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Impact of the Covid 19 pandemic on pregnancy and its perinatal repercussions: a systematic review

By
Arturo Jhobet Vargas-Linares ,
Arturo Jhobet Vargas-Linares

Facultad de Medicina Humana Universidad Nacional de Cajamarca

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Enzo Renatto Bazualdo-Fiorini ,
Enzo Renatto Bazualdo-Fiorini

Facultad de Medicina Humana Universidad Nacional de Cajamarca

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Edwin Pajares-Huaripata ,
Edwin Pajares-Huaripata

Facultad de Medicina Humana Universidad Nacional de Cajamarca

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Segundo Bueno-Ordoñez ,
Segundo Bueno-Ordoñez

Facultad de Medicina Humana Universidad Nacional de Cajamarca

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Tito Urquiaga-melquiades ,
Tito Urquiaga-melquiades

Facultad de Medicina Humana Universidad Nacional de Cajamarca

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Abstract

Since its inception, the COVID-19 infection has impacted the lives of at-risk populations, including pregnant women. Using clinical data and case studies, other authors have shown greater morbidity in pregnant women positive for the infection. This review includes articles from the PUBMED, SCOPUS, and SCIENCEDIRECT databases of international research. Data have shown that, compared to uninfected pregnant women, COVID is associated with increased risk and maternal and perinatal complications. Complications involving increased hospital admission were present mostly in the third trimester and included premature birth, spontaneous abortion, cesarean section, ICU admission, assisted mechanical ventilation, pneumonia, maternal death. Birth outcomes often included fetal distress, intrauterine death, and perinatal events found were low birth weight, severe sepsis, and neonatal death. The risk of vertical transmission is low. Few findings show pregnant women asymptomatic to the infection and this depends on whether the pregnant woman has other comorbidities such as obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus that increase the risk of maternal morbidity and mortality.

How to Cite

1.
Vargas-Linares AJ, Bazualdo Fiorini ER, Pajares-Huaripata E, Bueno-Ordoñez S, Urquiaga-melquiades T. Impact of the Covid 19 pandemic on pregnancy and its perinatal repercussions: a systematic review. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología - Serie de Conferencias [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 15 [cited 2024 May 21];3:699. Available from: https://conferencias.saludcyt.ar/index.php/sctconf/article/view/699

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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