and makes it possible to achieve circular production. In view of this, how should we train future professionals, what relevance does physics have in the development of new products obtained from PDA processing, what do new food designs require, and are creative and interdisciplinary solutions possible to help in the development of novel ingredients and foods? We know that technological changes require paradigm shifts and a holistic view. To achieve them, how can we train professionals with an outlook capable of creating and developing a resilient food system? Based on these questions, and working from 2019 in an interdisciplinary way, we proposed in 2022 to develop practices of physics students (FCEx-UNICEN) with application in food and performing part of the work in food laboratories of the FCV-UNICEN. Thermodynamic and mechanical studies of films obtained from protein biopolymers for PDA revaluation were addressed.  The experience showed in the students the awakening of new interests, questions and curiosities, besides acquiring new competences and a favorable learning of applied curricular aspects. Knowing that some competences can be universal, others can change according to the application environment. The results of this experience invite us to continue working and deepening the experiences with UNICEN students of physics and food science.

By Maria Emilia Latorre, Diego E Velazquez

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
La Chalcona Fluorada detiene la progresión del ciclo celular en células de cáncer de mama triple negativo al disminuir la expresión de las proteínas Ciclina A, Ciclina B1 y Cdc 2

Introduction. Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) represents around 20 % of all cases of breast cancer worldwide, being one of the most aggressive cancers, as it is are associated with advanced tumor grades, as well as with several alterations in the expression of genes involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and survival. Chalcones [(1,3-diaryl)-2-propen-1-one] are valuable organic compounds for drug development, which have shown anti-cancer activity against various tumor cells, including breast cancer, due to the fact that they modulate gene expression in various mechanisms associated with cell growth and proliferation. Objective. To identify genes that could be involved with the anti-cancer effect of fluorinated chalcone, using the MDA-MB-231 cell line as a model of this condition. Methodology. We synthesized the chalcone derivative (E)-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-1-(2-pyrazinyl)-prop-2-en-1-one, by the Claisen-Schmidt condensation method. Then, using a Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) approach, we compared the transcriptomes of MDA-MB-231 cells treated vs. untreated, in order to identify the genes involved with the anti-cancer effect of fluorinated chalcone. Results. We found that this compound downregulates several target genes involved in the cell cycle progression, including: cyclin A, cyclin B1 and Cdc2 genes, in addition to increasing the genes expression that regulate this mechanism, such as: p21 and p27. Conclusion. This research indicates that fluorinated chalcone arrests cell cycle progression by regulating important genes involved in this mechanism.

By Eduardo de la Cruz-Cano, José Alfredo Díaz-Gandarilla, José Arnold González-Garrido, Carlos Javier López–Victorio

2023-04-13 Conference abstract
The multi-paradigmatic and transdisciplinary character of Geography

It is difficult to define precisely the contents that are dealt with in the teaching-learning process of Geography today. This complexity is closely related to the equally complex definition of the discipline itself and the limits of its field of study. Starting from the question of why is it so difficult to define the limits of Geography, the aim of this paper is to determine the agents that hinder this process of definition. The answer lies in the multi-paradigmatic and transdisciplinary nature of Geography, which motivates different interpretations and approaches. Multiparadigmatic, because its knowledge is based on the diversity of geographical currents (regional, human, physical...), which cannot be reduced to a single paradigm. Transdisciplinary, because it has been nourished by the methods and approaches of other disciplines (Economics, Anthropology, Meteorology...) to explain the links between society and the environment (Economic Geography, Cultural Geography, Climatology...), in order to better understand the past and the present to anticipate the future. It is no coincidence that the transition from a school Geography, useful for training, which aims to contribute to the construction of a collective identity and the development of national awareness by creating a school culture, to a more scientific Geography, which seeks true knowledge and the solution to real problems, is still slow and complicated.

By Francisco Conde Oria

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Epistemological approaches in economics and education: transversal axes in science, technology, innovation and development

Show a reflection on economic and educational epistemological approaches, offers different perspectives on the creation and application of knowledge to improve human life, so it is important to understand the different ways in which knowledge generation can be approached and its application of policies and strategies in key areas such as science, technology, Innovation and development. In a global context, epistemology plays a fundamental role in defining the theoretical and methodological frameworks that underpin research and decision-making in these areas, approaches ensure that development is equitable, resilient and sustainable, with a positive impact. The role of the university is fundamental for the stimulation of innovative capacity, especially in the educational system in Latin America; characterized by inequality and segmentation in access to knowledge, according to their educational capacity and income levels; Isolation of educational institutions from the social and economic realities of the local, regional and country level, and problems related to the quality and updating of knowledge, shortage of graduates in fundamental careers of socio-economic development, with initiatives and agents of change. Likewise, the praxis of the knowledge society explores the possibilities and limitations of different epistemological approaches, as well as their practical implications for the advancement of science, technology, innovation and development in the contemporary world.

By Betty Janeth Soledispa-Cañarte, Irma Baldovinos Leyva, Dewis Edwin Álvarez-Pincay, Narda Paola Merchán-Ponce

2023-04-13 Conference abstract
Building dialogues between ethnobiology and chemistry: the process of elaboration of guayacán ink (Caesalpinia paraguariensis) among the Wichís of the Gran Chaco

Ethnobiology studies the links between humans and the natural environment. The axis guiding the studies is the understanding of how cultures conceptualize, classify, feel and use nature. The incorporation of information from other fields of the exact and natural sciences has been used in ethnobiology to analyze, for example, the influence that material characteristics have on the selection of different raw materials. Likewise, and although little explored so far, chemical information allows a deeper understanding of different processes, such as the ways of elaboration of ferments, dyes or tanning techniques. In order to exemplify the above, this paper analyzes the change in the elaboration of guaiacan fruit dye (Caesalpinia paraguariensis) within the Wichí community of Tres Pozos (Formosa, Argentina), from an approach that complements ethnobiological information with chemical analysis. This is a dye that the Wichís of the Gran Chaco have been using since ancient times to dye cháguar (Bromelia spp.) yarns black, and for which the method of elaboration has changed drastically over time: from mordanting with black mud to the absence of mordanting and, in replacement, maceration for long periods of time, a technique of difficult execution that the weavers describe as "fermentation". Chemically, the dye is composed mainly of hydrolyzable yellow-brown tannins that form complexes with black iron. While in the past the iron came from the mordant (mud), nowadays it is contributed gradually by the oxidized vessels; hence, if it is macerated for short periods of time and/or in vessels without surface oxide, the dyeing does not result in the desired color. The inclusion of chemical information allowed to broaden the understanding of the ways of elaboration of this dye, including the current difficulties of execution.

By Anahí Herrera Cano , Eugenia Tomasini, Marta S. Maier, María Eugenia Suárez

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Analysis of financial education in regular basic education institutions

Teaching children and youth the skills they will need to become financially responsible adults is a top priority, so financial education should be a mandatory part of the curriculum at all educational levels. The objective of the study was to theoretically analyze financial education in regular basic education institutions. The research was based on a qualitative strategy based on a bibliographic review that was articulated around a sample of 50 academic publications that served as a basis, reference and bibliographic support. A search of sources was carried out using inclusion criteria established in the three academic databases with the highest impact (Scopus, Web of Science - WoS and Google Scholar). The findings show that educating young people from an early age about financial education and how it works has long-term benefits for society as a whole, as it enables them to make better decisions at both the microeconomic and macroeconomic levels. This is because they will be better able to manage their money, make educated decisions about saving, investing and financing.

By Rafael Romero-Carazas, Idana Beroska Rincón Soto, William Joel Marín Rodriguez, Daniel Andrade-Girón

2023-04-13 Conference abstract
The relationship of music education with cognitive skills in girls and boys aged 6 to 8 years: a comparative analysis between musicians and non-musicians

The scientific literature shows that musical training influences various human abilities. Such training includes cognitive processes such as sustained attention, repetition, and short- and long-term memory, potentially positively impacting children's memory. Previous research has revealed that music training improves speech processing and prosody perception. However, more recent studies have found inconsistent results regarding the relationship between music training and these skills. Some research suggests that music training may improve spatial skills in infants, although the literature regarding the relationship between music training and visuospatial skills in children is sparse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of musical training with memory, language and visuospatial skills in infants with and without musical training. Forty girls and boys aged 6 to 8 years old schooled in different educational institutions both in elementary schools and music conservatories, members of the Choirs and Orchestras Program of the Province of Buenos Aires and of the National Orchestras Program of Argentina participated in the study. The scores of memory, language and visuospatial skills evaluated through neuropsychological tests were compared. Infants with musical training received almost two years (M=2.07; SD=0.81) of previous musical training in institutions specialized in music. The results showed that the musically trained individuals scored higher on memory and language tests than the non-musically trained children. No other significant results were found. This study was conducted by an interdisciplinary team that included experts in psychology, neurosciences, music education and music therapy, which brings relevance to the results obtained in relation to the use of music in these areas.

By María Angélica Benítez , Favio Shifres, Nadia Justel

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Payment behavior model for students at a private university in Peru

With the enactment of Law No. 29947, “Law for the Protection of the Family Economy”, students use the educational service with the payment of tuition, demonstrating a poor payment culture, failing to pay tuition until the beginning of the next semester. This motivates the university to present a state of illiquidity.  The objective of the research was to develop a payment behavior classification model for students of a private university in Peru, with the purpose of predicting delinquency and compliance with payment commitments, through the implementation of strategies to improve the quality of the economic collection process. The methodology presents a research component of technological type, of propositional level, incremental innovation, the data collection was of retrospective type; with a synchronous temporal scope, because it was carried out in a short period of time, less than a year, the study population consisted of 8495 enrolled undergraduate students.  The results show a classification model to predict payment behavior, using the H2O.ai platform and the R programming language, the data were obtained from computer systems, using the CRISP-DM methodology used in data science solutions. The datasets for training, validation and testing correspond to 70 %, 15 % and 15 %; obtaining the GBM Grid classification model whose performance metrics are AUC of 0,6272, AUCPR of 0,8751 and logLoss equivalent to 0,4577.

By Henry Villarreal Torres, Julio Ángeles Morales, William Joel Marín Rodriguez, Daniel Andrade Girón, Edgardo Carreño Cisneros

2023-04-13 Conference abstract
Recampesinization: an audiovisual ethnography of the struggle for land in the municipality of Cario, Valle del Cauca, Colombia

The present research problematizes the meanings of the peasant's condition in the process of recampesinization in the Association of Displaced People "Prédio Argentina" located in the municipality of Cairo in the state of Valle del Cauca, Colombia. The research seeks to understand the recampesinization process in the community of Cairo from the analysis of images-photographs, murals and audiovisual productions made in the community. For this, it was necessary to carry out field work with the community of Cairo, from January to March 2022. Likewise, in order to deepen the meanings of displacement and its subsequent return to the countryside, I allow myself to conduct an analysis of the narratives and life stories present in the film "Recampesinization - Saving the Countryside" (2018). In this sense, the research seeks to reflect on ethnographic cinema as a field. The theoretical foundation of this work is based on the studies of visual anthropology in Colombia through the thought of the anthropologist-filmmaker Marta Rodríguez. Thus the director is a person interested in the history of Colombia and its conflicts. Her documentaries record the lives of workers, peasants, indigenous peoples and Afro communities affected by displacement and violence. He shows us how the work of the filmmaker-anthropologist can also be a form of ethical commitment and bond with communities.  This research is situated in the debate of visual anthropology, memories, narratives and the struggle for land.

By Alejandro Escobar Hoyos

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Teacher training, work, profession in the pandemic and post-pandemic context

Learning and the challenges of the teaching job are not only framed within the teaching profession, but also respond to complex needs that arise from students in their development contexts. As new educational, political and economic scenarios emerge, the challenges for teachers are diverse because they are responsible for responding to the community and society as a whole. The current scenarios are very different from the initial ones of the school, which to this day pursue the purpose of seeking answers. The aim of the work was to identify what students learn and at the same time what are the challenges of the work, profession and teacher training after the pandemic. The teacher is a subject that society demands a particular profile and a degree of responsibility that does not happen with other professions, since he/she has a very complex task that requires many elements. It is necessary in this context to train teachers in a curriculum that develops both deep knowledge of content areas and effective pedagogical understanding, including digital technologies in a cross-cutting manner, with clear learning objectives that include knowledge, skills and attitudes. The study also focuses on the context of COVID-19, being necessary to introduce technologies in a transversal way in initial and continuous teacher training throughout the educational system, but also computational thinking.

By Idana Beroska Rincón Soto, William J. Marín-Rodriguez, Luis Alberto Baldeos-Ardían, Flor de María Líoo-Jordán, Dalila Irene Villanueva-Cadenas, Betty Soledispa, Pilar Soledispa

2023-04-13 Conference abstract
Reflective article on family care, positioning based on Josefa Delgado and Jean Watson

Introduction: we will address the differences provided by the authors, on daily care and family health, both perspectives will give us a vision regarding the premises raised.

Objective: to establish the differences between the postulates of Josefa Delgado, and Jean Watson.

Method: Literary review and existing works on family care proposed by the authors Josefa delgado and Jean Watson.

Results: after the review of the literature, not enough material has been found, even so, a conclusion has been reached.

Conclusion: we should be inclined to think that the applications of the author Josefa Delgado are more in line with the social situation of the Country, and meanwhile, with the daily nursing tasks and the care that she must provide.

By Iván Ariel Viera

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Contribution to the exercise of the human right to education proposals: teacher trainers, educational institutions and teachers

The article is based on two central concepts to carry forward, the first focuses on education and the second on human rights. The importance of starting from these concepts is due to the fact that each person has the right to receive quality education based on human rights, where each subject can enjoy a protected, inclusive and free life. It is essential to analyze the practice of education from a perspective that starts from human rights directly linked to social inclusion, in addition to the possibility of making proposals that help and frame this type of contribution of the exercise of human rights in education. Education based on human rights provides different spaces for action where a political-pedagogical activity interacts, which has the purpose of building aspects in the classroom that provide better inclusion and social equity for all. Education must be guaranteed by the States because access to it is a right for all individuals and starting from an approach towards the exercise of a human right is to think that it can be a motor to train subjects on these bases and what truly Anyone can freely exercise it. Education has always had a fundamental role for development and changes in different societies, these changes have been made within and from human rights could not only be a challenge but would bring immediate improvements in the quality of the subjects individually and collectively.

By Idana Beroska Rincón Soto, William Joel Marín Rodriguez, Luis Alberto Baldeos-Ardían, Flor de María Líoo-Jordán, Dalila Irene Villanueva-Cadenas

2023-04-13 Conference abstract
How the interaction between human settlements and their sociocultural development favored the introduction and expansion of exotic species: The wild boar (Sus scrofa) in the sierras of Córdoba as a case study

In the last 300 years, mankind has transformed a large part of the planet's surface, drastically changing the landscape. One of the indirect factors of this modification is the voluntary or accidental introduction of invasive alien species (IAS). These produce severe ecological impacts and conflicts with human populations, such as the destruction of crop fields, attacks on people or domestic animals and the transmission of diseases.

In the province of Córdoba, one of the most relevant IAS is the wild boar (Sus scrofa).  This species has been recorded several times by rural inhabitants and tourist areas of the department of Calamuchita, Province of Córdoba, who have expressed their concern to the corresponding authorities.

The objective of this work is to present an analysis that gathers the results obtained in the framework of an environmental diagnosis oriented to wild boar management where the bibliographic information of the study area, the problem species and the perception of the problem by the inhabitants of Villa Berna interact. It describes how the geographic location, the geomorphological processes together with the climate shaped the relief and endowed the area with particular characteristics for the development of native biodiversity. These conditions, together with the influence of the first human settlements and subsequent cultural changes, subjected the system to economic and use practices that favored the introduction of exotic species. Over time, these species modified the landscape, producing characteristics that were appreciated by the settlers, but at the same time contributed to generate habitat components favorable for the establishment of the wild boar.

By José Fernando Fissore

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Research projects in innovation, technology and scientific dissemination in Latin American universities

The article is based on two central concepts, the first focuses on education and the second on human rights. The importance of starting from these concepts is due to the fact that each person has the right to receive quality education based on human rights, where each subject can enjoy a protected, inclusive and free life. It is essential to analyze the practice of education from a perspective based on human rights directly linked to social inclusion, in addition to the possibility of making proposals that help and frame this type of contribution to the exercise of human rights in education. Education based on human rights provides different spaces of action where a political-pedagogical activity interacts with the purpose of building in the classroom aspects that provide better inclusion and social equity for all. Education must be guaranteed by the States because access to it is a right for all individuals and starting from an approach towards the exercise of a human right is to think that it can be an engine to form the subjects on these bases and that truly any person can exercise it freely. Education has always had a fundamental role in the development and changes in different societies, these changes have been able to be made within and from human rights could not only be a challenge, but would bring immediate improvements in the quality of the subjects individually and collectively.

By Idana Beroska Rincón Soto, Ángel Hugo Campos Díaz, Gladys Jane Villanueva Cadenas, Félix Gil Caro Soto, Dalila Irene Villanueva Cadenas

2023-04-13 Conference abstract
Breaking with university endogamy. Critical extension as an integral and political training device

The paper reflects on the scope of an initiative that aims at linking universities with the territory and the (integral) training of professionals. The initiative in question is the project "Desconstru-YENDO: Educación Sexual Integral: Fortaleciendo vínculos en el territorio entre los CAPS y las Escuelas" -Universidad, Cultura y Territorio - Convocatoria 2021 of the Secretaría de Políticas Universitarias (Ministerio de Educación- Argentina). In recent years, the Argentine University system has given an important impulse and support to strategies that articulate the academic design with the social commitment of the university. In this regard, it is worth mentioning the definitions of the National Interuniversity Council through various Plenary Agreements; as well as different initiatives arising from the Executive and Legislative Power, including the ministerial resolution that invites universities, within the framework of their autonomy "...to incorporate in the curricular designs and curricula of undergraduate and graduate careers, educational social practices or as the institution calls them, whose compliance will be a necessary requirement for obtaining the university degree" (Resolution ME and D. 233, 2018). Throughout the paper we will reflect on the notion of critical extension as a political practice and some assumptions that should be addressed and present in these strategies of professional training and articulation of the university with the territory. We hope to contribute to the discussion about the forms that "the political" assumes, the spaces and practices that constitute it and its relationship with the production of knowledge in the university environment.

By Mario Villarreal

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Transformational leadership program and its impact on organizational culture: the case of the provincial municipality of Huaura – Peru

To be a transformational leader is to be able to inspire change positively in those who follow them. In general, they are enthusiastic, passionate, and full of energy. They are not only involved and focused on the process of each follower, but also the individual success of each follower. The objective of this study is to determine to what extent the application of the transformational leadership program improves the organizational culture of the Provincial Municipality of Huaura. The methodology is a quantitative, experimental, quasi-experimental design. The period of data collection was specific, a pre-and post-test. The sample consisted of 60 workers of the Provincial Municipality of Huaura and was divided into two groups, the Control Group (30 people) and the Experimental Group (30 people), applying a 20-question questionnaire The instrument was validated by 3 experts, and the reliability, according to Cronbach’s Alpha, had a coefficient of 0,856. It was concluded that the application of a transformational leadership program significantly improves the organizational culture of the workers of the Provincial Municipality of Huaura.

By Jesús Jacobo Coronado Espinoza, Abrahán Cesar Neri Ayala, Flor de María Lioo Jordan, Luis Alberto Baldeos Ardian, Santiago Ernesto Ramos Y Yovera

2023-04-14 Conference abstract
Experience of an interdisciplinary and interinstitutional survey of extensive agroecological production in General Pueyrredon (Buenos Aires, Argentina)

Discussions on the social and environmental risks associated with the prevailing agricultural production model have been at the forefront of the Argentine public agenda for more than two decades. In this context, in recent years -especially since the COVID-19 pandemic- part of the public policy decisions have been oriented towards the promotion of agroecology as an alternative production model. However, the scarcity of updated information hinders public policy decisions. In 2020, an interdisciplinary and interinstitutional team (INTA - CONICET/UNMdP) started the process of geo-referencing and characterization of agroecological fruit and vegetable experiences in General Pueyrredon and surrounding areas. On this basis, the team expanded to explore those extensive productions with agroecological bases. The paper presents the mapping experience, focusing on the process of design and implementation of the methodological strategy, and on the challenges and difficulties encountered. For this purpose, an exploratory qualitative-quantitative research is proposed. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with extensive agroecological producers using the "snowball" strategy to form the sample. This work approaches agroecology from a holistic and systemic perspective. Among the main results is that, in comparison with the fruit and vegetable sector, agroecology in extensive production is still incipient. The scale of production, marketing channels and technical support are highlighted as limitations, while the strengths are linked to the interest of consumers in obtaining "healthy" food, local regulatory frameworks and the search to reduce costs associated with sustainable technological proposals. It is planned to extend the study area to other districts of southeastern Buenos Aires in order to provide elements for the strategic planning of the territory.

By Celeste Molpeceres

2023-05-07 Conference abstract
Design thinking and the entrepreneurship of secondary school students in Peru, case: Guillermo e Billinghurst Educational Institution

Through this study, we sought to determine whether design thinking significantly influences the generation of entrepreneurship of students in the fifth year of high school at the Guillermo E Billinghurst Educational Institution, Barranca - 2022. The sample consisted of 147 students, who answered a Likert scale survey with 18 items on design thinking, and 18 items on entrepreneurship. In addition, the research approach is quantitative, correlational and non-experimental - cross-sectional design. When applying Speraman’s Rho statistic, an asymptotic significance (p=0) lower than the margin of error (p= 5%) is obtained, which allows affirming that design thinking significantly influences the generation of entrepreneurship of the students of the fifth year of high school of the Guillermo E Billinghurst Educational Institution, Barranca - 2022. Resulting in a positive and moderate correlation Spearman’s Rho of 0.584. It is concluded that, in the educational institution studied many times it is possible to collect effective information, almost all problems are analyzed and defined, the ideation process is frequently used, the prototyping methodology is applied, and critical evaluations are made periodically; therefore, students perceive almost all the needs that can be met with the development of a venture, they acquire only certain knowledge to undertake, they almost always demonstrate business skills, develop positive values and attitudes, and analyze the environment frequently in order to adapt to the market.

By Elizabeth Obregón Espinoza, Abrahan Neri Ayala, Santiago Ramos Y Yovera, Felix Caro Soto, Algemiro Muñoz Vilela

2023-04-15 Conference abstract
Emergence and development of ethno and cross-cultural perspectives on mental health/illness in Mexico, Brazil and Argentina in the second half of the 20th century

In this research we address the emergence of ethno- and transcultural perspectives in mental health research in Latin America since the second half of the 20th century, taking as axes of analysis the developments of ethnopsychology of Rogelio Díaz-Guerrero in Mexico and the transcultural psychiatry of Álvaro Rubim de Pinho in Brazil and Fernando Pages Larraya in Argentina. The purpose of the work will be to explore and understand the emergence, development, permanence and contradictions of these perspectives, paying attention to the cognitive, social and institutional aspects that conditioned their development (context of production of the works, the epistemic communities that sustained them and the theoretical-methodological contents they produced). The research has a descriptive-interpretative exploratory character, in a qualitative design, from the perspective of Critical Discourse Analysis. The approach focuses on archival work, characterization and documentary analysis of the significant works of these authors and their research groups, according to the dimensions described. The advances produced so far allow us to see that these works, which are usually recognized as non-dogmatic, have in common several concerns that motivate the study of the relationship between culture and mental health-illness in reaction to the dominant ethnocentrism. These concerns range from the difficulties posed by the methodology of psychiatric diagnosis and specific problems in the clinic -especially in public services- that challenge the psychiatrist, to slippages related to certain national identity constructions and essentialisms posed by some of their hypotheses when incorporating the dimension of culture. This allows us to identify the ways in which the forms of knowledge produced affect, transform and invent statements about human experiences and how this knowledge is socially integrated.

By Laurencia Silveti

2023-04-19 Conference abstract
Conservation biology, ecocentrism and utilitarianism

Conservation biology emerged in the 1980s as a purportedly interdisciplinary field of study (Callicott and Frodeman, 2009, Van Dyke and Lamb, 2020). In its origins, the objective was to provide principles and tools to preserve biodiversity (Soule, 1985). Among these principles, a series of normative postulates are proposed that would rest on the ecocentric ethics of deep ecology (Naess, 1973), which seeks to displace humans from the center of moral consideration and rather treat all ecological ensembles and their members equally. Conservationism has shown an important development from those pioneering works to the present day. In fact, in recent times, approaches have emerged that attempt to dissociate themselves from traditional conservation biology, to the point of proposing another field: conservation science (Kareiva and Marvier, 2012). This shift implies a conservation that centrally considers the utilitarian value of biodiversity and ecosystem services for humans. The aim of this paper is to analyze comparatively these two major moments of conservationism, inquiring to what extent they recover the ecocentric ideals that were originally held. By means of a discursive analysis, we will try to show that both traditional conservation biology and the new conservation sciences do not fully recover that ecocentric view since, to different extents, they present important utilitarian "marks" in their discourses. Finally, we will discuss some implications of this for conservationism.

By Matias Lamberti, Esteban Hernán Rodríguez, Gabriela Klier, Federico di Pasquo

2023-04-17 Conference abstract
Energy transition and “green” extractivism around the lithium industry. New socio-territorial conflict in northern Argentina

Consolidating the energy transition towards the decarbonization of the global economy demands the growing consumption of minerals and strategic resources. The advance of extractive projects on lithium deposits in the last decade in Latin America and in Argentina in particular implied that local sources of conflict emerged in the region that brought together different collective actors in opposition and resistance. The present work analyzes, based on a qualitative case study strategy on the "Mesa de Comunidades de la Cuenca de Guayatayoc y Salinas Grandes", the cycle of social conflict that emerged in the Argentine northwest as a result of the exploitation of lithium. This research seeks to respond to the main social actors involved and to identify the forms of struggle they adopt, with their demands and main programs. In this way, the work is organized as follows. In the first place, the concept of socio-territorial movement is reviewed, as a specificity of certain social movements in order to account for the demands, practices and programs of the collective subjects that intervene. The second section describes the rise of the lithium industry in Argentina and the emergence of socio-territorial movements in opposition to the advance of the extractive export model. The third section analyzes, in particular, the case of the Mesa de Comunidades de la Cuenca de Guayatayoc y Salinas Grandes in northwestern Argentina as the main socio-territorial movement, its demands and programs. It is concluded that the emergence of communities as a socio-territorial movement transcends the dispute around lithium as a strategic resource for the energy transition, encompassing a broader dispute for the construction of an alternative territoriality of change based on self-determination.

By Agustín Barberón

2023-04-17 Conference abstract
Classifications of knowledge: actors, disciplines and global traditions

From the philosophical point of view in its Western-European tradition, classifications and hierarchies of knowledge have existed since antiquity (such as that established between opinion and knowledge), and they continue to operate, often implicitly, both in scientific practice and in scientific reflection. One consequence is the development of alternative conceptions of inter- and transdisciplinarity, in which stakeholders play a more or less central role, or even none at all. This paper seeks to contribute to the reflection on the classifications of knowledge. To this end, I first explore the conception of inter- and transdisciplinarity in two papers pertaining to current thinking on transdisciplinary research in Germany. Secondly, I explore part of the debate on the relationship between philosophy as a discipline and the sciences. In the latter case, it is a distinctive feature of philosophy to be closely connected to the knowledge mobilized by actors and speakers in their basic interactions. My analysis aims at clarifying the distinction between (a) the knowledge of these actors, (b) the knowledge that philosophy takes as its point of reference (according to Habermas' conception) and (c) the knowledge produced by scientific disciplinary methods. To conclude the paper, and given that the analysis takes place from a perspective internal to the German philosophical and research tradition, I will explore the idea that disciplinary boundaries are the result of a historical development and do not correspond to theoretical boundaries or boundaries related to the particular object of knowledge of the disciplines, in this case from a critical and postcolonial perspective and explore the consequences of accepting this conception for the classifications and hierarchies of knowledge.

By Rosa Sierra

2023-04-17 Conference abstract
Construction, expression and group work. Establishing interdisciplinary links

The Universidad Nacional de La Plata and the Hospital Zonal de Rehabilitación El Dique signed a specific agreement as a framework for the realization of two interdisciplinary devices in charge of the Cátedra Libre Musicoterapia. The human rights approach -as a starting point to understand the user as a "subject of rights" and not as a "beneficiary", an integral notion of health and the collective elaboration based on potentialities, constituted the central axes of the task.

The effects of "hospitalism" and chronicity were taken into account, that is, the suffering of the subject during his prolonged stay in the institution as a generator of de-subjectivizing effects that impact on the health condition and on the construction of social bonds. The experiences, of voluntary participation, were carried out in two different wards. In Pavilion No. 2, people in different stages of rehabilitation participated in the space where they worked on the relationship between rhythm and movement with a view to discharge. In the Canutti Pavilion, the open framing device allowed the accessible construction of pvc sikus and the assembly of a musical ensemble. The workshops provided a space for voluntary co-construction, enabled a way of doing with others, where individual interest and the consolidation of social ties were re-signified. The activity became a meaningful occupation incorporated into the usual routine. At the end of the workshops, the participants expressed the desire for the permanence of each device. This made it possible to visualize the identification and commitment with the space. The resignification of social ties within the framework of a group modality provided a new daily routine. We highlight the importance of the work taking a position of "subject of rights" and favoring an integral and interdisciplinary approach.

By Juan Cruz Torres Martin, Verónica Cannarozzo, María Cecilia Aguirre, Daniela Gómez

2023-04-17 Conference abstract
Interdisciplinarity in the design of assessment instruments: the Ecological Battery for the assessment of cognitive and linguistic functions

In recent decades, there has been increasing criticism regarding the predominance of an experimental environment in cognitive and linguistic performance assessment methods, especially in the child population, given that there is ample evidence that the task environment determines the possibilities of resolution and cognition, which implies that the subjects under assessment are not considered in their cognitive integrity (Stromswold, 1996; Silva et al., 2014). The ecological paradigm, on the other hand, promotes the development of assessment environments that seek that the assessed subjects recreate the conditions demanded by cognition in situation (Wittrock and Baker, 1998). Technological advances, especially in the area of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), have made it possible to speed up the assessment procedure, streamline the application process, control the stimulus conditions, among other characteristics. This paper presents the guidelines of an assessment instrument designed under these requirements, the Digital Ecological Battery for Cognitive and Linguistic Assessment (Silva et al., 2015), succinctly describes the preliminary results of its application in a population of children with Typical Development (TD) and ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder). The Battery is an assessment software comprising 13 tests (adaptations, versions and original tests) designed to measure: Working Memory (storage and functioning), Attention, General Intelligence, Narrative Performance, Establishment of Referential Relationships and Conversational Interaction Performance in children aged 5 to 14 years. Preliminary results point to the need to reconsider certain descriptions of the population, especially with regard to developmental aspects of social cognition.

By María Luisa Silva, María Victoria Gasparini, Germán Stahringer, Leandro Escher, Sofía Iacobuzio, Yamila Rubbo, María Florencia Tenaglia, Melisa Garay Frontini, Camila Ilicic Isely

2023-04-17 Conference abstract
Academic training in the Bachelor's Degree in Management for Urban and Regional Development, FTU-UNSL. Between Complexity and Transdiscipline

The reality of academic training in Management is a great challenge for most professors who are used to working with certainties and truths, with predictability and stability. Thinking and performing "management" is a challenge of every moment because the realities in which we move have changed and change permanently and, at the same time, institutions or people are participants in these transformations of social scenarios. To manage is an integral action, it is a work and organization process in which different views, perspectives and efforts are coordinated to advance effectively towards institutionally assumed objectives that must be adopted in a participative and democratic way. Academic training must consider this transformation in the construction of knowledge and generate a non-linear learning process typical of the dynamic events of life. Today we face uncertain and fluid times with intellectual tools from other times, from other times, when reality was observed as stable, homogeneous and determined. That is why we have to learn to differentiate and distinguish, without having to separate. In this sense, there are two pairs of concepts that are clearly distinguishable and not separable: on the one hand, the concepts of complexity and complex thinking and, on the other hand, transdisciplinary knowledge. While historically the division of the sciences and the emergence of the subject-object duality introduce a fragmentation that leads to specialization, today we propose an academic training in Management that not only seeks the crossing and interpenetration of the different disciplines, but also aims to erase the boundaries that exist between them to integrate them into a single system based on the understanding of the complexity of the present world, starting from the simplest to the most complex objects and across disciplines and beyond all disciplines.

By Mónica Liliana Cresmani, María Inés Ciccarone, Luciana Sol Silvestre, Ana Sofía Resio

2023-04-17 Conference abstract
The landscape catalog as a tool for consensus - Case of Villa de Merlo, San Luis, Argentina

The "Landscape" can be understood as a visual and cultural perception changing over time and interdisciplinary, which requires professional transversality to analyze the transformations that occur in urban and territorial scales through urban planning, to achieve a sensitive territory with quality of life. The laws of nature and human action modify its forms and geographical structures through environmental and social actions, as well as from the different views that are perceived. Landscape should not be perceived with a protectionist and static approach, it is necessary to consider the projective action for the transformation of the landscape or the creation of a new one. The impact of human action on landscapes confirms the need to rethink the way in which the territory is managed. The climate emergency and the inequalities generated by globalization call for a systematic search for global commitments supported by local actions. The landscape catalog is a methodological opportunity for a contemporary vision of the territory. In this process, the landscape begins to be identified as a central axis for a new management of the territory, as an identity manifestation that does not exclude the link between the community and the space it inhabits. In other words, to move from a static-delimiting look, from a static set of objects, with a prefixed meaning to a dynamic-ordering one, with an awareness of values that are linked to the changing needs and demands that society attributes to its landscape, through a useful tool for the implementation of landscape policies by integrating landscape objectives in territorial strategies with the connivance and active participation of all social agents involved in the territory.

By Mónica Liliana Cresmani, María Inés Ciccarone, Erico Bianchi, Luciana Sol Silvestre, Ana Sofía Resio, Leticia Aguilera Marturano, Eleonora Casaretto, Adriana Gabriela Segura

2023-04-17 Conference abstract
The construction of the hydroelectric dam on the corda river: an interdisciplinary analysis of indigenous rights and the idea of progress in the 1940s-1950s in maranhão, Brazil

This paper, focusing on the construction of the Cachoeira Grande hydroelectric dam on the Corda River, located in the municipality of Barra do Corda, in the Legal Amazon area of Maranhão, aims to correlate the developmental interests of the 1940s-1950s with indigenous rights. The proposal, of interdisciplinary basis in terms of the use of research sources and approaches from the Humanities field, resorts to History to situate the political and economic context of Maranhão at the time of the construction and failure of the hydroelectric dam; to Law, to raise legal aspects related to the licensing of large-scale works on indigenous lands; and to Anthropology, to understand the dimension of the impact caused to the Guajajara Indians, from the Cachoeira Village, who occupied the area chosen for the energy venture. From the general analysis it was possible to arrive at the following statement, which can be broken down into a few conclusive aspects that can be further investigated: there is a tension of contradictory interests between the bases of economic development and the mechanisms guaranteeing the land rights of indigenous peoples in the 1940s-1950s. On the one hand, progress, translated as economic prosperity, dictated the pace of industrial economic policy and the country's interiorization: in Barra do Corda, the strategies of the National Agricultural Colony would be enhanced by energy production, which, in turn, would stimulate the mineral and leather trade in the region. On the other hand, the legislation and organs for protecting the indigenous peoples were complacent to integrationist ideas and tolerant to the territorial transfer of the natives whenever necessary for the development of progress. In Barra do Corda, the inhabitants of the Cachoeira village were expelled under the argument that the population was small and the occupation was occasional in order to make way for the hydroelectric dam.  The indigenous people would return to the area years later, but under the socio-cultural scourges imposed by the loss of territory.

By Síria Emerenciana Nepomuceno Borges, Eduardo Lima Sousa, Emilly Gabrielle de Oliveira Sousa

2023-04-18 Conference abstract
Interdisciplinary approach to socio-environmental problems: an analysis of the micro-dumps in the city of Mar del Plata

The aim of this paper is to reflect on interdisciplinary social intervention in socio-environmental problems, particularly in the emergence of micro-dumps in the city of Mar del Plata. This problem is associated not only to consumption habits, but also to population growth, urbanization and, above all, to an inadequate management of the integral waste plan. In this sense, from a rights perspective, I propose to rethink the multiple dimensions that cross this socio-environmental problem and the importance of an interdisciplinary approach to guarantee the right to a healthy environment. For this, I developed a bibliographic review process of various investigations that refer not only to the inadequate treatment of waste by the municipality, but also to the lack of collection services, infrastructure, information and environmental education in the neighborhoods.

By Jazmín López de Armentia

2023-04-17 Conference abstract
Post-qualitative research in education. A political-relational ontology of the sensible and the corporeal

For some years now, educational research has been carried out that overflow and transfigure disciplinary boundaries in their epistemological aspects, but fundamentally in the methodological dimension. In the context of the current doctoral research we have been carrying out, from a narrative, autobiographical and post-qualitative research proposal with a decolonial perspective, we wish to share in this conference some conceptual indications that we have managed to sketch for the methodological development of the final thesis of the Doctorate in Education (UNR). In this sense, we are interested in proposing a constellation of notions that make up the background of a political-relational ontology with which we have diagrammed certain conceptual research devices. These notions include modes of existence, new materialisms, processual agencements and becomings, transindividual coexistences and desiring practices. With this open set of ideas-force we have been able to co-create some operative lines for the elaboration of the initial fabric with which we plot the concrete actions of the research, which has been developed at the level of non-university Higher Education, more specifically at the Instituto Superior de Formación Docente N° 84 and at the Instituto del Profesorado de Arte "Adolfo Ábalos" in the city of Mar del Plata. In short, our primary desire is to share these ideas in order to open the debate and the conversation in these conferences.

By Santiago Diaz

2023-04-17 Conference abstract
The importance of interdisciplinarity for the study of pre- and post-Hispanic interaction processes in La Cueva gorge, Humahuaca, Jujuy

The presentation addresses the importance that the interdisciplinary work between Archaeology, History, Biology and Paleontology had and has for the study of interaction, mobility or circulation in the ravine of La Cueva (located in the department of Humahuaca, province of Jujuy), both in pre-Hispanic and post-Hispanic times. The possibility of working for more than a decade with a team whose researchers come from different fields, has allowed the approach of multiple social processes that took place in this ravine, but on this occasion we will focus on the study of mobility/interaction/circulation. This is an archaeological and historical space that, due to its strategic location (a transition between the ravine and the puna), has witnessed the mobility of people and objects since at least the Formative Period, passing through the Regional Development Period and the Inca Period, as well as the Colonial Period and the Wars of Independence until the present day. We are talking about a circulation that is reflected in various objects studied by archaeology (such as ceramics and lithic, fundamentally), as well as materials investigated by paleontology, such as a Jurassic mollusk fossil. To this is added the interaction of human beings whose mortal remains are currently found in archaeological sites in the ravine and which are analyzed by Biology through ancient DNA, as well as the circulation of populations from the remote and recent past, which History studies through documents and diverse cartography. The work will show the scope and value of an interdisciplinary research for the approach of archaeological and historical problems of a sector of Northwest Argentina.

By Paola Silvia Ramundo

2023-04-18 Conference abstract
Foresight as an interdisciplinary field: approaches and practices

The current world is witnessing profound changes in social, technological, environmental, economic, political, and cultural orders. In this context, the decision-making process is highly vulnerable due to the high uncertainty of the studied system, and what is at stake in the decision is very high. This situation is called post-normal science by Silvio Funtowicz and Jerome Ravetz. These changes demonstrate that the medium and long term begins to matter, and foresight studies are an essential input for the design of public policies. This paper reflects on the definition of foresight as an interdisciplinary field. The text revolves around two central issues. On the one hand, foresight as a field of intersection between future studies, public policies, and strategic planning. On the other hand, foresight as knowledge production related to the futures of various fields of application and their unavoidable dialogue of knowledge and wisdom. It starts with foresight as a discipline of the social sciences in order to analyze complex systems that allow understanding the current situation, identifying trends and future uncertainties, constructing scenarios, and analyzing their strategic implications. The paper presents some basic notions about foresight as a social production of knowledge. Then, it presents the convergence of the various and different disciplines that feed the field of knowledge. Finally, it presents a practical case of application in socio-territorial tensions in order to analyze the interactions and interrelationships between foresight and interdisciplinarity. Among the main findings, the need to have situated conceptual approaches and management technologies for the conceptualization of foresight as an interdisciplinary field is highlighted.

By Javier Alejandro Vitale Gutierrez

2023-04-18 Conference abstract
The peri-urban area north of Mar del Plata: urban and environmental problems from the perspective of its inhabitants

The peri-urban areas of the city of Mar del Plata exhibit urban and environmental issues that are generally derived from growth processes with little planning. Although many problems are common, perceptions show differences associated with the particular characteristics of each territory. Based on previous studies and assuming an interdisciplinary approach, this study analyzes the urban and environmental problems of the peri-urban area located north of the La Tapera stream from the perspective of the inhabitants. To do this, using a collective mapping carried out in the area as a basis, a survey was developed that investigates the state and concern regarding the following topics: public services and infrastructure; mobility and transportation; housing conditions; green spaces; social, cultural, and productive equipment; environment; security and violence. The lowest score regarding the state corresponds to green spaces, while the greatest concern is reflected in environmental aspects. However, the results obtained show differential perceptions in the neighborhoods that make up the area. For example, the score relative to the state of the set of topics reveals more critical conditions in Las Dalias, and the concern for mobility and transportation is more evident in Félix U. Camet and Parque Peña, for the environment in Las Dalias, for security in Parque Camet, and for housing conditions in Alto Camet. We hope that the preliminary analysis arising from this study will provide the basis for generating interventions that respond to the problems perceived by the community itself.

By María Laura Zulaica, Fabiana Ruiz

2023-04-19 Conference abstract
Building interdisciplinary knowledge from critical-decolonial experiences in education

The epistemological, methodological, and political shift proposed in various epistemic fields allows for the reconstruction of new discourses and knowledge committed to new re-readings around decoloniality and the need to appeal to interdisciplinary knowledge about reality.

The documentary research is based on situated experiences in research projects carried out at the secondary and tertiary education levels, from which different proposals for interdisciplinary approaches and knowledge construction emerge that start from the analysis of colonial signs and a structure of universal knowledge that strengthens the criterion of power-knowledge coloniality.

The adoption of a homogenizing and hegemonic language and system of practices takes a toll on the production and legitimization of knowledge and the institutionalization of control devices.

Constructing knowledge from complex and interdisciplinary thinking entails a repositioning and recognition of the transformative capacity of subjects as active producers of knowledge situated in the emergence of a new alternative posture and the visibility of absences, as well as in the search for a praxis oriented towards creating and building new social, political, cultural, and thinking conditions.

Revising scientific-conceptual constructions, disciplinary statutes, and objects constructed by the Social Sciences towards the possibility of building interdisciplinary or transdisciplinary proposals from a decolonial perspective that cooperates in breaking the unique, fragmented, and universal history that characterized modernity and beginning to understand that the knowledge of the past recognizes other local and multiple dimensions.

By Priscila Janet Schunck

2023-04-19 Conference abstract
The impact of causal explanations and reader emotions on the effectiveness of rebuttal texts for communication and education

Rebuttal texts have been extensively studied. The scientific literature indicates that they are effective for science communication, and that they have the potential to improve critical understanding of science. However, their effectiveness in relation to different formats, contexts and audiences has not yet been studied. The present paper aims to present a review of different research that suggests: 1) that positive and negative emotions, depending on people's initial beliefs, can influence the effectiveness of rebuttal texts, increasing or decreasing the willingness to accept scientific information that refutes their beliefs, 2) that including causal explanations in rebuttal texts in a clear and explicit way can improve the reader's comprehension. It should also be noted that refutation texts can help students develop critical thinking skills and correct misconceptions about science. In sum, the importance of rebuttal texts as an effective tool for science communication and for improving students' critical understanding is highlighted. The importance of considering emotions and causal explanations in the effectiveness of rebuttal texts, and the need for further research on the topic to better understand their role in education is highlighted.

By Arlene Sofía Cabrera Salazar, Jazmin Cevasco

2023-04-18 Conference abstract
Science and technology in health: the creation of mRNA vaccines from the social construction of technologies

This paper aims to analyze the process of creating mRNA technology in the development of vaccines used during the COVID-19 pandemic from the perspective of the social construction of technologies. Specifically, it seeks to understand the socio-political conditions that enabled the development of a new vaccine technology by identifying the context, actors involved, and problems/solutions associated with its creation. The study was conducted through a qualitative methodology, using bibliographic analysis of primary and secondary sources. Considering that technology is an expression of social values and interests - where technological objects are developed within systems in which designers and regulators have agency - the paper suggests that the creation of mRNA vaccines can be understood as the result of tensions between four relevant actors (pharmaceutical corporations, governments, scientists, and social movements) that seem to play a key role; as a result of the tensions generated by their particular interests in the technological development process analyzed here. Finally, this article argues that the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic managed to channel a series of isolated scientific advances over time that vindicated the relevance of basic research, demonstrating that re-adopting old discoveries can still represent a milestone in global health.

By Paloma Castiglione

2023-04-18 Conference abstract
Automation of cognitive processes mediated by social systems

Can social systems influence cognitive processes? This question opens up the possibility of thinking about cognition as the individual expression of the interface between physiology and society. The former, guided by genetic processes under developmental constraints, accounts for the neuronal plasticity of the Central Nervous System, which allows diversity in the other level: the social/cultural. Can this level modulate the former? And more specifically: What would be the modulatory mechanisms of capitalist and patriarchal social systems on cognitive processes? Here we propose that these mechanisms involve the automation of cognitive processes, especially in vulnerable social sectors, to the detriment of more reflective processes. Dual process theories propose that cognitive processes can be automatic (system 1) or reflective (system 2). Some of these theories propose that the latter can operate with both the original and the resulting information of the automatic process, affirming or modifying the initial result. The persistence of stereotypes, implicit access to a large volume of information, the absence of social criteria for classifying it as relevant ("post-truth"), the reproduction of institutions as instances of authority and power, and an increasingly demanding, precarious, and pathological daily and work life (chronic stress, burn-out, depression, etc.) are potential conditions that - we hypothesize - could favor a tendency towards the automation of cognitive processes, mainly among workers in general, and women in particular.

By Tomas Alves Salgueiro, María Ayelén Caramés, Pablo Nicolas Fernandez Larrosa

2023-04-19 Conference abstract
Sharing research results: meanings and feelings in the return to the hospital

During the pandemic, as part of a transdisciplinary research project, we designed and developed the project "Transitioning from the pandemic to the post-pandemic: challenges and possibilities of new scenarios in public health, from the narratives of its workers" (PISAC-COVID 19 call), aimed at understanding the care experiences of health workers in the second level of complexity in the southern conurbation. In this framework, semi-structured interviews were conducted, aimed at recovering personal narratives, mostly at a distance, through virtual communication platforms and some in-person interviews. Towards the end of 2022, we had the opportunity to approach the hospitals to share the results of the analysis of those narrated experiences, in collective activities and already in a new socio-epidemiological reality.

This paper seeks to analyze that experience of presenting results from the intersection of meanings and emotions that it generated: the recognition of workers in the conclusions enunciated as a form of validation of scientific knowledge, the dispute over the "moral/s" or lessons learned from the experience as premises for participation, transformation, or organization initiatives in the hospitals, the "catharsis" as a byproduct of the research process, the tensions between the voices recovered by the research and the voices authorized by institutional hierarchies. What does transdisciplinary research in public health on healthcare workers produce, and what can it produce? Who benefits from the knowledge produced? What specific contributions can this type of presentation experience make, compared to other instances arising from research of this kind, such as presenting results to academic peers, to officials, or in acts of tribute? What are the real possibilities for presenting results to authorities and workers? After the crisis, what time and openness do they have to listen to their own voices in a pandemic?

By Francisco Gelman Constantin, Anahí Sy, Paula Derossi, Cinthia Sapienza, Brenda Moglia

2023-04-19 Conference abstract
Contributions of feminist geography to the implementation of Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE)

This presentation proposes a reflection on the dialogues between Geography and the field of Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE). The exposition is divided into five sections. Initially, a brief overview is presented on the main contributions and political positions of the Comprehensive Sexuality Education Law, enacted in 2006 in Argentina, and the role that schools play in relation to it. Next, the current state of implementation of CSE in geography education is analyzed, and the results that demonstrate the incipient guarantee of this right are presented. In response to this challenge, the main contributions and theoretical-methodological perspectives of gender and sexuality geographies developed in the scientific field are described. In a fourth section, and with an eye toward one of the objectives of Comprehensive Sexuality Education, which establishes the transmission of precise, reliable, and up-to-date knowledge, examples are proposed that show the possible - but also necessary - dialogues between the scientific production of feminist geography, feminist movements, the sexual dissidence collective, and the field of Comprehensive Sexuality Education. Particular emphasis is placed on the importance of establishing bridges between these areas to contribute to the teaching of geography from a Comprehensive Sexuality Education perspective. Finally, the challenges and questions posed by these dialogues are presented with the aim of reflecting on Comprehensive Sexuality Education policies.

By Magdalena Moreno

2023-04-19 Conference abstract
Teaching-learning strategy in the Administration course at the Maranhense Center College - FCMA: focus on emotional intelligence

To address the longing of the Federal Constitution of Brazil of 1988, on December 22, 2017, Brazil gains a Common National Curricular Base, articulated with other countries through World Organizations. This Base seeks to adjust education throughout the country and levels some rights and objectives such as: knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values, which, when mobilized, are fundamental to solve complex demands of daily life, full exercise of citizenship and the world of work, aiming thus at an education integrated with the whole human being, with its complexity and subjectivity. Therefore, this article seeks to emphasize the importance of emotional competence in the teaching of Administration courses at the FCMA College of Maranhense Center, in order to prepare the student for the world of work and is almost exclusively oriented to identify it as indispensable for the training of successful professionals in the management area. In a secondary vein, the teaching-learning strategies by which emotional intelligence competencies are developed lack further analytical depth, especially with regard to the complexity of higher education contexts in Brazil, since the Common National Curricular Base is specific to basic education, and the scope of the variables that the theme assumes at the theoretical and practical level. Therefore, this article unfolds in problematizing, starting from the Administration course, in FCMA, the construction and application of a teaching-learning strategy for the development of emotional competence, facing questions that are fundamental to the success of the objective: How is such competence taught and what is it used for? What teachers and strategies are used to achieve the purposes of the emotional paradigm in Administration? What capacities are observed in students equipped with subjective emotional skills? How to measure this training in attributes related to intelligibility in the curricular and evaluative plan?

By Eliana Viterbia Mota de Sousa

2023-04-19 Conference abstract
Education in times of pandemic: Impact and challenges in higher education at Centro Maranhense, Brazil

This research seeks to emphasize the Brazilian educational structure in times of crisis, such as a pandemic. The Coronavirus pandemic has brought to light the situation of the Brazilian educational system and its weaknesses in the teaching-learning process. Among the various challenges faced by education, the impact of this state of calamity has resulted in school dropout rates. This has always been a focus of concern for schools at all levels of education, including higher education in Brazil, and is now being emphasized and debated in this scenario. Based on this premise, this research aims to measure dropout rates in higher education at Centro Maranhense, before and during the Coronavirus pandemic, demonstrating the results of this phenomenon in higher education. Colleges and universities have suffered various impacts and challenges in 2020 and 2021 due to various reasons, including economic issues, access to digital media, emotional issues of students and teachers, resulting in dropout rates. This consequence maximizes the fragility of students' access to higher education. Therefore, obtaining data that shows the real situation of Centro Maranhense regarding this dropout, whether due to abandonment or withdrawal from courses, is of fundamental importance to portray the reality of higher education students during and post-pandemic, as well as to demonstrate the measures taken to prevent dropout rates. The analysis of these academic data will be relevant for a period of time at the Faculdade do Centro Maranhense- FCMA, which is maintained by a private legal entity for profit, located in the Centro Maranhense region since 2017. This analysis seeks data from 2017 to 2021, making a comparison for each semester, thus demonstrating, in percentage terms, the progression of dropout rates in face-to-face higher education. The result of the research will demonstrate the effectiveness of decision-making and measures adopted to solve this problem.

By Eliana Viterbia Mota de Sousa

2023-04-19 Conference abstract
Resistances and insistences: participation and mobilization in the ethical-political project and social assistance policy

The summary refers to the Social Service Final Paper which aims to analyze the processes of participation and mobilization in the Social Assistance Policy, in order to strengthen the principles of democracy, social participation, and mobilization expressed in the Ethical-Political Project (EPP) of Social Service. To achieve this objective, it is essential to articulate reflections on the historical construction of the Social Assistance Policy and the professional project. The scientific relevance of the theme lies in the possibility of provoking an in-depth dialogue on professional work, allowing the recognition of how the EPP is implemented in everyday professional life, presenting important indicators regarding the commitment of social workers to the socialization of information. The Paper is the result of the entire professional training process, especially from the experience of the Mandatory Internship in Social Service I, II, and III, carried out at the Lomba do Pinheiro Extended CRAS, in Porto Alegre, RS. The methodology is guided by historical-dialectical materialism, with a qualitative approach, including bibliographic, documentary, and empirical research, which was conducted through interviews guided by a semi-structured script. The Paper is organized into three chapters, the first of which deals with Social Service, popular participation, and mobilization processes; the second discusses the Social Assistance Policy from the conquests and resistances operated by workers and users; and the last reflects, in an articulated and dialectical way, on Social Service, social assistance, and democratization processes. This study enables us to affirm that there is a professional commitment to mobilization, participation, and democratization processes that are permanently under construction, which need to be strengthened from the professional commitment to the socialization of information and the political-pedagogical dimension.

By Lizandra Inês Both

2023-04-19 Conference abstract
Construction of discourse coherence and emotions of the comprehender: emotional regulation strategies and decision-making in stressful situations

It is common for university students to find themselves in stressful situations related to the need to comprehend discourse and make decisions in relation to their learning. Therefore, emotional regulation is key. These concepts have been widely studied in recent years, but their interplay has not been thoroughly examined. Considering this gap, this paper aims to review the literature and analyze the role of stress and emotional regulation strategies in the impact of cognitive processing involved in decision-making and discourse coherence construction.

To this end, we will first present and describe studies on how stress and emotional regulation affect cognitive processing. Then, we will focus on decision-making processes. Finally, we will analyze the role of emotions, emotional regulation, and stress in the construction of discourse coherence. Finally, we will present conclusions and pending questions for future research.

By Leila Medina, Pablo Nicolás Fernandez Larrosa, Jazmín Cevasco

2023-04-19 Conference abstract
An analysis of the biosemiotic approach to language: contributions to the study of cognitive specificities of writing

Traditionally, the idea has been extended that language is an exclusive faculty of human animals configured in an innate way (Chomsky, 2011). However, alternative research pathways have been developed: biosemiotics, a field of interdisciplinary studies that combines semiotic investigations of theoretical linguistics with studies in biological sciences, investigates sign processes in living systems beyond human language, considering that "the production, exchange, and interpretation of signs are constitutive of life" (Hoffmeyer, 2010, p. 368); its goal is to explain how the interaction between body, cognition, and environment produces signs, messages, thoughts, and, at more complex levels, cultural behaviors (Danesi, 2001). Human language is then understood as a subset of sign-based behaviors and, therefore, inheriting all those semiotic properties that occur in different spheres of life, which means thinking of language as actions "actually instantiated at all points" (Favareau and Kull, 2015). In contrast, from the Chomskyan approach, language is a mere code of thought; in this sense, any process of externalization is secondary. As evident, written language is reduced to another mode of externalization. In turn, the idea that writing is merely a graphic device to transcribe speech has historically been established in both linguistics and philosophy (e.g., Aristotle, trans. 2000; Saussure, 1916). This led most models to focus on oral language and its acquisition. Therefore, the aim of this work is to evaluate the conceptual contributions of the biosemiotic project to the study of the cognitive particularities of written language and the epistemological implications of assuming continuity between human language and the sign systems of other living organisms.

By María Fissore

2023-04-19 Conference abstract
Photographic images of indigenous communities in contemporary Chilean poetry

This paper analyzes the literary proposals of Chilean poets such as Juan Luis Martínez, Juan Pablo Riveros, and Jaime Huenún, who privilege the intersection between word and image in a deconstructive and questioning approach. From the combination arises a hybrid text that destabilizes the concept of literature and literary canon as a cross-disciplinary approach that nourishes the final text. The photographic image of indigenous communities that is materially incorporated into the textual body of poetry collections comes from archives used for ethnographic and topographical purposes (such as those of the Austrian priest Martin Gusinde, Julius Popper, and the Franciscan company, among others) that serve as a catalyst for reflection on the materialization of ethnographic photography and the material and metaphysical "capture" (Flusser) of the indigenous peoples. The poetic works problematize the photographic act, the revealing character of the image, and its scenic implications in the exhibition of indigenous people in Argentina and Chile. In the works, photography plays an important role as it corroborates, denounces, and gives a face to historical subjects; points to the hunters and situates the historical context under which these acts of possession were carried out (Kay); they are images that violate the Spectator, therefore, making them confront the usurpation and death that weigh on the indigenous peoples, mainly from internal colonization. Photography is violent because it forces the eye to look, not because it shows violent images (Sontag). It is precisely this overwhelming violence of lives and repressive of traditions that is configured as the argumentative line of the poetic texts and the proposed reflection.

By Lorena López Torres

2023-04-19 Conference abstract
Socio-environmental diagnosis of community urban gardens in the General Pueyrredon district

In recent decades, conventional agriculture has increased crop yields but has been unable to guarantee food security for the population. Currently, the food crisis extends throughout the planet, while environmental problems derived from this agro-productive model are becoming stronger and progressively affecting the sustainability of this activity. At the regional level, the southeast of the Buenos Aires province is characterized by conventional agricultural production, with the General Pueyrredon district (PGP) being a faithful exponent of this type of productive activity. Thus, several local organizations and self-convened neighbors develop activities from a critical perspective of the conventional agricultural model. They carry out a movement of protest and action, with the particularity of intervening or carrying out urban gardens located within the urban limits, with agroecological characteristics. Establishing a physical and intellectual space for interaction between the community, whether neighborhood, educational, or directed at society in general. With the aim of developing a cultural exchange, based on dialogic and practical actions in the field. The peculiarities of these spaces motivated their inclusion as an object of study in my undergraduate thesis work in environmental management. A socio-environmental diagnosis was carried out that allowed identifying spaces of urban horticulture that function in a community manner within the PGP. This diagnosis revealed their current situation, their main limits, and potentialities. In addition, a characterization of the different projects was carried out, and they were geographically located. This facilitated an approach to the way in which the different experiences relate to the urban social dynamics of the territories where they are located.

By Jaime Del Rio, Victoria Noelia Cabral, María Victoria Sordini

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Psychology and public health: systematic review and characterization of work processes

This work is an advance of a major research project entitled “Psychology in the territory: a local approach on institutional knowledge, practices and frameworks in the care and work processes of psychology in the field of public health in Santiago del del Santiago del del Santiago del del Santiago del del Santiago del del Santiago del del Santiago del Santiago Estero (2022-2023) ”developed within the framework of a call made by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Catholic University of Santiago del Estero. It aims to analyze the interventions of psychology professionals in their public health work processes with an approach located, characterizing the training processes that support them, the practices that are built from the articulation between training, the processes of the processes of Public health work and the dynamics of the institutional context in which they develop. In this sense, it seeks to summarize and analyze scientific literature related to the subject, based on a question about knowing the main characteristics of the work of the psychology professional in the field of public health in Latin America. The results allow to identify convergences in the background referred to the distance between the theoretical-methodological contents of the training in psychology and the training that the public health work processes require; And on the other hand, that the dynamics of public health work are, many times, confusing regarding disciplinary relevance. The relevance of this research lies in building a review of the categories that predominate in the characterization of the work processes in Public Health Psychology, whose findings allow to contribute to the analysis of these work dynamics and their relationship with the processes of professional training, to The discussion about the categories and concepts used and to the review of implemented training proposals.

By Dania Gabriela Salvatierra Rojo, Laurencia Lucila Silveti, Aixa María Florencia Muñoz Padilla

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Ecology as a integral discipline to address socio-environmental conflicts

In 1888 Ernest Haeckel defined ecology as a science that studies the relationship between organisms, and later, in the same work, as "the science of organisms relations with their outside world." This work is intended to reflect ecology as a holistic discipline that allows us to integrate tools from sociology, statistics, cartography, chemistry among others to address environmental conflicts of different kinds. The experiences that have been carried out within their students' thesis projects of the Degree in Ecology and Conservation of the Environment of the National University of Santiago del Estero will be briefly underilized. These projects are preceded by volunteer experiences and/or research scholarships. These previous experiences allow the student to identify conflicts and improve the handling of tools to treat the problems identified. In the first instance I will present two degree thesis projects linked to the problem of deforestation and peasant movements of the interior of the province. Later I will emphasize urban ecology as a guiding discipline to carry out my degree research project linked to the quality of ecosystem services in urban environments and my doctoral research project that has as its central themes to waste management and recuperators urban in the capital city of Santiago del Estero.

By Silvia Marelli

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Bioinformatic analysis of potential biological effects of common use on human and animal health

In Argentina, common herbicides such as glyphosate, attrazine, 2,4-D, paraquat, alachloro, butachlor and ammonium gluphosinate are used, which have been subject to controversy due to their possible effects on human and animal health. This work focuses on evaluating the toxic effects of these herbicides through the bioinformatic analysis of their protein interaction and biological processes that could be affected. First, Stitch and String platforms were used to identify proteins that could be affected by exposure to these herbicides in humans and animals. Then, healed and experimental data interactions for analysis were selected and an enrichment analysis of Gene Ontology (GO) and Kegg Pathways to identify biological processes and diseases associated with herbicides was carried out. It was found that analyzed herbicides affect signaling routes related to proliferation, cell death, response to stress, cell survival and organizational cytoskeleton, including the path of Pi3k/Akt, the road of RAS, the RAP1 pathway and the path of P53. In addition, an enrichment was identified in categories associated with cancer and key signaling routes for cell survival and proliferation in all organisms and herbicides studied. These findings are consistent with previous reports on the toxic effects of these herbicides on human and animal health. On the other hand, a possible relationship between these herbicides and diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease were also found, which have not been previously linked to herbicides. In general, the results indicate that exposure to these herbicides can affect the regulation of important cellular processes that favor survival and cell growth, and are involved in the appearance of cancer.

By Mercedes García Carrillo, Daiana Ailín Ameghino, Matías Blaustein

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Maternal alcohol consumption and alterations in the perinatal offspring: Approaches from an experimental model for the approach of implications in early fetus-placentary development

Chronic, moderate-sex consumption, alcohol during pregnancy, high prevalence in Argentina and in the world, produces intrauterine growth delay (RCIU), high risk of development of fetal alcoholic spectrum disorder (FASD) and various diseases in the descendants. In recent years, it has been proposed that both RCIU and congenital heart disease and chronic adult diseases typical of FASD are associated or caused by placental alteration. Alcohol exposure can affect, together with the epigenoma of the placenta, various molecular mechanisms of placental angiogenesis in early and/or term stages. However, the effects of moderate alcohol berestational consumption on fetal development are still little known. This type of intake, from before pregnancy and to early organogenesis, represents a social consumer who continues with the intake during the first month of pregnancy, when he still does not take knowledge about his state of gravity. In this context, our laboratory has established an experimental murine model of maternal alcohol consumption to study the effects on embryo-fetus-placentary development, and the molecular mechanisms involved. In relation to this, our recent evidence shows that the perigestational consumption of alcohol to early stages of gestation induces morphological and skeletal abnormalities and fetal heart disease along with growth defects, poor vascularization and alterations in the expression and activity of angiogenic factors of the placenta . In this framework of studies, we suggest that FASD manifestations originate early and are linked to anomalous early placentation, playing a preponderant role the vascularization defects of the maternal face (decidua) and the development and growth of the fetal face (labyrinth) during early pregnancy in the Murino Model of Maternal Exhibition to Alcohol.

By Camila Barril, Gisela Gualdoni, Patricia Jacobo, Liliana Pacheco Rodríguez, Elisa Cebral

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Digital agricultures as a dispute space: towards new agronomic imaginations in the global south

In recent years, digital agricultures (AD) have taken a central role in discussions about food productive models. Thus, a mutation is attended in the way of understanding agri -food systems and agronomy, as a disciplinary field, is increasingly conceptualized as a space of "technological management."

In this way, technological intermediations are increasingly relevant and attends an increasingly profound "box" between each of the stages in which food is produced.

In a context of deepening of extractive logic in agriculture, AD placed in front of a second extraction process, that associated with data and crop management by generating standardized processes for agricultural production. Faced with this context, the processes of appropriation of speeches and knowledge by the hegemonic actors of the agri -food sector are increasingly strong.

However, from the Global South a space of dispute and dialogue that seeks to rethink ad senses as emancipation and technological sovereignty begins to be constituted.

In this scenario, the objective of this work is to analyze the characteristics of those experiences that propose to build an ad "alternative" and how these translate into the context of epistemic and ontological discussions about agronomy. In this way, AD and their reappropriation can become a space for disciplinary transformation that would lead to Imagine the processes of knowledge mobilization and decolonization of productive systems.

By Tomás Javier Carrozza

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Construction of knowledge in Latin America. Regional Space Ontologies

The purpose of presentation is to consider the spatial dimensions of the processes of knowledge construction in science and technique in Latin America. For this, the ontologies of the space underlying two fields of studies that address the subject are explained. On the one hand, that of studies on science, technology and society, raised from sociology and sociology of science, which consider space as a context, and that address problems related to academic dependence, exchange networks between central countries and peripherals and social utility of science. On the other, that of socio -spatial studies, which maintain fertile dialogues with the critical geopolitics of knowledge and decolonial thinking, and that consider space as a condition of possibility for the construction and circulation of scientific knowledge. Their interests are focused, among other topics, on the construction of knowledge located from local knowledge, in the critical analysis of the cartographies of scientific and technological developments, and in the privilege of knowledge located to build objectivity in accepted terms by scientific communities. The fact that the notions of space and spatialities are associated with those of territories and borders could promote the analysis on the processes of construction of scientific knowledge based on units of analysis that can operate on different scales and simultaneously, and would allow to review the Formation of the identities of the scientific communities and, ideally, challenge them in the institutionalization of transdisciplinary networks.

By Virginia Tosto

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Quantitative, qualitative and located therapeutic experiences with psilocibious fungal microdosis

In a context of popularization and boom of the use and research of psychedelic therapies worldwide, the therapeutic use of psilocibious fungi has gained massiveness. Its two main modalities, macrodosis (occasional use of sufficient doses to produce deep perceptual, physiological and psychological effects) and microdosis (use of dose low enough to allow the development of the person in daily activities) are in development, both both in traditional biomedical research such as practices by cultivators, useful networks and organizations linked to health that use or accompany these therapeutics. These developments have shown promising results in the treatment of pathologies mainly linked to mental health. In the present work, we inquire about the therapeutic experiences with microdosis of psilocibious fungi in a group of people who performed, during the year 2022, this therapy in a context of self -arrangement or in accompaniment of alternative health organizations in Argentina. To do this, we conducted an anonymous survey in which the motivations, forms of administration, and perception of benefits and difficulties of therapy were inquired. The survey results indicate that the survey uses use multiple strategies to access, manage and transit therapy, finding relief for medical pathologies for which they approach it, but also improvements in their productivity and benefits linked to non -diagnosed discomforts or to your quality of life in general. This research is the first qualitative systematic registration of therapeutic experiences of users with psilocibious fungi in Argentina and a contribution to value these health practices that work and are made in constant tension with the hegemonic biomedical system and its logics.

By Nicolás Valente, Luis Acosta, Nadia Piazza, Jeremías Da col, Tristan Pauli Alippi, Nicolás José Lavagnino

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
A theoretical forgetfulness: about some possible joints between video game studies and iconology

The Game Studies field, dedicated to recreational phenomena, emerged at the beginning of the new millennium and, in just two decades of existence, regularized a large number of lines of research, approaches and methodologies, often in dialogue with psychoanalysis, the Sociology, cultural studies or aesthetics, among others. However, the Game Studies did not pay almost attention to iconology, a perspective they have in Aby Warburg's work a starting point and that would be continued, in turn, by authors such as Panofsky or Gombrich first, and later recovered by others by others such as Didi-Huberman, Agamben or Burucúa.

The problematization of the ways in which the video game takes up issues as previously encoded by culture involves the phase of Warburguian concepts, such as that of Pathosformel, with specific dimensions of the video language, as the deployment of objectives whose overcoming organizes the interaction, thus building an enunciatory invested with skills that must be vehiculous to meet the goals presented.

This articulation opens a series of issues: how does the constant update of the issues and the "pathos formulas" affect the playful interactivity? What insistence and reconfigurations can occur when historical projection reasons are invoked by a video game? These questions, involve methodological or conceptual adjustments regarding traditional definitions of topic and motive, or redefinitions of ludological notions?

This work proposes an attempt exploration of these questions through some deployments in the video game of the researcher's figure, which includes that of the detective, set in the literature of the nineteenth century, but that overflows it, both forward (in ways and the of the journalist, the doctor or the superhero) as towards the past, and which had many appearances and reinventions in the video production.

By Diego Maté

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
"That other are normal," the trans in the educational system. How gender stereotypes and roles influence

"The gender identity of a person does not begin in adulthood, but is an internal and individual experience that is felt from childhood and develops throughout life" (Weight and Shiariti, 2019). Objective: explore how heteronormativity operates and what effects produces on the aulic practices and in school culture. Examine what it says and how the Comprehensive Sexual Education Law applies. Analyze the concept of trans adolescents and the scope of the Gender Identity Law.

Methodology: to carry out this work, a qualitative, cross -sectional methodological strategy was used, seeking, from the collection of data in certain visits to secondary schools. The dynamics used was observational, participating action, where they worked together between preventive students of the Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, and students of secondary schools building together.

Results: there were debates about respect for gender identity, gender expression or sexual orientation. The secondary students expressed the lack of presence or action by the educational institution in situations of conflict or discrimination. Doubts were presented by students regarding the differences between sex and gender. He talked about respecting the body of the other. Also about gender stereotypes and how we are socially influenced by them.

Conclusions: we want that in educational institutions the dialogue and debate between the students can be created, to be heard. That the law of esi is guaranteed. It is also necessary a prompt modification of the contents of the law, where other identities, other corporalities, necessary to build childhoods and freer adolescents are included and visible.

By Liliana Rateni, Maria Sol Pujol, Agustina Sanchez, Forencia Catelani

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
Ethics of a common good

Introduction: wetlands are living systems and their integrity is key to the healthy life of this territory and those who inhabit it. The "echocide" for the constant burning of its grasslands and native flora, which not only sweeps the island vegetation and extinguishes species, but also alters the quality of the air we breathe and puts at risk the health of all the people we live in the region.

Goals: describe the environmental and health problems, which is affected to the islanders, for the burning of wetlands, located in the Islands of Entre Ríos, in front of the Rosario Department. Methodology: we worked in El Espinillo, Marcos Sastre School No. 1139, School No. 45 Martín Jacobo Thompson. Encounters were held with islanders, about the problems generated by burnings in wetlands.

Results: for the most part, the population mentioned that from the burns, the authorities prohibited the elimination of waste through incineration as they had been doing, without raising alternatives to this problem. There were a significant increase in eye symptoms. Another group of symptoms and signs of health conditions linked to smoke inhalation are: headaches, exhaustion. They also increased the transfer of animals (vipers, bats, rodents), to areas where people live.

Conclusions: the destruction is not limited to fire, every day the irreparable damage to biodiversity, communities that inhabit and that depend on the wetlands for their subsistence are deepened. The legislative process of the Wetlands Law needs to move forward with the greatest possible speed, with commitment and political decision in support of the project agreed by the people through an open, transparent, collective, inter -institutional and multisectoral process promoted by the Commission of Natural Resources and conservation of the human environment.

By Ornella Milan, Juan Bautista Silvestre, Tomas López, Agustina Mercé, Fabiana Viana Sousa Vinhote, Analia Chumpitaz, Claudio Stafolani, Liliana Rateni

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
The National Genomic Biobanco Reference Program of the Argentine Population (Populate): A criticism of its ethical foundation

The scientific and technological research that involves human beings require for their approval and implementation of an ethical analysis that interrogates about the goodness, correction or desirability of its implementation. In Argentina, ethical evaluations are carried out by the so -called "Ethics Committees in Research", spaces mostly formed by experts and experts from various thematic areas, with little or no participation of the communities involved that are recipients of research . With this ethical evaluation methodology, the National Genomic Biobanco Reference Program of the Argentine Population (Popular) was launched in recent years, whose goal is to obtain genomic, phenotypic and lifestyles of life from different communities of the territory of the territory of the territory Argentine to offer personalized diagnoses and treatments. The main objective of this work is to make a criticism of the ethical foundation of the popular, at the same time exhibiting the limitations of the paradigm of ethics in hegemonic research that is at the basis of all institutionalized ethical evaluations. To do this, we will resort to two alternative ethical paradigms of different origin and with various budgets: responsible research and innovation and Latin American critical ethics. With their differences, both perspectives allow to glimpse that the popular suffers from an adequate ethical foundation and that, therefore, was promoted and executed under morally problematic conditions.

By Nahuel Pallitto, Ailín Delvitto, María Alejandra Petino Zappala, Nicolás José Lavagnino, Carolina Ocampo Mallou

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
Role of representations associated with political ideology in complex decision making.

From the theoretical framework of political psychology, political ideology (IP) is conceptualized as a system of representations of the world, aligning the subject to his personal perspective of the desired social order and how to get to him. The IP consists of two levels: collective and individual. The first is located as a group symbolic framework to identify the positions of the people of each social group. Regarding the second level, it allows to simplify the political content generating a mediation between the subject and a cognitively complex decision. Here we propose to evaluate the role of the IP as a cognitive shortcut for complex decision making (TDC), as is the choice of a political representative. During the 2023 presidential election period in Argentina, experiments will be carried out in which the symbolic and operational dimensions of the IP will be evaluated in a federal population.

The symbolic dimension is individual and accounts for the self -perception of the subject within the political spectrum; while the operation is the positioning of the subjects against specific situational topics.

In the first instance, the population will be characterized based on the scales of conservatism and progressivism, according to the scale of political ideology (Brussino, et. Al, 2021). The political climate and economic perception associated with the cultural dimensions expressed by Nekane, Paez and Cols will be controlled. (2002). In a second phase, the degree of agreement of people on different claims relevant to the current political climate will be evaluated, without associating with any candidate or political force; Then, associated with one in particular, and finally, to the main political opponent.

The experiment proposes to demonstrate the relationship of the IP with the strength of the representations generated during a political decision and its flexible change of change.

By Giulietta Lucente, Stefan Efraín Vera, Pablo Nicolás Fernández Larrosa

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Dialogic discourse through scaffolding and student motivation

The speech in the classroom is important to promote the learning and critical thinking of students. Previous studies indicate that teaching interventions based on a dialogic discourse can stimulate the motivation and commitment of students. The dialogic approach is aimed at improving the participation and exchange of ideas in the classroom, with the teacher occupying a facilitating role for students to develop their communication skills. The objective of this review is to present studies that implemented a practice of dialogic discourse or an interactive scaffolding in the classroom and found a potential impact of this tool on student motivation and commitment. First, we will present the concept of scaffolding, in particular how dialogue can be used as an interactive scaffolding tool, and its relationship with motivation. Then, we will explain what a dialogic teaching consists of and what are its consequences in cognitive and emotional development. Finally, we will review studies from different countries in which the implementation of a dialogic practice managed to promote student motivation, that is, function as a motivational scaffolding. In conclusion, the prevalence of other pedagogies in the classroom is problematized and important variables are mentioned to consider for future investigations. The tour of these studies will allow us to highlight the need to expand research on the benefits of dialogic discourse in the classroom, particularly in Spanish -speaking students.

By Milagros Girart, Jazmín Cevasco

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Conflicts of interest, Ghostwriting, epistemic invasions, precautionary principle and a risky risk analysis of modified MNAs

The Multi, Inter and Transdisciplinary were present in the immediate response to the Pandemic Declaration COVID19, with limitations. There was a predominance of certain disciplinary areas, leaving aside and even suppressing or censoring others. The scientific-technological context, with opposing positions: disruptive technologies (which mark an agenda, accompanied by a homogeneous narrative while contradictory, with obvious examples of conflicts of interest, and cases of ghostwriting) vs. An independent science that, except exceptions, uses scarce data and unconventional forums (social networks, blogs, other web platforms) to try to clarify and question the hegemonic narrative. In this context, the so -called “epistemic invasions” (Epistemic TresPassing) appear as a risk at the same time that the opportunity to give a valid response and contribute to the generation of inter and transdiclinary knowledge. As an example of the contextualized above, we perform a risk analysis of the new modified MRNA vaccines (NV), from the disciplinary fields of biology and the legal. From the biology approach, various categories were identified to be analyzed from the molecular, cellular, biotechnology and biosecity subdisciplines. From the legal, we observe that the authorization and mass implementation of these NV without evaluating possible damage, without adopting preventive measures, without properly evaluating its effectiveness and without weighing other types of therapies despite the uncertainty and absence of scientific information about their risks and impacts may imply an unlawful investment of the precautionary principle. In conclusion and after the corresponding risk assessment we postulate that the mass implementation of these NV must be carried out according to the precautionary principle: in the absence of certainty or scientific information on possible damage consequences, preventive measures must be taken and inform the population in a transparent way and effective, above all, possible damage or risk of damage.

By Santiago NC Mirande, Claudio Martínez Debat

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Memory and material engagement: an ecological-enactive model

Memory has been traditionally defined as a psychological capacity allowing subjects to store information "in the mind" to recover it later. This definition, supportive of a Cartesian perspective, assumes that cognition is a form of internal information processing. In recent years, the 5E paradigms (i.e., embodied, extended, enactive, embedded, ecological) have emerged as an alternative to orthodox perspectives and emphasized the constitutive role of the body and environment in cognition. By defining cognition as adaptive behavior, these paradigms have questioned the scope of certain basic concepts in the cognitive sciences, such as "agency", "meaning", and "mental representation." In this presentation, I will introduce an ecological-enactive model of memory based on the Material Engagement Theory (Prezioso & Alessandroni, 2022; see also Malafouris & Koukouti, 2018) and discuss its implications for psychological research. Specifically, I will defend: (i) that "memory" does not refer to an internal capacity but to a type of activity that subjects carry out when they interact in and with the world; (ii) that "remembering" does not occur thanks to the encoding, storage, and retrieval of mental content but to the update of specific forms of interaction with material culture; and (iii) that objects (e.g., a cup or a spoon) are full-fledged cognitive agents because they prompt us to re-instantiate forms of material engagement previously experienced. Considering these three points, I will highlight the urgent need to conduct studies considering the cognitive ecologies wherein subjects remember. Finally, I will address the relationship between the proposed model and other contemporary contributions on the development of conceptual thinking and intentional understanding (Alessandroni, 2021, 2023; Vietri et al., 2022).

By Nicolás Alessandroni

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Movement and activity in perceptual learning

Understanding the role of self -generated movements in perceptual learning is essential for the theories of perception based on action, such as enactive.

During the second half of the twentieth century various behavioral studies focused on the role of movements self -generation as a necessary condition for learning different perceptual tasks. This work corpus received different critical interpretations, however interest in these debates has resurfaced within corporate cognitive science.

In this paper we make a brief review of these iconic studies and other own studies on activity and passivity in perception. Subsequently, in the light of the enactive perspective, we analyze methodological and theoretical aspects that can help to understand the complexity of this phenomenon.

In general terms, we postulate that aspects of the sensoriomotor agency such as the initiation, control and monitoring of the movement, assume different degrees of involvement in both passive and active tasks. We consider that this distinction is not binary and we propose a complex vision of the role of activity in perceptive perception and learning.

By Fernando Bermejo, Mercedes Ximena Hüg, Ezequiel. A. Di Paolo

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
What do they want from us? Reflections located to make the gaps more bearable between those who make the struggles and those who write them

10 years ago the Lencas communities of Honduras, organized in Copinh, began a blockade on the road to stop the access of the Agua Zarca Hydroelectric project that intended to privatize the Gualcarque River that crosses them. Attracted by their struggle, eight years later I went into their territory to dialogue with women who were part of the resistance in order to think together the relationship between the territory and the female bodies. The present work aims to present a series of reflections - subject personally and corporeal - around that research experience, to continue problematizing about the possibilities of producing knowledge that placed to the center the demands of those who resist the extractivist onslaught. It seeks to challenge our academic work with the question What do they want from us? and present some of the answers that come from the meeting with the indigenous women of that Central American country.

By Claudia Fernanda Morales Martínez

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Epistemological and methodological guidelines of transdisciplinary thought

Our project recognizes the contribution of different works that began relating complex thinking to trialism (Galati, 2018), with transdisciplinarity in hospital ethics committees (Galati, 2015), and with the methodology of scientific research (Galati, 2020 ). In the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences of the National University of Rosario (UNR), the construction, appropriation and transfer of knowledge in the scope of the Integrated System of Agroecological Productions (SIPA) has been investigating the approach of agroecology and the complex thinking, considering the productions of teachers and students during the 2017-2019 period. The results showed that there was integration of concepts and procedures of both approaches. Likewise, the persistence of scientific practices in favor of a fragmenting and decontextualizing disciplinary hyperspecialization of knowledge (Muñoz, 2022) was recognized. The SIPA has created the undergraduate diploma "agroecological transition applied to extensive systems of the core zone of the Pampas region". With this work, it is sought: 1- Inquire about the potentialities that transdisciplinary thinking has from the epistemological and methodological point of view, from the work of the Romanian-French philosopher Basarab Nicolescu, 2- Develop, understand, analyze and synthesize Nicolescu's transdisciplinary research, in relation to epistemology, methodology of scientific research, from a complex approach, and 3- Recognize inter and transdisciplinary emerging in the academic and scientific productions of SIPA. For this, a qualitative methodological strategy is developed based mainly on a comprehensive, interpretive and critical work that combines documentary analysis, participant observation and in -depth interviews of the different actors (teachers, students, producers, advisors, public officials, others).

By Griselda Muñoz, Elvio Galati, Claudia Torres

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
The construction of "Group". A dialogue: Cherán

"Thinking on your own" was a statement that Louis Althusser alluded to imply the historical idea of ​​Karl Marx, in this sense the statement beyond a semantic range, it is thus understood, which, as an extension of speech, ((( "All discussion is not only for words, but also for them": Althusser). Alberto Híjar in the same way, he refers, in turn, his importance, and makes his work an effort to give each theoretical demarcation an ideal discernment of terms, because as such, they are also concepts. And in another sense: politics.

Thinking about a project on its own account implies thinking in the case of Cherán and the EZLN, it seems to me that the case of Cherán scale at organizational and community levels, since the budgets established by the organizations that make it up are met.

It is, as a result of promoting projects that point to truly autonomic utopia, because in the importance of processing the presence of a historical sense, from the present, it configures a necessary characteristic of valuation in the theory to promote changes in social praxis .

By Liliana Lopez Espinosa

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Philosophies of native peoples in Latin American community radios

The philosophical thoughts of the native peoples have been little studied, or classified within a secondary order, sometimes as an essentialized historical object, sometimes as an anthropological curiosity and not seen as what they are, epistemological forms that reveal different ways of being, live and understand the world. This is due to a matter of contempt and discrimination in which political power, economic system and racist culture are decisive. Our idea is to present them precisely as ways of thinking that, in their difference with Western philosophy but with the same philosophical dignity and height, can establish dialogues that allow discussion, exchange of ideas and openness towards new ways of understanding, Interpret and organize life that are useful for the construction of alternatives to the current capitalist hegemonic system that is taking the planet to an unprecedented crisis.

In this sense, we understand the value of philosophical thinking in its critical form, in its capacity for questioning and its height of sight so as not to give anything for granted and maintain the willingness to be open to other ways of thinking that can question and enrich itself . This philosophical capacity is a human feature, which is not based in a certain cultural form but occurs in the diversity of cultures that exist on our planet. To focus the analysis about the philosophies of the original peoples, the research is specified in the study of community radios, understood as fundamental tools of indigenous peoples, autonomous places where they can express themselves in their own language, to confront the information of the great media and create their own content. In short, community spaces from which to preserve, transmit and develop their culture and their ways of thinking.

By Gonzalo Soria Giner

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Critical theory as a transdisciplinary model

Starting from a critical look on Nicolescu's proposals about the transdisciplinary, the presentation is proposed to review the epistemological limits of those from a materialistic conception of science. It is common place that, under the aegis of modern thought, the current development of science is characterized by the fragmentation and compartmentalization of knowledge. The diagnosis of this situation is presented, however, the diagnosis of this situation. If the most recent proposals place the origin of such fragmentation in mental or ideal aspects, it is raised on our part that it is due to the historical mutations of the capitalist mode of production, which is based from the manufacturing stage in the division of the division of the social work. This trend, late in the Academy, corresponds to the process of specialization of knowledge to the detriment of a universal approach such as the one known by the rationalist philosophies until the 18th century and early nineteenth century. The thesis is defended according to which the disciplinary segmentation of knowledge is atomized in particularist approaches whose correspondence- transactive- is recognized with singular coherence in the current stage of late capitalism, rather than in the historical and typical development of each field. It is also proposed, as a category of alternative analysis, that of the "paradigm" or "school" as forms of transdisciplinary epistemology, and whose models are critical theory, born a hundred years ago, and cultural studies. We locate the transdisciplinary in an earlier, and not later stage, at the time of disciplinary specialization.

By Martín González Samartin, Valeria Gigliotti

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Climate change, justice, and sustainability: the importance of indigenous peoples in the fight against deforestation in legal Amazonia of Maranhão

A Legal Amazônia understands 9 (nine) states of Brazil, not which is inserted or state of the maranhão, post that is possui characteristic bioma gives Amazônica forest present em 181 two seus 217 municipos, being nestes included or municipio of Fernando Falcão e bar do Corda Neste context, convting that or respective Municipio Possui uma area of ​​5,188 km², presuming unions of flora and fauna, heja localized view-be not maranhenense center and next indigenous reserves, na Complencia de Dois rios: Rio Corda and Rio Mearim, turning-se Em Environmental Proteção Area (APA), by Meio do Decree number 246/1991. A região em study postsui crescent increase us cases of fixture em ciliary two rivers mentioned mentioned e illegal extradição of Madeira of indigenous terras. Fatos that corroboram com premente Análise approaches (in) existência, (in) epheivity ou (in) applicability of the planned measures na legislação environmental and non -flat support, not which is guaranteed as an economic and ambient ativities, minimum indexes of appraisal that collaborated No socio -environmental balanço. The context, or economic crescimento na região you need to prioritize unfolding work, in a way to avoid degradação do meio local atmosphere for a future população, nesta seara or council of sustainability is dared to use conscious use of Naturais resources. This form, in this PESQUISA TEMA by object to endorse the impacts caused by the hair of economic ativities of agriculture and extrathistic territory, or paper of indigenous communities na preservção da cuesta amazônica, to analysis two efeitos gives inapplicability of environmental norms nesta conjunctura, and a It implies weakers às às mudanças climatic. Assim, delimiting this or studied for a região do Maranhense center, specifically munícipios de Barra do Corda and Fernando Falcão. Haja view that these Municypiums Possuem intense conflict territoris caused pela invasões, faddes and exploreção nas indigenous reserves.

By Tássia Sabrine Távora dos Santos

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
From absence in research to neglecting indigenous health: Hansen's disease among indigenous peoples in Maranhão through a physiotherapeutic approach

A Communicação, com focusing between the indigenous povos not Maranhão - State of Brazil as the number of cases of Doença - the objective by relating or interesting in the field of referring to theme and a tenção given dada à doença between indigenous povos peel physiotherapy. O Study and relevant because evidência available two physiotherapists em boarding mel . A propospa, of quantitative and describe, made by meio do lift bibliographic nas platforms Scielo (08/30/2022) E Lilacs (11/11/2022) Chegou years following results that can demonstrate uma tendência Mais Geral: Em both ace platforms , to seek intercruzada pelas Palavras-chave hanseniase and physiotherapy and indigenous and maranhão resultou em zero (00) publicção, or who, agreed to contribute to aggravate indigenous saúde, hair less em cloen , inevitally, break or elo of approximação between theory, to investigation and seus arguments, and pratás, atuação profISnional crowded aprandment hair gives investigation, ou vice-verse. AO proposed to search Palavras-Chave Hanseniase and Physiotherapy, a Análise evidence uma preferred of themes linked to the treatment and to real culture and ethnic aspects and a equity Em Saúde. EM conclusive thermos, could adapt três (03) arguments that need to be considered pela investigation and atuação two physiotherapists: to persist UM Traditional model and generalizer to investigate and treat Hanseniase; in a way to academic unattacing à à Questões of ethnic and cultural diversity; and a reality of subnotificações.

By Kemuel Pinto Marinho, Beatriz Noleto Nascimento

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Production of educational materials on COVID-19 and Hansen's disease for the Guajajara and Canela indigenous peoples in the Legal Amazon of Maranhão, Brazil

A Communicação, as a approach to preventive ações Em saúde indigenous na Amazônia legal maranhense - Brazil, feared as an objective skim -19, respectively. Or I study, on the side, criticism about the reason that I buy a few type of promotion to Saúde; And on an outro side, Demonstra uma exempliflifliflifição prat of elaboração of educational subjects mediated pela noção de equity em saúde collective. Ao analisar or Bank of Collection of Educational Matters on Hanseniase E Covid-19 da foundo swaldo Cruz (fiocruz), is found to the absence of voltmed material for indigenous povos. and you consider cases of cases for both sickness. Essa reality, which reflects Uma Falcha na Saúde Indigena, can be very serious when it is about Hanseniase, for the invisible to the indigenous people. A Situção Exposta Serviu, Portanto, from Argumentação for a produce of voltmed educational matters for or pov guajajara, not municipio of bar do corda e for or povo canela, not municipio of Fernando Falcão, two quais, using-be of uma instrumentalized methodological of Interdisciplinary Base-Indigenous History, Anthropology, Sick, Physiotherapy-E of Basic Formulações for Produce of Educational Matters Em Saúde Indigena-Bilíngue, Audiovisual and Easy Access Dois (02) Informative guides on a Hanseniase.

By Síria Emerenciana Nepomuceno Borges

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Matriarchal societies such as indigenous cultures of peace: Heide Göettner-Abendroth and Abdullah Öcalan's research and life experiences

With the objective of making an approach to two ways to address the matriarchal civilization paradigm, it is exposed about the systematization of the philosophy of the matriarchal societies carried out by Heide Göettner-Abendroth, on the one hand, as well as about the work on the origins Matriarchals of civilization by Abdullah Öcalan. The personality and life experience of the German philosopher Göettner-Abendroth, as a woman who also suffered academic discrimination due to the controversy caused by her line of research, stands out in this resistance to patriarchy. On the other hand, from a different perspective than the western one, but coincident in the aspects that put the origin of the matriarchal, the testimony of the life of the political and intellectual leader Kurdo Abdullah Öcalan is presented, which continues to be unjustly imprisoned as a result of its defense of the women's revolution: "Woman, life and freedom." The contrast presented between these two diverse referents allows to see the diversity of arguments that exist to maintain that matriarchy not only exist, but resist by millennia. Common points are sought between an investigation into the matriarchal indigenous societies around the world and the paradigm of a democratic confederalism that has its roots in the archeology of the first civilizations that were matriarchal.

By Alejandra Natalia Carranza Gómez-García

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Dialogues, transdiscipline and interculturality in processes of teacher and community training in environmental education

We present in this work an analysis of continuous teacher training processes and community in Environmental Education (EA), carried out in the Delta del Río Paraná (Tigre, Buenos Aires, Argentina). They were developed in the context of a conflict socio-environmental generated by the advance of real estate, together between the Junqueros Cooperativa Isla Esperanza; and the Delta Wetland Observatory, in which The science didactics group participates (GDC, IFLYSIB, CONICER-UNLP). In the last 15 years, the path traveled by the GDC, together with teachers and social organizations, places us within the critical currents of the field of Education in Natural, Environmental and Health Education (ECNAS). In that framework we question the colonialist claim of superiority of scientific knowledge against other knowledge, without denying its social importance. Therefore, we develop training proposals, through processes of knowledge dialogue, living and feelings, and through the constitution of intersectoral, intergenerational, inter -ethnic and intergenos groups for decision making. From there we try to contribute to the construction of decolonizing pedagogies and the environmental conflict, based on transdisciplinarity, critical and widespread interculturality, and nourished by the links and experiences generated in encounters between those who weave from diverse spaces for life care.

By Katherine Guerrero Tamayo, Luciano Iribarren, Silvina Cordero

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Cognition and perception of professional public employees on their work in the Executive Power of the Province of Chaco

With the voluntary retirement proposal carried out in 2019 in the province of Chaco, it is observed that 48% of employees who hosted them were from the professional category.

In this sense, the existence of a conflict with professionals from different disciplinary fields of their work in the State can be determined. One of the issues to investigate is how the cognition and perception of workers regarding their work in the State play when determining their voluntary separation from it. Following Chiavenato (2009: 215), cognition is the personal filter to see and perceive the world; It is the acquisition of knowledge on which personal beliefs and opinions are based on oneself and external reality. Cognition plays when perceiving reality, partial and personal construction.

In this way, the work seeks, from a series of data taken through a survey of professionals in 2019, to determine some cognitive features of professional public employees on how they consider their work in the organization and how these traits condition their behaviors.

By Cristian Oscar Marenco

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
The disconnection between research and territorial problems of municipalities of the Buenos Aires South: the case of lobberry

This presentation is carried out in accordance with the partial results achieved in the legal investigation called: Regional Migrations: An contesting analysis, which aims at the application of a descriptive analytical approach to relieve and systematize the immigration policies of local development implemented in three municipalities from the province of Buenos Aires: La Plata, General Rodríguez and Lobía.

In our research we have been able to warn how certain issues and regions have not been analyzed and addressed with the necessary emphasis by the Academy, thus existing a disconnection in the academy link, territory, state.

From the data relieved, we find that the three selected municipalities - which present notable structural differences - do not have any program oriented to the migrant population in order to achieve their inclusion in the local productive structure.

This negative result made us deepen the existing local development proposals in the communes and in the role that local states have had as promoters of their own development (Carmona, 2006)

That is why, as a first hypothesis of work, it was that, since there were no national/provincial programs aimed at migratory themes, municipalities do not have an administrative-financial structure to create local programs.

However, of the three selected Lobería municipalities since 2004, he has been working on a local development proposal oriented to the creation of labor opportunities through the creation of self -financed own programs or by national/provincial subsidies.

The measures applied by this municipality constitute data that have gone unnoticed by the Academy, which make us reflect on the role that academic centers have in the concentration of research in certain territorial/thematic areas, and in the place that we can have as social scientists in order to propose research approaches that put connections with those territorial realities marginalized by the Academy.

By Camila Landeyro

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Mapeo of fumigated schools of the province of Buenos Aires and the role of the educational community as a transformative agent

In a context of growing environmental pollution caused by the implementation of extractivist logics in agribusiness, with more than 20 years of use of the technological package in Argentina (Amaya Guerrero, 2016), the multisectoral against agribusiness - 41 defined in 2016 MAPO OF FUMIGATED PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF THE PROVINCE OF BUENOS AIRES.

At first it was the same multisectoral that established criteria, through the debate based on the reading of different investigations on the drift of powdered agrotoxics, to identify what a fumigated school is.

Then, under the methodology of workshops, collective mapping were held in different parties, to which we were added together with environmental assemblies, unions, social organizations, teachers, students and neighbors, according to each territory, thus conforming equipment where they were promoted/ They promote instances of co-formation, exchange and socialization of the problem.

In turn, we integrate this practice into an extension project based in UNLU (environmental epistemic networks research program), which today is part of the extension team in socio -environmental conflicts for social transformation. Our contributions aimed to collaborate with the systematization of what has been worked in in each district, in order to generate elements for the fight against agribusiness, making available all the possible resources given by insertion into the public university.

Our internal debates about Inter and Transdiscipina resonated in all the organizations and people participating in the mapping, where we discuss from the different approaches and previous formations, collectively building knowledge, then reflected in public reports that expose elements for an environmental diagnosis and They have contributed to the popular organization in various forms.

By Alejandra Valverde, Carla Poth, Leonardo Moreno, Ruth Merlina Albizu Roux

2023-04-24 Conference abstract
Feminist Clinic in Red-ES

The network of feminist psychologists is a national civil association that has as a basis the gender perspective and feminisms in a transverse way in the conception of health, in the training of mental health professionals and in the consequent practice that is carried out . Over the years the network was expanded by different regions (Córdoba, Mendoza, La Plata) allowing the federalization of a problem that crosses the entire country, being each unique territory is its trajectories and feminist struggles. The network is created within the framework of a popular claim that goes to the streets for the struggle to expand rights and that puts on the agenda the need to cross the processes that feminities and dissidents live due to the optics of feminisms. This need dyes all aspects of life, including health.

As psychologists positioned from feminisms, it is essential to think of the joints with the clinic, both the way we listen, how we intervene, from what theoretical frames we support us. Since the different theoretical frameworks in the name of psychology or mental health historically have been pathologized and criminalized identities, feelings, ethnicities, social classes. We locate it historically, but not for that reason we only refer to the past. Currently they circulate in academies, schools, faculties, offices, certain equalizations between identities, desires and psychic structures, or theoretical constructs are supported to normalize and punish desires, identities, linked modes. On many occasions the formulations of the different theoretical frameworks are repeated without asking questions to them, without historically locating them. As mental health workers it is necessary that our own ethics imply reviewing where we hear and intervene.

By Romina Bernardini, Malena Robledo

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
Role of false news in discursive coherence and decision making

The false news has been widely studied and it has been found that they can generate confusion, distortion of the information available and intentionally provide some emotionality, coming to compromise decision making. Consequently, it is important to investigate how the negative effect of misinformation can be counteracted. For this reason, the objective of this work is to present a research review that analyzes how false news can affect decisions in different contexts and its effect on the construction of discursive coherence. On the other hand, there is an interplay between the presentation of false news, the emotions of the comprehensive and the decision making. Along these lines, refutation texts, those that present arguments that denied false information, constitute a useful tool to review erroneous perceptions and provide verifiable information. However, the effectiveness of these texts will depend on various factors, such as clarity, structure, format, modality and the context in which they are presented. With the present work, we propose to analyze the intergame between misinformation, discursive coherence and decision -making, which is of utmost relevance at the social level.

By Arlene Sofía Cabrera Salazar, Ayelén Caramés, Pablo Nicolas Fernandez Larrosa, Jazmin Cevasco

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
Development of psychoeducational materials on integral sexual education and prevention of gender violence based on evidence

There is evidence that the implementation of Integral Sexual Education (ESI) has promoted social behaviors that allow, from the growing empowerment of the affected groups (especially young people), health decision making that prevent and eradicate gender -based violence (VBG). In this sense, ESI is a key tool to prevent VBG. The objective of this work is to present the results of two studies about the characteristics of the understanding of materials on ESI and VBG, in order to promote their approach in the educational field. The studies examined the role of the causal connectivity of the statements, the modality of presentation and the role of tasks that promote the strategic processes of the inclusive (notes, Acosta Buralli & Cevasco, 2022 and elaboration questions, Pispira et al., 2022) In understanding. Their results suggest that Psychoeducational materials on ESI should seek to establish a high number of causal connections. These findings suggest that didactic strategies should take into account the modality of presentation of the material, include the realization of questions that seek that the understanding the identification and monitor their emotions, and those of the protagonists of the stories. As for learning dynamics, it may be interesting to promote the realization of notes focused on specific goals. Since it is speculated that the high GBV indices in Latin America can be caused by the absence of prosocial behaviors, which would be predictable from the application of the ESI, it is essential to promote the development of specific materials that meet the optimal conditions to promote The learning.

By Karen Acosta Buralli, Joselyn Pispira, Jazmín Cevasco, María Luisa Silva

2023-04-20 Conference abstract
Occupational health, gender and interdiscipline: the study of the work process in a group of associative entrepreneurs of the popular economy

Occupational health has been traditionally addressed since the business approach in central countries with classic employment modalities. This approach leaves the recent changes in the world of work outside, where more and more workers turn to self -management and collective organization. These workers include those women who are excluded from the labor market and turn to non -classical work modalities (De la Garza Toledo, 2009). These productive experiences are exposed to a higher level of precariousness, the deregulation of labor links and a process of intensification of the workday that leads workers to face wear processes and greater nonsense about their health and conditions of work.

This presentation seeks to account for the challenges that were presented when analyzing the work process and occupational health in a group of associative entrepreneurs in Moreno. Our general objective is to analyze the working conditions and occupational health of a group of textile associative entrepreneurs. To do this, we identify the main characteristics of the work process of Morenenses textile associative entrepreneurs, as well as their working conditions. Our research started from a qualitative methodology where 22 in -depth interviews were conducted with associative entrepreneurs, 11 interviews with key informants and participating observation in fairs and workplaces. Among our findings, we find that as a consequence of a heterogeneous and precarious work process, the entrepreneurs are exposed to greater instability and labor insecurity. In turn, as a result of the superposition of the productive and reproductive areas of their work process they are exposed to a double and even triple workday.

By Máxima Guglialmelli

2023-04-18 Book of Abstracts
Book of abstracts of the II International Congress on Multidisciplinary Research (CIIM)

In this second opportunity, we had the honor of sharing experiences with teachers, academics and researchers of the highest level, which merits appreciating the work that Latin American university institutions have been doing in order to promote and encourage the research culture, together with alliances and agreements that allow us to strengthen our networks of researchers at the international level.
From the International Center for Research and Higher Education (CIIEES), based in Costa Rica, we are pleased to have brought together, upon invitation, more than 200 teachers, with approximately 80 presentations, product of their work and research projects, which reflects the commitment and responsibility of the academy in these events of projection and dissemination.
At the same time, all the presentations met the established standards of scientific rigor, and emphasis was placed on their respective publications, which adds significant value to such important work.
With pride and gratitude to all the institutions that supported our work, that believe in our commitment, as well as to the researchers members of the network of coordinators that allowed the organization and logistics of the II INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF MULTIDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH, with a day of thirty hours, with the masterful presentations of international lecturers of admirable trajectory and professional academic level, as well as the presentation of the papers by their authors from different countries, congratulates them and wishes them to continue expanding and generating knowledge that will allow them to grow not only as professionals, but also as a society.

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