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Design and analysis of a microstrip antenna for superior 5G communication performance

Sahar K. Hassan ,
Sahar K. Hassan

Computer Engineering Department/ Engineering College Al-Iraqia University Baghdad, Iraq

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Zaid M. Khudair ,
Zaid M. Khudair

Biomedical Engineering/College of Engineering Al-Nahrain UniversityBaghdad / Iraq

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The continuous advancement in communication systems is propelled by the growing demand for fifth-generation (5G) technology, aiming to meet the growing demands of systems that are small in size, operate at high speeds, and have a wide bandwidth. In order to address these requirements, innovative and highly efficient antenna configurations are of paramount importance. This article introduces a microstrip antenna that has been meticulously designed for optimal performance 5G systems. Optimized for 5G communication systems, the research focuses on the design and simulation of microstrip patch antennas which is shaped like butterfly, resonating at a frequency of 50.5 GHz. A Rogers RT5880 (lossy) substrate with a dielectric constant of 2.2 was employed in the antenna design. The dimensions of the proposed antennas were 6 × 6.5 × 0.787 mm³, which resulted in a geometric configuration resembling a butterfly. A comprehensive performance assessment involves exhaustive simulations using the CST Studio Suite application suite. In order to optimize critical parameters such as the Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR), reflected power, gain, frequency range (BW), and radiation pattern, the dimensions were meticulously adjusted. Significantly, the antenna operating at 50.5 GHz demonstrated a gain of 6.8 dB, in addition to a broad bandwidth of 5.364 GHz and an outstanding VSWR of 1.0131. The outcomes successfully underscore the outstanding performance exhibited by the butterfly-shaped design, thereby establishing its suitability for implementation in 5G networks.

How to Cite

Hassan SK, Khudair ZM. Design and analysis of a microstrip antenna for superior 5G communication performance. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología - Serie de Conferencias [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 8 [cited 2024 Jul. 22];3:867. Available from:

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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