Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer
×
Español (España) | English
Editorial
Home
Indexing
Original

The Durability of Concrete Mortars with Different Mineral Additives Exposed to Sulfate Attack

By
Shereen Jalil Saif Allah ,
Shereen Jalil Saif Allah

Contract Department, Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Baghdad, Iraq

Search this author on:

PubMed | Google Scholar
Muayad Mohammed Kassim ,
Muayad Mohammed Kassim

Contract Department, Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Baghdad, Iraq

Search this author on:

PubMed | Google Scholar
Ghazwan Abdulsamad Salman ,
Ghazwan Abdulsamad Salman

Civil Engineering Department, University of Kirkuk, Kirkuk, Iraq

Search this author on:

PubMed | Google Scholar

Abstract

For several years, extensive research investigations have been conducted examining the effects of acids commonly encountered by industrial facilities in manufacturing environments. Numerous studies have been conducted to examine the durability of concrete containing various chemical additives and fine metals when exposed to various acid solutions, as well as the preventive steps taken to avoid the deterioration of concrete associated with these acids. This research includes an examination of enhancing the effectiveness and function of concrete when exposed to sulfuric acid. It explores the use of waterproofing (WP) and complementary cementitious materials (SCMs), including silica fume Nano silica and fly ash, as well as a water-reducing additive. Cube-shaped samples measuring 100 x 100 x 100 mm were prepared and completely immersed in 2.5% dilute sulfuric acid solution for 90 and 180 days. . Compressive strength, tensile strength, and absorption tests were performed after 28 days, as well as after immersion in a 2.5% dilute acid solution for 90 and 180 days. The results revealed that after 90 days, there was a 31% reduction in compressive strength for mixtures with 25% FA and 5% SF, and a 46% decrease for mixtures containing WP, when compared to their corresponding results at the 28 day age under standard conditions. Mineral admixtures significantly reduce absorption rates. After 90 days, WP had 3% absorption during acid exposure, and after 180 days, the 25% FA and 5% SF mixture had 2.3% absorption. This results from reduced permeable voids due to decreased capillary pores, enhancing concrete durability. The findings also indicated that the impact of exposure to acid on the strength characteristics of concrete becomes more pronounced with prolonged exposure. In addition, the inclusion of NS, SF, and FA in cement concrete results in the development of a unique material that can meet the growing need for construction materials. Furthermore, this technique delivers economic and environmental benefits by minimizing pollution caused by waste products such as FA and SF, which are a residual by-products of thermal power plants and ferrosilicon production respectively.

How to Cite

1.
Saif Allah SJ, Mohammed Kassim M, Abdulsamad Salman G. The Durability of Concrete Mortars with Different Mineral Additives Exposed to Sulfate Attack. Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología - Serie de Conferencias [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 8 [cited 2024 Jul. 18];3:851. Available from: https://conferencias.saludcyt.ar/index.php/sctconf/article/view/851

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

Article metrics

Google scholar: See link

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). We stay neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.