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A comprehensive investigation of brushless direct current (bldc) motors: current state, advanced control strategies, and utilization systems

By
Suhair Akram ,
Suhair Akram

Department of Electrical Engineering Techniques, Researchers from Al-Mussaib Technical college, Al-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University,51009 Babylon, Iraq

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Mohanned Aljanabi ,
Mohanned Aljanabi

Department of Electrical Engineering Techniques, Researchers from Al-Mussaib Technical college, Al-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University,51009 Babylon, Iraq

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Abstract

In the field of dynamic applications, specifically within automotive, pumping, and rolling sectors, there exists a noteworthy preference for the use of Brushless Direct Current (BLDC) motors. Projections show that, by the year 2030, BLDC motors are poised to supersede classic induction motors as the dominating force in industrial power transmission. This transformation, however, is accompanied by crucial issues and unresolved research challenges in the environment of BLDC motors.
The core concern revolves around the dependability and endurance of BLDC motors. These motors presently encounter obstacles in achieving advanced fault tolerance, reduced electromagnetic interference, lowered acoustic noise, as well as mitigated flux and torque fluctuations. The path of closed-loop vector control emerges as a possible technique to address these challenges.
In recent literature studies spanning the previous five years, a striking scarcity of exploration in the domain of BLDC motor controllers and design becomes clear. Furthermore, key areas such as the comparative study of existing vector control schemes, the increase of fault tolerance control, the attenuation of electromagnetic interference inside BLDC motor controllers, and other pivotal elements remain undiscovered. These research lacunae serve as a motivator for the undertaking of an intensive investigation to face the fundamental issues related with BLDC motors. BLDC motors have quickly become the motor of choice for electric vehicle (EV) applications due to the fact that they are reliable, simple, and energy efficient.
This detailed survey goes deep into numerous sophisticated control strategies for BLDC motors. These encompass fault tolerance control, electromagnetic interference reduction, field orientation control (FOC), direct torque control (DTC), current shaping, input voltage control, intelligent control, drive-inverter topology, and the underlying operational principles aimed at the minimization of torque irregularities. Additionally, the study goes through the historical narrative of BLDC motors, the categorization of BLDC motor kinds, their structural complexity, mathematical modeling, and the standards that govern BLDC motor uses in varied industries.

How to Cite

1.
Akram S, Aljanabi M. A comprehensive investigation of brushless direct current (bldc) motors: current state, advanced control strategies, and utilization systems. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología - Serie de Conferencias [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 8 [cited 2024 Jul. 22];3:865. Available from: https://conferencias.saludcyt.ar/index.php/sctconf/article/view/865

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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