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An efficient fake news classification model based on ensemble deep learning techniques

By
R. Uma Maheswari ,
R. Uma Maheswari

Department of Computer Science, Bishop Appasamy College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641018. India

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N. Sudha ,
N. Sudha

Department of Computer Science,Bishop Appasamy College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641018. India

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Abstract

The  availability  and expansion of  social media has made it  difficult to distinguish between fake and real news. Information falsification has exponentially increased as a result of how simple it is to spread information through sharing. Social media dependability is also under jeopardy due to the extensive dissemination of false information. Therefore, it has become a research problem to automatically validate information, specifically source, content, and publisher, to identify it as true or false. Despite its limitations, machine learning (ML) has been crucial in the categorization of information. Previous studies suggested three-step methods for categorising false information on social media. In the first step of the process, the data set is subjected to a number of pre-processing processes in order to transform unstructured data sets into structured data sets. The unknowable properties of fake news and the features are extracted by the Lexicon Model in the second stage. In the third stage of this research project, a feature selection method by WOA (Whale Optimization Algorithm) for weight value to tune the classification part. Finally, a Hybrid Classification model that is hybrid with a fuzzy based Convolutional Neural Network and kernel based support vector machine is constructed in order to identify the data pertaining to bogus news. However using single classifier for fake news detection produces the insufficient accuracy. To overcome this issue in this work introduced an improved model for fake news classification. To turn unstructured data sets into structured data sets, a variety of pre-processing operations are used on the data set in the initial phase of the procedure. The unknowable properties of fake news and the features are extracted by the Lexicon Model in the second stage. In the third stage of this research project, a feature selection method by COA (Coati Optimization Algorithm) for weight value to tune the classification part. Finally, an ensemble of RNN (Recurrent Neural Networks), VGG-16 and ResNet50.A classification model was developed to recognise bogus news information. Evaluate each fake news analysis' performance in terms of accuracy, precision, recall, and F1 score. The suggested model, out of all the methodologies taken into consideration in this study, provides the highest outcomes, according to experimental findings

How to Cite

1.
Uma Maheswari R, Sudha N. An efficient fake news classification model based on ensemble deep learning techniques. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología - Serie de Conferencias [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 10 [cited 2024 Apr. 25];3:649. Available from: https://conferencias.saludcyt.ar/index.php/sctconf/article/view/649

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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